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ACRO at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital

Oncologist Clinic

S. V. Road Vileaparle (W), Mumbai 400 056, Mumbai Mumbai
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ACRO at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital Oncologist Clinic S. V. Road Vileaparle (W), Mumbai 400 056, Mumbai Mumbai
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We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to ......more
We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to help you in every and any way that we can.
More about ACRO at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital
ACRO at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital is known for housing experienced Oncologists. Dr. Nagraj Gururaj Huilgol, a well-reputed Oncologist, practices in Mumbai. Visit this medical health centre for Oncologists recommended by 80 patients.

Timings

MON, WED, FRI
10:00 AM - 02:00 PM

Location

S. V. Road Vileaparle (W), Mumbai 400 056, Mumbai
S V Road Mumbai, Maharashtra
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Doctor

Dr. Nagraj Gururaj Huilgol

MBBS, DGO, MD - Radiation Oncologist
Oncologist
42 Years experience
Available today
10:00 AM - 02:00 PM
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Cancer - How Ayurveda Can Help In Treating It?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda, Ph.d Arthritic Disorder
Ayurveda, Surat
Cancer - How Ayurveda Can Help In Treating It?

Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. The abnormal cells are termed cancer cells, malignant cells, or tumor cells. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and death. Many cancers and the abnormal cells that compose the cancer tissue are further identified by the name of the tissue that the abnormal cells originated from (for example, breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer).

Cells become cancer cells because of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) damage. DNA is in every cell and it directs all the cell’s actions. In a normal cell, when DNA gets damaged the cell either repairs the damage or the cell dies. In cancer cells, the damaged DNA is not repaired, and the cell doesn’t die like it should. Instead, the cell goes on making new cells that the body doesn’t need. These new cells all have the same abnormal DNA as the first cell does.

Cancer has largely remained incurable due to its complexity and its ability to spread rapidly and uncontrollably. There are over 200 types of cancers; most can fit into the following categories

  1. Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs
  2. Sarcoma: Cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue
  3. Leukemia: Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood
  4. Lymphoma and myeloma: Cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system
  5. Central nervous system cancers: Cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord Tumors can be benign or malignant.
  6. Benign tumors aren’t cancerous: They can often be removed, and, in most cases, they do not come back. Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body.
  7. Malignant tumors are cancerous: Cells in these tumors can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis.

Symptoms 

Cancer symptoms are vary in different people and depend on where the cancer is located, where it has spread, and how big the tumor is. Some cancers can be felt or seen through the skin – a lump on the breast or testicle can be an indicator of cancer in those locations. Skin cancer (melanoma) is often noted by a change in a wart or mole on the skin. Some oral cancers present white patches inside the mouth or white spots on the tongue.

Other cancers have symptoms that are less physically apparent. Some brain tumors tend to present symptoms early in the disease as they affect important cognitive functions. Pancreas cancers are usually too small to cause symptoms until they cause pain by pushing against nearby nerves or interfere with liver function to cause a yellowing of the skin and eyes called jaundice. Symptoms also can be created as a tumor grows and pushes against organs and blood vessels. For example, colon cancers lead to symptoms such as constipation, diarrhea, and changes in stool size. Bladder or prostate cancers cause changes in bladder function such as more frequent or infrequent urination.

As cancer cells use the body’s energy and interfere with normal hormone function, it is possible to present symptoms such as fever, fatigue, excessive sweating, anemia, and unexplained weight loss. However, these symptoms are common in several other maladies as well. For example, coughing and hoarseness can point to lung or throat cancer as well as several other conditions.

When cancer spreads, or metastasizes, additional symptoms can present themselves in the newly affected area. Swollen or enlarged lymph nodes are common and likely to be present early. If cancer spreads to the brain, patients may experience vertigo, headaches, or seizures. Spreading to the lungs may cause coughing and shortness of breath. In addition, the liver may become enlarged and cause jaundice and bones can become painful, brittle, and break easily. Symptoms of metastasis ultimately depend on the location to which the cancer has spread.

