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K.b.bhabha Hospital Bandra

  4.3  (172 ratings)

General Surgeon Clinic

K.B. Bhabha Hospital,off R.K. Patkar marg Mumbai
1 Doctor · ₹200 · 10 Reviews
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K.b.bhabha Hospital Bandra   4.3  (172 ratings) General Surgeon Clinic K.B. Bhabha Hospital,off R.K. Patkar marg Mumbai
1 Doctor · ₹200 · 10 Reviews
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We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to ......more
We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to help you in every and any way that we can.
More about K.b.bhabha Hospital Bandra
K.b.bhabha Hospital Bandra is known for housing experienced General Surgeons. Dr. Ojas Potdar, a well-reputed General Surgeon, practices in Mumbai. Visit this medical health centre for General Surgeons recommended by 108 patients.

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MON-WED, FRI-SUN
09:00 AM - 05:00 PM

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K.B. Bhabha Hospital,off R.K. Patkar marg
Bandra West Mumbai, Maharashtra - 400050
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Doctor in K.b.bhabha Hospital Bandra

Dr. Ojas Potdar

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon
86%  (172 ratings)
4 Years experience
200 at clinic
₹350 online
Available today
09:00 AM - 05:00 PM
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My mom has went through a gallbladder removal surgery. She is a diabetic patient but does not take any medicine. But after surgery surgeon ask her to consult a good physician for regular diabetic care, to overcome with the surgery effect as fast as possible. 2 days ago we checked her sugar level, it was 125 mg (fasting), today again we checked, it was 130 mg (fasting). Please suggest a better treatment for her.

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
My mom has went through a gallbladder removal surgery. She is a diabetic patient but does not take any medicine. But ...
Hello You will have to check her postprandial i.e. Post lunch sugar levels. Also check her hba1c levels to know her average sugar levels in the last 3 months to decide on the further line of management. take care.
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What Is Black Eye?

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
What Is Black Eye?

You can also take medicines such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help with the pain and swelling. But people who have certain conditions or take certain medicines should not take ibuprofen. If you aren't sure whether you can take ibuprofen, ask your doctor or nurse.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — see your doctor or nurse right away if you have any of these symptoms with your black eye:

●fever

●any problems seeing, such as blurred vision or double vision

●very bad pain in your eye, especially when trying to move it from side to side

●bleeding from the eye

●nausea and vomiting

●a slow heart rate

●trouble breathing through your nose

●a nose that looks crooked

Will I need tests? — maybe. Most people don't need tests for a black eye, but your doctor might want you to have an eye exam. Plus, if you are having trouble seeing or moving your eye, your doctor might take a special kind of x-ray called a ct scan. The ct scan will show if any of the bones around your eye are broken. It can also show if you have damage to the eyeball itself.

What is a black eye? — a black eye happens when something hits your eye, cheek, or nose and causes a bruise above or under your eye. Bruises happen when blood vessels under the skin break, but the skin isn't cut. When the blood vessels break, blood leaks into the tissues under the skin and makes it change color.

A black eye starts off red in color, and then turns blue or purple. As it heals, a black eye can turn green and yellow. Often, the swelling gets worse in the first day after the injury or when you wake up the next morning. Most black eyes heal in 1 to 2 weeks, but some take longer.

How is a black eye treated? — a black eye doesn't need treatment. It will get better on its own. But you can" ice" your black eye to make it feel better and help it heal. To do this, put a cold gel pack, bag of ice, or bag of frozen vegetables on the injured area every 1 to 2 hours, for 15 minutes each time. Put a thin towel between the ice (or other cold object) and your skin. Use the ice (or other cold object) for at least 6 hours after your injury. Some people find it helpful to ice longer, even up to 2 days after their injury.

Insomnia: What You Need To Know?

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Insomnia: What You Need To Know?

These symptoms can be so bad that they affect a person's relationships or work life. Plus, they can happen even in people who seem to be sleeping enough hours.

