Asked for female, 26 years old from Mumbai
Irregular period is usually defined as any type of bleeding that's abnormal when compared to your last few menstrual cycles. It can include everything from a late period to early bleeding, and scant bleeding to extremely heaving bleeding. For many women, this can even mean an absent period (amenorrhea) or two periods in one month (metrorrhagia).
It's actually a way of your body telling you something is not right and probably your hormones (especially estrogen and progesterone) are imbalanced.
Although, in most cases, they are not dangerous, but it is important to figure out what is causing the irregularity (which may require a trip to the doctor).
Some common reasons for irregular periods:
STRESS: Stress is the most common cause of irregular periods. Cortisol, the stress hormone, has a direct impact on how much estrogen and progesterone, two sex hormones, gets produced by the body.
POOR DIET: Unhealthy eating and being overweight or underweight can cause irregular periods. In order for a woman to maintain a regular cycle, her body fat percentage needs to be at least 17-22 percent.
EXCESSIVE EXERCISE: Excessive exercising (or even lack of it) and drastic weight changes can decrease the body fat, being underweight can offset your hormone levels, thus contributing to irregular periods.
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS: When some women stop taking the pill, their periods may take one to three months to return to normal. And this can also reveal an underlying hormonal problem that was masked by taking the birth control pills.
PCOS: Polycystic ovary syndrome causes cysts to form on the ovaries, interfering with regular ovulation. In fact, PCOS is far more complicated than a missed period. Talk to your doctor about this condition.
THYROID: Thyroid disorders, including hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, can cause widespread symptoms like changes in estrogen and cortisol hormones and missed periods.
OTHER REASONS: Some other reasons include perimenopause, menopause, pregnancy, certain medications you might be taking due to other health issues, and breastfeeding.
To treat irregular periods, Hormone-balancing herbs may be used for restoring the balance to your upset Endocrine system. A good choice is chaste tree berry (VITEX) in the majority of cases as it helps to regulate the female gynecological system. It is most frequently used for menstrual complaints in women. It works by normalizing the secretions of the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, and ovaries, which then appropriately signal to balance the endocrine system.
In addtiton, follow these tips to keep a healthy menstruating body:
Take 1 tablespoon of Shatavari and Ashwagandha mixture (mixed in equal parts) powder with warm milk daily at nighttime before going to bed. It is also a hormone balancing herb and restores healthy menstruation.
Gamma linoleic acid (GLA) helps balance the female system. Take one capsule of black currant seed oil or evening primrose oil a day. GLA can also help aching eyes, fuzzy head, bloating, fatigue, and other premenstrual symptoms.
Keep your circulatory system healthy; exercise and breathe deeply.
Avoid tea, coffee, and alcohol. They are all known to disturb hormonal balance, increase sugar imbalances, and congest the liver. If you have sugar cravings, eat fruit or choose bitter and sour foods, which will offset the craving for sweetness.
You must increase calcium and magnesium intake to ensure that your physical and nutritional needs in general are met.
Also, make sure that your intake of iron and folic acid is adequate.
Hope this helps.