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Dr. Maithili S Muzoomdar

Pediatrician, Mumbai

Dr. Maithili S Muzoomdar Pediatrician, Mumbai
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Maithili S Muzoomdar
Dr. Maithili S Muzoomdar is a trusted Pediatrician in Mumbai, Mumbai. You can meet Dr. Maithili S Muzoomdar personally at Muzoomdar Associate Pvt Ltd in Mumbai, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Maithili S Muzoomdar and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Pediatricians in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Pediatricians with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Pediatricians online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Symptoms of Child Aphasia - Can It Be Treated?

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Symptoms of Child Aphasia - Can It Be Treated?

Child Aphasia is complex disorder that is caused by damage to parts of the brain that controls language and speech. This disorder affects the child's ability to express herself through words and understand the speech of other people. The severity of the problem depends on the extent of the damage as well as the location of the damage. Since this is not a birth disorder, therefore, you should be much more careful as so you notice that your kid is facing language disorder. A speech pathologist can diagnose language disorders and teach your child strategies to help.

What are the leading symptoms of aphasia in kids?

  1. Not understanding speech is one of the most common symptoms. Most patients cannot understand spoken or written language. Typically in these cases, the patient suffers from fluent Aphasia, which is caused by damage to the left temporal lobe of the brain. The patient's speech might seem meaningless and incoherent with lots of unnecessary words being used. The child usually becomes upset when people don't understand what he is saying.
  2. Patients suffering from this disorder also have trouble expressing their thoughts and understanding language and they often take more time to communicate. Only short sentences are used by these patients with words often left out, making the sentence sound incomplete. Such children suffer from non-fluent Aphasia where they understand what others are saying, but cannot communicate or speak well themselves. Their speech is almost similar to that of telegraphic languages that are usually followed by those toddlers who are just learning how to speak.
  3. Some children suffering from Aphasia might have trouble repeating words even though they don't have problem understanding what others are saying. These children suffer from conduction Aphasia and will be able to reproduce only parts of a sentence, if asked to repeat.
  4. Children affected with this disorder may see to be not listening to you or ignore you.
  5. Such kids might also have behavioral problems and may not be able to keep up with their friends and classmates. They will also suffer from forgetfulness.

Causes of Aphasia: The leading cause of Aphasia is brain injury, brain infection, brain tumour or abscess or bleeding in the brain.

Diagnosis of the disease: The disorder is diagnosed by a speech therapist who assesses the condition with a variety of tools to figure out the extent of damage. Its best to take your child to a paediatric speech pathologist who is an expert in treating children with brain injuries. The child will then be assessed on auditory comprehension, verbal expression, reading and writing ability and functional communication.

Treatment: There are many people who think that the speech trouble cannot be treated, but they are completely wrong. There are various ways to treat Aphasia. The younger the patient the better the chances of recovery since the brain is not that developed to handle specific functions in kids as in adults. The treatment will depend on the severity of the condition and the goal that is to be achieved. Factors behind this trouble need to be determined first otherwise the perfect treatment cannot be decided. Some of the most prominent factors are aphasia type, brain-injury cause, age, brain-lesion size and positioning and others.

Some of the leading tips that can be applied as per Association of National Stroke are as follows:

  1. Using props can be helpful in getting across messages.
  2. Speaking slowly and staying calm while speaking.
  3. Drawing pictures or words on paper for communication.
3750 people found this helpful

Hi sir, my wife is 3months pregnancy n it was by ivf. Now we were done blood test today tsh is. 09 n t4 is 2.03. Is there any risk to baby? Please suggest me a good solution please.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Hi sir, my wife is 3months pregnancy n it was by ivf. Now we were done blood test today tsh is. 09 n t4 is 2.03.
Is t...
Production of thyroid hormones T3 and T4 increases by about 50%. As a result, the normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level during pregnancy is lower than the normal nonpregnancy level. The new recommendations for TSH levels during pregnancy are the following: First trimester: less than 2.5 with a range of 0.1-2.5.. You have to leave the decision to your doctor
1 person found this helpful
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My son is 3 years old, he have mouth infection like we say mouth ulcer, every month once he get this, in that time he get fever also and also vomiting. Why he get like this?

