ROP or retinopathy of prematurity is an eye condition that affects prematurely born babies. Premature babies kept in intensive neonatal care under oxygen therapy generally develop this disease. It is difficult to make out if the child has ROP by simply looking into their eyes. Symptoms are:
• Abnormal eye movements
• White pupils
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by an ophthalmoscopic examination
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Laser surgery, the standard treatment for advanced ROP, saves sight in the main part of the visual field, but at the cost of side (peripheral) vision. Laser surgery also requires general anesthesia, which may be risky for preterm infants.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disease was first described in a premature baby in 1942. Between 1941–1953, over 12,000 babies worldwide were affected by it. Soul musician Stevie Wonder, actor Tom Sullivan, and jazz singer Diane Schuur are a few famous people who have the disease.