Are there tests I should have? — probably not. Most people with insomnia need no tests. Your doctor or nurse will probably be able to tell what is wrong just by talking to you. He or she might also ask you to keep a daily log for 1 to 2 weeks, where you keep track of how you sleep each night.

In some cases, people do need special sleep tests, such as" polysomnography" or" actigraphy"

●polysomnography – polysomnography is a test that usually lasts all night and that is done in a sleep lab. During the test, monitors are attached to your body to record movement, brain activity, breathing, and other body functions.

●actigraphy – actigraphy records activity and movement with a monitor or motion detector that is usually worn on the wrist. The test is done at home, over several days and nights. It will record how much you actually sleep and when.

What can I do to improve my insomnia? — you can follow good" sleep hygiene" that means that you:

●sleep only long enough to feel rested and then get out of bed

●go to bed and get up at the same time every day

●do not try to force yourself to sleep. If you can't sleep, get out of bed and try again later.

●have coffee, tea, and other foods that have caffeine only in the morning

●avoid alcohol in the late afternoon, evening, and bedtime

●avoid smoking, especially in the evening


●keep your bedroom dark, cool, quiet, and free of reminders of work or other things that cause you stress

●solve problems you have before you go to bed

●exercise several days a week, but not right before bed

●avoid looking at phones or reading devices (" e-books") that give off light before bed. This can make it harder to fall asleep.

Other things that can improve sleep include:

●relaxation therapy, in which you focus on relaxing all the muscles in your body 1 by 1

●working with a counselor or psychologist to deal with the problems that might be causing poor sleep

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — yes. If you have insomnia, and it is troubling you, see your doctor or nurse. He or she might have suggestions on how to fix the problem.

Are there medicines to help me sleep? — yes, there are medicines to help with sleep. But you should try them only after you try the techniques described above. You also should not use sleep medicines every night for long periods of time. Otherwise, you can become dependent on them for sleep.

Insomnia is sometimes caused by mental health problems, such as depression or anxiety. If that's the case for you, you might benefit from an antidepressant rather than a sleep aid. Antidepressants often improve sleep and can help with other worries, too.

Can I use alcohol to help me sleep? — no, do not use alcohol as a sleep aid. Even though alcohol makes you sleepy at first, it disrupts sleep later in the night.

Piles (Haemorrhoids) Basic Information For Everyone

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Piles (Haemorrhoids) Basic Information For Everyone

What are hemorrhoids? — hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum. They can cause itching and pain. Sometimes they can also make you bleed during a bowel movement.

In some cases, you can see or feel hemorrhoids around the outside of the rectum. In other cases, you cannot see them because they are hidden inside the rectum.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — you should see a doctor or nurse if you have any bleeding or if your bowel movements look like tar. Bleeding could be caused by something other than hemorrhoids, so you should have it checked out.

If you do have hemorrhoids, your doctor or nurse can suggest treatments. But there some steps you can try on you your own first.

What can I do to keep from getting more hemorrhoids? — the most important thing you can do is to keep from getting constipated. You should have a bowel movement at least a few times a week. When you have a bowel movement, you also should not have to push too much. Plus, your bowel movements should not be too hard.

Being constipated and having hard bowel movements can make hemorrhoids worse. Here are some steps you can take to avoid getting constipated or having hard stools:

●eat lots of fruits and vegetables. They have fiber, which helps to increase bowel movements.

●take fiber powders, wafers, or pills. You should get 20 to 35 grams of fiber a day.

●take medicines called stool softeners such as docusate sodium or bulk-forming laxatives. Bulk-forming laxatives include psyllium seed, methylcellulose, polycarbophil, and wheat dextran. These medicines increase the number of bowel movements you have. They are safe to take and they can prevent problems later.


What can I do to reduce my symptoms? — some people feel better if they soak their buttocks in 2 or 3 inches of warm water. You can do this up to 2 to 3 times a day for 10 to 15 minutes. Do not add soap, bubble bath, or anything to the water.

