People suffering from Central Auditory Processing Disorder or Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words, even if the sounds are loudly and clearly heard. They also face difficulty in deciding where the sounds are originating from. Such patients cannot make sense of the order of sounds, and they cannot block out background noises too.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The patient finds it touch to process and remember language-related tasks but often has no trouble to interpret or recall non-verbal environmental sounds, music, etc.
He or she might execute thoughts and ideas slowly and face difficulty while explaining them
The sufferer might misspell and mispronounce words which sound similar or omit syllables and get confused with similar-sounding words
He or she might find figurative language like metaphor or similes confusing or misunderstand jokes. The patient might interpret words too literally
People with this problem might get confused by background noises
He or she might not be able to stay focused on or remember a verbal lecture or presentation
The patient might find it hard to remember oral directions or might misunderstand them
Difficulty in comprehending complex or fast speech patterns is another sign
Such patients might “ignore” people, especially if they are engaged in some other activity
He or she might say “What?” frequently, even after hearing most of what was said
Show instead of explaining things
Use visual cues, handouts, and signals to supplement words
Reducing or spacing directions might also help. For instance, offer cues such as “ready?”
Reword complicated written or oral directions or help them to figure out the same
Abstract vocabulary, word roots, synonyms, and antonyms can be taught as well
Try varying pitch and tone of voice, change pace, and apply stress on key words
Ask specific questions while teaching to gauge if they are understanding
Offer them some think time of 5-6 seconds before they can respond
Encourage the student to keep verbalizing concepts, vocabulary words, and rules, and so on.
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