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Dr. Khatija Chalwala

Cardiologist, Mumbai

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Dr. Khatija Chalwala Cardiologist, Mumbai
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Khatija Chalwala
Dr. Khatija Chalwala is one of the best Cardiologists in Santacruz West, Mumbai. She is currently practising at Mangal Nursing Home in Santacruz West, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Khatija Chalwala and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

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Mangal Nursing Home

Harihar Niwas, Beasant Street, Santacruz West. Landmark:-Near Santacruz Station, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Cardiomyopathy - Types, Causes and Treatment

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Cardiomyopathy - Types, Causes and Treatment

Our heart is basically a muscle. So when this muscle weakens the heart is unable to do its function i.e., to pump blood throughout our body and keep us alive.

The heart muscle gets progressively weak due to a disease called cardiomyopathy.

There are different types of cardiomyopathy caused by different causes. Untreated cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure or early death. Treatment can’t cure the condition but can give you extra healthy years of life and prevent serious complications.

Cardiomyopathy has 4 main types, they are:

  1. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: This is the most common form and its principal cause is that your heart muscle becomes too weak to pump blood. The heart muscles stretch and become thinner in this case leading to the four chambers of the heart to expand causing a pathology called an enlarged heart.

  2. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This happens due to genetics. It occurs when the walls of your heart thicken and prevent the flow of blood through this natural pump.

  3. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia: This is a rare form of cardiomyopathy. It causes sudden deaths of athletes and is caused when fat and fibrous tissues replace muscle in the right ventricle of the heart.

  4. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: This is the least common form of the disease. The cause is the stiffening of the ventricles, the part of the blood which receives blood. When these stiffen, the heart doesn’t get enough blood to oxygenate. Scarring of the heart due to heart disease and a heart transplant operation can be a cause of this stiffening.

  5. Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: Ischemic cardiomyopathy is caused due to coronary artery disease which causes blood vessels supplying blood to the heart to become narrow. The heart doesn’t get enough oxygen and a person can die due to a heart attack.

  6. Other types of cardiomyopathy are grouped into this category and can include:

    • Left ventricular noncompaction happens when the left ventricle has trabeculations, projections of muscle inside the ventricle.

    • Peripartum cardiomyopathy, another form of the disease can occur during or after pregnancy. This is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy and can be fatal. There’s no documented cause.

    • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caused due to alcoholism causing an enlargement of the heart.

    • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or broken heart syndrome, happens when extreme stress leads to heart muscle failure. Though rare, this condition is more common in post-menopausal women.

Treatment

Doctors will decide the treatment after finding out the extent of damage due to cardiomyopathy.

Few people will not require treatment till symptoms like chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath and edema appear.

Others whose life is affected due to symptoms are treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The bad news is that cardiomyopathy can’t be cured but can only be managed and controlled by doing the following:

  1. Heart-healthy lifestyle changes are key. You will be advised to maintain a healthy weight, eat a modified diet, get enough sleep, manage stress, and quit smoking.

  2. Exercise is also crucial to keep the heart healthy and maintain a healthy weight through regular bouts of low-intensity exercise.

  3. Medications for high blood pressure will be prescribed to prevent water retention, keep the heart beating normally, prevent blood clots and reduce inflammation.