There are also medicines that you can get without a prescription. They are usually creams or ointments that you rub on your anus to relieve pain, itching, and swelling. Some hemorrhoid medicines come in a capsule (called a suppository) that you put inside your rectum. Others come in a cream that comes in a bottle with a nozzle that you put inside your rectum. It is ok to try these medicines. But do not use medicines that have hydrocortisone (a steroid medicine) for more than a week, unless your doctor or nurse approves.

What if the self-care steps do not work? — if you still have symptoms after trying the steps listed above, you might need treatments to destroy or remove the hemorrhoids.

One popular treatment is called" rubber band ligation" for this treatment, the doctor ties tiny rubber bands around the hemorrhoids. A few days later the hemorrhoids shrink and fall off. The doctor can also use lasers, heat, or chemicals to destroy hemorrhoids. But if none of these options works, there is always surgery to remove the hemorrhoids.

If I am suffering from external hemorrhoids, what is to eat/diat and the treatment.

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
If I am suffering from external hemorrhoids, what is to eat/diat and the treatment.
Hello sir consume more of fibre in your diet Increase your water intake at least 5 litresa day Sit in luke warm water for at least 30 minutes for 4 times a day application of anovate cream syrup lactulose 30 ml at night take care.
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Staying Healthy When You Travel

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Staying Healthy When You Travel

Why should I think about my health before I travel? — there are a few reasons:

●travel itself can be a threat to your health. Flying, for example, can increase your risk of blood clots and other health problems.

●if you have an ongoing health problem, such as diabetes, it can be hard to find supplies or help if you get sick while you are away.

How do I keep from getting an infection when I travel? — if you are planning to go to africa, south america, or eastern europe, make an appointment at a travel clinic. The doctors and nurses there can help you prepare for your trip. Depending on your destination, you might need to:

●have 1 or more vaccines, weeks or months before you go. For example, if you are traveling to parts of africa or south america, you might need to get a vaccine against yellow fever.

●avoid ice, tap water, and certain foods or parts of foods that can carry germs. If you drink untreated water or eat certain foods, you might get an infection that causes diarrhea, vomiting, or other problems.

●treat the water you drink, to make sure it has no germs that could cause infection. To get rid of germs, you can boil water for 3 minutes and then let it cool. Another way to get rid of germs is to take 2 quarts of water, add 2 drops of 5% bleach, and wait 30 minutes.

●use bug spray that has deet or a chemical called picaridin. You should also wear clothes that protect you from insect bites. Plus, you should check yourself for insects and remove them if you find any. Insects can infect you with germs they carry when they bite or sting you.

●take medicines before and during your trip that can prevent infections such as malaria.

●wear shoes that cover your feet completely if you are anywhere that might have traces of dog or human waste in the sand or soil. This can happen in places that do not have good plumbing or that do not treat toilet water before dumping it. If you walk barefoot in places like these, you can get infected with worms.

What if I have a health condition, but I want to travel? — if you have an ongoing health problem, such as diabetes or heart disease, ask your doctor or nurse how to plan for your trip.

Many people with health concerns are able to travel without any problems. The key is to plan ahead, and to make sure you have all the medicines and supplies you might need. It's also important to bring a list of all the medicines you take, the doses, and why you take them.


Here are some examples of special needs people might have:

●some people with diabetes must carry pills, insulin, and syringes when they fly. They usually have a letter from their doctor explaining their needs.

●some people with lung or heart disease need extra oxygen when they fly. That's because the air on a plane that is in-flight tends to have less oxygen than the air on the ground. People who need oxygen on the plane must arrange it with the airline before they fly.

●some people with blood clotting problems or bad veins need to stand up and move around if they are on a long flight. Otherwise they can develop blood clots. They might also need to wear special stockings that improve blood flow in the legs.

What if I am pregnant and want to travel? — travel is safe for most pregnant women. But women who have had problems during pregnancy, such as high blood pressure, should limit air travel. There are no known risks of air travel for an unborn baby.

During long flights, pregnant women should stretch and flex their legs. They should also stand up and move around when it is safe to do so. This can prevent blood clots from forming in the legs.