Causes
Cancer arises from one single cell. The transformation from a normal cell into a tumour cell is a multistage process, typically a progression from a pre-cancerous lesion to malignant tumours. These changes are the result of the interaction between a person’s genetic factors and three categories of external agents, including:

  • Physical carcinogens – such as ultraviolet and ionizing radiation;
  • Chemical carcinogens – such as asbestos, components of tobacco smoke, aflatoxin (a food contaminant) and arsenic (a drinking water contaminant); and
  • Biological carcinogens – such as infections from certain viruses, bacteria or parasites.

Ageing is another fundamental factor for the development of cancer. The incidence of cancer rises dramatically with age, most likely due to a buildup of risks for specific cancers that increase with age. The overall risk accumulation is combined with the tendency for cellular repair mechanisms to be less effective as a person grows older.

It is important to point out that most everyone is exposed to cancer-causing substances (for example, sunlight, cigarette smoke, and X-rays) during their lifetime but many individuals do not develop cancer. In addition, many people have the genes that are linked to cancer but do not develop it. Higher the amount or level of cancer-causing materials a person is exposed to, the higher the chance the person will develop cancer. In addition, the people with genetic links to cancer may not develop it for similar reasons (lack of enough stimulus to make the genes function). In addition, some people may have a heightened immune response that controls or eliminates cells that are or potentially may become cancer cells. There is evidence that even certain dietary lifestyles may play a significant role in conjunction with the immune system to allow or prevent cancer cell survival. For these reasons, it is difficult to assign a specific cause of cancer to many individuals.

Ayurveda Treatment:

Ayurveda, one of the major traditional forms of medical practice in India, has produced many useful leads in developing medications for chronic diseases. Ayurveda is an intricate system of healing that originated in India thousands of years ago. Historical evidence of Ayurveda can be found in the ancient books of wisdom known as the Vedas that were written over 6000 years ago. Ayurveda provides novel approaches to cancer prevention that are considered safe. Classical Ayurvedic texts have several references to cancer. Some terms used to describe the condition are general while others are much more specific. 

Arbuda is the most specific term for a cancerous malignancy. Gulma is one another reference used to describe any palpable hard mass in the abdomen. It is any hard, tumor like mass in the abdominal region, which could be benign or malignant. Ayurvedic classification of neoplasms depends upon various clinical symptoms in relation to tridoshas.

  • Group I: Diseases that can be named as clear malignancies, including arbuda and granthi, such as mamsarbuda (sarcomas) and raktarbuda (leukaemia), mukharbuda (oral cancer), and asadhya vrana (incurable or malignant ulcers).
  • Group II: Diseases that can be considered as cancer or probable malignancies, such as ulcers and growths. Examples of these are mamsaja oshtharoga (growth of lips), asadhya galganda (incurable thyroid tumour), tridosaja gulmas, asadhya udara roga, (abdominal tumours like carcinomas of the stomach and liver or lymphomas).
  • Group III: Diseases with the possibility of malignancy, such as visarpa (erysipelas), asadhya kamala (incurable jaundice), asadhya pradara (intractable dysmenorrhea or leukorrhea) and tridosaja nadi vrana (intractable sinusitis).

Treatments offered

Effective treatment for cancer, focusing on the principle of detoxification, rejuvenation. Our treatment involves:

  • Shamana chikitsa (treatment using Ayurvedic medicines orally)
  • Shodhana chikitsa (detoxification through Panchakarma therapy)
  • Rasayana chikitsa (immunotherapy, rejuvenation or Kayakalpa)
  • Diet & life style management
  • Satvavajaya (couselling)
  • Daiva vyapashraya chikitsa (divine therapy), Yoga & Pranayama are also suggested as per the need and condition of the patient.
  • Our cancer therapies are based on the philosophy of Removal the cancerous cells when possible and destroy any cells that remain.

Our Ayurvedic treatments can be safely combined with chemotherapy and radiotherapy procedures to minimize the side effects. Even in surgical treatment, this treatment can be started immediately to prevent metastasis and further healing.

