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Dr. M. B Pereira

Pediatrician, Mumbai

1000 at clinic
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Dr. M. B Pereira Pediatrician, Mumbai
1000 at clinic
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. M. B Pereira
Dr. M. B Pereira is one of the best Pediatricians in Malad West, Mumbai. He is currently practising at Riddhivinayak Critical Care And Cardiac Center in Malad West, Mumbai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. M. B Pereira on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Pediatricians in India. You will find Pediatricians with more than 42 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Pediatricians online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Hindi

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Riddhivinayak Critical Care And Cardiac Center

C/O Reva Smruti Hospital, 559/1, Pushpachandra Apartment, S V Road, Riddhi Vinayak Temple Lane, Malad West, Landmark:-Near N L High School, Mumbai Get Directions
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My daughter is 12 years old, got matured in the month of jan 2015. There were few blood drops, later never bleeding happened yet. Please let me know what should be the precautionary measures to be taken to keep her in good health

Pediatrician, Pune
Educate and talk with her about the normal physiology, no better teacher than the mother herself, she may be anxious apprehensive of her changing physiological pattern, make her comfortable - explaining what is normal, ensure adequate hygiene and good nutrition, healthy living.
1 person found this helpful
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Our child was underweight and had breathing problem during birth. He remained in incubator for 4 days. What can we do to keep him healthy? After how many months can we feed food to our child?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Our child was underweight and had breathing problem during birth. He remained in incubator for 4 days. What can we do...
Just see to it that your child develops milestone properly and also keep a note of things which he doesn't tolerate and try to avoid such situations and as he is ten months of age than you can start with smashed rice home made.
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Need a diet list for 15 year old boy. The list should be of north indian food and it should be routine Monday -friday.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
Need a diet list for 15 year old boy. The list should be of north indian food and it should be routine Monday -friday.
I n acute phase nothing by mouth advised, after surfery start with sips of water gradually can resume all foods in normal diet.
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My kids 1 is 6 years old 2nd one is 2 1/2 years old they r not interested in eating fruits how I can make them have interest on fruits. My elder one when he goes for urine r motion very bad smell & he is very week body. Every thing k goes to school study well & also very active what I have to do to develop his body. Is their will be any problem in vitamins for not eating fruits.

BHMS, Certificate in Gynaecology & Obestric, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
My kids 1 is 6 years old 2nd one is 2 1/2 years old they r not interested in eating fruits how I can make them have i...
Don't worry, you give up more liquids drinks, you should advice to daily proper stool (latene) habit, habit of bowel clear. You can give proper daily green veg, soups, protein supplement. Fibre food.
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I have daughter she is thirteen years old she has the habit of getting up in the night when she is asleep every one or two hours .I just want to know the cure for her restless sleep.

BHMS, Certified in Aesthetic Skin Treatments, Certified in Applied Behaviour Analysis
Homeopath, Mumbai
Hello, Sleep disorders happen in every age group -- to infants, teens, and the elderly. Problem is, missing sleep repeatedly affects every part of your life -- from relationships with friends, to your ability to concentrate at school, to your mood. Many teens who miss sleep suffer with irritability, mood swings, and even depression. There are various reasons of sleep disorder like sleep apnea, GERD, Stress,nightmares and vivid dreams, restless leg syndrome, potential nighttime distractions, such as light or noise. No matter what is causing this problem. The Homeopathic medicines, which are made of natural substances and are completely safe with no side effects, are very capable and competent in the treatment of sleep disorders. The most suitable Homeopathic remedies are chosen after analyzing the symptoms in each individual. Please click on consult for further evaluation. Your feedback matters. Take care.
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I have 3 months baby. He is not sleeping at night. What to make him sleep at night? He is sleeping in the morning. If not to make him sleep in the morning he starts crying so how to make him to sleep in. Night?

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician,
I have 3 months baby. He is not sleeping at night. What to make him sleep at night? He is sleeping in the morning. If...
Actually it is normal habit. When baby is inside womb it usually awake at night. So that habit continues for 3-4 months. So don't worry abt that. Within few days that cycle will change.
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Diet For Toddlers

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai

Menu planning for diet of indian toddlers:

Indian diet plan for toddler

In the above given chart, the outer 6 boxes represent the different food groups. This chart will help you in planning your own menu based on your convenience and timing for your baby. Follow the following tips for planning a healthy menu for your toddler.

The trick is to simply add at least 1 item from each group through out the day. Ofcourse you can use a particular group more than 2 times too. But in order to maintain variety in terms of taste and nutrition, its important to plan from each group. Ex – you can plan for rice in the afternoon and oats in the evening menu. Both the items belong to the cereal group and are equally healthy.

