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Hyperpigmentation is a skin disorder that causes dark patches and spots all over the facial skin. Although it occurs without any symptom, it is of high cosmetic concern and can result in psychological stress. Most of the causes of hyperpigmentation are attributed to exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays and the hormonal and other bodily changes one undergoes at the time of pregnancy. A number of other factors which lead to hyperpigmentation, either in patches or in entirety, include ageing, hormonal changes, pollution and in some cases, genetic factors.
Sometimes, they become very resistant and require continuous skin care in the form of sunscreen, skin lightening cream and other treatments that should be administered, based on your skin type and hyperpigmentation problems.
The basic treatment plan for hyperpigmentation comprises these few typical things:
Washing the face:
Your dermatologist would help you choose a face wash on the basis of the skin type, particularly how oily your skin is.
It is recommended to pat the skin dry in place of rubbing it. This is because when you rub the face, the resulting friction can increase the dark patches.
When you are suffering from hyperpigmentation, sun protection is of immense importance as the dark patches may not subside. It may keep on recurring if you do not protect your skin from the harmful UVA and UVB rays of the sun.
You should make sun protection a crucial component of your skin care routine.
While SPF 15 is enough for indoors, you would require at least SPF 5o when going outdoors.
If plausible, you must try to reduce your amount of daily sun exposure.
You may pick any sunscreen though it is always better to go for an expert recommended sunscreen product ideal for your skin type.
When you go out, you should apply skin lightening moisturizer all over your face and on the hyper-pigmented parts of your skin.
It will, not only make you appear fairer, but also protect your skin from the various types of damages caused by sun exposure, dust and pollution.
When you are choosing a moisturizer, you should make sure that your selected products contain niacinamide, kojic acid, glycoloc acid and liquorice extract.
While this is the basic care for hyperpigmentation, you should move a step further to treat the hyperpigmentation problems. Your dermatologist would assess your condition and select a treatment regime, which may consist of the following items:
Tropical creams: There are various over-the-counter creams available, which are affordable and highly effective in soothing hyperpigmentation.
Skin-lightening medications: On the basis of your level of hyperpigmentation, your doctor may prescribe hydroquinone, kojic acid dipalmitate, azelaic acid, arbutin or licorice.
Antioxidants: You should increase the consumption of fruits rich in Vitamin C and take capsules with 5 to 10 percent of Vitamin C concentration.
Chemical Peels: Biweekly peels under dermatologist supervision are recommended in recalcitrant cases. Peels help by exfoliating the pigment-containing cells in the epidermis and also help in rejuvenating your skin. There are hundreds of peels available today. Your dermatologist will decide which is best for your skin type.
Lasers: They can be used for resistant dark patches. However, the results are still under scrutiny.
There are also various other methods of treating hyperpigmentation like ski peeling treatment, chemical peels, lasers and steroids. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
I want to know how can I take care of my skin in summer season I mostly be on road as marketing reason?
I am having skin problems. I have wrinkles though I am only 21 yrs of age and I have many small ulcers over my skin.
Hi I am a 20 year old youngster and my skin is so rough. Tell me something by which I can get my good skin back?
I have scars on my lungs of left upper lobe. How should I remove my scars my all reports are normal like afb culture. Ct scan says etiology infection.
There are little blackheads on my face. On cheeks and nose. And its not going. I am worried if it doesn't turn into a big pimple. How to remove it?
I having problem related to skin spots i. E. Acne spots, accidental injuries spots. So I need to know that why can't I get rid from this marks? They are since years.
Clear, blemish free skin is something every man and woman strives for, but only few people are blessed with it. Hyperpigmentation is one of those skin conditions that can distract attention from your natural beauty. Hyperpigmentation is a condition characterized by the excessive production of melanin resulting in dark patches on the skin. This condition can be a result of acne, other skin infections or as a side effect of medication.
Here are a few Ayurvedic remedies that can help treat this condition.
- Potatoes: Potato juice can be very helpful in treating dark spots caused by excessive melanin. Slice a potato and put a few drops of water on the potato to stimulate the potato juices. Alternatively grate the potato and squeeze the juice out. Rub the slice of potato on the affected area or apply the juice on your skin and leave for half an hour. Doing this regularly for a month and it should show you significant results.
- Cucumber and lemon: Lemon juice is well known for its bleaching properties. When combined with the cooling properties of cucumber, it is a great cure for hyperpigmentation. To use it, grate some cucumber and mix it with lemon juice. Apply this on your skin twice a day and wash it off after 20 minutes. You could also use both these ingredients individually.
- Papaya: Papaya is rich in an enzyme called papain. This enzyme helps in exfoliating the skin and remove dead cells. Once the cells in the epidermis layer have been removed, new skin cells will be regenerated. This is a slow process, but with time, you will notice fewer dark patches on your skin. For best result, grate a piece of papaya and apply on the affected area.
- Almonds: Dryness is a major cause of excessive melanin, you can combat with natural fatty acid present in almonds. Soak a few almonds in a cup of milk and leave overnight. The next morning, skin the almonds and grind to make a paste with the milk. Apply the paste on your skin and leave until dry.
- Water: Lastly, drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated. Water also helps flush toxins that cause hyperpigmentation in your body. Usnodaka is an Ayurvedic process of drinking boiled water. Boiling water for a minimum of 5 minutes, helps stimulate the digestive system to expel harmful toxins. You should ideally drink 6 to 8 liters of water a day for healthy skin. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda and ask a free question.