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USG Scan - Third Trimester Health Feed

Vomiting Excessively - How Pregnant Women Can Tackle It?

Vomiting Excessively - How Pregnant Women Can Tackle It?
While pregnancy is not a pathological condition, it is a happy time that can be marred by various conditions. Debilitating morning or all day sickness, which is usually characterised by nausea, reflux in the gastro esophageal band, heartburn and acidity. This can also turn into vomiting and lead to complications if it does not stop. Persistent, almost daily vomiting can be termed as excessive vomiting in pregnancy, and this is known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum in medical terms. Let us find out more about this condition.

Routine:

Hyperemesis Gravidarum usually strikes as a matter of routine at a set time everyday where the patient will either be in unappetising company of acute and painful acidity and nausea, or will also be vomiting.

Severity:

The severity of the condition usually decreases as the patient's pregnancy progresses. Usually, this condition strikes around the fourth or fifth week of pregnancy, before becoming better towards the middle of the second trimester. There are cases, though, where it continues to be just as severe till the very end of the pregnancy.

When to take Action:

The patient may have to be hospitalised in case too much vomiting takes place, so as to prevent excess loss of water and salt from the body, and resultant weakness which may affect the growth of the foetus. Also, it is best to call the doctor when you have experienced fainting and dizzy spells.

Causes:

Hyperemesis Gravidarum or excessive vomiting during pregnancy cannot be attributed to any specific or single cause. Usually, it is known to be a genetic condition passed down by mothers to their daughters. But in most cases, doctors believe that the condition is due to hormonal changes where an increase in the HCG hormone, or Human Chronic Gonadotropin hormone level during pregnancy may lead to a variety of symptoms such as morning sickness or excessive vomiting. This hormone is known to be at its peak during pregnancy.

Risk Factors:

It has mostly been seen that women who are carrying twins are at risk of suffering from this condition. Also, women who have suffered from chronic motion sickness in the past report excessive vomiting during pregnancy.

Treatment:

The best way to treat this issue is to prevent too much of nausea and vomiting with the help of a bland diet that does not have heavy to digest ingredients. Also, it is best to take small and frequent meals.

Working your way around excessive vomiting during pregnancy is a matter of ensuring that you take rest, fluids and other precautions.

I am 8 month pregnant and my whole body, foot has swelling ,my doc say its usually happens. Does I need to take care of anything or else pls suggest. Also can I take epsom salt foot bath?

I am 8 month pregnant and my whole body, foot has swelling ,my doc say its usually happens.
Does I need to take care ...
Hello lybrate-user. You should be taking proper supplements of iron, calcium and other vitamins. Also take blood test of thyroid and check for bp. You can consult me at Lybrate for homoeopathic treatment.
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Jab wife pregnant ho tu husband wife say kis month tak humbestri kar saket hai please sir ans me urgent.

Jab wife pregnant ho tu husband wife say kis month tak humbestri kar saket hai please sir ans me urgent.
Second trimester me safe hota he. 1st or 3rd trimester me problem ho sakta he. Kare to bhi be careful.
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Preterm Labor - Know Ways To Check For It!

Preterm Labor - Know Ways To Check For It!
Premature labor is also known as preterm labor. This is the term given when the body gets ready for an early delivery in the pregnancy. Labor is considered to be premature if it starts almost three weeks prior to the due date. Premature labor usually leads to early birth, but now this can be delayed with medical help. It is better that the baby grows inside you because there are fewer chances of problems after birth.

Risk of Preterm Labor:

Some of the things which can increase the risk of a preterm labor are:
- Being underweight or overweight before pregnancy
- Poor prenatal care
- Use of alcohol and drugs during pregnancy
- Smoking
- Health conditions such as preeclampsia, infections, diabetes, high blood pressure and clotting disorders
- Pregnant with a bay with birth defects
- Getting pregnant through vitro fertilization
- Pregnant with multiples like twins and triplets
- Becoming pregnant soon after having a baby

Symptoms of preterm labor:

Warning signs should be heeded to stop the stop premature labor, as acting quickly can help. Consult your doctor or midwife immediately in case you have the following:

