Doctor in S.R Mehta Hospital
Balloon Angioplasty Procedure
Treatment of Hip Disorders
Prevention of Blockage, Atherosclerosis & Heart At
Holistic Heart Wellness & Health Care - Ayurveda
Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery
Cerebral Palsy Treatment
Vascular Surgery Treatment
Treatment of Blockage, Atherosclerosis & Heart Att
Cardiac Ablation Procedure
Coronary Bypass Surgery
Carotid Angioplasty And Stenting Procedure
Cardiac Catheterization Procedure
Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (Icds) Tre
Angioplasty Stent Surgery
Preventing Stent Surgeries
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There was a time when only the elderly were at risk for a heart attack. Today however, anyone can have a heart attack. Symptoms of an oncoming heart attack are often misunderstood. When it comes to first aid for a heart attack, every second is precious and hence it is important to be clear about what a heart attack looks and feels like.
- Feeling of weight on the chest
- Stomach pain with nausea and heartburn
- Radiating pain on the left side of the body, particularly on the arm
- Dizziness and shortness of breath
- Pain that moves from the chest to the throat and jaw
- Extreme exhaustion and weakness
- Cold sweat
The first thing to do if you or someone around you experiences a heart attack is to call a doctor. Call emergency services and ask for an ambulance to be sent at the earliest. Lie down and try to relax. Any form of exertion can worsen the situation. If you are alone, do not attempt to drive yourself anywhere. If an ambulance cannot get to you, ask someone around to drive you to the doctor.
Chewing on an aspirin immediately after a heart attack can help save a life. Aspirin has blood thinning properties that can increase the supply of blood to the heart. Studies have shown that chewing an aspirin is better than simply swallowing it in case of a heart attack.
If the patient loses consciousness at any point, check their heart rate. In case the person's heart stops beating attempt to perform CPR to restart the heart. This can restore partial supply of oxygenated blood to the heart. To perform CPR have the patient lie down on the ground and kneel beside them. Place your right palm on the center of their chest and place the left hand over it while interlocking the fingers. Keep your arms straight as you press down on the chest at regular intervals. Try and achieve 100 compressions a minute.
Living a healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of suffering from a heart attack. Cholesterol is one of the most common triggers of a heart attack. Eat a diet rich in fiber and low in fats and salt content can lower your cholesterol levels. This combined with regular exercise can also help maintain a healthy BMI that would in turn lower the risk of having a heart attack.
The heart is one part of your body that pumps blood relentlessly; to be grateful to the most important organ, it’s your duty to look after its health. Cardiovascular diseases and heart ailments can be prevented by making minor changes in your lifestyle.
I am 63 years old last 20 days I am suffering very high caught so please sejention medicine no chest pain.
Tracking my blood pressure since last three days and the reading is between 133-154 / 96-121. What should I must do to over come this situation?
I am 41 years old recently I checked my blood pressure it 90 /160 I front doctor he saud use 10 days telmisartan 20 mg .after different places had taken bp it 85 /130 .can I stop this medicine now .my lipid profile is good.
Complications in the heart valve occur when the functioning of the heart valve is impaired. Valves of the heart allow the blood in one direction and prevent the blood from flowing back into the ventricles of the heart.
Heart valve diseases can be classified as follows:
1. Valvular stenosis
This condition occurs when the valves of the heart do not open completely due to stiffness. As the opening is narrow, the heart has to work hard to pump blood. This condition may lead to heart failure.
2. Valvular insufficiency
This is a condition where the valve does not close tightly. This causes some of the blood to flow back to the valve. As this condition deteriorates the heart has to work harder to pump blood.
Types and Causes of valve diseases:
1. Acquired valve disease
The structure of the valve changes due to various infections or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is caused by bacterial infection that had not been treated. It tends to occur in children and cause inflammation of the valves of the heart.
2. Congenital valve disease
This condition usually affects the pulmonary valve where the size of the valve is abnormal.
3. Bicuspid aortic valve disease
It is a type of valve disease that impairs the aortic valve. Instead of the regular three cusps, the bicuspid valve only has two. This may cause the valve to be stiff or cause it to leak.
4. Mitral valve prolapse
This condition causes the valve to flop back when the heart contracts. This condition also causes the leaflets of the valve to turn irregularly and cause it to stretch. This condition causes the valve to leak.
The symptoms of valve disease are as follows:
1. Weakness: This condition may cause weakness and cause severe discomfort while performing daily activities.
2. Palpitations: Symptoms such as irregular heartbeats, skipped beats and rapid heart rhythm occurs in this condition.
3. Rapid weight gain: This condition can cause you to gain weight very rapidly.
4. It may cause swelling in your ankles, abdomen and feet.
5. This condition causes shortness of breath
A valve is something that allows a liquid to flow in one direction. Our heart has valves, and they play a critical role in ensuring that the blood travels in the right direction.
There are four valves in our heart:
- Mitral valve
A person suffers from heart valve disorder when one or more of these four valves stops functioning accurately. Each valve comes with a flap that opens and closes to allow blood flow. Disruption in the blood flow, thereby leading to serious ailments, can occur even if a single flap stops functioning. To rectify this situation a valve replacement surgery is conducted by heart surgeons. There are majorly two types of surgeries available: Mechanical and Bioprosthetic.
Mechanical Heart Valve surgery involves the replacement of the defective valve with a substitute made of metallic alloys and plastics. On the other hand, Bioprosthetic surgery is conducted using the valve tissue of an animal which is anchored to a bioprosthesis.
Mechanical Heart Valve Surgery: Pros and Cons
The prosthetics that is used in a mechanical valve replacement surgery are much more durable than those (cow or pig tissues) which are used in a bioprosthetic surgery. It lasts up to 20 to 30 years. But the major disadvantage of this surgery is that over the time the artificial replacements can lead to blood coagulation. Therefore, if you have undergone mechanical heart valve replacement, you will need a prolonged prescription of anticoagulation medicines. Unfortunately, there is plenitude of side-effects of anticoagulants. Therefore, you would have to be under medical observation through and follow the dietary restrictions (as per the instructions of the doctor). However, if you already have bleeding disorders, or are pregnant, this surgery will not be recommended for you. But, if you are already on anticoagulation medicines a mechanical surgery is the most practical option for you.
Bioprosthetic Heart Valve Surgery: Pros and Cons
Bioprosthetic surgery uses animal tissues as substitutes of the human valve tissue. Therefore, bleeding disorders are very less likely to crop up. So you do not have to depend on anticoagulants to sustain. The downside of this surgery is that the replaced tissues do not last for more than 10 years. So if your life-expectancy is high, you will need a second operation after 10-15 years. For this reason itself, bioprosthetic surgery is recommended to sexagenarians or septuagenarians who can spend the rest of their lives soundly without the need of anticoagulants or re-operation.
Which is relatively better: Depends on the patient
It can be affirmed that the surgery type completely depends upon the current medical situation of the patient undergoing surgery. For younger people, mechanical heart valve surgery works better, because with medical assistance post-surgery, a sound life is possible without the need of another hospitalization or reiteration of the surgery.
On the other hand, older people, people who need to undergo dialysis from time to time and those who have bleeding disorders or other underlying medical conditions should go for bioprosthetic heart valve replacement surgery.