2 people found this helpful

Vitamin C - Understanding Its Role As An Anti Cancer Drug!

MBBS, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine
Oncologist, Nashik
Vitamin C - Understanding Its Role As An Anti Cancer Drug!

When it comes to cold and the flu, Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is hailed as the best remedy and preventive agent. But did you know that this could also help fight against cancer? Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin that is not produced by our bodies and needs to be sourced through food. It is needed for the synthesis of collagen, norepinephrine, and carnitine. Collagen is required to develop bones, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels.

Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter while carnitine is a protein required for transportation of fat to the mitochondria. Vitamin C is also a powerful antioxidant that protects the body against damage caused by free radicals. In addition, it boosts the immune system and increases the body’s ability to fight infections. Ideally, an adult man should have 90mg per day while an adult woman should consume 75mg vitamin C per day.

When it comes to cancer treatment, vitamin C can act as an immune-modulator. It enhances the body’s resistance to pathogens and suppresses production of IL-18. This is a key regulator in melanomas, carcinomas and other kinds of malignant skin tumours. In the case of gastric cancers, the production of IL-18 is boosted by the vascular endothelial growth factor. In the case of breast cancer, IL-18 induces the production of transferrin. Thus, by regulating and reducing the production of IL-18, vitamin C can help reduce the risk of skin cancers, stomach cancers, and breast cancer. Dosage is key to the efficacy of Vitamin C in preventing cancer as an immune modulator.

In its reduced form, vitamin C is known as ascorbate. This has the ability to act as a prooxidant. Ascorbate in high dosages induces apoptosis in some melanomas through mitochondrial dysfunction. Similarly, a low dose of ascorbate induces cell cycle arrest of some types of cancer cells. Thus, by acting as a prooxidant, vitamin C inhibits the growth of cancer cells. This includes growth by inducing endoplasmic reticulum stress, suppressing growth factors and inhibiting angiogenic factor production. It also produces hydrogen peroxide-dependent cytotoxicity in cancerous cells without affecting other healthy cells.

The efficacy of vitamin C in dealing with various types of cancer has been found to be most effective when administered intravenously. In addition, it may also be given orally. Since vitamin C is cytotoxic and does not affect other cells, the side effects of this type of cancer therapy are usually negligible.

What Should You Know About Head and Neck Cancer?

MBBS, MS - ENT ( Gold Medalist Honors )
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
What Should You Know About Head and Neck Cancer?

Head and neck cancers usually start in the squamous cells and are also referred to as squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. It occurs in the nose, throat, mouth and salivary glands. Head and Neck cancers are further classified into various categories on the basis of the area of the neck and head where they occur. Although head and neck cancers are different, they both occur inside the mouth, sinuses, nose, salivary glands and throat, which are considered as a group.

Salivary gland cancers are generally very infrequent. An assortment of cancer causing cells is present in salivary glands, so various types of salivary gland cancers have been found to occur.

Causes

If you are habituated to consuming tobacco and alcohol, then you are at the highest risk of suffering from head and neck cancer; however, it can also be caused in people who suffer from infections caused by human Papilloma virus. Other factors may include:

  1. Oral health- Untreated gum diseases and oral cavity can be the reasons behind the development of the disease.
  2. Sex- Women are less prone to head and neck cancers than men.
  3. Lack of Nutrition- If your body is lacking in certain nutrients; you are more likely to catch the disease.
  4. Age- People above 40 years of age are more susceptible to head and neck cancer.

Symptoms-

  1. Difficulty in swallowing- Inflammation and pain in throat, leading to a problem in swallowing.
  2. Hoarse Voice- Hoarseness or change in the voice.

Apart from this, there are some symptoms which show up in a specific area of your head and neck, such as:

  1. Oral Cavity- A red or white patch on the tongue, the gums or the lining of the mouth.
  2. Pharynx- Trouble in breathing and swallowing followed by a frequent headache.