- Backache, especially in the lower back. Back ache can be a constant feature or might keep coming in intervals; but does not change with a change in position.
- Contractions that take place in each 10 minutes
- A leaking feeling in the vagina or fluid leakage from the vagina
- Cramps in the lower abdomen very similar to menstrual cramps. These usually give a feeling of gas pains and come with a diarrhea
- Symptoms of flu like vomiting, nausea and diarrhea. Must to see a doctor if the liquids cannot be tolerated for more than 8 hours
- The pressure in the vagina or pelvis increases
- Vaginal discharge increases
- There might be light bleeding from the vagina

Ways to check for Contractions

To spot and early labor one must be sure to check for the contractions. Contractions can be checked by the following:
- When the fingertips are placed on the abdomen and the uterus feels too soft or tight then these are contractions.
- Contractions if felt, should be timed and the starting time of these should be noted.
- Contractions should be stopped by changing the position and drinking some water or by walking around
- Doctor or midwife should be contacted if the contractions occur every 10 minutes and the symptoms worsen

Sometime women might experience false labor also known as Braxton Hicks contractions. These are not so strong, are erratic and stop on moving around.

Pregnancy & Childbirth - Know Problems That Can Arise In It!

Pregnancy & Childbirth - Know Problems That Can Arise In It!
Pregnancy is a source of joy for so many people but at the same time, childbirth can be quite an intimidating process. The physical pain associated with childbirth can easily scare any expectant mother but that should not stop you from enjoying your pregnancy to the fullest. Being aware and being consistently in touch with the doctor are the best options to maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Signs and Symptoms of Labor
When you get very close to your due date, you need to start preparing to give birth and in order to do that, you need to know what to expect. You should have a very good and clear idea about the symptoms which cause labor. The labor symptoms are as follows:

Your lower back starts to hurt and is accompanied by stubborn cramps that just won t go away. This pain is very similar to the pain you experience during your period.
When your vagina starts discharging reddish-brownish coloured mucus which means that the mucus plug obstructing the cervix has become loose. This also signifies that your cervix is opening up and turning soft and narrow and your body is preparing for labor.
You start having painful contractions at very short intervals.
The most prominent symptom of labor is when your water breaks i.e., your amniotic sac that holds the fetus ruptures.
A strong feeling of pressure inside the stomach because your baby s head is pressing very hard on the pelvic region.
Complications during Pregnancy and Childbirth
When you are pregnant, it is very important to be aware of the possible complications that can take place during the whole period of your pregnancy and then labor. Have a look:

Miscarriage- This is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. When you lose your baby in the first 20 weeks of your pregnancy it is known as a miscarriage. A miscarriage can happen due to infections, placenta problems or if the expectant mother has some serious health issues.
High blood pressure- When you are pregnant, your body goes through a lot of hormonal changes which can sometimes mess with your blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause another condition called preeclampsia which also badly affects your kidneys. This can cause you to deliver your baby much before your due date. This can also lead to a very low body weight of your child.
Gestational diabetes- This condition happens when your body is unable to process the sugar properly which then leads to really high blood sugar levels. In such cases, it is extremely important for pregnant women to take insulin to keep their blood sugar levels steady. It is also advisable to follow a proper diet.
Preterm labor- Preterm labor happens when a pregnant woman starts to labor in the 37th week of pregnancy, before the fetus s brain and lungs have even developed. This is the reason why doctors prescribe a lot of bed rest for during pregnancy because proper rest can help prevent preterm labor.
Unhealthy birth weight- Having a low birth weight can cause a lot of problems for the baby such as heart problems, lung infections, learning problems and sometimes even blindness.
Breech- Breech position happens when it looks like the fetus s feet needs to be delivered before the head. This is one of the reasons why it is recommended to go for regular check-ups so that the doctor can attempt to change the fetus s breech position before delivery. But if the fetus s position does not change, caesarean delivery is normally recommended.
Placenta previa- When the placenta ends up covering the cervix, it is termed as placenta previa. The doctor normally advise going for caesarean delivery in such a case.

