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Dr. Hardik Thakker  - Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai

Dr. Hardik Thakker

93 (446 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS

Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai

12 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
Dr. Hardik Thakker 93% (446 ratings) MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
12 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Good evening! <br/><br/>I am Dr. Hardik Thakkar a MD physician speaking from Mumbai. Today I will...

Good evening!

I am Dr. Hardik Thakkar a MD physician speaking from Mumbai. Today I will be talking about monsoon-related illnesses. As we all know these are the monsoon months going on all over India and we have a lot of water coming in these four months of the year. As a result of water logging in many areas, it is a very good breeding house, the breeding ground for mosquitoes and a lot of mosquito-borne illnesses are very prevalent during that time. Most common monsoon-related illnesses are malaria and dengue fever. However these are the 3 common fevers that we see and the most striking feature of these diseases is a drop in the platelet count. So as the platelet count drops what happens is that the person complaints of rashes and if the count drops even further the patient may develop hemorrhage.

The blood does not clot in the body. One of the most dreaded complications of malaria, dengue and leptospirosis fever is called ARDS, So what happens here is there is a fluid accumulation and sometimes even blood in lungs. As a result the person cannot breathe. The oxygen exchange does not happen and he starts getting breathless. Such patients are then required to have ventilator supporter in the ICU. This is the most dreaded complication and not everybody survives successfully.

Hence, it is very important for all the patients who have symptoms of fever during the monsoon month to report to the doctor as soon as possible. So that you can be diagnosed in time and you do not develop such complications. We also have a concept of chemo-profile access where you can take a medicine to protect yourself from the disease. For example, for leptospirosis. If you live in an area where there is an epidemic of leptospirosis, we can give you doxycycline that can protect you from getting leptospirosis to begin with. For more details about this and treatment modalities you can reach me at my clinic or for an online consultation you can interact with me on the lybrate profile which you can reach through Lybrate.com 

Thank you very much!

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Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever

 

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr Hardik Thakker. An MD physician from Mumbai. Today I will be talking to you about dengue fever. This year we have had a lot of patients suffering from dengue fever, so, this is a viral infection and it is an effect. It is caused by the dengue virus. There are four types of viruses this is a den1, den2, den3, den4. So depending on the zero watts the toxicity of the dengue virus varies and is transmitted to the bite of ADEs aegypti mosquito. So we commonly see patients coming with dengue fever who have gotten a fever with chills a lot of body ache and then this is a backache so it is called as a broken bone.

Break spine fever because of this reason and there are people commonly come with low platelet counts and low WBC comes and these infections and the reason is the virus goes and affects the bone marrow and fix the spleen and these are the reasons why there is a decrease in the counts. And one of the complication dengue fever is hock wherein the BP of the person drops really low levels and they can also lead to a RDS and breathlessness so it is very important to diagnose dengue on time and get treated on time. Certain population need hospitalization especially those with low WBC counts low platelet counts people who are breathless, who have a very bad rash or who are going into shock and low BP and this disease can take a toll hence you have to act very promptly. Also once you have an infection from one COR you can still be exposed to infection to other COR’s. In short, having dengue ones does not protect you from future episodes of dengue we currently have some vaccines in the research trial right now for prevention of dengue. Hope they come to the market soon and we can use it for the general public as well. And in the meantime, one has to take care of protecting yourself from the mosquitos not to allow them to breed keep away all water collections. Keep the areas dry and use mosquito repellents for more information on dengue fever you can reach me for my online portal which is www.lybrate.com. Thank you very much.

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Causes and symptoms of Pneumonia

 

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr Hardik Thakker. I am an MD physician and an infectious disease specialist practising in Mumbai. Today I would like to talk about pneumonia. As we know pneumonia is very common in a regular population and it is an infection of the lungs. The most common situation where you see pneumonia is in the infants or children below 12 years or in old people about 60 years especially those with diabetes and HIV especially people who have a very weak immunity. so talking about the causes how does pneumonia happen? Pneumonia is caused by different bacteria, viruses and the fungi which are found in the air. So when you inhale the air, these pathogens enter your lungs. Most of the healthy people have a good immunity and that fights of these bacteria or the virus or the fungi only those people who are immunocompromised or diabetics with high sugars or children’s who have a weaker immunity those are the people who are very susceptible to pneumonia and these are the ones who actually get it. So what happens in pneumonia, people get a fever, they get a cough, they get breathlessness and it can take a toll if not control in time. Hence it is very urgent for us recognize pneumonia on time and hospitalize the patients if required for the treatment. For more information on treating pneumonia in and for further treatment options, you can reach me for my online portal which is www.lybrate.com/HardikThakker or you can go to my own website as well. Thank you very much.

