The immune system is extremely important in an individual's system. A strong immune system helps to combat the invasion of foreign particles and consequently resists the diseases. Vaccination in such a context becomes imperative as it strengthens an individual's immunity. In vaccination, antigens or germs are given in very small doses. They stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against that particular infection. Vaccinations are provided to both children and adults to protect them from a number of diseases. However, different vaccinations are provided in different ages according to the susceptibility to diseases.
Some of the vaccinations that are provided to newborns are:
1. Hepatitis B vaccine: This vaccination is given in order to prevent the child from having Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver disease that if persists can lead to liver failure or even liver cancer. This vaccine must be injected immediately after the birth of the baby. The first dose must be followed by administering a second dose within a span of a month or two.
2. Rotavirus Vaccine (RV): This vaccine, taken orally, prevents the infant from Rotavirus. This virus causes vomiting and diarrhea in children that often leads to severe dehydration. This vaccine is administered within two to four months of the baby's birth. Sometimes, on doctor's prescription a second dose may be necessary in the sixth month.
3. Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids: This is a combination of various vaccines that protects the child from tetanus and diphtheria. Newborns are extremely prone to diphtheria that causes fatal illness and sometimes even deaths in children. This vaccination thereby, is extremely important and must be administered within two or four months and must be followed up with secondary doses later under the doctor's supervision. Vaccinations do not end with childhood. In many cases adults too need to be vaccinated against certain diseases. Some of them are:
Vaccines are not just for kids; the human body can be vulnerable to viruses during any time period of life. It is important for an adult to get vaccinated regularly, else there are always chances that some virus or infection may attack you in a severe way.
Let's look at some of the vaccines adults should get for a healthy and ensured life:
Human Papilloma Vaccine: Human Papillomavirus is one such deadly virus that is responsible for Cervical Cancer in women and Skin or Genital Warts in both men and women. There are over 100 types of Human Papillomavirus that can spread between people through skin contact. Around 40 of them pass on through sexual contact. HPV vaccine is available in any reputed hospital.
There are two kinds of HPV vaccines -
When should we get it?
You can get HPV vaccine anytime; one single shot lasts about two years.
Pneumococcal Vaccine -
Who should get this vaccine?
How many vaccine shots should I get?
PCV 13 and PPSV23 is prescribed to the elderly over the age of 60. PCV13 is to be taken at first and PPSV23 to be taken one year after the first shot.
Hepatitis Vaccine -
Strains of Hepatitis Viruses like A, B and C attack the Liver and can cause Liver failure in adults. There are vaccines to prevent the human body from Type A and Type B. However, there’s no vaccine for hepatitis C yet.
Who can get it?
When to get it?
Hepatitis vaccine can be taken during any time of the year.
Vaccine options for Flu:
Vaccine options for Typhoid:
Vaccine options for Pneumococcal:
Vaccine option for Hepatitis A:
Vaccine for Hepatitis B:
Human body is vulnerable throughout its life. Deadly viruses can attack our body anytime, and we must stay prepared and ahead of them. The vaccines mentioned above would help in avoiding some of the common but dangerous diseases.
What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B-
Causes of Hepatitis B-
Risk factors of Hepatitis B-
Complications of Hepatitis B-
Diagnosis of Hepatitis B-
There are a number of tests that can be used to diagnose hepatitis B infection:
Precautions & Prevention of Hepatitis B-
Treatment of Hepatitis B
Homeopathic Treatment of Hepatitis B-
Homeopathy is strongly recommended in cases of hepatitis. Homeopathy is known to work to the immunological level, and has proven its efficacy in the treatment of a wide range of viral infections. Homeopathic treatment can also help in preventing and curing the complications of Hepatitis B. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of Hepatitis B are:
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hepatitis B-
Treating chronic or acute hepatitis with acupuncture is a long term process, especially if the condition has been present for many years. Acupuncture and herbs may be especially useful if Western drugs have not been able to reduce the viral load effectively. Acupuncturists usually diagnose hepatitis as Damp Heat in the Liver or Spleen.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hepatitis B-
There are two categories of drugs used to treat chronic hepatitis B: nucleoside analogues and immunomodulators. The immunomodulators include interferon alfa and pegylated interferon. Interferon alfa was one of the first drugs approved to treat hepatitis B. It induces seroconversion from highly infective HBeAg to less infective anti-HBe status in 30 to 40 percent of patients. Lamivudine is the other mainstay of hepatitis B treatment. It helps suppress the replication of the virus and delay the progression of the disease.
Surgical Treatment of Hepatitis B-
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver. There is no surgical treatment for hepatitis B. If your liver has been severely damaged, a liver transplant may be an option. During a liver transplant, the surgeon removes your damaged liver and replaces it with a healthy liver.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hepatitis B-Eat a normal healthy and balanced diet