Some of the vaccines and medicines given to travelers are not safe for pregnant women. If you want to travel to a country where infection is a concern, ask your doctor or nurse if you can safely go there. For example, many experts recommend that:

●pregnant women avoid travel to places where there is malaria

●women who are pregnant, or trying to get pregnant, avoid travel to places where there is zika virus

What else should I think about when I travel? — if you are going to:

●a sunny or warm place, make sure to wear sunblock and clothes that block the sun. Getting too much sun can lead to sunburns and increase the risk of skin cancer.

●the mountains or a place at high altitude, ask your doctor how you can keep from getting sick

●a place with a lot of traffic, keep in mind that the rules of the road are often different in other countries. Be extra careful when driving or crossing the street.

Sexual Problems In Male

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Sexual Problems In Male

What causes sex problems? — men can have trouble getting or keeping an erection if they have a condition that keeps the penis from getting enough blood. Things that reduce blood flow to the penis can include:

●getting older

●diabetes

●high blood pressure

●smoking

●drinking alcohol or taking drugs

Sex problems can also occur when men feel depressed, worried, or have other things on their mind. Plus, sex problems can be a side effect of certain medicines. For example, medicines to treat depression or heart disease sometimes cause sex problems.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — yes. Your doctor or nurse can help figure out the cause of your problem. He or she will talk with you, do an exam, and order blood tests. He or she might also order another test, such as a test that measures your night-time erections.

How are sex problems treated? — treatment depends on the cause of the problem and can include:

●medicines to help you get and keep an erection – examples of these medicines include sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil, and avanafil. Follow your doctor's instructions closely when taking these medicines. Also, let your doctor know if you are taking any other medicines. Men who take certain medicines should not take medicines to get an erection. Examples include" nitrates" that are used to treat heart problems, and certain" alpha blockers" that are used to treat an enlarged prostate gland.

Some medicines for treating sex problems are sold over the internet. However, these are not always safe, and they can even contain harmful ingredients.

●devices to help you get and keep an erection – erection devices work in different ways. Some are implanted into the penis to form an erection. Others work a bit like a vacuum and help pull blood into the penis.


●hormone treatment – sex problems can happen when a man's body does not make enough male hormones (testosterone). If your hormone levels are very low, your doctor might treat you with testosterone, which can come in a shot, skin patch, skin gel, or tablet that sticks to your gums.

●treatment to improve mood – doctors might prescribe medicines or counseling for men who feel depressed or worried.

●treatments to delay ejaculation – doctors can prescribe medicines to keep men from ejaculating too quickly. Some of the medicines used to treat depression work very well for this. Some men also use a method called" pause and squeeze" in this method, a man stops having sex and presses behind the tip of the penis when he feels like he is going to ejaculate. After the feeling goes away, he continues having sex.

●treatment to help ejaculation problems caused by depression medicines – sometimes, medicines used to treat depression can make it hard or impossible for a man to ejaculate. Let your doctor know if this happens. He or she can change your dose or your medicine so the problem gets better.

What types of sex problems can men have? — sex problems in men can include:

●being unable to get or keep an erection most times you have sex. Doctors call this" impotence" or" erectile dysfunction"

●having little or no interest in sex. Doctors call this" low libido"

●ejaculating too soon after sex begins, before they are ready to ejaculate. Doctors call this" premature ejaculation"

●being unable to ejaculate (even though they can get and keep an erection)

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The median nerve goes through a tunnel in the wrist that is formed by the bones of the wrist and a tough band of tissue called a" ligament. Experts do not know exactly how the nerve can get pinched, but they think it might happen when:

●tendons that go through the same tunnel get swollen (tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones)

●tissues surrounding the tendons harden

●people hold their hands in a position that makes the tunnel smaller

●people use their hands for work that involves repetitive or forceful movements

The median nerve carries signals about sensation – it tells the brain what the hand is" feeling" it gets input from these parts of the hand:

●thumb

●index finger

●middle finger

●parts of the ring finger

●parts of the palm closest to the thumb

Women are more likely than men to get carpal tunnel syndrome. Being overweight probably increases the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome. Examples of other conditions that might increase the risk include pregnancy, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome? — the symptoms include pain and tingling in the thumb and the index, middle, and ring fingers. Symptoms are typically worst at night and can wake you up from sleep. Often the symptoms affect both hands, but one hand might have worse symptoms than the other.

