Drotaverine is an effective medicine to treat twitches or spasm of the smooth muscles usually in the stomach and heart. It is used to relieve pain caused due to headache, irritable bowel syndrome, menstrual periods, and is also used to relieve cervical spasm during labor. Drotaverine is also used for chest pain, abdominal pain, gallstones pain in the kidneys, pain in renal colic and other conditions.
The possible side-effects that may occur on using this medicine are nausea, vomiting, fainting, dry mouth, sleep disorders, constipation, flushing, allergic dermatitis, swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet, falling of blood pressure and change in pulse rate.
Drotaverine is not recommended in patients with severe heart, liver, and kidney disease. This drug should be used with caution in patients suffering from a genetic disorder of the skin and blood. People who have allergic reactions, are pregnant or are breastfeeding are also advised to avoid taking this medicine. This medicine may interact with a few other drugs like atropine, diclofenac, levodopa and diazepam. Inform your doctor about taking any other medications, before starting the course of this medicine.
Drotaverine comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food. The recommended dose for adults is usually 40-80 mg, three times a day but it can vary depending on your condition. If taken orally as an antispasmodic by children between the age of 1 to 6, the recommended dose is 20 mg, three to four time daily. In children older than 6 years of age, the dosage is generally increased to 40 mg.
Govt bans 344 drugs, including phensedyl, corex
Sr. No. Product name (irrational fdc)
1 aceclofenac + paracetamol + rabeprazole
2 nimesulide + diclofenac
3 nimesulide + cetirizine + caffeine
4 nimesulide + tizanidine
5 paracetamol + cetirizine + caffeine
6 diclofenac + tramadol + chlorzoxazone
7 dicyclomine + paracetamol + domperidone
8 nimesulide + paracetamol
9 paracetamol + phenylephrine + caffeine
10 diclofenac+ tramadol + paracetamol
11 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorzoxazone + famotidine
12 naproxen + paracetamol
13 nimesulide + serratiopeptidase
14 paracetamol + diclofenac + famotidine
15 nimesulide + pifofenone + fenpiverinium + benzyl alcohol
16 omeprazole + paracetamol + diclofenac
17 nimesulide + paracetamol injection
18 tamsulosin + diclofenac
19 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
20 diclofenac + zinc carnosine
21 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine maleate + magnesium trisillicate
22 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + cetrizine
23 phenylbutazone + sodium salicylate
24 lornoxicam + paracetamol + trypsin
25 paracetamol + mefenamic acid + ranitidine + dicylomine
26 nimesulide + dicyclomine
27 heparin + diclofenac
28 glucosamine + methyl sulfonyl methane + vitamini d3 + maganese + boron + copper + zinc
29 paracetamol + tapentadol
30 tranexamic acid + proanthocyanidin
31 benzoxonium chloride + lidocaine
32 lornoxicam + paracetamol + tramadol
33 lornoxicam + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
34 diclofenac + paracetamol + magnesium trisilicate
35 paracetamol + domperidone + caffeine
36 ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
37 paracetamol + prochlorperazine maleate
38 serratiopeptidase (enteric coated 20000 units) + diclofenac potassium & 2 tablets of doxycycline
39 nimesulide + paracetamol suspension
40 aceclofenac + paracetamol + famotidine
41 aceclofenac + zinc carnosine
42 paracetamol + disodium hydrogen citrate + caffeine
43 paracetamol + dl methionine
44 disodium hydrogen citrate + paracetamol
45 paracetamol + caffeine + codeine
46 aceclofenac (sr) + paracetamol
47 diclofenac + paracetamol injection
48 azithromycin + cefixime
49 amoxicillin + dicloxacillin
50 amoxicillin 250 mg + potassium clavulanate diluted 62.5 mg
51 azithromycin + levofloxacin