Make your choices of food from the given food group more interesting for the kid. Ex – instead of feeding your baby with rice and milk every day, introduce variety. Plan for rice and curd, or lightly lemon flavored rice, mix rice with mung dal from pulses group to add protein and variety to your kids menu.

After your kid turns 15 – 16 months old, you can mix up 2 or more food groups together. Ex – oats porridge with apple. Here oats cover the cereal group, milk will cover up for protein and apple will cover the fruits group. Some kids with good digestibility can tolerate the mixed groups concept right from 12 month on wards.

Cereal group – This group includes cereals like rawa (semolina), ragi, rice, oats, wheat and its products like brown bread, wheat based biscuits. These cereals are easy to digest. Initially its best to grind the food product, or mash it well to avoid choking. Some kids take time to learn to chew.

Milk and milk products group – As the name suggests this group includes all varieties with milk. Cows milk has the best digestibility. Hence it is preferable to give you kids cow’s milk. You can later introduce him with milk products like cheese, curd, buttermilk and paneer. Cheese on brown bread is a good snacking option for your 2+ year old toddler. They relish it.

Non – vegetarian protein group – This group includes chicken, eggs and fish. I would really recommend you to start your kid a little late with fish. May be after he is 2 +. This will ensure his digestion capacity. It is not that kids do not eat fish before this age. There are individual differences and food preferences. All you need to do is ensure about your kids digestion capacity,
 And allergic reactions to these foods.

Dals and pulses group – Start with easily digestible dals like mung dal. Once they are tolerated well by the kid, you can then move forward to slowly introduce her with all the other varieties of dals, and pulses. Make sure the first time you try any new pulse, it should be diluted enough. If your baby has any sign of intolerance towards these foods, like change in color of stool, hard stool or watery stool or gases or stomach ache after the intake, reintroduce the food after a week in a diluted form

Fruits and vegetables – The fruits and vegetables that are mentioned under the groups in the above info graphic diagram, can be used in any form. You can mash the fruits, make juice out of it, pressure cook the fruit for 1 whistle and then mash it (apple). Or you can hand over them as slices to your kids. So they also learn to eat on their own. You can use vegetables in soup forms or cooked vegetable form, just the way you consume it at home. Make sure you add little or no spices to the preparation. You can introduce the spices and masala for the baby after she is 2.5 + years of age.
 

Fats and sugars – This group is placed in the center on purpose. Although you need to use very little amount of fats and sugar for your toddler, but please do not ignore this group. Your baby really needs good fats for better digestion. Don’t forget that these little ones also require tasty foods just like us. You can add sugar or jaggery to their food preparations.

Note – You need to feed your growing toddler every 2- 3 hrs, don’t wait for them to signal for hunger. Kids get really cranky and irritated if they go without food for long. To become a smart mom, you need to set your timetable accordingly. Keep your busiest hours for their milk feeds. But do not over do milk. Excess milk feeds and no solid will make her/ him hate food. They may also get loose motions, uncontrolled bladder. They would become cranky if you don’t give them enough solids. And the kid will want to stick to you at all 


Here is an indian diet plan for toddlers for your reference.

Time and menu:

  • 7.00 am (after waking up): 1 glass milk + 4 soaked almonds
  • 9.00 am Breakfast: Choose any 1 from the mentioned options: Rawa kheer / ragi kheer / vermicilly kheer, Soft cooked rawa upama with finely chopped carrots, Soft cooked mung dal chilla with grated carrots and finely chopped spinach, Curd with soaked poha, (add a little salt or sugar as per your kids taste), Soft dosa or idli with sambar
  • 11.00 am: 2-4 slices of apple / orange / water melon /musk melon / pomogranate / papaya / 2 wheat based biscuits / ragi flakes (handful) (any seasonal fruit)
  • 1.00 pm: Lunch (choose any 1 from the mentioned options)- Curd rice / dal + rice / sambar + rice / milk + rice / vegetable pulav / kadhi + rice / lemon flavored rice, Vegetable khichadi, Daliya upama (soup consistency), Vermicilly upama, Soft cooked roti or phulka with toru / bottle gourd / palak / methi / potato vegetable
  • 2.30 pm: Buttermilk (optional) / ragi kanji
  • 4.00 pm: Choose any 1 from thementioned options- Oats porridge with chopped apple or banana, Fruit smoothie with almond or walnut (at room temperature), Milkshakes, Hot milk with 4 biscuits, Aata laddu – 2 small, Dry fruit chikki, Sliced / boiled veggies like carrot, broccoli with curd dip, Tacos with vegetable based greek yogurt dip, Home made wheat cake piece
  • 6.00 pm: Spinach soup / carrot soup / tomato soup / mix vegetable soup / corn soup (grind corn kernel in a mixer) / fruit juice during warm climate
  • 8.00 pm: Dinner (choose any suitable option from breakfast or lunch menu)
  • 10.00 pm: Bedtime- 1 glass milk + 4 soaked almonds
     

Note – The above mentioned diet plan is a general diet plan. This indian diet plan for toddlers meets the nutritional requirement of an average indian toddler. Some foods may or may not be suitable to some kids, in such a case a personalized approach is necessary.
 