PGD-AP, MD, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
My son is 3 years old, he have mouth infection like we say mouth ulcer, every month once he get this, in that time he...
Could be multiple deficiency. Add iron. Zn folic acid. Vitamin bcomplex and vitamin c. Take care of constipation.
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Tell me what are the reasons for giving Hepatitis B injection to new born baby after on month. Are there any side effects of it ? Thank You

M D Pediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Gorakhpur
Hep B vaccine like other vaccines given to baby to prevent infection in baby. Side effects are very rare n not much to worry.
1 person found this helpful
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My son is 7 year old male they have high fever every evening last 3 days with cold suggest a good advice for my child.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
My son is 7 year old male they have high fever every evening last 3 days with cold suggest a good advice for my child.
let him have one tsf of sinarest syrup three times after food Give him cold spoonging if the fever is high. If fever continues get him checked by child specialist
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My 2 years old son having red eye corner in his right eye for 8 days. No discharge coming and no swelling found. And redness increase only if he put his fingers twitching his eye. Will it be cured by itself or I have to consult a doctor.

FICO-1, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
My 2 years old son having red eye corner in his right eye for 8 days. No discharge coming and no swelling found. And ...
Lybrate-user please get your son's eye check up done the redness can be just a sign of something important like allergy or glass power requirement etc twitching and rubbing of eyes also indicate this only.
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My son is 11 yrs old, and his weight is 25 kg, very week. What should I do?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
Pediatrician,
His weighjt is fine. It is better to lean than being obese. You can check his cbc and tsh and inform me privately.
1 person found this helpful
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Kya aap mujhe 18 month baby se baby ka diet chart de sakte ho .ek normal daily routine me bache k ache growth& health k liye uski dekhbhal kaise ki jaaye. Pls suggest me.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Kya aap mujhe 18 month baby se baby ka diet chart de sakte ho .ek normal daily routine me bache k ache growth& health...
18 month baby food chart Mon 1/2 to 1 cup milk Rice with Okra curry and Dal, cucumber slices Tue 2-4 soaked almonds Moong Masoor Spinach Khichdi Wed 1/2 cup milk with 1-2 biscuits Vegetable Dalia Khichdi with curd Thu 2-4 soaked almonds Rice, dal and cauliflower peas curry Fri 1/2 to 1 cup milk Masoor dal khichdi
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Sir my son is 13 years old. He have obesity. His weight is about 70 Kg. Let me know the simplest way to loose weight of my son. Due to nature of my job I can't spare more time for my family. I will be thankful if you solve this problem. Thanks Umesh Khinvasara.

MD - Homeopathy
Pediatrician, Mumbai
Sir my son is 13 years old. He have obesity. His weight is about 70 Kg. Let me know the simplest way to loose weight ...
13years and weight 70kg. You need to become his role model and help him in a strict diet control, exercises and yoga if possible. Diet wise cut down his high calorie diet intake for example highly fried food items, bakery items, packed food items, breads, chocolates, icecreams. Encourage him to increase salads, soups, fruits, buttermilk, sprouts, vegetable juices in his diet. Tell him to take small meals at small intervals. Do not remain hungry for long duration this will make him hungry and he will eat more. Drink lots of water. Take him for cycling, skipping, jogging, daily morning and evening walks and see you will definitely get results in losing weight and get back to me after a month.
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My son is 1 month and 16 days old. Last few days ago we saw some little drop of blood in his stool. Then we went to doctor. He advised for his stool test. We did his stool test and found mucus, pus cell is 10-12/hpf and occult blood is negative. After seeing the stool test report Doctor said, there is an infection in his stool. Dr. Prescribed Omnix-50 (antibiotic) and Gut-Ok twice a day for five days. After completion of medicine I did another stool test at another lab and found mucus is still present, pus cell is negative, occult blood is negative. After seeing the second stool test report doctor said now there is no infection. Then we told him he has completed all medicines in time but we saw little drop of blood in his every stool when he passes till day. Then Doctor told us, there is no blood in his stool. Actually doctor says there is no blood but we say there is blood. I want to know Is there any blood in his stool or not? If there is blood then what can we do now and if there is no blood then what is this red little drops which look like as same as blood. please reply……

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
My son is 1 month and 16 days old. Last few days ago we saw some little drop of blood in his stool. Then we went to d...
Get stool test done for presence of occult blood when you notice blood & include blood part of stool. If stool is positive for blood, check color of blood, if it is bright red it is coming from rectum or anus. If it is black blood is from intestines. Treatment is entirely different in two situations. Let us know we will help you out.
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I have a 3 year old daughter, she has thin hair. I wanted to know does Shaving head makes hair grow back thicker and healthier?

