Colitis causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine. It usually affects the lower section of the colon and the rectum. The disease can affect people of any age, but usually, the symptoms are diagnosed at an early age. The exact cause of the disease is not known. It may be caused by the immune system overreacting to normal bacteria in the digestive tract. There is no known cure for the condition, but treatment aims to control and manage the symptoms.
Treatment for ulcerative colitis includes the use of medication and changes in diet and nutrition. In rare cases, a surgery may be required to repair or remove affected portions of your GI tract.
Medication for ulcerative colitis can relieve the inflammation of the colon and symptoms including diarrhea, bleeding, and abdominal pain. Medication may be beneficial in decreasing the frequency of flare-ups and extending the periods between attacks.
A combination therapy is recommended to some patients that employ biologics and immune suppressants. Certain foods can aggravate the symptoms. Additionally, the disease reduces appetite and the body's ability to absorb protein, fat, carbohydrates, water, vitamins, and minerals. Therefore, it becomes important to maintain a healthy diet that helps reduce your symptoms, promote healing and makes up for the loss of essential nutrients. Bland- high fiber food does not contribute to the aggravation of symptoms in comparison to spicy food.
A surgery may be considered when the symptoms cannot be relieved by medication and other treatments. The operation involves the removal of the colon also known as colectomy.
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