Papilledema is a very serious condition caused by budge of the optic nerve. This nerve is a tissue that connects the posterior side of the eyeball and its retina to the brain. Hence, any swelling caused by trauma or disease in the intracranial space can compress the optic nerve. Similarly inflammation in this nerve also causes papilledema in addition to high blood pressure, which can also trigger this malady.
Some of the most found reasons for this illness are encephalitis, brain abscess, brain tumor, pseudo tumor cerebra, intracranial hypertension, intracranial hypertension and obesity.
Symptoms that are primarily associated with this illness are severe headache, nausea with vomiting and in advanced stages changes in vision and even optic blackouts. Optic neuritis symptoms are most often associated with advanced papilledema patients. Optic neuritis symptoms are a critical condition that can lead to temporary vision loss.
The papilledema treatment depends on the cause of this malady. So while brain surgery and related treatments are needed for papilledema patients suffering from brain tumor, medicines may be prescribed as papilledema treatment for patients who are suffering from hypertension or obesity.
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