Important tips to consider while following this indian diet plan for toddlers:


Milk intake:

Give your toddler the regular milk when he wakes up in the morning. Give him 100 to 200 ml of milk in the morning and in case he/she is allergic to milk and milk products, you can replace milk with a whole fruit, almond milk, or soya milk. If your child has crossed 2 years of age, you may consider adding health drinks such as pediasure to his milk. Make sure to give your toddler full cream milk and he/ she requires milk energy to support his body’s functions and to grow into a powerful adult with time. In the evening, give your toddler 100-50 ml of milk depending on his preference. Yes, do value his preference as many toddlers simply hate the taste of milk. You can’t help as i’m sure many of you also hated milk in your childhood. Use your imaginations, make them tasty smoothies or milkshakes

Water intake

A toddler’s daily water intake may typically consist of at least 5 cups of water. This includes the juices, milk, and other fluids that your toddler consumes throughout the day.

Bread

Make sure you give your toddler wholewheat or brown bread or bread that is fortified with vitamins and minerals.

Fruits and vegetables

You may opt for cooked or pureed food. Cooked or pureed vegetables with bland flavors are the best options for toddlers. These may include vegetables such as pumpkin, potato, sweet potato, squash, carrots, and butternut. Try with mashed food items. It’s better to feed ytout toddler steamed vegetables and pulses

Homemade food:

Today’s nuclear family setups coupled with an increase in the opportunities for women employment, time has become a scare resource for today’s families. It is always better to avoid tinned and packaged foods as they contain preservatives that may be detrimental to your child’s health. Make sure you invest some time to secure your child’s health and prepare meals at home. We are sure love will help you find that time!


Oatmeal cereals

It is a good idea to help your child build healthy eating habits since a very young age. You may introduce oatmeal cereals at a very early stage as they are healthy breakfast options and your child is most likely to develop an acceptance for oatmeal cereals as well as other complex carbohydrates.


Portion intake

1 tablespoon of each food: the rule of thumb. At one time, a one-year old child should be fed 1 tbsp of cooked cereal, pureed fruit, pureed cereal, cooked meat, cooked vegetable, one egg and ½ cup of milk and dairy products. On a similar line, a 2-year old child should be given 2 tablespoons of different foods at a time. And as you can already guess, 3 tablespoons of different foods at a time constitute the perfect dietary portions for a 3-year old child.


Nutritious snacks

Your kid will eat when he/she is hungry and will stop when he/ she feels full. Sometimes, you may consider providing nutritious snacks to your kid. This does not mean that you have to put a lot of extra effort in preparing healthy snacks as a lot of healthy yet no-hassle snacks are available in the market. Prepare some finger-friendly, bit-size foods and your toddler will take the responsibility of feeding himself/ herself:
• Thinly-sliced fresh fruit
• Low-sugar breakfast cereals
• Mini muffins with whole grain crackers
• Shredded cheese
• 2-4 ounces of pure fruit juice, with one part juice being mixed with two parts of water.
• Start with pureed or strained vegetables such as green beans, squash, or carrots.


Some common mistakes that you should avoid:

• Making your child drink more than 16-24 ounces of milk per day.

• Forcing your child to eat when he/ she is not hungry.

• Allowing your child to eat sugary snacks

Don’t get in to a habit of worrying about your kid’s food. The only thing that you should observe is whether your child is gaining weight with time and whether he is remaining active throughout the day. Too much of restrictions in his/ her diet or too much of ‘çarefree’ attitude may actually harm your child’s health. Refer this indian diet plan for toddlers and enjoy your child’s meal times, be a little creative and allow him to enjoy his/ her creative side as well.

2 people found this helpful

Whether a 16 year old boy can take a cup of green tea in early morning, moment he wake up from bed?

MSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
Whether a 16 year old boy can take a cup of green tea in early morning, moment he wake up from bed?
Green tea is found to have catechins and polyphenols which are excellent antioxidants and prevent the body from free radical damage and helps to detoxify. Green tea is less processed than black tea and hence have higher amount of antioxidants. It has anti viral and anti bacterial effect and prevents plaque formation in the mouth. It helps to reduce bad cholesterol, improves good cholesterol and keeps blood pressure in check. It prevents formation of new cancer cells and destroys the harmful ones thereby protecting the body. It controls blood sugar levels and prevents heart diseases. Retards aging process and improves skin texture and complexion. Improves digestion, prevents gas formation and helps in weight reduction. It has mild bowel stimulating effect thereby preventing constipation. It helps to get rid of headache and tiredness which is a common problem in daily life. It improves immune system and prevents the body from infection like cold, cough etc. Its best to replace your coffee with a cup to green tea as coffee can dehydrate you and have a host of unhealthy effects on your body. Instead rehydrate your cells with a cup of green tea powerpacked with antioxidants.
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My 2 months old son is allergic to lactose and fructose now he is on soy formula zerolac. I want to ask when will my son be able to take buffalo milk? ? In future is there any difficulties appear in feeding my son?