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A very good evening to all of you. I m Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M.D physician from Mumbai. Today I ...

Few tips to Lose Weight

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M.D physician from Mumbai. Today I would be speaking on Five tips for losing weight.

So as you all know there is a trend for people who are overweight these days, and they want to lose weight. This can be for varied occasions, like for going for parties, or getting ready for their marriages, or just to achieve their health goals.

  • So the first and the foremost health tip would be once you get up in the morning one can have a glass of water with one lemon. This is one of the best ways to boost your metabolism, because as we know, lemon is a booster, it boosts your daily basic metabolic rate and helps you to lose more calories. This is to be taken in the morning on an empty stomach.
  • The second health tip would be to avoid any foods which are rich in sugars or pastries or sweets, and to prefer to have more of complex carbohydrates in every day diet.
  • The third health tip would be to have at least a jog or a cardio workout every day for thirty minutes. This is again to help you lose the calories and boost your metabolism. It’s only when you lose the calories that your fat depots go down.
  • The fourth tip would be to have enough of sleep because good sleep is very important for the body to rest, and to do justice to whatever workout you have done.
  • And the fifth tip is to have a weight training schedule at least five times in a week. This is to build muscles, so once you have more muscle tissue it is having a higher metabolic rate and it helps you to lose fast.

For more details on weight loss options and medication that can help you to achieve your goals, you can please get back to me on my website that is www.lybrate.com, and you can access my profile from there. Thank you very much.

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Causes and Treatment for HIV<br/><br/>A very good evening to all of you. I am Dr Hardik Thakkar. ...

Causes and Treatment for HIV

A very good evening to all of you. I am Dr Hardik Thakkar. I am a MD physician, and an infectious disease expert speaking from Mumbai. Today I would like to take this opportunity to speak to you on HIV.

It is one of the most dreaded diseases, which can infect a person. As you know about the mode of transmission,

  • the most common mode of transmission is through the sexual route, whether through the heterosexual route or through the homosexual route.
  • The second common mode of transmission is accidental injury or from needle stick injuries or accidental injury from blood contamination; that is, contamination of the body surfaces with the blood.
  • The third, uncommon cause though, is through blood transfusion.
  • The fourth cause, which is not very common these days, is through the pregnancy, and we are using medication so that this does not happen to the child.

Coming back to the disease, what happens is, with this disease, it affects the helper T cells of your immune system. So as a result of this the CD4 cells, they decrease in the number and the helper cells decrease in the body and they are not able to mount an immune attack on any infection and they can come and attack your body. As a result, the immunity of the person goes down, he gets more vulnerable to infections like tuberculosis, fungal infections, candida infections, respiratory infections, diarrhoea and meningitis. This is because, the immune system is hijacked by the virus. And that is the reason, this is a disease everybody is afraid of. At the moment we do not have any curative options available.

However, we do have medications that help you to suppress the viral load. As a result the CD4 counts increase, and your immunity increases, and the people live a longer life. At the moment I would like to talk about the newest launch of the ART medicine which is dorita.This is a game changing molecule because it is very effective. It does not have side effects. It is produced in India at a much affordable rates.

For more information on the disease and about the different treatment options available , you can get back to me through my website or through lybrate.com. Thank you very much.

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Here are Causes, Symptoms, Tests and Precautions of Coronary Artery Disease.<br/><br/>A big Hi to...

Here are Causes, Symptoms, Tests and Precautions of Coronary Artery Disease.

A big Hi to all the viewers. I am Dr. Hardik Thakkar an MB physician practicing in Mumbai. I would like to take this opportunity to talk to you about coronary artery disease.

As the word suggests coronary artery disease is a lifestyle disorder which affects the blood vessels of the heart. What happens in you is there are these cholesterol throbey blocks as we call them in layman’s term which deposit in the arteries and then they cause blockage to your micro circulation in the heart. So because of this what happens is the patient complains of pain in the chest, breathlessness, leg swelling, and sometimes even palpitations and a lot of diabetic patients may just get asymptomatic MIs which is these blocks will be there but they may not have any symptoms as I mentioned before.

Now this disease is dreadful because a lot of times these episodes come suddenly in the middle of the night and you may not have enough time to respond and a lot of these patients if they have a very significant amount of block like more than 90 or may be a 100 percent block. They may even die within hours of reaching the hospital. This is the gravity of the situation and hence one has to act very very fast if it all you get a chest pain.