In some cases, pain and tingling can extend to the whole hand or even up to the wrist and forearm. Rarely, pain and tingling extends past the elbow to the shoulder.

The symptoms can also flare up when you do things that involve bending and unbending your wrist or raising your arms. Some activities can trigger symptoms in people with carpal tunnel syndrome. But they do not actually cause the condition. Examples include:

●driving

●reading

●typing

●holding a phone

In many people, the symptoms come and go. But some people eventually have symptoms all the time. They can end up having trouble moving their fingers or controlling their grip.

Is there a test for carpal tunnel syndrome? — yes. Electrical tests of the nerves can show if you have carpal tunnel syndrome, but these tests are not always necessary.

Your doctor will probably be able to tell if you have carpal tunnel syndrome by learning about your symptoms and doing an exam. During the exam, he or she might tap on or press on your wrist, or ask you to hold your hands in ways that are known to make symptoms worse.

Electrical nerve tests can prove if you really have carpal tunnel syndrome. Doctors usually order these tests for people who might need surgery to treat their condition.

●nerve conduction studies – nerve conduction studies can show whether the median nerve is carrying electrical signals the right way. In people with carpal tunnel syndrome, signals can be slow or weak.

●electromyography – electromyography, also called emg, can show whether the muscles in the hand and wrist are responding the right way to electrical signals. This test is most useful in checking whether another condition besides carpal tunnel syndrome might be causing the symptoms.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — see your doctor or nurse if you develop the symptoms described above, and they bother you.

How is carpal tunnel syndrome treated? — treatments are often combined and can include:

●wrist splints – some people feel better if they wear splints at night that keep their hands in a" neutral position" the neutral position is when the wrist is not bent forward or backward and the fingers are curled naturally toward the palm.

●steroid shots or pills – steroids are a group of medicines that control inflammation and swelling. To treat carpal tunnel syndrome, doctors sometimes inject steroids into the carpal tunnel. People who do not want to get a shot can take steroids in pill form instead. But the pills are less effective than the shot.

●other physical treatments – there is weak evidence that yoga or another treatment called" carpal bone mobilization" might help some people with carpal tunnel syndrome. For carpal bone mobilization, a physical or occupational therapist moves your hand or wrist around in a special way, so that the bones in the wrist move.

●surgery – doctors offer surgery to people who have ongoing or severe nerve damage that is causing the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome involves cutting the ligament that stretches across the wrist to form the tunnel. However, women who get carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy usually don't need surgery. In most cases, the symptoms gradually improve after the baby is born.

Can carpal tunnel syndrome be prevented? — it's unclear whether there is any way to prevent carpal tunnel syndrome. People sometimes think that the condition happens because they use a computer too much. But studies have shown that computer use is probably not related to carpal tunnel syndrome.

What is carpal tunnel syndrome? — carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes pain and numbness in the fingers and hands, and sometimes the arms. It happens when a nerve in the wrist called the" median nerve" gets pinched or squeezed.


The median nerve goes through a tunnel in the wrist that is formed by the bones of the wrist and a tough band of tissue called a" ligament. Experts do not know exactly how the nerve can get pinched, but they think it might happen when:

●tendons that go through the same tunnel get swollen (tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones)

●tissues surrounding the tendons harden

●people hold their hands in a position that makes the tunnel smaller

●people use their hands for work that involves repetitive or forceful movements

The median nerve carries signals about sensation – it tells the brain what the hand is" feeling" it gets input from these parts of the hand:

●thumb

●index finger

●middle finger

●parts of the ring finger

●parts of the palm closest to the thumb

Women are more likely than men to get carpal tunnel syndrome. Being overweight probably increases the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome. Examples of other conditions that might increase the risk include pregnancy, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome? — the symptoms include pain and tingling in the thumb and the index, middle, and ring fingers. Symptoms are typically worst at night and can wake you up from sleep. Often the symptoms affect both hands, but one hand might have worse symptoms than the other.

