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Cervical cancer is a kind of cancer that develops in the cervix of a woman. Cervix an an area between the uterus and vagina. It is preventable if diagnosed in early stages. Going for regular pap tests and taking a HPV vaccine can significantly lower the risk of cervical cancer. These symptoms include abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods, low back and lower abdominal pain, postcoital bleeding and strange smelling discharge. If not diagnosed in time, it can be life-threatening and requires intense treatment.
- Prevention of cervical cancer: There is usually no certain way of preventing cervical cancer, but by following a number of practices there is a possibility that you can prevent it. There are 3 major ways of prevention of cervical cancer, which include the following:
- Safe sex: Major cases of cervical cancer are caused due to an infection by a virus known as human papillomavirus or HPV. This virus is usually transmitted by sexual means and having unprotected sex might leave you at the risk of getting infected by this virus during the sexual intercourse. You should practice safe sex using protection such as condoms. This reduces your chances of being infected by the virus. This virus is transmitted via all types of sexual contact, which includes skin contact between the genitals. People who have unprotected sex with multiple sexual partners are at an increased risk of getting cervical cancer due to the HPV virus.
- Cervical screening and vaccination: Having a cervical screening or pap smear test on a regular basis is an efficient way to detect abnormal changes in the cervix cells, at a very early stage. Even if you are being vaccinated for the HPV virus, cervical screening is essential as the vaccines against HPV virus are not always successful in providing protection from cervical cancer. If you had been previously treated for abnormal changes in the cervix cells, you should undertake more frequent screening tests. The regularity of undergoing cervical screening depends on the severity of the cell change. You should report any symptom you experience in spite of having regular cervical screening. Several vaccines are used for protection from HPV infections.
- Avoid smoking: You can prevent the chances of having cervical cancer by giving up smoking. In case of smokers, it is more difficult to eliminate the HPV infection from the body, and the chances of cervical cancer get enhanced. You can undertake various measures in order to quit smoking and prescribed medicines can be used to treat withdrawal symptoms.
Cervical cancer causes great strain on the body and it may spread all over the pelvic region. In some cases, distant tissues are also affected by cervical cancer. You should consult a doctor immediately after experiencing any symptom of cervical cancer.
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What are the symptoms, precautions to be taken and causes of the most dangerous diseases of the world cancer?
My mother is 65 yrs & she is a breast cancer patient. She use to take medicine like letronat 2.5 & ccm daily & osteofos 70 once in a week for the last 3yrs. It is observed for the last 3 months she is feeling pain in knee & tenderness in lower part of the leg muscle. Her weight is 62 kgs. Please advise remedy.
In my mother's (age 52) breast USG it's given in the findings as One well defined hypoechoic solid SOL (13×11×13 mm) with mild internal vascularity, is seen in right breast at 12 O' clock position. No intra lesional calcification. What does it mean? Is it cancer?
Good morning everyone, my name is Dr Ninad Katdare I am a cancer surgeon and I specialise in gastrointestinal cancers and gynaec cancer and something called as peritonial cancers. So today I will be telling you about ovarian cancer so basically I am a surgical oncologist I work at 5 different hospitals in Mumbai first is Global Hospital second is Raheja hospital at Mahim third is H.N. Reliance hospital at Charni Road and BSES MG hospital in Andheri and SCG hospital at Borivali. So let's start our lecture on ovarian cancer, basic early ovarian cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and you must know about it and it is the most deadliest of the cancers the maximum number of women would die from gynaecological cancer are due to ovarian cancer. So I will speak mainly on the various aspects the staging and the treatment protocols, so to begin with ovarian cancer can be in four stages. There are stages by something called as the Figo staging which you will see in next slide. So the Figo Staging stages the cancer according to where it is localised to the ovary or whether it has spread to the pelvis or out side of the pelvis into the rest of the abdomen and the last stage 4 stage is when it spread beyond the abdomen. So in the first three stages you can potentially cure the patient. So there are very vague signs and symptoms to ovarian cancer they can be persistent distinction of abdomen, wake pain in the abdomen, constipation for a pro long duration of time, vague, aches and pain in the abdomen. So if you have any of this problem you should get it evaluated by a gynecologist or surgical oncologist. The first most commonest test which we do is a tumor marker called as CA 125 and sonography of the abdomen if there are any suspicious finding then the second investigation which is commonly done whether it is CT scan or an MRI. So based on these two test and on the clinical examination you are able to stage the disease, if there are some doubtful findings where the ovarian masses can be secondary to cancer in other organs of the body like the stomach or a colorectal cancer then the endoscopy of the stomach or the colonoscopy of the colon will required. So once the diagnosis of ovarian cancers confirmed for stage 1 stage 2 and stage 3 the first step is always surgery, contrary to the routine treatment protocol which are done in India especially for stage 3, we always prefer a surgery this surgery is called as cytoreduction. Basically, even if there is water in the abdomen which is called as ascitis, but if the diseases is of table which is evaluated by the MRI and by the laparoscopy. So even in statge 3, the chemotherapy should not be given first because if you do the surgery first and we are able to remove all the disease the survival of the patient is much higher. Though cytoreduction is a not possible in each and every patient but in selected patients if you can remove the whole disease the survival live in the stage 3 ovarian cancer is almost more than 50%. So basically what we do in the cytoreduction, is we open the entire of abdomen and remove all the diseases not only the ovaries we remove the uterus and also something called as a omentum we remove the appendix and if required we remove the inner lining of the abdomen called as peritonium and any other diseases which is present in whole the abdominal cavity is removed through very supra major surgery called as cytoreduction which may last for anywhere between 6 to 10 hours. But if you are able to remove each and every part of the disease visible to the naked eye then the cure its even a stage 3 ovarian cancer are very high and once the surgery is done and the patient recovers from that you can give chemotherapy. Even in stage 4 cancer we have new technologies available where in we can try for a cure, this therapy is called as a Hipec therapy. What is Hipec stands for, it stands for Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy. In this basically the cytoreduction which I mentioned previously is done and once the procedure is over you have to use this technology and circulate the heated chemotherapy in the abdominal cavity and once this is circulated for anywhere between 60 to 90 minutes and then the abdominal cavity is washed and close like in a normal surgery. So with this Hypec and one more new technology called as Pipec, you can even get better cure its in stage 3 and in somewhere cases of stage 4 cancer. So these technologies are all done by me in various hospitals where ever. So this is how even with the advanced ovarian cancers nowadays we can get good success rates, thank you. If you want any more information you can contact me through lybrate.com.