The term Empyema Thoracis is used to define an illness where pus tends to accumulate between the lungs and the inner surface around the chest area. This is a kind of pus that cannot be coughed out and usually occurs post pneumonia. Dry cough, fever and breath shortness post pneumonia are common symptoms.
HOW IS EMPYEMA THORACIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is usually done by a general physician or a pulmonologist who will conduct chest X rays as well as an ultrasound to check the amount of the fluid and the area where it has accumulated. Blood tests and a thoracentesis will also be conducted to extract sample fluid to check for bacteria and protein content.
HOW IS EMPYEMA THORACIS TREATED?
Empyema Thoracis requires emergency treatment, which is usually combination of medications and surgery. A two-week antibiotic course is administered intravenously. This is suitable for treating disease in the first stage. For severe Empyema Thoracis surgical draining of fluid and closing of the space in the pleural cavity is required.
DID YOU KNOW?
Empyema Thoracis if left untreated results in development of large abscess that may rupture and block the airway