In some cases, pain and tingling can extend to the whole hand or even up to the wrist and forearm. Rarely, pain and tingling extends past the elbow to the shoulder.

The symptoms can also flare up when you do things that involve bending and unbending your wrist or raising your arms. Some activities can trigger symptoms in people with carpal tunnel syndrome. But they do not actually cause the condition. Examples include:

●driving

●reading

●typing

●holding a phone

In many people, the symptoms come and go. But some people eventually have symptoms all the time. They can end up having trouble moving their fingers or controlling their grip.

Is there a test for carpal tunnel syndrome? — yes. Electrical tests of the nerves can show if you have carpal tunnel syndrome, but these tests are not always necessary.

Your doctor will probably be able to tell if you have carpal tunnel syndrome by learning about your symptoms and doing an exam. During the exam, he or she might tap on or press on your wrist, or ask you to hold your hands in ways that are known to make symptoms worse.

Electrical nerve tests can prove if you really have carpal tunnel syndrome. Doctors usually order these tests for people who might need surgery to treat their condition.

●nerve conduction studies – nerve conduction studies can show whether the median nerve is carrying electrical signals the right way. In people with carpal tunnel syndrome, signals can be slow or weak.

●electromyography – electromyography, also called emg, can show whether the muscles in the hand and wrist are responding the right way to electrical signals. This test is most useful in checking whether another condition besides carpal tunnel syndrome might be causing the symptoms.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — see your doctor or nurse if you develop the symptoms described above, and they bother you.

How is carpal tunnel syndrome treated? — treatments are often combined and can include:

●wrist splints – some people feel better if they wear splints at night that keep their hands in a" neutral position" the neutral position is when the wrist is not bent forward or backward and the fingers are curled naturally toward the palm.

●steroid shots or pills – steroids are a group of medicines that control inflammation and swelling. To treat carpal tunnel syndrome, doctors sometimes inject steroids into the carpal tunnel. People who do not want to get a shot can take steroids in pill form instead. But the pills are less effective than the shot.

●other physical treatments – there is weak evidence that yoga or another treatment called" carpal bone mobilization" might help some people with carpal tunnel syndrome. For carpal bone mobilization, a physical or occupational therapist moves your hand or wrist around in a special way, so that the bones in the wrist move.

●surgery – doctors offer surgery to people who have ongoing or severe nerve damage that is causing the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome involves cutting the ligament that stretches across the wrist to form the tunnel. However, women who get carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy usually don't need surgery. In most cases, the symptoms gradually improve after the baby is born.

Can carpal tunnel syndrome be prevented? — it's unclear whether there is any way to prevent carpal tunnel syndrome. People sometimes think that the condition happens because they use a computer too much. But studies have shown that computer use is probably not related to carpal tunnel syndrome.

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Acne: Ways To Get Rid Of It!

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Acne: Ways To Get Rid Of It!

Can I treat my own acne? — if you have mild acne, you can try non-prescription acne products. You might even try using more than 1 product at once. That might be more effective than using 1 single product alone. In rare cases, people have a severe allergic reaction to acne products, so for the first 3 days, try them on just a small area. If you do not improve after 3 months, or if you have moderate or severe acne, ask your doctor or nurse for advice.

How is acne treated? — doctors can treat acne using different types of medicines. Sometimes doctors suggest trying more than 1 medicine at once.

There is no 1 medicine or combination of medicines that works best for everyone. Instead, people often need to try different medicines until they find what works best for them.