Treatment

  1. Surgery- Surgery is usually to remove the primary tumour in toto or as much as feasible. Also, clearence of the lymph nodes that are involved is done during surgery at the same time.
  2. Radiation Therapy- Radiation therapy is considered where functions like speech can be conserved.
  3. Chemotherapy- Radiotherapy in combination with chemotherapy can help, if you are suffering from a more advanced form of head and neck cancers.

My father in law diagnosed of myleoprofilerative disorder (essential thrombocytosis. His age is 71 years. Med oncologist suggested Hydab 500 and Zyloric  100 mg. Once count is normal stop the medicine. We are confused state. Please clarify our doubts. Cbc count Wbc 12k Platelets 14 lakhs Rbc normal range Blood Report: Jak 2 mutation is positive My question is First of all different between blood cancer Vs Myeloproliferarive Disorder? Is it curable by medication? Are there any surgery for permanent cure? Please suggest

MBBS, MD - Medicine, MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Dear Bala Ji, Thanks for your QUERRY. Myeloma proliferative disorder is also Sort of cancer occuring in bone marrow elements. There is increase no. Of platelets. In younger and suitable patients bone marrow transplantation can be done., Otherwise only to be controlled by drug. There is no surgery for this condition.
3 people found this helpful
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Lung Cancer - Symptoms At Early & Later Stages!

MD , MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Lung Cancer - Symptoms At Early & Later Stages!

Lungs are the most important organ of our body that has the responsibility of taking in the oxygen and releasing out carbon dioxide. When cancer develops in it, the entire body gets imbalanced. Lung cancer leads to more death than any other type of cancer, which is why identifying the symptoms and knowing the causes are instrumental in obtaining a timely diagnosis as well as in prevention of this disease.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

In the early stages:

  1. Persistent coughing
  2. Chest pain
  3. Bleeding
  4. Fatigue
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Sudden weight loss
  7. Headaches
  8. Coughing up blood

In the later stages:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Joint pain
  3. Facial paralysis
  4. Neck swelling
  5. Blood clotting
  6. Weakness
  7. Sever chest pain

Causes of Lung Cancer

Smoking: People who smoke are more prone to lung cancer. With the increase in the number of cigarettes you smoke, your chances of getting lung cancer increase too. People who don't smoke but are surrounded by the smokers also have high chances of being affected by this form of cancer.

Exposure to Asbestos: Asbestos is a group of mineral, which is present naturally in the environment. Lung cancer can occur due to the inhalation and ingestion of asbestos fibers.

Exposure to Ranon Gas: Ranon is a radioactive gas, which is formed naturally on decaying of radioactive elements. It is found in low levels in the air that we breathe and the water that we drink. Consumption of air and water having this gas leads to lung cancer.

High Levels of Air Pollution: Presence of high levels of dust particles and pollutants in the air that we breathe can cause lung cancer. 1-2% of lung cancer is caused because of it.

High Levels of Arsenic in Drinking Water: Consuming water with arsenic content is harmful as it directly affects the lungs and when the arsenic content is too high, it may lead to lung cancer.

Exposure to Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals like uranium, coal products, gasoline, diesel exhaust and mustard gas can also cause lung cancer.

Family History of Lung Cancer: Chances of getting lung cancer increase if your parents, child or siblings are already prone to lung cancer.

2 people found this helpful

Lung Cancer and Outdoor Air Pollution - Understanding The Risk!

MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Coimbatore
Lung Cancer and Outdoor Air Pollution - Understanding The Risk!

Lung cancer is the cancer killer of both men and women in the U.S. When you think of risk factors for lung cancer, what comes to mind? Most of us think about the risk associated with smoking cigarettes, but did you know that air pollution can also cause lung cancer? Overwhelming evidence shows that particle pollution in the outdoor air we breathe—like that coming from vehicle exhaust, coal-fired power plants and other industrial sources can cause lung cancer. Particle pollution increases the risk of dying early, heart disease and asthma attacks, and it can also interfere with the growth and function of the lungs. 

