Hardened dental Plaque formed on the teeth is called the Tartar. Formation of dental plaque is normal on teeth and cannot be prevented. However, when the dental plaque is allowed to accumulate due to improper cleaning and poor oral hygiene, tartar or calculus is formed. When tartar is left unattended for a long period it leads to problems like bad breath, gingivitis, and receding gums. One way of preventing the buildup of tartar is through brushing teeth twice a day, flossing, and regular dental visits once in 6 months. When the tartar cannot be removed by regular brushing and flossing a visit to the dentist is essential. Cleaning Tartar treatment depends on the patient's needs. The important factor that decides if a patient should opt for extreme dental cleaning is the pocket depth. The depth of the gum tissue between one's teeth and the gums is called the pockets and when the depth exceeds 5 mm the dentist recommends a deep cleaning. The dental professionals use hand tools like scalers, curettes, files, chisels etc. While Scalers are used for superficial tooth scaling, curettes are used to remove tartar buildup in the subgingival pockets. Ultrasonic scalers are power scalers that are used in root planning and tooth debridement. Chisels, hoes and files are used in dental calculus removal that is hard to remove with scalers and curettes. Usually, the tartar removal is done in two visits. After the visit, the patient is expected to follow a good oral care regime to prevent a tartar buildup again. Also, a twice-a-year dental visit is advised.
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