  4. Pacemakers and defibrillators can be implanted.

  5. Surgery like heart transplant can be done as a last resort. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath.

4001 people found this helpful

Meri mummy Ko brain stroke hua tha 1 month pehle saare test hone pe pata chala ki unhe heart ki bhi problem hai unke valve sikud gayi hai kya ye dawa se hi teek ho jayega please bataye.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Meri mummy Ko brain stroke hua tha 1 month pehle saare test hone pe pata chala ki unhe heart ki bhi problem hai unke ...
Heart k valve dawai se thik nahi hoti par taklif kam kar sakhte hai aur is k liye surgery karwana padhtha hai.
1 person found this helpful
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I'm 42 years man. Having 300 plus bad cholesterol level. Pure vegetarian. Does exercise. Doesn't smoke or drink. How can I lower down it .suggest some dietary supplements or wt should I have.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I'm 42 years man. Having 300 plus bad cholesterol level. Pure vegetarian. Does exercise. Doesn't smoke or drink. How ...
We should start with medication after clinical examination and few tips on diet say no to maida items like toast, khaari ,naan ,white bread. Can drink tea but without sugar say no to Buffalo milk and can drink cows milk can eat brown bread can eat sprout's can eat green vegetables, can eat chappati ,bajra ka rotla can eat one katori of rice twice a day with dal to avoid farsan food items can eat fruits say no to coconut water.
2 people found this helpful
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I am having low bp problem and whenever my bp is low I use to have vomiting tendency what should I do for it?

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
If you have low bp 1. Drink plenty of water/ nimbu pani/electral powder with water 2. Increase salt intake 3. Take plenty of fresh green leafy vegetables, fruits. Fish, chicken etc 4. Avoid alcohol 5, go for regular exercise 6. Drink tea/ coffee 7. Avoid prolonged standing 8. Avoid stress, anxiety, depression 9. Take. Adequate rest and have 7-8 hours of sound sleep in the night 10. Do yoga, meditation and deep breathing exercise to calm your mind, control your emotion and relieve stress 11. Check your hemoglobin, monitor bp and consult physician for advice and treatment.
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It has been 6 months since my bypass surgery. I still feel pain when sleeping on my side in lower ribs. What could be the possible reason? Any exercises that I should be doing?

MBBS, M.S, M. Ch, F.I.A.C.S
Cardiologist, Chennai
It has been 6 months since my bypass surgery. I still feel pain when sleeping on my side in lower ribs. What could be...
Chest pain will disappear after some time. If ecg is normal there is nothing to worry take all medicines. Pysiotherapy. Just take your heart for a walk. Salt less than 2g/day.
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Mother age is 70. Before 3 days she has paralytic attack on left side of body. She is admitted now in icu. Blood clots found in brain. She is semi conscious now. She understand if we talk to her. Please suggest some homeopathy or ayurvedic treatment. Now her BP is 130/95.3 days before her BP was 260 high.

Clinical Cardiology, MD - Consultant Physician
Cardiologist, Surat
Mother age is 70. Before 3 days she has paralytic attack on left side of body. She is admitted now in icu. Blood clot...
Hi. Your mother needs proper allopathy treatment care presently. You can go for ayurvedic or other forms of treatments once she is well and discharged for icu. You need to continue her allopathy medicinces as per your doctors advice. Take care.
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Hello Dr. I have done ecg two time and it's normal ldl level 130 and homocysteine is 39 and vitamin d is 13 and b12 is very low around 191 my bp is high 144 and 86 what should I do.

DNB Cardiology, MD, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Bangalore
Hello Dr. I have done ecg two time and it's normal ldl level 130 and homocysteine is 39 and vitamin d is 13 and b12 i...
Hi lybrate-user Do get your BP measured multiple times in different times of a day. The measurements have to be confirmed. Do consult a MD physician. Restrict your extra salt intake -- in form of pickles/ papad etc. Nothing specific for your rest of investigation. Vitamin d and b12 supplementation may be supplemented by a physician after examining.
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My LDL levels are 165. Im 88 kg a teacher by profession. Busy n feel tired at the end of the day. No energy left for any work out. How do I lower d LDL levels please help.