FELLOWSHIP IN PCCM, FELLOW-PEDIATRIC FLEXIBLE BRONCHOSCOPY, FELLOWSHIP IN PEDIATRIC CARDIAC CRITICAL CARE, D.C.H., M.B.B.S
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
My 2 months old son is allergic to lactose and fructose now he is on soy formula zerolac. I want to ask when will my ...
Well if it is lactose intolerance. Then buffalo milk also would clause symptoms. So better not to try. Zero lac is a good product.
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My son is 5 months old and the colour of his potty is green and he do the same thing around 4-5 times in a da. Is there any problem and he drinks bottle milk as well as mothersfeed. 41.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
My son is 5 months old and the colour of his potty is green and he do the same thing around 4-5 times in a da. Is the...
In Fact, his potty colour and loose stools is due to bottle feeding and if you must give other feeds you feed it with a a spoon or Katori . Stop bottle , and I have experienced this issue many times in my clinical practice
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My 7 year son wet the bed regularly at night sometimes in day also please suggest.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician, Narnaul
Don't give him any liquid after 5 pm handle with care, don't scold him, whenever you sleep ask him to go to washroom.
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My son is 21 months old. In the day time he usually had a temperature of 99 - 99.3. Is this temperature normal for him. At what temperature we say which is a fever. My pediatrician told above 99.5 is the fever temperature. I am always confused because he got a fits followed with high temperature at 10 months old. I am always alert on him.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
My son is 21 months old. In the day time he usually had a temperature of 99 - 99.3. Is this temperature normal for hi...
If child is active and gaining wt well, no need to worry. Normal Temp range is from 97.5 to 99.5 degree F.
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Hai my baby 7 month old birth weight 3.250 now 6.600 how can gain to my baby weight. What will you give to food of weight gain. Please reply.

MBBS DCH
Pediatrician, Gandhinagar
Hai my baby 7 month old birth weight 3.250 now 6.600 how can gain to my baby weight. What will you give to food of we...
Start giving supplementary feeding. Continue breastfeeding. Give fruit juice, rice water, meshed potato, rab etc.
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I am having cold and water is coming from one nostril and slight pain is also there in the bone of nostril. I am breastfeeding a two months old infant. I am worried that my cold will transfer to him. Please help doctor.

MBBS
Pediatrician,
I am having cold and water is coming from one nostril and slight pain is also there in the bone of nostril. I am brea...
You can continue breastfeeding, it is very, very rare for a mom to need to stop breastfeeding for any illness. There are only a few very serious illnesses that might require a mom stop breastfeeding for a period of time or permanently.
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Is their any possibility for normal delivery if the baby weight is 4.5 kgs. My mother-in-law is saying that her daughter gave birth to 4.5 kgs baby during delivery and it is a normal delivery. Is it possible?

M.D PEADIATRICS, MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Is their any possibility for normal delivery if the baby weight is 4.5 kgs. My mother-in-law is saying that her daugh...
Hello, its very unlikely. I will advice you to opt for planned caserian & not even think of normal delivry as your baby is very large & there r high chances of complications.
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Is it like if we are giving IPV then OPV is not necessary at the same time. At 6 week for new born.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Bangalore
Ipv is a superior vaccine and used all over the world. However government wants to give only opv from their side so they are promoting opv to build up immunity of the entire population. For the sake of your child ipv is enough.
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Improving oral and dental health

MDS - Periodontics, Certified Implantologist, BDS
Dentist, Chandigarh
Improving oral and dental health
Using an appropriate tooth paste is very necessary for the health of our teeth. Tooth pastes which contain flouride help in keeping the teeth healthy by reducing the risk of tooth decay.
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I am a 24 years old woman. We had done family planning after two babies but are now planning to another baby. Is it possible to get another baby after family planning .give me your valuable suggestion As Soon As Possible. Thank you.

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I am a 24 years old woman. We had done family planning after two babies but are now planning to another baby. Is it p...
By what method did you do family planning. Tubectomy or vasectomy if tubectomy was done the recanalisation procedure can be done. By surgery fallopian tubes are reconnected. If vasectomy (male sterilisation) was done. Recanalisation is difficult but can be attempted if no anti sperm antibody is present. U can consult me online for further queries.
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