What is particle pollution?

Particle pollution is a mix of tiny solid and liquid particles in the air and can be made up of a number of components, such as acids, organic chemicals, metals, soil and dust particles. It can be emitted directly from wood stoves, forest fires, vehicles and other sources, and it can also form from other types of pollution that come from sources like power plants. 

Why does particle pollution harm our bodies?

While breathing in larger sizes of particle pollution can be harmful to our health, smaller particles are more dangerous. Bigger particles can irritate your eyes, nose and throat, but our natural defenses help us to cough or sneeze them out of our bodies. Unfortunately, those defenses don't keep out smaller particles, which get trapped deep in the lungs and can even get into the bloodstream, causing damage to our health.

Who is most at risk?

As for who is at risk for health problems from breathing in particle pollution. Those who live where particle pollution levels are high is at risk. Some people face higher risk, including children, the elderly, people with lung and heart disease and diabetes, people with low incomes, and people who work or exercise outdoors.

How do we protect ourselves from particle pollution?

Check the air quality index forecast for the day and limit your activity if pollution levels are high. Avoid exercising along heavily traveled highways regardless of the overall forecast.

As individuals, we can play our part in reducing air pollution levels by trying to avoid creating more of it. Choosing ‘active travel’ options where possible, like walking and cycling, can help reduce pollution levels from transport and is also a great way to be more active, which is linked to a reduced risk of cancer and other diseases.

3 people found this helpful

Precautions of cancer what tab taken or not in cancer. Which food items we have to avoid or which not? Please suggest.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
For remaining healthy and to prevent cancer Few diet tips - Not to eat fried food items and Can eat All green vegetables, moong , chana , Dal , rice etc And to apply ghee over chappati and don’t apply oil over chappati And to drink milk mixed with turmeric powder twice a day And If possible eat eggs on alternate days And If possible in breakfast eat atleast one bajra ka rotla And Eat seasonal fruit
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Respected Sir, I am 22 years old and I think that I am suffering from breast cancer not completely and not sure I self examined I already have sex many times with my husband and I got several information :- 1. My right breast is bigger than left breast. 2. My breast skin is sagged lot more. 3. I got some small type not much bigger stone type (gath) 4. The right breast in the lower side there is (sujan) and swelling in the lower side. 5. In the winter season I got some pain after bathing from cold water and also get pain after wearing tight bra. 6. Also I felt heavy both breast. 7. The center nipple colour of right breast is more spread as compared to left breast. 8. I also have sketched marks in the breast lightly. Sir please tell me from the above information that is exactly sign or first stage or danger stage of breast cancer. Or is it because of sex or intercourse. Please provide me all information to get rid from him, if it is breast cancer Can I take breast tightening tablet or oil to prevent it or any medicine procedure. Suggest me something Sir.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FBD (Fellowship in Breast Diseases), UICC Fellowship
Oncologist, Pune
Hello Lybrate user! From above mentioned information you have a lump along with swelling in your left breast. Go for ultrasound breast and get examined by a breast doctor. Without testing difficult to say on symptom basis that you have something related to cancer. Don't get scared as it could be a no cancerous swelling also.
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Meri maa ka treatment 3 months ago tata hospital me huaa tha. Doctor chemo ke liye bola tha. But maa darr se nhi gayi. tumor kaafi bad gya h, kya ab treatment ho skta h? dard bhi khafi hai. Please advise

