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No matter how much information there is available about AIDS and HIV, the thought of it makes a person shudder. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is the virus responsible for AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This virus attacks the immune system and over time leaves the body defenseless against other infections and types of cancer. Till date, there is no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, what we do know is how the disease can be transmitted from one person to another. Knowing this enables us to control the transmission of the disease.
Unlike other viruses, HIV cannot be transmitted through air, water etc. This virus can only be transmitted through:
- Blood: Receiving blood transfusions from an HIV positive person is sure to put you at risk of suffering from the disease as well. For this reason, it is essential to only take blood from registered blood banks that run HIV screening tests. This holds true for organ and tissue transplants as well. Being stuck with an HIV infected needle can also put you at risk of coming in contact the virus. In some cases, direct contact between broken skin, wounds and mucous membranes can also lead to the transferring of HIV cells from one person to another. HIV does not spread through saliva, however, if while kissing, both partners suffer from bleeding gums and one partner is HIV positive, there is a risk of the transference of HIV from one person to the other.
- Bodily fluids such as semen and vaginal fluids: The only way to prevent the transmission of the HIV virus from one partner to another while having intercourse is by using a condom. This creates a barrier between the bodily fluids of both partners and keeps them safe. A condom is needed even if the couple is engaging in anal sex. In fact when comparing anal and vaginal intercourse; anal sex puts HIV negative partners at a higher risk of getting in contact the virus than vaginal sex. Theoretically, this virus can be transmitted even through oral sex is a HIV positive man ejaculates into the woman's mouth. However, this is a rare occurrence.
- From a mother to an unborn child: A HIV positive mother can transmit the virus to her child when pregnant, at birth or while breastfeeding. However, if the mother follows HIV treatment, the chances of her passing on this virus to her child are significantly lowered.
The above are the only three ways HIV can be transferred from one person to another. HIV cannot be transmitted by sharing utensils, drinking the same water, through mosquito bites or by shaking hands etc. Thus, there is no reason to ostracize an HIV infected person.
How do I reduce my tummy within one month. And I have tan patches in my face what should I do to get a clear and glow skin face.
Hi doctor I have a problem about my weight loss and hair fall. Please tell me a treatment for this problem. Hair fall in last 4 years, but increase hair and also falling everyday. Please tell me the solution.
From past 1 month, I am feeling very sleepy even after sleeping for more than 8 hours. Also feeling very tired n lazy ness. I am 29 years old working person weight 58kgs. Please suggest some remedy.
I am 42 years old lady. My height is 5.3 feet & weight is 80 kgs. For reducing my weight I am going to gym for workout since 3 months, & taking oats in the morning with honey, started drinking 4 litres water, taking green tea twice a day, not taking rice. I am having inches loss. So is it good & can I take brown rice. Please suggest some tips for loosing weight rapidly.
Sir I have been masturbating two times per day from the age of 15 years old now my age is 20. I thought to quit watching porn and also self masturbation but there are lot of changes in my body such as pimples last for years on my face and back side of my body severe weight loss and my eyes looking always like in drowsy state and my face skin is little bit rough and bad compared to my body and now my weight is 54 and my height is 173 cm tell any home remedy to stop these bad symptoms and last thing the dandruff is killing me a lot I eat lot of medicines but no use please help.
Hi! I am 19+ years old type 1 diabetic male. I got physically matured at age of 13 only. Growth plates were fused, facial hair, adam's apple and hair under armpits etc. All came at that age. Now again my adam's apple is growing further in this 19+ years old age. I don't understand how is it possible when it was fully grown at 13 only. Now it's growing more week by week. My voice is also same only change is getting on my adam's apple. Please suggest me to stop its growth. It looks very weird and if it grow further I may need to go for surgery for reducing its size and I don't want to reach at that stage. I only trust allopathy.
I am 6 ft 2 inches tall male, and my body weight is around 96 kgs at the age of 27. Although, I look fit and work out regularly as per BMI my weight should be below 85 kgs. Is it recommended for me to tone down to that level ? If so whether taking GM diet helps?
Hello sir/mam can you please tell me few food materials which are good for health and which are natural that should not be artificial that should be natural.
What should we eat to gain weight. I am eating more and more fruits can you suggest me something more?
Meri height 5.9 h or body weight 95 kg. May apna weight jaldi say kam krna chahta hu. Please suggest some safe medicine or exercise.
Hie I am 23 years old boy and I am exercising daily means m working out daily but m nt able to build my body as per my workout please suggest me some diet plan to increase my muscle power and gaining muscle. Doc please do help me. N thnx a lot.
I am 26 years old (female. My height is very less (4 feet) weight (50) kg s! M not under treatment! Are there any chances of growing tall. Can you please suggest me with any tablets?
Good afternoon Doctor, I'm from Mumbai & working as a professional. Doctor I want to lose/ burn my fat as I'm 76 kg and 5.10" tall plus I'm planning to join Gym most probably by this week. Can you please suggest me what should be right for me to lose/burn fat and stay healthy as I'm also planning to buy a weight lose shake powder (is that right option for me?) Please also suggest me any diet plan consider this I have a lower asthma. For better clarity I have attached my belly/stomach image for you reference Thanks.
Sir/mam, I wake up at 6 every morning . But from some days I always feel tired, weak and drunk up to 10 am. I don't have any bad habits of drinking or smoking but I use mobile at night. Even my brain seems to be blunt or not responding during this period. Pls tell my why it happens and its solution.
Hello sir.. Sir ye zika virus kya hai kya itana khatarnak hai bachcho ke liye please sir please tell me.
The Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tear is a very common problem with athletes and with people who have an active lifestyle. In fact, this can also be caused by any accident due to sudden movement.
Importance of ACL-
The ACL is the supporting ligament, which runs diagonally from back to front right in the middle of the knee, connecting the femur bone and the tibia, and helps the tibia not to come before the femur. Thus the balance of the knee during back and forth movements and the entire stability of the knee joint is secured by this very important piece of ligament.
What leads to an injury to the ACL?
Here are a few actions that may result in a ligament tear.
Sudden stopping while running or slowing down from a fast speed
Sudden change in direction
Uncontrolled jumping from a height
Direct hitting with an object or person
What happens when the ACL is torn?
If the ACL is torn, the stability of your knee is gone, and you feel as if you have no control over the joint. Moreover, it causes extreme pain and instant swelling. Swelling usually appears within 24 hours of the injury.
Treatment of ACL Injury-
Recovery from an ACL tear is possible only after a surgery. Without surgery, the affected will not be able to return to sports or athletics, or may not be able to run and make swift movements again as before. However, to avoid surgery, there are non-invasive treatments for the aged and people who require moving less.
Non-invasive Treatment: Bracing is one treatment where braces are given to support the knee joint during movement and also to avoid further injury. This is effective for the elderly who need minimum movement and may manage daily activities with a braced knee. Also, crutches add to the support and let the weaker knee get rest. This is followed by physical therapy. But the swelling has to reduce before starting it. Many exercises and controlled movements over a long time help in getting back agility in movement gradually.
- Surgical Treatment: Once the swelling subsides, doctors would plan for an Arthroscopic (Key-Hole Surgery) ACL reconstruction. In this Doctor make a graft of a tendon. This graft is inserted into the joint and fixed in anatomical position in femur and tibia Arthroscopically so that the newly created ACL functions like the natural one. This is the only way to get back the ligament in whole as the torn ligament cannot be stitched. Surgery is done through arthroscope and recovery time is 15 days for resuming day to day activities and 3 to 6 month for resuming sports activities with continued physical therapy after the surgery. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a orthopedist and ask a free question.