Clostridium difficile is a bacterium that causes diarrhoea and more serious intestinal conditions such as colitis. The various symptoms are:
• Watery diarrhoea (at least three bowel movements per day for two or more days)
• Loss of appetite
• Abdominal pain or tenderness
HOW IS CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of Clostridium Difficile is done by the sample of stool which is tested in the laboratory. The test looks for the poison (toxin) that is produced by the bacteria in the stool sample. Blood tests, X-ray of the abdomen or a CT scan may be suggested in severe cases.
HOW IS CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE TREATED?
The treatment of the infection depends on the severity of the illness. There is no treatment required if there are no symptoms. In severe cases, the treatment recommended is:
• Stopping any antibiotics
• Starting a different antibiotic
• Fluid replacement
DID YOU KNOW?
A weak immune system after treatment of a chronic ailment can also be the cause of this illness.