Master of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Guwahati
Hi Chandra Chemotherapy is often given for a specific time, such as 6 months or a year. Or you might received chemotherapy for as long as it works. Side effects from many drugs are too severe to give treatment every day. Doctors usually give these drugs with breaks, so you have time to rest and recover before the next treatment. This lets your healthy cells heal. For example, you might get a dose of chemotherapy on the first day and then have 3 weeks of recovery time before repeating the treatment. Each 3-week period is called a treatment cycle. Several cycles make up a course of chemotherapy. A course usually lasts 3 months or more. Please go ahead. Regards.
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I am aged 66 years. I have problems of enlarged prostate for which I am taking silodal D 8 tablets which has side effects no libido, no discharge semen or ejaculation. Also problem of ED. I am diabetic patient under control.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Bangalore
I am aged 66 years. I have problems of enlarged prostate for which I am taking silodal D 8 tablets which has side eff...
I understand your concern and the side effects are true with medication - You get it checked for Andropause - and get things corrected. You can as well change the medication depending upon the examination and radiological abd hematological reports.
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My wife is getting white discharge from both breast upon squeezing from past one week. What is the reason. She is 25 years old and not having baby.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FBD (Fellowship in Breast Diseases), UICC Fellowship
Oncologist, Pune
Milky discharge is mostly because of disturbance in hormonal levels. Better to show a breast doctor. They will advise you few hormonal tests and screening of breast- ultrasound breasts.
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Colon Cancer - Fight It With Ayurveda!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Rajgarh
Colon Cancer - Fight It With Ayurveda!

According to the American Cancer Society and Colon Cancer Alliance, colon cancer, which is also referred to as colorectal cancer is regarded as the third most commonly diagnosed cancer type as well as the second most important reason of cancer death in the U.S. affecting both men and women. But thankfully, colon cancer can be prevented by changing the food habits.

It is also important to get regular screenings through colonoscopy, which will help you to determine the early or precancerous stage that can be treated with the removal of cancerous cells. Colorectal cancer is deemed to be cancer-related to the food habits and it can be prevented by correcting the same. Here are the top ways through which you can help your condition naturally:

  1. Reduce the amount of red meat consumption: Health studies reveal that people who eat red meat on a regular basis are more prone to developing colon cancer. This is because the chemicals required to digest this food damage the DNA material which in turn is the main reason behind the cause of cancer.
  2. Increase the amount of garlic intake: By consuming more garlic, you can reduce the risk of developing different types of cancer, particularly those of the gastrointestinal tract. Garlic is rich in anti-bacterial properties that can block the pathways of cancer causing elements and boost the repair as well as reduce the proliferation of cells. It is also high in selenium and sodium content which are beneficial for the overall health.
  3. Consume all types of plant antioxidants: The bright coloured fruits and vegetables, as well as herbs and spices, can greatly contribute to adding a wide array of antioxidants in your regular diet. Foods that are rich in anti-oxidants include carrots, pomegranates, cranberries, kale, broccoli, tomatoes, apples, cabbage, turmeric, sage, rosemary, saffron, purple and red grapes.
  4. Cook foods in olive oil: Olive oil is rich in anti-cancer properties and it helps in reducing bile acid and increasing the enzymes that can regulate the growth of the cells on the intestine lining so that tissues can be renewed. Antioxidant compounds called phenolics are present in olive oil and have also proven to be a cancer protective anti-oxidant.
  5. Increase the consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids: It has been reported by several types of research that a diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the occurrence of colon cancer and therefore you must eat a lot of salmon, cod, mackerel and sardines for decreasing the pro-inflammatory levels in your body.

These few alterations to your food habits can greatly help you in preventing colon cancer and you can consult your doctor for a detailed analysis and recommendation based on your individual health condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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My mother underwent lumpectomy breast surgery. As per biosphy report, size of tumour is 3 cm x 2.5 cm x 0.8 cm and type of breast cancer is Invasive Ductal Carcinoma, left breast (pT2pN0pMx), Nottingham Grade 2. All the thirteen lymph nodes were free of tumour. ER, Pr report is positive and HEr 2neu is 3 positive. What does this means and here chance of cure. Whether chemotherapy is required and how much does it cost. Kindly guide me.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FBD (Fellowship in Breast Diseases), UICC Fellowship
Oncologist, Pune
Her chances for survival are good. As she is her-2 Positive she will require chemotherapy+ targeted therapy+ hormonal therapy (Er, Pr positive). And she will also require radiotherapy. Cost varies. From place to place.
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Interventional Radiology - How It Can Help In Cancer Treatment?

