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Medications given to treat a heart attack include:
Aspirin. The 911 operator may instruct you to take aspirin, or emergency medical personnel may give you aspirin immediately. Aspirin reduces blood clotting, thus helping maintain blood flow through a narrowed artery.
Thrombolytics. These drugs, also called clotbusters, help dissolve a blood clot that's blocking blood flow to your heart. The earlier you receive a thrombolytic drug after a heart attack, the greater the chance you'll survive and with less heart damage.
Antiplatelet agents. Emergency room doctors may give you other drugs to help prevent new clots and keep existing clots from getting larger. These include medications, such as clopidogrel (Plavix) and others, called platelet aggregation inhibitors.
Other blood-thinning medications. You'll likely be given other medications, such as heparin, to make your blood less "sticky" and less likely to form clots. Heparin is given intravenously or by an injection under your skin.
Pain relievers. You may receive a pain reliever, such as morphine, to ease your discomfort.
Nitroglycerin. This medication, used to treat chest pain (angina), can help improve blood flow to the heart by widening (dilating) the blood vessels.
Beta blockers. These medications help relax your heart muscle, slow your heartbeat and decrease blood pressure, making your heart's job easier. Beta blockers can limit the amount of heart muscle damage and prevent future heart attacks.
ACE inhibitors. These drugs lower blood pressure and reduce stress on the heart.
Surgical and other procedures
In addition to medications, you may undergo one of the following procedures to treat your heart attack:
Coronary angioplasty and stenting. Doctors insert a long, thin tube (catheter) that's passed through an artery, usually in your leg or groin, to a blocked artery in your heart. If you've had a heart attack, this procedure is often done immediately after a cardiac catheterization, a procedure used to locate blockages.
This catheter is equipped with a special balloon that, once in position, is briefly inflated to open a blocked coronary artery. A metal mesh stent may be inserted into the artery to keep it open long term, restoring blood flow to the heart. Depending on your condition, your doctor may opt to place a stent coated with a slow-releasing medication to help keep your artery open.
Coronary artery bypass surgery. In some cases, doctors may perform emergency bypass surgery at the time of a heart attack. If possible, your doctor may suggest that you have bypass surgery after your heart has had time ? about three to seven days ? to recover from your heart attack.
Bypass surgery involves sewing veins or arteries in place beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery, allowing blood flow to the heart to bypass the narrowed section.
Once blood flow to your heart is restored and your condition is stable, you're likely to remain in the hospital for several days.
I am suffering frm fever last 5 days. Tried multiple home remedies. Doctor told that it is viral infection. He told me for checkup but all reports are normal. So what should I do. please help me.
I masturbate Everyday even twice a day I can not control myself. I don't have stamina when I run a small distance I have pain in my chest and it seems like my skin from the ribcage is decreasing what should I do to control my habit.
I'm diabetic since last 20 years. I'm given Tab. For BP 1.FIrst time Natrilix SR 1.5 mg (BP 130/90) 2.2nd time Amlong 5 mg (BP 150/95) 3.3rd time. Natrilam 5 mg (change for feet swelling) 4.4th time. Telma40 mg (change for swelling) 4. Now telmisartan (Telma20 mg). BP was 115/80. But I could not take for 5 days continuously and checked every day 2 times it is 120/80. Kindly advise whether it should be continued or not or reduce the dosage.
I'm suffering from cool dry cough since from 1 week and I'm pain in chest. Please tell me what should I do to cure this problem?
Sir meri age 55 years he hai blood pressure 30 sal se he 15 sal pahle neoplastic bhi hui thi or mughe cml bhi he me cardias10 and cancar5 and Leviticus bhi leta hu pichle 6 mahine se penis me hardness aati hi nahi he or aati bhi he to1minit ke liye sex ki bahot man hota he penis me bahot weakness he intercourse bhi kabhi hardness thodi aati he to 1 minit se jyada nahi ho pata please iska bina said infect wala treatment bataiye.
I am 58 year old man with high BP and overweight 110 lg any good medicines to control this and also enlarged prostrate.
I am 31 year old male and I have HP problem from last 3 year. Normally BP 94/134 measured. I take medicine cilaheart-5 from last 2 month. The blood test report normal. Can I continue medicine. What is reason for BP.
It all started with pain in ribs. After all negative abdomen scans, x ray of chest, blood works and undefined pain, I was asked for Spine MRI. Family doctor identified it to be incoastal neurological. Despite I am taking pills, the pain now is all in my right side-by-side hand, head, neck, upper back and leg. What is it and how to overcome. I am content writer of 26. Could it be due to regular use of muscle on computer or something more serious?
Good evening Doctor! Is climbing stair case upto 6 floors few times a day any harm to heart? I am taking telma20 daily for high BP, most of the time reading is normal now.
I am vegan and have high cholesterol and thyroid level of 8. My weight has gone up steadily in the last years. What should I do to take care of these problems? I don't want just to take statins and thyroid medicine forever. Thanks.
Hypertension or high blood pressure in common parlance is caused by irregular blood circulation in the blood vessels. High blood pressure has been an established cause for several fatal and critical heart diseases. Middle aged individuals are more prone to heart diseases caused by high blood pressure. Doctors also caution those with stressful lifestyles to keep the blood pressure levels in control. While there are prescribed drugs aimed at curing high blood pressure troubles, a large number of people are reposing their trust in homeopathy for treating high blood pressure.
Among a long drawn process of cures, homeopathic treatments are extremely effective and trustworthy methods:
- Aconitum: Certain high blood pressure conditions have sudden outbursts. It inflicts a fear of dying and acute anxiety disorder. Aconitum abates such situations.
- Argentum Nitricum: At times high blood pressure occurs due to anxiety and mental agitations. Argentum Nitricum is an effective remedy in curing such conditions.
- Natrum Muriaticum: Certain high blood pressure conditions arise due to suppressed anger and stress. Harrowing events of the past and unsolved issues can induce heightened blood pressure levels. Natrum Muriaticum is a perfect solution for such troubles.
- Veratum Viride: Veratum Viride helps in reducing arterial tension and normalizing cardiac palpitations.
- Natural Supplements: For a variety of ailments caused by high blood pressure, homeopathy offers certain natural supplements like Co enzyme, Hawthorne, Omega-3, Vitamin E for remedying blood pressure concerns. It improves heart function and prevents blood clotting.
- Ignatia: To heal high blood pressure caused by emotional upsurges, grief and trauma, Ignatia can be perceived as a useful remedy.
- Belladonna: This is an emergency medical condition caused by vigorous throbbing of arteries which may progress to haemorrhaging. Belladonna goes a long way in taming such untoward medical emergencies.
- Lachesis: Certain bodily changes result in high blood pressure, especially in the cases of women. During the onset of menopause, high blood pressure becomes a common concomitant. Lachesis is used to treat such issues.
- Glonoinum: On certain occasions blood pressure level shoots up due to heat and excess exposure to the sun. Glonoinum is aimed at controlling the blood pressure levels in those situations.
Apart from all these medicines constitutional medicine is the most effective and long lasting form of homeopathic treatment. Therefore, the best way to treat blood pressure is by root medicine. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopath.