A brachial plexus is a group of nerves that come from the spinal cord in the neck and go down the arm. These nerves control the muscles of the shoulder, wrist, hand and elbow. They also provide feeling in the arm. Minor brachial plexus injuries completely recover in several weeks, but severe injuries can cause some permanent disability in the arm. Stretching, pressure or cutting can cause damage to these nerves. In severe cases, the nerves can tear out of the spinal cord in the neck. Symptoms: Nerve injuries can halt signals to and from the brain. It prevents the muscles of the arm and hands from working properly. It also causes loss of feeling in the area.
HOW IS BRACHIAL PLEXUS DIAGNOSED?
Injuries related to the brachial plexus can be diagnosed by physical examination. The doctor may also order for imaging tests like CT scan and MRI for evaluating the impact on the brachial plexus due to accident or sport injury. Injuries that occur during birth are diagnosed through imaging tests.
HOW IS BRACHIAL PLEXUS TREATED?
Minor injuries can recover with time and therapy. Several surgical techniques may be used to improve the recovery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Tumors that may occur in the brachial plexus are schwannomas, neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Motorcyclists or sports people are the most prone to such injuries.