But to begin with since we are talking about lifestyle modification we want to know what is in the lifestyle which leads to the coronary artery disease. As we all know a lot of people from the urban areas who are having sedentary who are not eating right. They are not sleeping right and they are not even working out so all this puts a huge oxidant stress and the wrong diet along with high fi diet which leads to cholesterol deposition and the plagues in the coronary arteries. So what should be done? I mean we need to start at a young age because it is not as we have to wait till 40 and start acting because this plague starts developing as early as 15 years of age. To begin with to prevent the coronary artery disease you have to start early, eat healthy right from your young age. Workout regularly and have an active lifestyle and avoid smoking and alcohol. Smoking is one of the major confounding factors which predisposes to lot of damage to endothelium of your arteries.

So leading a good lifestyle right from the beginning is very very important to you know take care of your coronary artery disease and diabetics as a matter of fact are at a very high risk of having coronary artery disease as compared to the general population. And I would also recommend the public I mean the regular people at least above 40 years to have a stresses done at least once a year along with your lipid profile sugar. This is just to make sure you are on a right track and you are not missing a coronary artery disease. I would like to talk a little bit in brief on this stress test which is you know a test which used to diagnose Angina.

So what we do we make a patient run on treadmill for ten minutes and we record ECGs of all the ten minutes along with the BP changes and if it all if a person has a hidden heart disease not reflected on his symptoms we pick it up and this is followed by the angiography. Once the angiography is done depending on the amount if blocks that are found we treat the patient either medically or with stents or by bypass. This is dictated by the number of arteries the location of plague and the extent of the block. So that’s about it for coronary artery disease at the moment.

If you wish to have more private consultation with me you can reach me through my website which is www.drhardikthakkar.com or also through the lybrate website which is www.lybrate.com. Thank you very much for your time.

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Here are symptoms, type, effects, and Treatments of Diabetes<br/><br/>Hi, to all the viewers. I a...

Here are symptoms, type, effects, and Treatments of Diabetes

Hi, to all the viewers. I am Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M. D. physician practicing from Mumbai. I would like to take this opportunity to talk about diabetes mellitus, As you all know, diabetes is a very common lifestyle disorder that we see in India. In fact, 7.1% of the adult Indian population is afflicted by this disease. If you go by world ranking, India ranks 1 as per the total number of diabetic patients in India followed by China and the United States. So this number by itself shows the burden of the disease.

Now, what I commonly see in our practice is there are a lot of newly diagnosed patients who do not have any symptoms but they have just done a random sugar check and are diagnosed to have diabetes. So the moral of the story is that one does not need to have symptoms. Typically, a diabetic would have a history of increased urination, increase of water intake, weight gain or weight loss. Sometimes, they may develop complications like eye issues, peripheral neuropathy which is tingling and numbness in the nerves and sometimes they come with foot ulcers but a majority of the patients are asymptomatic. So, a sincere request to all the viewers to have your sugars checked once a year at least just to be sure that you are not missing out on your own disease.

Now, I am going to speak about the types of diabetes, why does it happen and what are the things that happen in diabetes. There is Type 1 diabetes which is found in people less than 20 years of age, and then there is autoimmune destruction of the pancreas because of which the secretion of insulin is not there and hence the sugars are high. These patients need only insulin and there are no medications for them. The second and the most common type is Type 2 diabetes which you will find in people above 40 years of age. The typical age in Mumbai or in India for that matter is 42 years which is the age of presentation and they usually treated with medications and sometimes with add-on insulin.

There is a third uncommon variant called the MODY which is Mode Dematurity Onset Diabetes which also needs insulin and it has some autoimmune disorders and genetic predispositions. In diabetes, there are sugars present in the blood in very high amounts which damages a lot of your organs. For example, the most common organ is the nerve. So it leads to neuropathy, people get tingling and numbness in the nerves. Also, another most common organ is the heart. Diabetes can cause blockages in the heart which leads to heart attack. The third common is the eye, specially the retina. It causes retinopathy and people have decreased vision and sometimes they see floaters in the eyes.

Fourth, most common complication is the foot ulcer. We do not want people to have these complications and hence the reason to diagnose and treat early and eat right. With regard to lifestyle management, I would sincerely request diabetic patients to have a brisk walk for 30 minutes every day. This by itself will increase your insulin sensitivity and help you to decrease the dose. Second thing is eating healthy which makes a huge difference to your sugar levels, to have a very low calorie meal, specifically avoid sugars and exercise. So, that is all I would like to say on diabetes.

If you wish to contact me further or would like to consult with me in private, I would request you to go to my website which is www.drhardikthakker.com and you can even get in touch with me through lybrate.com. Thank you very much for your time.