DMCH, MBBS
Pediatrician, Salem
I have a 3 year old daughter, she has thin hair. I wanted to know does Shaving head makes hair grow back thicker and ...
Shaving may help you. But, proper nutrition is essential for hair growth. Give him multi vitamin and iron supplements. Add date syrup instead of sugar in milk. Apply coconut oil daily to the hair.
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How to Reduce a Fever in Babies

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S), PGDHHM
General Physician, Ganderbal
How to Reduce a Fever in Babies

How to reduce a fever in babies

A fever is a common sign of illness, but it's not always a bad thing. In fact, a fever is usually a normal response of a child's immune system to a virus or bacterial infection.

Most healthy children can tolerate a fever well, and it lasts about 3 to 5 days under normal circumstances.

The most common cause of fevers in babies is a viral infection. In some cases, teething can cause a slight increase in body temperature. In younger babies, a fever could be a sign of a serious infection.

When you see your baby's temperature rise, it can be a great concern for you. You may be in a dilemma whether to call the doctor or get emergency medical care. The guidelines below may be helpful.

Baby fever guidelines as per the American academy of pediatrics (aap):

Newborns up to 3 months of age: anything higher than 100.4 degrees (38 degrees celsius) is a matter of concern.
Infants between 3 and 6 months of age: a fever higher than 101 degrees (38.3 degrees celsius) should be checked by your pediatrician.
Babies age 6 months or older: a temperature over 103 degrees (39.4 degrees celsius) needs an immediate consultation with a doctor.
If your baby shows other signs or symptoms of illness, such as a cold, cough, vomiting or diarrhea, consult your doctor. Moreover, as a parent, always trust your instincts. If you think you should contact the doctor, go ahead.

In any situation, in addition to your doctor's prescribed medication, you can follow a few tips to help manage or reduce your baby's fever.

Here are the top 10 ways to reduce a fever in babies.

1. Cold compresses

As soon as your baby develops a fever, the first thing to do is put a cool, wet washcloth on your baby's forehead. As the water from the wet washcloth evaporates from the skin, it will draw the fever out and the temperature will come down quickly.

Put some cool tap water in a bowl.
Soak a clean washcloth in the water.
Wring out the excessive water, then place the wet cloth on the baby's forehead.
Once the cloth warms, remove it and repeat again.
Do this until the fever has gone.
You can also use the damp washcloth to sponge areas like your baby's armpits, feet, hands and groin to reduce the temperature.

Note: never use very cold or ice water, as it may cause the internal body temperature to increase.

2. Lukewarm bath

A lukewarm bath will help relax a fussy baby and help regulate the body temperature. It will even help your baby sleep better, which is needed for faster recovery.

For babies younger than 6 months, give a lukewarm sponge bath 2 or 3 times a day.
For babies, 6 months or older, give them a regular bath in lukewarm water a few times a day.
After each bath, dress your baby immediately.

Note: never use very hot or cold water, as it may cause the internal body temperature to rise.

3. Breast milk

For babies younger than 6 months old who have a fever, breast milk is very important. It offers a unique balance of nutrients that strengthens a baby's weak immune system and is tailored to fight a baby's illness.

Breast milk is quickly and easily digested. It will even keep a sick baby properly hydrated, which is essential for faster recovery.

Try to breastfeed your young baby frequently. If your baby refuses to nurse while experiencing a fever, try different nursing positions. You can keep the baby upright while breastfeeding to make your baby more comfortable during feeding sessions.
If your baby regularly refuses to nurse, pump out the breast milk and feed it to your baby using a spoon or bottle.

4. Give more fluids

For sick babies, it is important to increase fluid intake. Fluid will help cool them down and replace the fluid lost through sweating to prevent dehydration.

