When any organ bulges through a weak spot in the muscles or the fascia (the connective tissue), the condition is termed as Hernia. The types of a hernia are incisional (resulting from an incision), Hiatal (upper stomach), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button) and inguinal (inner groin). Hernia is a very common problem for people of all ages. Depending on the cause of a hernia it can develop quickly or over an extended period. Hernia treatment mainly depends on the size of a hernia and severity of the symptoms. Various kind of treatment are available like, a hiatal hernia can treat by dietary changes as well patient has to avoid large meals and also need to manage the posture after meals. The patient can also improve the symptoms by avoiding foods which produce acid reflux and heartburn. Weight loss is also advisable. Hernia can not be treated with medication, but we can improve symptom and reduce the discomfort by reducing the stomach acid with the help of antacids, H2 receptors blockers and proton pump inhibitors in case of a hiatal hernia. Another way of treatment is surgery, two type of surgery apply to treat a hernia. Open surgery: One cut is made by the surgeon to push the lump back into the abdomen and swings the hole in the abdominal wall closed during operation. This is most commonly done by patching the hole with surgical mesh. It requires a long recovery process nearly five to six weeks. It may damage the surrounding tissue during the surgery, but the recurrence of a hernia is less. Keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery: this is a less invasive, but more difficult. The use of a tiny camera and smaller surgical equipment to repair a hernia using only a few small incisions is less damaging to the surrounding tissue. Most people will able to go home the same day and require few weeks for recovery. However, the recurrence of a hernia is more and also all a hernia can't be treated with this technique. It is crucial to diagnose the early sign of a hernia and need full attention to operating it properly. An untreated hernia will not go away without treatment, only can minimize the symptoms with lifestyle changes and medication.
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