Most acne medicines require a prescription. They include:

●retinoids – retinoids are medicines that help keep your pores unclogged. Most retinoids are available in a gel or cream that you put on your skin. Examples of prescription retinoids include tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene. One form of adapalene gel can also be bought without a prescription. These medicines can also help improve dark spots on the skin caused by acne.

●products that help skin shed – products such salicylic acid and glycolic acid help remove dead layers of skin. They can reduce acne by helping to unclog pores.

●antibiotics you put on the skin – antibiotics reduce acne by killing the bacteria inside pimples. They also help bring down inflammation. These medicines include erythromycin, clindamycin, dapsone, and others.

●azelaic acid – azelaic acid helps keep pores unclogged and can kill bacteria in pimples. Azelaic acid can also help to improve dark spots on the skin caused by acne.

●benzoyl peroxide – benzoyl peroxide kills bacteria and helps to unclog pores. Benzoyl peroxide is also available without a prescription.

●antibiotics you take in a pill – antibiotic pills work for the same reasons antibiotic gels or lotions work. But they tend to be stronger and can cause unpleasant side effects.

●birth control pills – some of the skin reactions that lead to acne are controlled by hormones. For this reason, birth control pills can sometimes help with acne.

●isotretinoin pills – one of the retinoid medicines comes in pill form. This medicine, called isotretinoin, is very effective against severe acne. But it can also cause serious side effects and birth defects. Women who want to take isotretinoin must follow very strict safety rules to avoid pregnancy. (this medicine used to be sold under the brand name accutane, but that brand name is no longer available in the us.)

What if I want to get pregnant? — if you want to get pregnant, talk to your doctor before you start trying to get pregnant. Many of the medicines used to treat acne are not safe for a growing baby.

Will my diet affect my acne? — some studies have found that acne seems to be more common in people who drink a lot of milk. But more research is needed to understand the link between the types of foods people eat and acne

What is acne? — acne is the medical term for pimples. Pimples happen when pores get clogged with dead skin and oil, and bacteria build up. Then the skin gets inflamed and can turn red or swell.

Is there anything I can do on my own to reduce acne? — yes. The way you take care of your skin has a big effect on your acne. Here's what you should do:

●wash your face no more than twice a day. Use warm – not hot – water, and do not use harsh soaps. Instead, use a gentle non-soap facial skin cleanser. Do not scrub your face, because that can make acne worse and damage the skin.


●do not pick or squeeze pimples. This can make acne worse and damage the skin. Plus it can lead to infections.

●avoid oil-based make-up and skin products. They can make acne worse. If you use a moisturizer for your face, a moisturizer labeled as" non-comedogenic" is often best.

Can I treat my own acne? — if you have mild acne, you can try non-prescription acne products. You might even try using more than 1 product at once. That might be more effective than using 1 single product alone. In rare cases, people have a severe allergic reaction to acne products, so for the first 3 days, try them on just a small area. If you do not improve after 3 months, or if you have moderate or severe acne, ask your doctor or nurse for advice.

How is acne treated? — doctors can treat acne using different types of medicines. Sometimes doctors suggest trying more than 1 medicine at once.

There is no 1 medicine or combination of medicines that works best for everyone. Instead, people often need to try different medicines until they find what works best for them.

Most acne medicines require a prescription. They include:

●retinoids – retinoids are medicines that help keep your pores unclogged. Most retinoids are available in a gel or cream that you put on your skin. Examples of prescription retinoids include tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene. One form of adapalene gel can also be bought without a prescription. These medicines can also help improve dark spots on the skin caused by acne.

●products that help skin shed – products such salicylic acid and glycolic acid help remove dead layers of skin. They can reduce acne by helping to unclog pores.

●antibiotics you put on the skin – antibiotics reduce acne by killing the bacteria inside pimples. They also help bring down inflammation. These medicines include erythromycin, clindamycin, dapsone, and others.

●azelaic acid – azelaic acid helps keep pores unclogged and can kill bacteria in pimples. Azelaic acid can also help to improve dark spots on the skin caused by acne.

●benzoyl peroxide – benzoyl peroxide kills bacteria and helps to unclog pores. Benzoyl peroxide is also available without a prescription.