Dehydration may lead to various other complications and delay recovery.

Due to having a fever, babies may refuse large amounts of fluid at a time. So, try to give them smaller amounts more often.

Give oral rehydration solutions (either homemade or readily available in the market) along with lukewarm water to small babies younger than 6 months old to help replenish fluids and electrolytes.
Along with water and oral rehydration solutions, cold milk, ice pops, fruit juice and chilled yogurt can be given to babies 6 months or older.

5. Keep your baby in a cool place

When taking care of a sick baby, it's important to keep a close eye on the room temperature. It should not be too hot or too cold. Keep your baby's room at a comfortable temperature between 70 and 74 degrees (21.1 to 23.3-degree c).

If using a fan, keep it on a low setting. However, make sure your baby is not sleeping directly under the fan.
If using an air conditioner, keep the temperature at a comfortable level. Make sure your baby doesn't shiver and raise his or her temperature.
Also, avoid using the room heater nonstop, as it can make your baby overheated.
Keep your sick baby indoors in a cool place most of the time. If you are taking your baby outside, try to stay in the shade.

6. Dress your infant comfortably

Many parents make the mistake of bundling up their sick child with layers of clothes or extra blankets. This is something parents should avoiding doing, as it may keep the temperature from going down or even make it go higher.

Infants cannot regulate their temperature well, hence, when bundled in layers, it will be harder for them to cool down once overheated. Too much clothing will even prevent radiating body heat into the surrounding air.

Dress your baby in one layer of lightweight clothing. If needed, use a light blanket when your baby is sleeping.

Also, keep your baby in a comfortable room, where the temperature is not too hot or too cool.

7. Foot massage

Rubbing the soles of your sick baby's feet with some warm oil is one of the best ways to calm your fussy baby. Apart from relaxation, it will promote better sleep, which is necessary for quick recovery.

Foot massage also helps regulate body temperature.

Rub some warm olive oil on the bottoms of your baby's feet.
Apply gentle pressure on the soles with your thumbs.
Finally, give a nice massage to the whole foot.
Do this for just a couple of minutes and repeat as needed.
When it comes to a foot massage, be careful not to do too much.

8. Apple cider vinegar

For babies 1 year and older, you can try an apple cider vinegar remedy. Because apple cider vinegar helps draw heat out of the body, it can reduce a high body temperature.

Add a quarter cup of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar to a large bowl of lukewarm water.
Soak a washcloth in it, then wring out the excess liquid.
Use this damp cloth to give your baby a sponge bath.
Repeat 2 or 3 times a day until the fever has dropped.

9. Basil

For bringing down a fever, basil is suitable for babies older than 1 year. The herb can help reduce the heat in the body. It works as a natural antibiotic and immune booster.

Boil a handful of basil leaves in 2 cups of water, until the solution is reduced to half. Add a little sugar and give it to your little one, a few times a day.
If your baby is big enough to chew basil leaves, give him or her some thoroughly washed basil leaves to chew at regular intervals.

10. Monitor body temperature

Another important thing when your baby is having a fever is to regularly monitor his or her body temperature. Do not rely on your hand as a means of assessing the child's temperature.

Instead, you can try several ways to take your baby's temperature:

Rectal method (by the rectum)
Oral method (by the mouth)
Axillary method (under the armpit)
Tympanic method (in the ear)
Regularly take your baby's temperature and write it down on a notepad. This will help a doctor assess the changes that have occurred during the days when your baby is not well.

Additional tips

Check on your sick baby from time to time during the night, also.
Monitor your baby and if you notice signs of dehydration and rashes, consult a doctor immediately.
Your baby should urinate at least every 4 hours and the urine should be light colored.
If your child is inconsolable and doesn't stop crying, consult your doctor.
Do not send your baby to daycare until he or she recovers fully.
If your baby is fussy, try to rock your baby while walking to ease his or her distress.
Do not leave a small child with a fever alone for any length of time.
You can give solid food to your baby during a fever, but do not force it.
It is better to feed them foods that are soft and low in fiber, such as bread, crackers and refined hot cereals like oatmeal or cream of wheat.
If your doctor has prescribed medicine, never give more than the recommended dosage to your child.
Always use a measuring device to give medication.
Don't treat a fever in children under 18 years of age with aspirin, as it can lead to serious health problems.
Make sure to keep your baby up to date with all of his or her immunizations.