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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Hardik Thakker
Dr. Hardik Thakker is a general physician based in Mumbai. In just 3 years of his career as a general physician, Dr. Hardik Thakker has made a reputation of his own when it comes to providing a wholesome and effective remedy to each and one of his patients. You can avail his services at Multispecialty Clinic in Mulund West, Mumbai. Dr. Thakker specializes in Allergy-related problems, Cardiology, diabetes-related disorders, hematology, General Neurology and HIV related disorders among others for which you can seek his help. Dr. Thakker received his MD from K.E.M. in 2013. A well-reputed name in his field, Dr. Thakker is a professional member of MMC. In his clinic, under a comfortable, ethically positive and a relaxed atmosphere that blends the professional and the personal approach, you can avail a bunch of services that includes Oxygen Therapy, Allergy Treatment, Weight Management Treatment, Dengue Treatment and Gastrointestinal Disorders among others, for which you will get an effective and wholesome remedy.

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Diabetes - 6 Ways To Treat Foot Pain!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Diabetes - 6 Ways To Treat Foot Pain!

If you have numbness or tingling sensation in your feet, then you could be suffering from diabetic peripheral neuropathy. It can have an impact on your sleep, mood and overall quality of life. Besides taking the prescribed medications, there are effective ways of dealing with foot pain stemming from high blood sugar as explained below.

  1. Taking over-the-counter medicines: Medicines such as aspirin, naproxen, acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help to serve mild to moderate pain stemming from diabetic nerve damage. But before taking these medicines, you should consult with an expert since they can raise the risk of heart attack and kidney problems.
  2. Quit smoking: Smoking may cause the blood vessels to constrict and impair the circulation. This indicates that the peripheral nerves will not get an adequate amount of nutrient-rich blood which can pave the way for more pain.
  3. Have control over your blood sugar levels: With the passage of time, the excess blood sugar levels can cause damage the peripheral nerves. When you have blood sugar levels within a healthy range, you can substantially reduce your risk of nerve damage. You should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy and whole grains.
  4. Take more Vitamin DEven though it is hard to get the desired 600 IU of this vitamin from food, you can get it in the form of supplement. A study found that people with diabetic neuropathy can take the supplement once in a week to curb the symptoms of feet pain. Vitamin B complex plays a crucial role in improving nerve health. You should get it in right amounts so that the brain can produce certain chemicals which are required for sending information through the body channels.
  5. Take Alpha-lipoic acid supplement: The human body has the natural ability to produce little amounts of antioxidants. When you take them in recommended quantities it can regulate the blood sugar levels and ease the pain in the feet and palms. A per a study, people taking more than 600 milligrams of antioxidants on a regular basis experienced 19 percent improvement in the diabetic neuropathy symptoms within 5 weeks.
  6. Indulge in daily workouts: Regular workout can help you to combat pain in a variety of ways. It can regulate the blood sugar levels and slow down nerve damage. Exercise can surge the flow of blood to the legs and arms and it can also enliven your mood and offer relief from stress.

Note that a nerve damage can lead to loss of sensation in the feet which means that you may not realize any cut or scratch in your feet until much later which could prove fatal. Hence it is essential for you to prevent the loss of sensation. Using the methods suggested above you can deal with the foot pain related to diabetes.

1 person found this helpful

Growth Hormone Deficiency- Things You Should Know About It!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Growth Hormone Deficiency- Things You Should Know About It!

Growth hormone or somatropin is responsible for cell growth as well as reproduction. But insufficient somatropin production by the pituitary gland may result in lack in height. It is mostly caused by a serious brain injury, any prevalent medical condition or might occur as a birth defect.

Types:

  1. Congenital GHD - This form of GHD appears from at the time of birth itself.
  2. Acquired GHD- GHD can be acquired during later life as a result of trauma,infection, tumor growth within the brain or radiation therapy.
  3. Idiopathic GHD- Idiopathic GHD is the third, and comparatively worst kind of GHD since it has no treatment.

GHD is mostly permanent, but can also be transient. Read on to know how to detect whether you or your child is suffering from growth hormone deficiency(GHD).

Symptoms:
Childhood onset

  1. Restricted height- Compared to other children of your child's age, he/she may be of shorter height, which is a rather conclusive sign to detect somatropin deficiency.
  2. Chubby and comparatively younger appearance- Your child may have a proportionate body, but if he/she is unnaturally chubby and has a baby-face compared to other children, he/she may be suffering from GHD.
  3. Late puberty- Your child's puberty maybe later than usual or even not appear at all, depending upon the gravity of the GHD.
  4. Hypoglycemia and exaggerated jaundice- Low blood sugar is amongst the most primary manifestations of GHD, along with extended duration of jaundice.
  5. Micro-penis- Micro penis condition is one of the incident signs of GHD, which later escalates to growth deficit as the infant gets older.

