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Dr. Sikha

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

300 at clinic
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Dr. Sikha Gynaecologist, Mumbai
300 at clinic
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Sikha
Dr. Sikha is one of the best Gynaecologists in Sion, Mumbai. She is currently associated with Life Care Hospital in Sion, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Sikha and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

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Hindi

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Life Care Hospital

B 102/9, 1st Floor, Priyadarshini Chs,Sion Bandra Link Road, Dharavi. Landmark:-Opposite New ONGC Tower, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Can HIV Be Diagnosed Through Oral Manifestation?

M.D.S, Post-Graduate Certificate in Oral Implantology (PGCOI) , B.D.S
Dentist, Hyderabad
Can HIV Be Diagnosed Through Oral Manifestation?

HIV is a systemic disease which affects all parts of the body. The oral cavity also has some tell-tale symptoms which indicate HIV / AIDS. A careful examination and detailed history of symptoms is essential. In some cases, the oral manifestations could be the area where HIV is suspected. This can help in reducing morbidity and improves prognosis. The oral lesions that occur in HIV patients can vary and differ significantly in children and adults. While there are a variety of oral lesions in HIV-infected individuals, listed below are some common infections seen in HIV patients. These are a combination of fungal, viral and bacterial infections.

  1. Candidiasis: Candida is an opportunistic fungus that is normally present in the oral cavity and with reduced immunity of HIV, recurrent bouts of the infection begins to show up. It can be in the form of regular thrush which is whitish and cannot be scraped off (pseudomembranous candidiasis), hyperplastic candidiasis (white patches which can be scraped off) or erythematous (reddish patches). Candida can involve any part of the oral mucosa including the pharynx and the palate.
  2. Herpes Simplex: This is the most common viral infection seen in patients with HIV/AIDS. There could be primary or secondary infection of herpes virus, especially inside the mouth and the vermillion border of the lips.
  3. Herpes zoster: This virus, when already present in the body, can be reactivated with HIV/AIDS and with oral herpes. The distinction with herpes simplex is from their distribution. These are unilateral, along the distribution of the maxillary or mandibular nerve. The lesions appear both on the facial skin and the oral mucosa. While the facial ones break open and form crusts, the mucosal ones coalesce to form larger lesions.
  4. Hairy Leukoplakia: This is present in about 20% of asymptomatic HIV patients. Onset of hairy leukoplakia is an indication of rapid progression of HIV with increased CD4 counts. The typical lesion is a non-movable, hairy lesion along the side of the tongue and can spread to the top and the undersurface of the tongue. There are large amounts of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) identified from biopsies of hairy leukoplakia.
  5. Cytomegalovirus: If the ulcers have a necrotic base with a halo surrounding it, it is CMV infection, usually seen on any oral mucosal surface.
  6. Periodontal disease: This is one of the bacterial infections that manifests itself in HIV patients. It can take two forms such as Linear Gingival Erythema (LGE) which can subsequently lead to Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis (NUP). The oral hygiene is generally good with minimal plaque and there is rapid bone loss and soft tissue reddening and swelling. The, mouth, therefore is certainly a window to one’s health.

Diagnosing HIV with Western Blot Test-

It is a series of blood screenings are performed to test for HIV. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), also known as an enzyme immunoassay (EIA), is the first test that your healthcare provider will order to screen for HIV. ELISA, like the Western blot test, detects HIV antibodies in your blood. Antibodies are proteins your immune system produces in response to the presence of foreign substances, such as viruses. If you test positive for HIV on the ELISA test, your provider will order the Western blot test to confirm HIV infection. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2925 people found this helpful

Reasons Why One Must Consider Getting Laser Surgery Done

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Reasons Why One Must Consider Getting Laser Surgery Done

The word surgery has always been associated with the use of scalpel. However, a new form of surgery called laser surgery has developed, which instead of using the orthodox method uses laser to cure the infirmity. In this form of surgery, laser tuned to specific wavelengths, is emitted on the concerned area with the purpose of vaporizing the tissues that have high water content for the purpose of rectification. It is commonly used in:

  1. Dermatology and plastic surgery
  2. Eye Surgery
  3. Endovascular surgery
  4. Foot and ankle surgery
  5. Oral and Dental Surgery

Though the technique involves risks, it has over the years gained immense popularity due to multiple reasons. Few among them are:

  1. Provides immediate results: This is one of the main reasons why laser surgery is preferred to conventional methods. Commonly used in the eye, laser surgeries result in significant improvement in vision, allowing the concerned person to do away with the dependence on spectacles.
  2. Precision involved: Using the laser instead of the scalpel allows the method to be more precise and effective than the traditional method. Minimum damage is done to the tissue as there are smaller cuts involved.
  3. Less time: Due to the technique used, the time involved in laser surgeries is reasonably less, providing more time for recuperation than what is generally allowed in the traditional methods.
  4. Provides more career options and opportunities: Laser surgery, owing to its technique, offers corrective measures which the traditional method does not. This aspect of the surgery allows the patients to consider and explore other professions which were previously not possible. Professions like air force and the army have stringent rules regarding vision of the candidates. Laser surgery which provides an individual the freedom to operate without glasses and contact lenses also allows him or her to consider such professions.

Related Tip: "How Safe is Laser Surgery for Facial Hair Removal??"

3101 people found this helpful

Not getting any pms symptoms like cramps etc and my period is due tomorrow. Is there any chance I am pregnant or period can come without warning?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Not getting any pms symptoms like cramps etc and my period is due tomorrow. Is there any chance I am pregnant or peri...
Hi, PMS I not a must before periods. But if you had sexual contact during your fertile days, pregnancy may occur. Wait for 2-3 days for the periods to start. If not, then do urine test for pregnancy.
3 people found this helpful
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Am 27 yr working, married woman and diabetic for 3yr. Am on obimet sr 1gm before lunch and dinner. I have recently conceived. And doctor has started insulin. My last date of period was 11.06. 2015. According to TVS pregnancy the baby is 6weeks 4days old, bt, according to period calculation it should be 8weeks 2days. The doctor says it's a 12day lag. What does it mean? does it mean any abnormality? is the baby normal? please tell me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Am 27 yr working, married woman and diabetic for 3yr. Am on obimet sr 1gm before lunch and dinner. I have recently co...
Lag can be normal it means delayed pregnancy in comparision to last menstrual period. Whether baby normal or not will need further ultrasonography at different stages, your doctor will advise.
1 person found this helpful
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My marriage happen in last 2years I am trying to lot to my wife pregnancy.please help

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
My marriage happen in last 2years I am trying to lot to my wife pregnancy.please help
To get pregnant you need to have fallopian tubes patent which is checked by hsg test and semen should be adequate quality which is checked by semen analysis. These both tests are done before the treatment of any infertile couple. Once the above tests are normal, then treatment with clomiphene citrate is started with monitoring of egg. You need to consult a good gynecologist who would start proper treatment for u.
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Hi, my question is that Which days are called safe period for women having sex without protection.

BHMS
Gynaecologist, Greater Noida
Hi, my question is that Which days are called safe period for women having sex without protection.
Safe period. Menses jisdin start hota hai uske 14ve din ovulation time hota hai, 14 day k 2 din age aur 2 day pitche danger period hota hai aur pura month safe period hota hai.
1 person found this helpful
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Less Libido in Females - Causes Behind it!

Less Libido in Females - Causes Behind it!

Loss of sexual desire is more common in women than in men. As many as 3 in 10 women have reduced or limited sexual interest in any kind of sexual activity. While the medical term for this problem is Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD), it is generally understood as a loss of libido.

Following are the causes of less libido in females:

1. Hormonal Disorders:

  • Dryness of the vagina and pain during sexual intercourse may affect sexual drive both mentally and physically.
  • After menopause, drop in the count of testosterone hormone also affects sexual drive which can result in loss of libido.
  • With advancing age, the level of androgens decrease, and hence results in a lack of sexual desire.

2. Lifestyle Disorders:

  • In some of the cases, lack of emotional support in a relationship plays a significant role in the loss of libido. Post baby 'coolness' may also act as a driving force for loss in libido.
  • In today's era, changing lifestyle is drastically affecting our lives. Following an unhealthy lifestyle may result in increased weight that may affect self-image, and indirectly may also affect the sexual desire.
  • Stress and job, family pressure and exhaustion may also influence sexual desire of a woman.

3. Medical Disorders:

  • There are conditions such as endometriosis, fibroids and thyroid disorders that may have a negative impact on the sexual drive of a woman.
  • Certain medicines such as antidepressants, oral contraceptives, and medicines that lower blood pressure may also negatively impact the sexual drive in women.

4. Psychological factors:

  • Increasing cases of depression, anxiety, frustration, stress is also an important cause of loss of libido in the contemporary society.
  • After childbirth, new moms tend to suffer from lack of sleep, insufficient lubrication of the vagina and exhaustion, which may affect her sexual desire. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a sexologist.
4900 people found this helpful

17today after iui I got light spotting for 2 days then I taken beta hcg its showing hcg level is <0.1 but I do not know whether I am pregnant or not.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
17today after iui I got light spotting for 2 days then I taken beta hcg its showing hcg level is <0.1 but I do not kn...
Hi lybrate-user unfortunately it is negative report please stop progesterone that you must be taking. You will get proper period in 2-4 days.
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Previous month I had a miscarriage due to cervical incompetence. Now my husband is having diabetes. Is it possible to get pregnant next time and how much time will it take for me to conceive and if I get pregnant is there any risk to me and my baby.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Previous month I had a miscarriage due to cervical incompetence. Now my husband is having diabetes. Is it possible to...
diabetes of your husband will not affect pregnancy outcome. get shirodkar stitch around the mouth of uterus around 12 weeks and your doctor will guide you. stitch is given under general anesthesia under most sterile conditions guided by ultrasound. stitch is removed when labour pain start and outcome is good.good luck to you to get a full term baby next time.
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Me apni gf ke sath sex kiya hu or me excited me hormone bahar nhe nikal paya or me 24 hours ke between usko unwanted 72 ka tablet diya or 2 din v ho gaya bt usko avi tak blooding nhe hua or uska period ka date 5 tarik ko tha or me uske sath 14 tarik ko sex kiya tha or 15 ko tablet diya hu.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Me apni gf ke sath sex kiya hu or me excited me hormone bahar nhe nikal paya or me 24 hours ke between usko unwanted ...
Hello, bleeding shall start only after 5-7 days of unwanted 72 intake , not before that, so please be patient.
1 person found this helpful
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Im 28 years old lady, married. Right now I dnt want to take issue so I take femilon. Is it harmful? In future if I take issue should I suffer for this pill?

BHMS, PhD Arthritis
Homeopath, Chennai
Im 28 years old lady, married. Right now I dnt want to take issue so I take femilon. Is it harmful? In future if I ta...
Dear Lybrate user, Femilion is a combined oral contraceptive pill used for oral contraception, Irregular Bleeding, and Menopause. Do not wry it will not affect your future issue this drug will not produce any effects on your pregnancy but this drug have some adverse effects like Risk of irregular bleeding, Painful periods, Acne and Rising the BP. But very important this drug can cause weight gain. Do not wry Take care.
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Multipurpose uses of single herb powder

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bundi
Multipurpose uses of single herb powder
Multipurpose uses of single herb powder.

Pippali churna (piper longum)

Used in chronic fever, anaemia, spleenomegaly, rheumatism, sciatica, rasayana, gout, paralysis.

Dose 1-3 gm with honey and gur 1: 2 ratio

Source: impcl.
124 people found this helpful

Doctors please let me know how to take care of my sexual health after late 40 and also for my wife. What factors we should take care most? Regarding prostrate and her post menopause. Please give a clear idea so that we can make ready ourself for better health. Because these problems are kind of problems everybody generally avoid and not easy to show up also.