MSc Applied Biology, Diploma in Naturopathy
Ayurveda, Delhi
My LDL levels are 165. Im 88 kg a teacher by profession. Busy n feel tired at the end of the day. No energy left for ...
TAKE some supplement which stops function of an ENZYME which helps store fat ....LIKE Garcenia ....but must be pure and change in life style /exercise lot of water ....
2 people found this helpful
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M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Garlic is an old remedy for many diseases, and diabetics could also gain much from it. Garlic could help the heart, cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
13 people found this helpful

Hello. My self pregnant from two months. I have high bp from last 4 years and have on medication. But becoz m pregnant so doctor lowers my bp medicine depin return 20 bt my bp never comes below 140/ 80. My doctor alsi prescribes me duphaston 10 mg. I have searched on net and got that it increases high bp sometimes. I am confused and taking the medicine and feeling worried to ask my doctor also if he will disappoint with my asking. Duphaston medicine is for protection. Please advice.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist,
Hello. My self pregnant from two months. I have high bp from last 4 years and have on medication. But becoz m pregnan...
What you are suffering is called hypertension. And it needs medicines because the body's bp needs to be regulated or else it will cause damage to the vital organs like brain, kidneys etc. Now that you are pregnant, the medicines must be continued, as they were. There is no need to reduce medicines unless you have symptoms related to it. As the medicines are reduced, the bp is remaining high, and not coming below 140/80. In a pregnant woman with hypertension usually there are chances of abortion, and intrauterine bleeding etc. Along with seizures (fits). Usually in pregnancy, the woman's blood volume rises and this happens from 5-7 month. During this period there is a chance of developing hypertension which is now called pregnancy induced hypertension. Since you already have high bp, if your bp increases after 20 weeks it will need special care of the fetal nourishment and growth must be monitored. Depin is safe in pregnancy and there are other drugs too which can be given. Talk to your doctor and ask the gynec about the reduced dose. If required take a second opinion. Usually in patients having previous abortions, progesterone is given to protect the pregnancy and prevent abortion. There are many types of progesterone. Natural micronised progesterone, injectable progesterone, and some synthetic progesterone. Duphaston falls in progesterone category. It is not known to cause high blood pressure but it has water retaining properties which may have alerted you. But you can talk about it to your gynec and doctor may change duphaston to other progesterones.
2 people found this helpful
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My heart beat is 130 in normal condition, what should I do in home daily to avoid problems from it, what food should be taken.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
My heart beat is 130 in normal condition, what should I do in home daily to avoid problems from it, what food should ...
Dear Lybrateuser, - Your problem could be due to stress, anxiety or nutritional or hormonal problem - take a well balanced diet with more of fruits & vegetables especially green leafy & seasonal ones - do regular exercise like walking, jogging, also do yoga, mediyation & deep breathing for 10-15 min daily morning - sleep well for 7-8 hrs at night - check your BP, blood Hb%, thyroid hormone level.
7 people found this helpful
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Which test do For knowing that my Heart is working Good? I mean which blood test, Which echo test and etc.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Which test do For knowing that my Heart is working Good? I mean which blood test, Which echo test and etc.
Ecg, echo is for %age of function of heart ,stress test about coping facility of heart and cardiac ct scan/ angiography to see blockages in blood vessels of heart. Blood to be tested for cbc (anemia and infection anywhere in body) blood sugar, total lipids to know about good fats and bad fats in blood.
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What is left bundle branch blockage, my physician has said I have lbbb. Please advise.

Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology, DNB Cardiology, DNB (General Medicine), MBBS
Cardiologist, Mumbai
What is left bundle branch blockage, my physician has said I have lbbb. Please advise.
The heart has electrical supply and blood supply. If there is narrowing in the arteries, blood supply is effected and there will be blocks. Similarly, if there is a problem in the electrocal system of the heart on left side you will develop lbbb. Please do 2d echo and consult a cardiologist.
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I am 50 years old lady. Height 5ft. Wt 78 kg. I want to reduce my wt. My BP reading is 140/90. I want to control that too. What am I to do at home?

MBBS, M.S, M. Ch, F.I.A.C.S
Cardiologist, Chennai
I am 50 years old lady. Height 5ft. Wt 78 kg. I want to reduce my wt. My BP reading is 140/90. I want to control that...
Keep exercising. Plenty of vegetables & fruit. Less than 2 g salt. Avoid junk food. Cut on sweets and deep fry foods. Stop smoking. Take anti b. P tabs. Prescribed by your doctor. Meditation yoga is zumba dancing.
147 people found this helpful
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I have diabetes type 2. I have chest pain sometimes. My cardiologist says it's due to stress. He says I have anxiety as well. Earlier he had prescribed Fluanxol for me. Now he gave Rexipra Fx. But after taking it I experienced that my brain has become total calm n not alert as it used to be before. So I have stopped taking Rexipra Fx and have continued with Fluanxol. Hope this is right. Also please tell me is Fluanxol useful on stress? Thank you very much.

MBBS, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
I have diabetes type 2. I have chest pain sometimes. My cardiologist says it's due to stress. He says I have anxiety ...
Yes fluonxol is anti anxiety drug but even it is not prefferred much for long term therapy. Rexipra is also not advisable for long term therapy. Imo you should try other stress minimizing therapies like yoga, meditation etc for long term.
1 person found this helpful
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Sir. I am a 32 years old male. I have been suffering from white coat hypertension (as told by my doctor) for the past 6 months. My blood pressure readings in a Doctor's clinic 165/95 and in my home 125/80. I have been prescribed Concor 5mg tablet daily by my doctor. Is this hypertension a serious one. Any way to get rid of this problem. Kindly suggest.

Clinical Cardiology, MD - Consultant Physician
Cardiologist, Surat
Sir. I am a 32 years old male. I have been suffering from white coat hypertension (as told by my doctor) for the past...
Hi. We call it bp problem when the bp is continuously high. White coat hypertension does not require treatment. As you said, your bp at home is absolutely normal. So you do not have to take any medicines of bp control. Take care.
21 people found this helpful
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Is gerd curable maybe I injured my osphageous while inhaling a tablet it caused pain near my mid chest left side bone twice but it was 3 months ago while I was not facing chest burn but after one month I M getting continues chest burn n pain like feeling I don't feel nauseous only my chest burns is it gerd or something related to my osphageous n is it curable with meds.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Is gerd curable maybe I injured my osphageous while inhaling a tablet it caused pain near my mid chest left side bone...
Dear lybrateuser, - Yes, gerd is curable with proper medication & following dietary precautions - follow some dietary precautions, do not skip meals, have meals on time, chew your food well, have 4-5 small meals rather than three large meals, do not lye down for at least 1-2 hrs after meals, raise the pillow end 4-6 inches at night while sleeping, have dinner 2-3 hrs before bedtime - take tablet Pan D, 1 tab half an hour before breakfast - have 7-8 glasses of water for proper digestion - if not much improvement then you may require investigations, consult a doctor.
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I am suffering from dry cough for the last 2 weeks and I have chest pain whenever I cough hard. Can you suggest what should be done?

MBBS
General Physician, Greater Noida
I am suffering from dry cough for the last 2 weeks and I have chest pain whenever I cough hard. Can you suggest what ...
Hi lybrate-user. It is important to find out underlying cause. Causes of cough are many like. Cold, pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis. Whooping cough. Post nasal drip. Allergy. Asthma copd smoking. Laryngitis. Bronchiectasis. Aspirations. Medication like ace inhibitors for bp. Interstitial lung disease. Heart failure. Rarely lung cancer. Cough may be aggravated by breathing cold dry air, air pollution, inhalation of dust and smoke, excessive use of voice. To findout underlying cause sputum culture, ekg, lung function test, xray of chest and sinuses are done. Dry cough may be relieved by 1. Demulcents that treat dry cough by coating and soothing pharynx and relieve irritation that triggers dry cough. Cough syrup containing sucrose and glycerol. 2. Honey with warm water and lemon. 3. Steam inhalation. 4. Gargling with warm salty water. 5. Cough suppressant containing dextromethorpan or codeine or dihydrocodeine. 6. Sucking lozenges.
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