Adult onset:

  1. Fatigue- Adults with GHD may experience extreme tiredness throughout the day, with reduced muscle strength.
  2. Osteoporosis- Osteoporosis, along with bodily deformities, is a common sign in adults with GHD.
  3. Lipid abnormalities- A test of your lipid profile may reveal abnormalities in LDL cholesterol, insulin resistance, and impaired cardiac functions.

Tests to determine GHD:

  1. Physical test- A chart is drawn to determine the proportion of height and weight with respect to your age to detect anomalies.
  2. Hand X-ray- A hand X-ray can determine whether the age of bones are at par with your age.
  3. MRI-MRI scan can determine the health of your brain and pituitary gland.
  4. Test for other hormones- Growth Hormone may not be solely responsible for your health condition, so it is important to determine if other hormone levels are all normal.

Treatment:

  1. Hormone supplements- Hormone supplements like corticosteroids (hydrocortisone or prednisone), Levothyroxine (levoxyl, synthroid, etc), and others work to replenish the deficiency of pituitary hormones.
  2. Growth hormone injection- GH is injected beneath your skin, to cure GDH. This is a long-term treatment and requires constant monitoring.
5838 people found this helpful

Dehydration - 5 Signs You Must Not Ignore!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Dehydration - 5 Signs You Must Not Ignore!

5 signs your body is lacking in water

Water is indispensable for the human body as 90% of the brain and almost 60 per cent of an adult body is chiefly made up of water. Water is just as important as any of your meals. Each cell and organ depends on water for its proper functioning and for flushing out toxins and fats from the body. An average man must consume roughly 3 litres (10-12 glasses) of water per day; and a woman requires about 2.5 litres (8-10 glasses). If you're not meeting this requirement, you might be fall prey to dehydration.

The state of water deficiency or dehydration can be determined through various symptoms. Read on to know the 5 most common signs:

1. The colour of your urine is dark

The colour of your urine indicates your health. The lesser the water you drink, the darker is the colour of your pee. If your urine is pale yellow, you drink a sufficient amount of water. If it's dark yellow and concentrated, it's a sign for you to refill on water. Also, if you haven't urinated for more than two hours, you should immediately gulp 2 glasses of water.

2. You experience frequent headaches

Headaches are often caused by dehydration when the pressure from your blood vessels falls. Dehydration makes it tough for your heart to pump enough oxygen to the brain. Drinking sufficient amounts of water ensures the flow of oxygen in your body.

3. You feel dizzy and fatigued

Lack of water can often lead to laziness and restlessness. It may also cause a rapid change in your blood pressure. Low or high blood pressures are stimulants of fatigue. Water gives you instant energy that wakes up your whole system, thus making you feel revitalised.

4. You have constipated bowel movements

Water is one of the top natural remedies for constipation or troubled bowel movements. If your fluid intake is low, you're likely to have stomach, gastric and bowel problems. The digestive system depends on water to help food move through both the intestines. It checks the functions of the digestive tract, while also keeping it flexible and clean.

5. You experience brain fogs and blackouts

Your brain cells and nerves react severely to water loss. You may start feeling a lack of concentration along with temporary memory loss. Blackouts and fogs are common when you have a deficit of water. You might even experience difficulty in carrying out cognitive tasks.

If you're experiencing similar issues, you must enhance your daily water intake. You can try carrying a sipper around, which allows you to keep a tab on your water consumption. To relish water as a refreshing beverage, you can infuse freshly chopped fruits and herbs in a pitcher of chilled water. This flavoured water also cleanses your body of all toxins and chemicals, thus keeping you fresh.

6058 people found this helpful

6 Myths And Facts About COPD!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
6 Myths And Facts About COPD!

When it comes to COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, not many people are aware of this condition. COPD is a chronic medical condition characterized by the inflammation of lungs. The inflammation interferes with the functioning of the lungs resulting in breathing problems. An early diagnosis and timely medication can improve the condition to a great extent. However, lack of proper knowledge and myths surrounding COPD often make the situation worse. In this article, we will discuss some myths and facts related to COPD to help people understand the condition better.



1. Myth: COPD is an incurable chronic lung disease mainly affecting the aged people (above 60 years).
Fact: There is no denying the fact that COPD is indeed a chronic disorder that severely affects the lungs and its functioning. However, with timely diagnosis and treatment, the condition and the deleterious consequences canSpecial be managed and controlled significantly. Since COPD triggers breathing problems (the airflow from the lungs gets obstructed), the use of bronchodilators, oxygen therapy or corticosteroids can be highly beneficial. Though COPD is rare among young adults, the condition can affect people in their late 30's or early 40's as well.