52 cefixime + linezolid
53 amoxicillin + cefixime + potassium clavulanic acid
54 ofloxacin + nitazoxanide
55 cefpodoxime proxetil + levofloxacin
56 azithromycin, secnidazole and fluconazole kit
57 levofloxacin + ornidazole + alpha tocopherol acetate
58 nimorazole + ofloxacin
59 azithromycin + ofloxacin
60 amoxycillin + tinidazole
61 doxycycline + serratiopeptidase
62 cefixime + levofloxacin
63 ofloxacin + metronidazole + zinc acetate
64 diphenoxylate + atropine + furazolidonee
65 fluconazole tablet, azithromycin tablet and ornidazole tablets
66 ciprofloxacin + phenazopyridine
67 amoxycillin + dicloxacillin + serratiopeptidase
68 azithromycin + cefpodoxime
69 lignocaine + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + beclomethasone
70 cefuroxime + linezolid
71 ofloxacin + ornidazole + zinc bisglycinate
72 metronidazole + norfloxacin
73 amoxicillin + bromhexine
74 ciprofloxacin + fluticasone + clotrimazole + neomycin is
75 metronidazole + tetracycline
76 cephalexin + neomycin + prednisolone
77 azithromycin + ambroxol
78 cilnidipine + metoprolol succinate + metoprolol tartrate
79 l-arginine + sildenafil
80 atorvastatin + vitamin d3 + folic acid + vitamin b12 + pyridoxine
81 metformin + atorvastatin
82 clindamycin + telmisartan
83 olmesartan + hydrochlorothiazide + chlorthalidone
84 l-5-methyltetrahydrofolate calcium + escitalopram
85 pholcodine + promethazine
86 paracetamol + promethazine
87 betahistine + ginkgo biloba extract + vinpocetine + piracetam
88 cetirizine + diethyl carbamazine
89 doxylamine + pyridoxine + mefenamic acid + paracetamol
90 drotaverine + clidinium + chlordiazepoxide
91 imipramine + diazepam
92 flupentixol + escitalopram
93 paracetamol + prochloperazine
94 gabapentin + mecobalamin + pyridoxine + thiamine
95 imipramine + chlordiazepoxide + trifluoperazine + trihexyphenidyl
96 chlorpromazine + trihexyphenidyl
97 ursodeoxycholic acid + silymarin
98 metformin 1000/1000/500/500mg + pioglitazone 7.5/7.5/7.5/7.5mg + glimepiride
99 gliclazide 80 mg + metformin 325 mg
100 voglibose+ metformin + chromium picolinate
101 pioglitazone 7.5/7.5mg + metformin 500/1000mg
102 glimepiride 1mg/2mg/3mg + pioglitazone 15mg/15mg/15mg + metformin 1000mg/1000mg/1000mg
103 glimepiride 1mg/2mg+ pioglitazone 15mg/15mg + metformin 850mg/850mg
104 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 2mg
105 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 1mg
106 metformin 500mg/500mg+gliclazide sr 30mg/60mg + pioglitazone 7.5mg/7.5mg
107 voglibose + pioglitazone + metformin
108 metformin + bromocriptine
109 metformin + glimepiride + methylcobalamin
110 pioglitazone 30 mg + metformin 500 mg
111 glimepiride + pioglitazone + metformin
112 glipizide 2.5mg + metformin 400 mg
113 pioglitazone 15mg + metformin 850 mg
114 metformin er + gliclazide Mr. + voglibose
115 chromium polynicotinate + metformin
116 metformin + gliclazide + piogllitazone + chromium polynicotinate
117 metformin + gliclazide + chromium polynicotinate
118 glibenclamide + metformin (sr)+ pioglitazone
119 metformin (sustainded release) 500mg + pioglitazone 15 mg + glimepiride 3mg
120 metformin (sr) 500mg + pioglitazone 5mg
121 chloramphenicol + beclomethasone + clomitrimazole + lignocaine
122 of clotrimazole + ofloxaxin + lignocaine + glycerine and propylene glycol
123 chloramphennicol + lignocaine + betamethasone + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + antipyrine
124 ofloxacin + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
125 gentamicin sulphate + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
126 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + ofloxacin + lignocaine
127 becloemthasone + clotrimazole + chloramphenicol + gentamycin + lignocaine ear
128 flunarizine + paracetamole + domperidone
129 rabeprazole + zinc carnosine
130 magaldrate + famotidine + simethicone
131 cyproheptadine + thiamine
132 magaldrate + ranitidine + pancreatin + domperidone
