A hydrocele hernia develops when fluid collects in the inguinal canal in the scrotum or testicle. Hydroceles usually do not have any symptoms and are often painless but in babies a swelling will be observed.
HOW IS HYDROCELE HERNIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Hydrocele Hernia is done through a physical examination of the enlarged scrotum. The general physician may look for tenderness and apply pressure on abdomen and scrotum to check for inguinal hernia. Blood and urine tests help detect any infection. Ultrasound helps confirm hernia.
HOW IS HYDROCELE HERNIA TREATED?
In baby boys, Hydrocele Hernia usually disappears as they grow. If it does not disappear and grows in size, surgical removal is the treatment method. Follow up after surgery is done through a scrotal support strap. Ice packs help reduce swelling
DID YOU KNOW?
If not treated, this problem can lead to lack of sexual functions and libido along with posing a risk for cancer.
Hernia develops when an organ protrudes through the cavity in which it is normally placed. It mostly occurs in the groin and abdominal areas. Often hereditary in nature, hernias can also develop because of:
• Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
• Collagen Vascular Disease
• Peritoneal dialysis
• Previous open appendectomy
Inguinal, umbilical and incisional hernia are the three main types of hernia. Femoral and hiatal hernias are more uncommon.
• Inguinal hernia: When the contents of the abdominal cavity protrude into the inguinal canal, inguinal hernia develops. Largely painless, this hernia can induce mild discomfort while exercising, coughing or defecation. A visible pear-shaped bulge may develop on the right side of the groin which grows bigger in size when the patient is standing up.
Surgery is required if the hernia cannot be placed back into the abdomen and becomes ‘incarcerated’. In some cases, the inguinal hernia may block blood supply to a part of the intestine. This stage, called ‘strangulation’ may cause gangrenes and gut ischemia, both of which are potentially fatal.
• Umbilical hernia: If the wall of the abdomen and the navel are damaged, it causes umbilical hernia. Manifested in the form of abnormal swelling of the naval region, umbilical hernia is usually present in infants and resolves itself without medical intervention by the time the child is 2 or 3 years old.
If the hernia develops from a congenital malformation of the navel or is acquired as a result of an increase in intra-abdominal pressure due to obesity, persistent coughing or multiple pregnancies, medical attention is required. They are usually treated with medicines and kept under observation.
1. Incisional hernia: Incisional hernia develops at or around an imperfectly healed surgical wound. It usually appears as a bulge at the sight of the scar.
• Femoral hernia: When the contents of the abdominal cavity pas through a weak spot known as the femoral canal, femoral hernia occurs. More common in women than in men and in children below the age of one, femoral hernia is visible in the form of a globular lump in the groin area.
• Hiatal hernia: If the upper part of the stomach protrudes into the thorax through the hiatus of the oesophagus as a result of a tear in the diaphragm, hiatus or hiatal hernia develops. It may cause symptoms like dull chest pains, shortness of breath, heartburn and heart palpitations. In most cases however, it has no symptoms.
Hernia treatment usually includes hernia operations. The hernia operations can however be complicated as a result of the following developments:
• Haemorrhaging or internal bleeding.
• Irreducibility, Incarceration and Strangulation.
• Inflammation or an injury causing swollenness or redness of any part of the body.
• Obstruction of lumen.
• Hydrocele of the hernial sac causing accumulation of body fluid in a body cavity.
• Autoimmune problems in which the immunity system of the body turns against itself and starts destroying cells.
Hernia operations are usually routine. If complicated by any of the aforementioned conditions however, there are significant risks involved.
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