2. Myth: COPD only affects people who smoke.
Fact: Smoking is one of the triggers for COPD, but the condition can also affect people who have never smoked in their lifetime. Factors such as neonatal chronic lung disease or prolonged exposure to substances that cause lung irritation and damage (toxic industrial fumes and chemicals) can play a pivotal role in triggering COPD. COPD can also be a genetic predisposition.

3. Myth: People with COPD should avoid exercise and physical activities.
Fact: Mild to moderate exercise (especially breathing exercise) are indeed helpful and go a long way in the effective management of COPD. Exercising regularly (for 20-30 minutes or as the doctor recommended) help to lower the blood pressure and improve the circulation that provides fruitful results for people with breathing problems. However, doctors do advise people with shortness of breath to avoid strenuous exercise.

4. Myth: COPD only affects the lungs.
Fact: With time and left unmanaged and untreated, COPD acts as a catalyst making a person more susceptible to heart ailments. In some cases, the condition can also trigger depression and anxiety.

5. Myth: In the case of COPD, giving up on smoking will not produce any positive results.
Fact: Giving up on smoking may not help to reverse the damage that has already been caused by COPD. However, quitting smoking along with proper medications and lifestyle changes does help to control the condition better. In some instances, there were also significant improvements in the associated symptoms (such as shortness of breath, fatigue, wheezing, a chronic cough).

6. Myth: COPD is another name for Asthma.
Fact: Many people confuse COPD with Asthma. Though some symptoms may appear identical (such as wheezing, shortness of breath), the conditions are different and so are their treatments.

What Can You Do To Fight Antibiotic Resistance?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
What Can You Do To Fight Antibiotic Resistance?

Ever been in a situation where a medicine you used to take regularly to deal with something, has suddenly stopped being effective? This is because of antibiotic resistance. This refers to the ability of bacteria to change their structure so as to resist the antibiotic. Thus, an illness that was once easily treatable is no longer affected by the same medicines and the bacteria causing the infection multiplies, thus worsening the condition.

How do bacteria develop antibiotic resistance?

When you take a drug, not all the bacteria present is affected equally. While some bacteria die out, others turn dormant. Repeated and improper use of antibiotics can lead multiplication of the dormant bacteria, which results in spreading of disease, instead of containing the same. One of the main causes of this is using strong antibiotics to treat minor viral illnesses.

What can you do to fight antibiotic resistance?

  • Follow your prescription: When taking a course of antibiotics, it is also essential to complete the course and not leave it midway just because you are feeling better. Antibiotics are also most effective when taken regularly. Hence, avoid skipping a dose in your treatment. Doing this does not completely cure the infection, but increases the bacteria's resistance to the drug.
  • Do not take someone else's medicine: Self medication can do more harm than good. Each drug attacks a particular combination of symptoms. Taking medication prescribed for someone else can increase the bacteria's resistance to antibiotics. It can also delay correct treatment, thus allowing your condition to worsen.
  • Discard the leftover medication: When stored for a long period of time, medicines lose their potency. Thus if you were to take them later, they would be less effective against the bacteria.
  • Do not take antibiotics for a viral infection: In any case, antibiotics to not address viruses and hence, the medicine will not have a beneficial effect on the virus. However, it can affect the bacteria present in your body by making it resistant to the drug.
  • Do not use antibiotics for an extended duration: Use of antibiotic for treating issues such as acne can contribute to antibiotic resistance. If you must take any such medication, ensure that you are being cared for by a healthcare professional. Most doctors will suggest giving your body breaks between antibiotic courses when it comes to long term medication.
  • Try natural remedies: Many common bacterial infections can be successfully treated naturally in their early stages. Aloe Vera, turmeric, garlic and tea tree oil are some of the natural cures for a range of bacterial infections. The biggest advantage of these natural cures is their lack of side effects.
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Can Hormonal Imbalance Lead To Diabetes?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Can Hormonal Imbalance Lead To Diabetes?

Does Hormonal Imbalance Hint the Risk of Diabetes?

Hormones are chemical substances that regulate a vast range of important functions in the body. They are secreted by various glands and organs and can affect important body functions like growth, immunity, blood pressure and glucose levels among several others. Several disorders can arise due to an imbalance of your hormones, particularly Diabetes.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder, which is mostly chronic or long lasting in nature. It interferes with the body’s ability to use glucose and chiefly pertains to the hormone called insulin, although other hormones can also be related.

Any imbalance for the following hormones that can lead to diabetes:

1. Insulin

Insulin is a hormone, which is secreted by the pancreas. Diabetes can occur when this hormone is not secreted in adequate amounts or in when it is used inefficiently. During digestion, food gets broken down to glucose, which provides energy to the body. Insulin facilitates the function of moving the glucose from the bloodstream to the cells. In case of diabetes, the glucose remains in the bloodstream due to insulin issues.