MBBS, Diploma in Medical Radio Diagnosis (DMRD), MD
Radiologist, Mohali
Interventional Radiology - How It Can Help In Cancer Treatment?

With cancer on the rise, there is a constant search for ways to treat it without having to resort to surgery. One such discovery is interventional radiology (IR). This is a sub-specialty of radiology where minimally invasive techniques are used to diagnose and treat diseases in many organs.

Interventional radiology (IR) is used to:

  1. Manage pain and complications
  2. Perform biopsies
  3. Overall symptom management
  4. Manage metastatic disease

Features:

  1. Image-guided treatment
  2. Minimally invasive, so less pain and easy recovery
  3. Improved accuracy compared to an open surgical procedure

IR Procedures: Some of the common IR procedures performed to help manage cancer are listed below with brief descriptions.

  1. Ablation: Tumor ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that uses extremes of temperature. This procedure can be used to manage symptoms and to treat the tumor. Radiofrequency waves are commonly used and the target organs are lungs, liver, and spine.
  2. Chemoembolization: A minimally invasive approach, especially for deep-seated cancers such as liver. This involves delivering the chemotherapy directly into the artery which is feeding the cancer. The chemotherapy is also combined with blocking agents known as emboli, which improves the success rate of the attack on the cancer cells.
  3. Angiography: This procedure involves mapping the blood vessels. This can help identify abnormal enlargement or narrowing of vessels and blockages. This is done by injecting a dye into the blood vessels, which can then be imaged or viewed through an X-ray scanner.
  4. Biopsies: Thin needles are inserted into the affected organ to remove portions of tissue. This can help in confirming diagnosis, and in cases of very small lesions, even complete removal is possible.
  5. Pain management: Cancer is notorious for causing bone and joint pains as the growing tumor presses on the surrounding tissues. Where routine pain killers do not work, injections into the joint space are required. IR helps in this area by directing the injections into the appropriate spaces.
  6. Catheter placement: Where there is need for constant draining of fluids from cancers, IR is used for appropriate placement of catheters.
  7. Port placement: In patients who need to be given chemotherapy for prolonged periods, ports are placed which act as injection sites without the need for multiple pricks.

What can the patient expect?

  1. These are done as outpatient procedures, often in the morning
  2. Do not eat or drink in the morning
  3. Take your prescription medications with water alone
  4. Arrange for transport so you can return home as driving is not allowed
  5. Confirm any other specific instructions or advice with the lab performing this procedure.

The role of IR in managing cancer is only set to expand in the coming years.

Renal Cell Carcinoma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Renal Cell Carcinoma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), 20qw revealed that renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults.

Possible Causes of Renal Cell Carcinoma
There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney.

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following:

  1. Old age
  2. Persistent smoking
  3. Exposure to substances such as herbicide, cadmium etc.
  4. A family history of renal carcinoma
  5. Hypertension
  6. Inherited syndrome such as Hippel-Lindau disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome etc.
  7. Obesity
  8. An existing case of kidney failure

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma.

Feasible Treatment Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for.

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy.
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure.
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth.

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful

My grandfather has been suffering from prostate cancer since many years ago. He is no able to take proper sleep because of his urine problem. Can he take sleeping pill so that he can take proper sleep well. If yes, so kindly tell me which sleeping pill he should take?

