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Congenital ear problem treatment refers to a surgical form of treatment performed by ENT surgeons to correct congenital ear anomalies or ear problems in children. Congenital ear anomalies are the problems that affect the shape and the position of the ear in children since birth. There are different types of congenital ear problems. Microtia is an ear problem in which the entire portion of the child's inner ear is perfectly fine, but part or majority of the outer ear structure is lacking. This might happen to one or both the ears. Without the external structure, it'll not be possible to filter sound waves to the inner ear and as such the child faces difficulty in hearing. Another type of congenital ear problem is the prominent ears. This is basically cosmetic in nature but has nothing to do with hearing impairment. Finally, there are long/ cupped ears wherein the rims of the ears are tightened or rolled into a tube thus leading to inner ear deformities, which is turn affects a child's ability to hear.
Depending on the type of anomaly being treated, the ENT surgeon decides the surgical technique to be followed. A child suffering from microtia may undergo one or several surgical stages including external ear structure construction, addressing the hearing problem and also working on the development of middle or inner ears. Surgical treatment for microtia can be performed at even 4 years of age. Again in case of prominent ears, an ENT surgeon will ""pin back the ears"" without affecting the hearing functionality. This surgery is generally performed only when a child's ear is fully grown. Finally, for long/ cupped ears, depending upon the severity of the condition, the surgery can either involve a simple surgery to shorten the cartilage or may involve an extensive process of grafting the cartilage to rebuild the ear structure or repositioning the entire ear. Congenital ear problem treatments are time-consuming and you have to be patient to get your ear deformities corrected. Speaking about the treatment cost, the same largely depends upon the severity of your condition and treatment technique being followed.
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