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My baby girl now 15months and 8kgs weight, problem is she used to vomit always from 6, 7months. If she see rice and smell it she feel like vomit. She vomits regularly if her stomach full and from starting piece of food she sound vomit, I am fully depressed, please suggest me.

Fellowship in Pediatric Critical Care (IAP), MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jalandhar
My baby girl now 15months and 8kgs weight, problem is she used to vomit always from 6, 7months. If she see rice and s...
Your child may be having reflux or food allergies. Show to nearby pediatrician for complete history and investigation if needed.
1 person found this helpful
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Non Communicable Disease

MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon
Non Communicable Disease

NCD's are emerging as a major global problem which can controlled by taking certain measures. It's a non infectious disease resulted from hereditary factors, lifestyle factors (diseases of affluence) e. g. Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases, Cancer and mental health problems, Asthma, Atherosclerosis allergy. It is responsible for almost 60% of World deaths and constitute 43% of the Global burden of diseases.

If we see Rising Chronic Disease Burdens of following Diseases in India, the data are alarming and requires urgent intervention in policy matter.

Disease

Year 2007

Year 2025

Hypertension

125 Million

214 Million

Diabetes

41 Million

69 Million+

Tobacco

1 Million

2 Million+

Can I prevent CVD? Yes by evaluating overself

Risk Factors Associated With Heart Disease

 

 

 

 

S. No

Risk Factors

High Risk

Low Risk

No Risk

1

Walk(Minimum 35 Minutes)

Nil

3-4 days/week

5-7 days / week

2

Obesity(BMI)

>26

<25

<24

3

Smoking(Tobacco)

>1 / day

1/ day

Nil

4

Yoga

Nil

3 -4 days/ week

5-7 days/week

5

Stress

150%

100%

50%

6

Meditation

Nil

3 -4 days/week

5-7 days/week

7

Zero Oil

70%

90%

100%

8

Vegetarianism

>6 days

<6 days

100%

9

Fruits, Salad and Vegetable Intake

Nil

15%

>50%

10

Milk and Dairy(Double Toned Milk)

>300 ml

300 ml

200 ml

11

Serum Cholesterol

180 ml/dll

150 ml/dll

130 ml/dll

12

Serum Triglycerides

160 ml/dll

130 ml/dll

100 ml/dll

13

HDL

<40 mg/ dll

<50 mg/dll

>60 mg/dll

14

LDL

>190 mg/dll

>130 mg/dll

<100 mg/dll

15

Cholesterol HDL Ratio

>6:1

> 5:1

<4:1

16

BP Systolic/ Diastolic

>140/ >100mm/hg

>130/ >190 mm/hg

120 / 80 mm/hg

17

Blood Sugar Fasting / PP

>110/ >200

<110/ <160

<100/ <140

Regular blood tests are recommended for people who are at higher risk of developing high cholesterol. Routine cholesterol testing may be necessary if you:

  1. Are a man over 40
  2. Are a woman over 50
  3. Are a postmenopausal woman
  4. Have heart disease or have had a stroke
  5. Have diabetes
  6. Have a close relative (mother, father, sister, brother) with heart disease or high cholesterol
  7. Are overweight, physically inactive, smoke and/or drink excessively
  8. Have physical signs of high cholesterol such as fatty deposits on your skin or tendons
  9. Have high blood pressure
6 people found this helpful

Tips on Root Canal Treatments

Diploma In Cosmetic Dentistry, Advanced Aesthetics, BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
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Here are some tips on root canal treatments and dental implants

2 people found this helpful

My son 1 month old. He is having prickly heat on his face and head. He is having much on head. How to get rid of prickly heat. Please suggest any medicine.

BSc - Food Science & Nutrition, PGD in Sports Nutrition and Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
My son 1 month old. He is having prickly heat on his face and head. He is having much on head. How to get rid of pric...
Hello, Infants technically sweat a lot and if not taken care they develop boils. You need to change his clothes often and make him wear very lose comfortable cotton garments. Air him often, specially in between the changing of garments.
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