133 ranitidine + magaldrate + simethicone
134 magaldrate + papain + fungul diastase + simethicone
135 rabeprazole + zinc + domperidone
136 famotidine + oxytacaine + magaldrate
137 ranitidine + domperidone + simethicone
138 alginic acid + sodium bicarbonate + dried aluminium hydroxide + magnesium hydroxide
139 clidinium + paracetamol + dicyclomine + activated dimethicone
140 furazolidone + metronidazole + loperamide
141 rabeprazole + diclofenac + paracetamol
142 ranitidine + magaldrate
143 norfloxacin+ metronidazole + zinc acetate
144 zinc carnosine + oxetacaine
145 oxetacaine + magaldrate + famotidine
146 pantoprazole (as enteric coated tablet) + zinc carnosine (as film coated tablets)
147 zinc carnosine + magnesium hydroxide + dried aluminium hydroxide + simethicone
148 zinc carnosine + sucralfate
149 mebeverine & inner hpmc capsule (streptococcus faecalis + clostridium butyricum + bacillus
Mesentricus + lactic acid bacillus)
150 clindamycin + clotrimazole + lactic acid bacillus
Avoid this combinations and be safe.
Carboxytherapy refers to the cutaneous and subcutaneous administration of carbon dioxide gas [CO2] for therapeutic purposes. Carboxytherapy originated at the Royal Spas of France in 1932 with the treatment of patients afflicted by peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Studies have demonstrated that carboxytherapy improves skin elasticity, improves circulation, encourages collagen repair, improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and destroys localized fatty deposits.
How Carboxytherapy Works
For Dark Undereye Circles: Poor circulation and vascular pooling beneath the lower eyelids is the main cause of dark undereye circles. Carboxytherapy works by injecting a small amount of CO2 just beneath the skin to increase circulation and collagen formation in the lower eyelid.
For Stretch Marks: Carbon dioxide causes the formation of new collagen and later thickens the skin to improve the stretch marks appearance and texturally damaged skin. Carboxytherapy will help to improve the colour of white stretch marks and helps to tone down the inflammation of new ones.
For Scars: Carboxytherapy triggers the healing process to produce collagen to the affected area, leading to faster and more complete healing.
For Hair Rejuvenation: When carbon dioxide is injected in areas where hair is thinning or shedding, it will help to improve circulation of the scalp. Carboxytherapy promotes blood flow to the area by causing vasodilation of vessels in the area to help hair follicles grow healthier and thicker.
For Cellulite: Carbon dioxide gas is directly toxic to the fat cells, causing it to burst. In turn, the liquefied fatty substance is removed naturally by the body. Carbon dioxide also helps to increase blood flow, which stimulates collagen production and will further improve skin tone.
For Fat/Spot Reduction: Carbon dioxide widens the blood vessels of the treated area. It will increase blood circulation which leads to a fast administration of oxygen and nutrients to the affected area. Carbon dioxide also mechanically breaks membranes of fat cells which are then eliminated naturally by the body.
How is Carbon Dioxide Therapy performed?
Carboxytherapy is a non surgical technique where by CO2 is infiltrated into the subcutaneous fat via the smallest needle available (30G X ½ in). From one injection point the carbon dioxide diffuses easily into adjacent tissues so you won't feel like a pin cushion. Treatments take 15-20 minutes.
How many Sessions are required
For Dark Undereye Circles: Depending on how sever the dark circles are 1 to 6 sessions are required spaced a week apart. The results usually last 3 to 6 months.
For Stretch Marks: Newer or mild stretch marks should be treated for 2-4 weeks once per week. For older or more severe stretch marks should be treated once per week for 3-12 weeks.