●antibiotics you take in a pill – antibiotic pills work for the same reasons antibiotic gels or lotions work. But they tend to be stronger and can cause unpleasant side effects.

●birth control pills – some of the skin reactions that lead to acne are controlled by hormones. For this reason, birth control pills can sometimes help with acne.

●isotretinoin pills – one of the retinoid medicines comes in pill form. This medicine, called isotretinoin, is very effective against severe acne. But it can also cause serious side effects and birth defects. Women who want to take isotretinoin must follow very strict safety rules to avoid pregnancy. (this medicine used to be sold under the brand name accutane, but that brand name is no longer available in the us.)

What if I want to get pregnant? — if you want to get pregnant, talk to your doctor before you start trying to get pregnant. Many of the medicines used to treat acne are not safe for a growing baby.

Will my diet affect my acne? — some studies have found that acne seems to be more common in people who drink a lot of milk. But more research is needed to understand the link between the types of foods people eat and acne

7 people found this helpful

Inguinal Hernias

DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Inguinal Hernias

What are the symptoms of a groin hernia? — groin hernias do not always cause symptoms. But when symptoms do occur, they can include:

●a heavy or tugging feeling in the groin area

●dull pain that gets worse when straining, lifting, coughing, or otherwise using the muscles near the groin

●a bulge or lump at the groin

Hernias can be very painful and even dangerous if the tissue in the hernia becomes trapped and unable to slide back into the belly. When this happens, the tissue does not get enough blood, so it can get damaged or die. This is more likely with femoral hernias than with inguinal hernias.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — yes. See a doctor or nurse if you:

●feel or see a bulge in your groin

●feel a pulling sensation or pain in your groin even if you have no bulge

In most cases, doctors can diagnose a hernia just by doing an exam. During the exam, the doctor will ask you to cough while pressing on the bulge. This can be uncomfortable, but it is necessary to find the source of the problem.

Most of the time, the contents of the hernia can be" reduced" or gently pushed back into the belly. Still, there are times when the hernia gets trapped and can't be pushed back in. If that happens, the tissue that is trapped can get damaged.

If you develop pain around the bulge or feel sick, call your doctor or surgeon right away.

How are hernias treated? — not all hernias need treatment right away. But many do need to be repaired with surgery. Femoral hernias, in particular, usually need repair. They are more likely than inguinal hernias to cause tissue damage.

Surgeons can repair groin hernias in 1 of 2 ways. The best surgery for you will depend on the size of your hernia, whether this is the first time it is getting repaired, and what your general health is like. The 2 types of surgery are:


●open surgery – during an open surgery, the surgeon makes one incision near the hernia. Then he or she gently pushes the bulging tissue back into place. Next, the surgeon sews the weak tissue layer back together, so that nothing can bulge through. In most cases, surgeons will also patch the area with a piece of mesh. Mesh takes the strain off the tissue wall. That way the hernia is not likely to happen again.

●laparoscopic surgery – during laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes several small incisions. Then he or she inserts long thin tools into the area near the hernia. One of the tools has a camera (called a" laparoscope") on the end, which sends pictures to a tv screen. The surgeon can look at the picture on the screen to guide his or her movements. Then he or she uses the long tools to repair the hernia with mesh.

If your hernia has reduced the blood supply to a loop of intestine, your doctor might need to remove that piece of intestine and sew the 2 ends back together

What is a hernia? — a hernia is an area in a layer of tissue that is weak or torn. Often when there is a hernia, other tissues that are normally held in by the damaged layer bulge or stick out through the weak or torn spot.

Hernias can happen in different parts of the body. When they happen where the thigh and body meet (called the groin), they are called inguinal or femoral hernias. Inguinal hernias are a bit higher on the groin than femoral hernias. Both of these types of hernias can form a sac that holds a loop of intestine or a piece of fat pad that normally sits inside the belly. The fat pad is called the" omentum" in women, the sac can hold female reproductive organs.

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