2. Cortisol

The adrenal gland is responsible for producing the hormone cortisol, which regulates blood pressure, stress and glucose production. The production of cortisol is controlled by another hormone called ACTH, which is secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain. Excess quantities of glucose in the body disrupt the function of insulin and trigger the liver to produce glucose, thereby leading to diabetes.

3. Growth hormone

The pituitary gland is responsible for producing certain hormones including the growth hormone. Growth and development of the muscles, bones and other organs of the body fall within the functions of the growth hormone. Overproduction of this hormone can lead to a disease called acromegaly in adults. Excess secretion leads to increase in the glucose levels in the blood, which can subsequently cause diabetes.

 

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Know Different Types Of Infection And Reasons Behind It!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Know Different Types Of Infection And Reasons Behind It!

There are many organisms that live in our bodies and on the surface of the skin. These are usually harmless and do not cause any damage. But there are many organisms like viruses, fungi and bacteria that can cause infectious disorders known as infections. There are many kinds of infections that can affect the various parts of the body. These are generally caused by various things starting from contaminated food, to transmission from an infected person and more.

Read on to know more about the kind of infections and their causes.

  1. Common Symptoms: The various kinds of infections usually have common symptoms including fever due the start of the immune system's fight against the infecting organism, as well as cough, cold, chills, fatigue, loss of appetite, loose motions and pain. All these symptoms point at the presence of an infection.
  2. Types: As mentioned earlier, infections can be of various types. Starting from viral infections that come with the change of seasons with allergy like symptoms, to STDs or sexually transmitted disease that are contagious and can spread with sexual contact, or even throat, stomach and other kinds of infections that can occur due to ingestion of contaminated food, insect bites and much more; there are several types of infections that can afflict the various parts of the body.
  3. Indirect Contact: There are many surfaces like sinks, faucets, keyboards, tables, door knobs and more, which can carry and pass on infections through contact. This is especially true for public places including public toilets which are the number one cause of UTI or urinary tract infection.
  4. Insect Bites: Fleas, tick, lice and even mosquitoes are all carriers of germs because they fly from one contaminated place to another, feasting on dirty and contaminated elements. A bite from one such insect can cause infections. Also, if we ingest food on which house flies and mosquitoes have been sitting, then we are risk of contracting infections.
  5. Food Contamination: Continuing from the point above, food and water contamination can lead to the travel of disease causing germs into your system which can spread infection. This can also happen when you eat old food that has not been stored under proper conditions, as there may be fungi or mould growing on it.
  6. Direct Contact: One of the causes of infection includes direct causes like contact with an infected person or animal. Coughing or sneezing on someone, getting bitten by an animal, or even mother to unborn child - there are many infections that can be spread in this manner.

Getting vaccinated on time can help in preventing many infections. This is especially important if you are travelling to various countries. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5249 people found this helpful

Hypertension- Which Exercise Should You Go For?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Hypertension- Which Exercise Should You Go For?

'Light exercise' is one of the first things every doctor prescribes for hypertension patients. Hypertension is a condition where blood exerts a very high force against the walls of the blood vessels. While a normal person's blood pressure is usually around 120 over 80, a hypertension patient's blood pressure is higher than 140 over 90. Regular exercise helps regulate this blood pressure and improves cardiovascular health. It also improves blood circulation, thus giving you more energy and easing stress.


So, what types of exercises are best for treating hypertension?

Aerobics
Aerobic activities are activities that increase your heart and breathing rate. Simple household chores like mowing the lawn or swabbing the floor can also count as aerobic activities. Other such exercises include brisk walking, jogging and swimming. Alternatively you could join a group sport such as basketball or football to increase your aerobic activity. This will make your heart stronger and reduce stress, both of which will in turn lower your blood pressure.

Strength training
Lifting weights may cause a temporary spike in blood pressure at the time of exercising, but it has a number of long term benefits. It improves your overall cardiovascular health and helps build strong muscles. Instead of doing a few sets of lifting heavy weights, it is better for a hypertension patient to lift lighter weights more number of times. Light weights challenge the muscles by increasing the number of sets.


Yoga
Practicing yoga asanas and pranayam can help lower blood pressure and reduce stress induced hypertension. While asanas are yogic positions, pranayam refers to breathing techniques. Some asanas that are beneficial for hypertension are shavasana, sukhasan and shishuasan. Yoga benefits hypertension patients by relaxing the body and calming the nervous system.