For Scars: 3-12 sessions are needed spaced once a week apart.
What is the down time?
Carboxytherapy is a technique with very little downtime. Injections are insufflating CO2 gas which is a natural gas produced by the body itself. The body has all the systems to eliminate this amount of CO2 in a few minutes. Although immediate visual effects of gas injections maybe important, almost 100% of patient leave the office with nothing anyone notice. No downtime for Dark undereye circles, stretchmarks, cellulite, Fat reduction, scars, and hair rejuvenation. Patients must know that 20% of the sessions may results in bruises which may take 4-8 days to resolve completely. Compared to laser procedures or other aesthetics treatment, carboxytherapy is probably one of the treatments with shortest even null time.
When Can You see results
For Dark Under eye Circles: You will see results after 1 treatment. A series of 6 treatments spaced a week apart is required to achieve great results.
For Stretch Marks: Results are immediate. The tissue improves and the skin becomes firm and smoother.
For Scars: Results may be apparent after every treatment however most clients are satisfied after a series of 6 or more sessions.
For Hair Rejuvenation: After the treatment, immediately it increases the blood supply right away and patients will notice dramatic results when combined with other hair loss treatments. Optimal results are seen with maintenance after 6 to 12 months.
For Cellulite: Noticeable results are shown within 3 treatments
For Fat/Spot Reduction: Immediate results are noticeable after the first treatment. For optimal results, 8-10 sessions are required for localized fat reduction with carboxytherapy.
Is the Treatment Painful?
The treatment is not painful. Some patients can experience a light tingling sensation near the injection site. It disappears within a matter of seconds. As a result of the increased circulation the area surrounding th injection site may feel warmer for 10-20 minutes. Clients usually do not feel anything when treating scars as there are no nerve ending in scar tissue.
The only potential side effect is bruising at the injection site. This is most common on the arms and legs.
"More than ever before in human history, we share a common destiny. We can master it only if we face it together. And that, my friends, is why we have the United Nations." - Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan passed away in Switzerland, at the age of 80. He was Secretary General of United Nations from 1997 - 2006. He was the only Black African to have served at this coveted position. Apart from being Secretary General, he was also a winner of Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with UN itself.
What World Leaders said about his sad demise:
Leaders all over the world are shocked over his death. Here are some of the statements made by popular leaders:
UK PM Theresa May:
"Sad to hear of the death of Kofi Annan. A great leader and reformer of the UN, he made a huge contribution to making the world he has left a better place than the one he was born into. My thoughts and condolences are with his family."
UN Chief Antonio Guterres:
"In many ways, Kofi Annan was the United Nations. He rose through the ranks to lead the organization into the new millennium with matchless dignity and determination"
Ex-US President Barack Obama:
"Annan had always pursued 'a better world'."
A quick timeline of Kofi Annan’s life and career
Cause of Death of Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan was in Switzerland, with his family by his side, during his last days. The details of his death are still sketchy, and his family has not yet released official information about the cause of death; except that he died of a short sickness. However, some of the publications believe that he died due to a Protracted Illness.
A protracted illness is a type of sickness that typically lasts a few months. This is different from a Chronic illness that could last for a very long time. There could be multiple reasons for a Protracted illness, like pneumonia, bronchitis, etc. An example of a Chronic illness is Diabetes.
The statement released by his family about his death did not divulge many details about what type of sickness he was suffering from and there are only theories at this time. However, the details would probably be available soon that what caused the death of this peacekeeper.
Kofi Annan worked towards making the world a better place. His work encapsulated all the corners of the world, with a special focus on the African continent, where he worked tirelessly for the upliftment of all the countries. He ensured that his work would not stop, even in his absence. For this, he set up Kofi Annan foundation in 2007. This foundation is now taking forward the causes he was working on.
Here is a parting quote from this visionary leader who will be forever missed:
"To live is to choose. But to choose well, you must know who you are and what you stand for, where you want to go and why you want to get there."