MBBS, MD-Radio Therapy
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
My grandfather has been suffering from prostate cancer since many years ago. He is no able to take proper sleep becau...
Dear Ms. lybrate-user is your grandfather taking treatment for prostate cancer. If not he should take it. It may help to get rid of urinary symptoms there are other medicines also for urinary symptoms. Sleep medicine can be taken under medical guidance. He can come and consult.
2 people found this helpful
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Which cancer centres offer treatment of breast cancer stage 2A by IMMUNOCONLOGY or along with Traditional Chemotherapy +target chemotherapy followed by Mastectomy & radiation. Comments on treatment by Immunoncology. Any hospital offering TARGET CHEMO DRUGS DELIVERY SYSTEM. Diet & other steps to avoid mastectomy in a patient with stage 2A having NEGATIVE ER/ PR but HER 2NEU being positive pl.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FBD (Fellowship in Breast Diseases), UICC Fellowship
Oncologist, Pune
Any stage of breast cancer require s surgery as surgery will remove the cancerous part. Only surgery covers 60-70 percent of cancer treatment. While chemotherapy, radiotherapy and targeted therapy all included in 30-40 percent of cancer treatment in breast. So don't avoid surgery. Finish full treatment for better survival and outcome. Our center provide all these treatment. If you wish to come here we will plan your treatment accordingly.
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Prostate Cancer - Symptoms And Diagnosis

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Prostate Cancer - Symptoms And Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer is a form of cancer that affects men. The prostate is basically a small gland that sits in the male pelvic cavity and is responsible for producing seminal fluid or semen, from its position under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. The testosterone hormone controls this gland.

Prostate cancer refers to the growth of a malignant mass of cells which can also be called a tumour. More about this cancer:

  • Risk Factors: The various risk factors involved in this kind of cancer are many. Advanced age, a family history of the same disease, obesity as well as genetic changes can lead to the development of this kind of tumour.
  • Types: There are basically two types of prostate cancer, including fast growing or aggressive, and slow growing or non-aggressive. Yet, it is also important to remember that not every abnormal growth in this gland can be termed as a tumour, or is a sign of prostate cancer. A malignant growth signifies prostate cancer. This tumour can grow at a fast pace for aggressive prostate cancer, while it can grow and spread slowly for the non-aggressive type.
  • Symptoms: It is possible to not have any kind of obvious symptoms when suffering from this kind of cancer. The symptoms usually begin to show up when the cancer has reached a more advanced stage. These include urinary problems, most significantly. The patient may go through pain and difficulty when it comes to urinating. This pain may also occur during ejaculation. The patient may also find blood discharge in the semen upon ejaculation and suffer from sexual dysfunction as well. Pain in the chest, pelvic area and back are also common symptoms of prostate cancer, which may gradually turn into numbness in the said areas as well.
  • Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the issue will be done by a specialist from the urology department. After a physical examination where a diagnosis of the symptoms and other check ups will happen, the doctor may conduct lab tests to check the blood, urine and other samples. Further, imaging tests like MRI and CT scans will also be conducted. A digital rectal exam and prostate biopsy will also help in effective diagnosis.
  • Treatment: The treatment of this kind of cancer usually depends on the severity of the symptoms and the spread of the tumour. Besides active observation, the doctor may also recommend radiation, chemotherapy and surgery based on the age and health condition of the patient. If you happen to find even subtle symptoms which could point towards this disease, do not hesitate to get in touch with the doctor.
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I'm 21 unmarried please suggest me how lift my breast I can't able to use my all dress I am feeling shy about this my weight is 66. 3 kg I think this is also a reason for that.

American Board of Plastic Surgery, , American Board Of General Surgery, MS - Dermatology, M.B.B.S
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Dear Ms. lybrate-user, It is a pleasure to hear from you. You will benefit from Thermi Tight procedure. ThermiBreast is an application that may be used for patients who seek to enhance their natural breast appearance, without visible scars. Thermi Breast uses controlled applied heat to contract tissue. This is done by placing a small probe under the skin to gently heat specific tissues to a physician selected therapeutic temperature. Regards.
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Vitamin e capsule contains methyl and propyl parabens is that good for health and face or it causes any effects some says breast cancers will come from parabens is that true?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FBD (Fellowship in Breast Diseases), UICC Fellowship
Oncologist, Pune
Parabens are not good in higher amount for health. Better to avoid. You can take vitamin E from natural sources like almonds, spinach, avocado, sweet potato, wheat germ, sunflower seeds etc. Try to include vitamin C in your diet for better repair of all body tissue s.
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