How much exercise do you need?
With hypertension, you should be very careful to not overdo any exercise. Brisk walking for 30 minutes or jogging for 20 minutes on a daily basis is ideal. A five minute warm up and cooling down period at the beginning and end of your exercise routine is essential. If you cannot put aside half an hour each day, you could even break it up into smaller periods of 10 or 15 minutes each. When exercising, it is important to listen to your body. The moment you feel out of breath or dizzy, you must stop your exercise.
If you are a regular gym enthusiast, lifting light weights won't be an issue. However, if you live a sedentary lifestyle and are only starting a fitness routine now, it is advisable to consult your doctor before adding weight training to your schedule. You should also consult your doctor if you are above the age of 45 or if you are overweight.

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Monsoon Related Illnesses

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
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Good evening!

I am Dr. Hardik Thakkar a MD physician speaking from Mumbai. Today I will be talking about monsoon-related illnesses. As we all know these are the monsoon months going on all over India and we have a lot of water coming in these four months of the year. As a result of water logging in many areas, it is a very good breeding house, the breeding ground for mosquitoes and a lot of mosquito-borne illnesses are very prevalent during that time. Most common monsoon-related illnesses are malaria and dengue fever. However these are the 3 common fevers that we see and the most striking feature of these diseases is a drop in the platelet count. So as the platelet count drops what happens is that the person complaints of rashes and if the count drops even further the patient may develop hemorrhage.

The blood does not clot in the body. One of the most dreaded complications of malaria, dengue and leptospirosis fever is called ARDS, So what happens here is there is a fluid accumulation and sometimes even blood in lungs. As a result the person cannot breathe. The oxygen exchange does not happen and he starts getting breathless. Such patients are then required to have ventilator supporter in the ICU. This is the most dreaded complication and not everybody survives successfully.

Hence, it is very important for all the patients who have symptoms of fever during the monsoon month to report to the doctor as soon as possible. So that you can be diagnosed in time and you do not develop such complications. We also have a concept of chemo-profile access where you can take a medicine to protect yourself from the disease. For example, for leptospirosis. If you live in an area where there is an epidemic of leptospirosis, we can give you doxycycline that can protect you from getting leptospirosis to begin with. For more details about this and treatment modalities you can reach me at my clinic or for an online consultation you can interact with me on the lybrate profile which you can reach through Lybrate.com 

Thank you very much!

5342 people found this helpful

Thyroid Disorders - Signs & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Thyroid Disorders - Signs & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Thyroid disorders are associated with the thyroid gland. A thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated right at the base of one’s neck. The role of the thyroid gland is to carry out numerous metabolic processes within the body. The brain regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland through a feedback mechanism. There are a number of disorders, both severe and trivial, which could affect the thyroid gland.

Main symptoms of thyroid disorders:

  1. Weight loss and weight gain

  2. Changes in heart rate (arrhythmia)

  3. Hair loss

  4. Frequent mood swings

  5. Swollen neck

  6. Sudden bouts of moderate to high fever

Other symptoms include:

  1. Numbness or a tingling sensation in the hands

  2. Constipation

  3. Abnormalities or irregularities in menstruation

  4. Brittle nails and dry skin

  5. Blurred vision

  6. Weakened muscle tone and frequent tremors in the body

Treatment Options:

Intake of thyroid hormone pills may prove beneficial. Once you start with the treatment, you may notice significant improvement within the first two or three weeks. Generally, once affected by thyroid disorders, one might have to be on these medications his/her entire life. Over time, this treatment procedure should result in lowering of the cholesterol levels, increased energy; but in certain cases, might throw up side effects in the form of sudden and unexplained weight loss.

Anti-thyroid medications help reduce and regulate the secretion of the thyroid hormone, thus treating certain thyroid disorders (such as hyperthyroidism).

Beta blockers are drugs help in reducing high blood pressure, heart palpitations and controlling heart rate.

In severe cases, such as enlargement of the thyroid gland, surgery is advised by the doctor, in which the thyroid gland is removed. Tumors or thyroid nodules are also treated by this surgical process.

In cases of thyroid cancer, besides the surgical procedure, radioactive iodine therapy (radioiodine) is recommended. This therapy helps destroy the thyroid gland and other thyroid (malignant) cells which may be taking up iodine. However, the side effects of this technique are minimal. This procedure helps to destroy those tissues which may not have been removed by the surgery. If the thyroid cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to other parts within the body, this particular mode of treatment can be very effective.

Types of Thyroid Disorders:

  1. Hypothyroidism: This is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland. In this case, sufficient thyroid hormone is not secreted in the body.

  2. Hyperthyroidism: This is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, that results in overproduction of the thyroid hormone.

  3. Thyroid cancer: It is a type of cancer of the thyroid gland.

  4. Goiter: This is a disorder wherein the thyroid gland gets abnormally enlarged.

  5. Thyroid nodules: This is marked by swelling of the thyroid gland.

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