A cleft lip occurs when there is a split or opening in the lip and this opening can be small or large enough to connect the upper lip and nose. A cleft palate occurs when the roof of the mouth does not close properly during a baby's early development inside the womb. As a result, cleft palate and cleft lip, also known as orofacial defects, are birth defects that largely affect children. Although the cause of cleft palate and lip isn't known but according to Cosmetologists, the defect occurs due to both, genetic and environmental factors. Cleft Lip Treatment depends upon the severity of the condition and the treatment involves several surgeries to close the opening and reconstruct the face. Cleft Lip Surgery to repair a cleft palate or lip is typically performed as soon as the child is born. However, additional reconstructive surgeries may also be required into the child's teenage years. In most of the cases, doctors usually perform Cleft Lip Surgery when a child is between 6 to 18 months old. During the surgery, the muscles and tissues on the two sides of the palate are connected together to close the cleft. After receiving a general anesthetic, several different surgical techniques are used to repair cleft lip and palate and reconstruct the affect areas. The goal of the treatment for cleft lip and cleft palate are to improve the child's ability to eat, speak and hear normally and to achieve a normal facial appearance.
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