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Doctors please let me know how to take care of my sexual health after late 40 and also for my wife. What factors we s...
1. Keep your self and your wife physically and mentally fit 2. Keep a cordial peaceful environment at home 3. Keep a good healthy routine at work and home.
11 people found this helpful
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Hello sir, My wife is 6 months pregnant. She suffers to lower back pain. What should she will do?

MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
Hello sir, My wife is 6 months pregnant. She suffers to lower back pain. What should she will do?
take rest, take protein diet, green vegetable diet, dal, paneer, cheese, fruits, eggs etc take cap autrin 1 cap od 1 hr walk daily, it will help you,thank you
4 people found this helpful
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I have been trying to conceive from d past 6 months. Bt I have been ovulating late on d 24 day or 23rd day. My doc put me on ovulation drugs ova shield D S and Progynova. On d 11th day my follicle size was 15 mm×17 mm and on d 15th day it is 14 mm×12 mm. D doc says I have ovulated and she says it is probable premature ovulation. Wat does ths mean. Wil I be able to conceive ths mnth. Is it sumthng to wory?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I have been trying to conceive from d past 6 months. Bt I have been ovulating late on d 24 day or 23rd day. My doc pu...
As your age is just 26 and you have been trying for conception for past 6 months only, I would suggest that instead of visiting a doctor's clinic, you shud visit a a hill station etc. Just have a good time with your hubby and forget about ovulation etc. Fertile period is approx 10 days after your periods and maximum chances of conception are during the week, following your 10th day of cycle. If even after another 6 months of unprotected intercourse, you r unable to concieve then visit a gynaec also try to reduce some weight, if you are able to reduce 10 kgs of weight, your ovulation will normalise on its own. Go for a morning walk, jogging etc.
3 people found this helpful
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My wife is pregnant since last 6 weeks and ultrasound report says single intrauterine pregnancy of about 6 weeks 4 days gestational age without cardiac activity then what can I do please suggest me as soon as possible.

M.B.B.S, Post Graduate Diploma In Maternal & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
My wife is pregnant since last 6 weeks and ultrasound report says single intrauterine pregnancy of about 6 weeks 4 da...
I would suggest that you wait for another week and get the USG repeated at another centre. Do not take any hasty decision. There may be some confusion of the last menstrual date. All the best.
1 person found this helpful
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I have Lukoriya problem. So. What should I do? pleased advise me in hindi language.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I have Lukoriya problem. So. What should I do? pleased advise me in hindi language.
Hi, take Sepia 30, 5 drops , once daily in the morning.BC no. 13, 5 tabs , thrice daily. Revert me after 10 days.
2 people found this helpful
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Am pregnant n its just got conformed so is it good to take flax seeds during this time.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Am pregnant n its just got conformed so is it good to take flax seeds during this time.
Effects of Flex seeds during initial stages of pregnancy Flaxseeds are often considered highly dangerous in early stages of pregnancy. Here is the effect of flaxseeds on hormone: • The seeds are known to act as estrogen and stimulate contractions and menstruation. • This makes it highly dangerous during your initial stages of pregnancy. If you are taking flaxseeds during pregnancy, below are mentioned some of the side effects that you might encounter. Take a look: 1. Feelings of nausea, diarrhea and gas are some of the side effects of consumption of the seeds. 2. Allergic reactions such as swelling of lips, tightness in chest or breathing problems. 3. You can see a sudden increase in your blood pressure level with consumption of unripe or raw flaxseeds. 4. Flaxseeds contain toxic chemical called cyanide that can lead to poisoning. 5. Even if you are taking flaxseeds in pregnancy, make sure they are not unripe or raw.
2 people found this helpful
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How many days to stop sex in pregnancy and eggs, almonds it's can be eat in pregnancy and which food is good for in pregnancy.

M.Ch - Urology, MS, MBBS
Urologist, Dehradun
How many days to stop sex in pregnancy and eggs, almonds it's can be eat in pregnancy and which  food is good for in ...
Eat all healthy foods. There is no restriction. Except for salt. Sex can be continued till almost 8 months of pregnancy.
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