5 Ways To Care For Your Health In Pregnancy!

5 Ways To Care For Your Health In Pregnancy!
Pregnancy brings with it a new set of additional responsibilities. The mother has to be extra vigilant about monitoring and caring for her health. This ensures that sufficient nutrition is being provided to the growing infant, at the same time, ensuring no harm comes through you. Listed below are some simple ways to do the same.

1. Prenatal care: As soon as you realize you are pregnant, it is advisable to talk to a doctor or a midwife about proper prenatal care. This could include anything and everything from prenatal vitamins to food habits to exercise to sleeping habits to periodic scanning and a number of other things that your doctor will prescribe.

2. Diet: You need to ensure two things that is you are eating enough for two people and everything is healthy and not harmful for the little one that gets all its nutrition through you. The diet should be healthy, nutritious, wholesome and of course free of junk. Some pointers to a healthy diet include:

a. Include a good amount of fruits and vegetables every day; break it into five small portions.
b. Sufficient amount of carbohydrates should be the basis of each meal.
c. Whole grains are preferred to white grains, which also give good amount of fiber.
d. A good amount of proteins including fish, eggs, meat, nuts, pulses, milk, and other dairy products.
e. Ensure adequate amount of iron, calcium, and other minerals are included in the diet.
f. Avoid eating unpasteurized dairy products, uncooked or undercooked food and smoked seafood.
g. While most vitamin requirements should be met through the diet, in some people, prenatal vitamins which provide the increased demands for folic acid.

3. Weight gain: If your weight was normal for your age and height before pregnancy, expect to add about 12 to 15 kg during your pregnancy. Consult with your doctor on weight changes and nutritional aspects to monitor weight throughout pregnancy. This could change based on if it is twins, your weight before pregnancy, and body type.

4. Exercise: Exercising during pregnancy is being increasingly encouraged for the following reasons:

a. Improved energy levels
b. Controls back pain
c. Improved sleep pattern
d. Improves constipation
e. Improves muscles strength and endurance
There are specific exercises designed to benefit the pregnant women. Whether it is walking or swimming aimed at improving overall health or Kegel exercises aimed at improving vaginal and perineal muscles, your doctor should be able to draw up a routine.

5. Lifestyle changes: With pregnancy setting in, it is time to bid goodbye to smoking and drinking alcohol. Continued smoking after onset of pregnancy has many serious complications, including growth retardation, low birth weight. Alcohol can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth and premature delivery.

These are simple ways to monitor and care for your, and of course, the baby's health throughout pregnancy.

High-Risk Pregnancy - What Should You Be Aware Of?

High-Risk Pregnancy - What Should You Be Aware Of?
Pregnancy is one of the most delicate phases in the life of a woman and if she is experiencing a high-risk pregnancy then she needs to be extra cautious. It is an extra delicate phase for her and she should watch herself very minutely. She must take good care of herself and if she feels or notices any discomfort, then she must immediately consult her gynecologist. But what exactly is a high-risk pregnancy?

A high-risk pregnancy is one where the expecting mother or her fetus or both are at a higher risk of developing complications. These complications have the potential to affect the baby as well as the mother. Unfortunately, there is no cure for high-risk pregnancy but the good news is that if managed well, the mother and her baby can be protected from the complications. Also, if a woman is aware of the causes leading to high-risk pregnancy, she can manage it easily.

Causes of high-risk pregnancy:

Conceiving before 18 and after 35: Different medical studies have established that conceiving after 30 increases the chances of developing complications in the mother and the baby but after 35, these chances are pretty high. The risk of miscarriage is higher and so is the risk of genetic defects in the baby. In case of teen pregnancy, that is, conceiving before 18, the risks of miscarriage and malnourished baby accompany the mother.
Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is a condition in which is the pregnant woman has a high blood pressure and protein in her urine. It is dangerous and can lead to dysfunctional liver and kidney along with blood clotting. A woman experiencing this condition should take adequate bed rest, exercise regularly, eat healthily and follow the medications, if any, prescribed by the doctor.
Gestational diabetes: High blood sugar level during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. It puts the baby at the risk of being bigger than the normal size. Mothers can manage it with nutritious fiber-rich diet and regular exercise.
Placenta previa: This is a risky condition in which the placenta covers the cervix. It can cause hemorrhage during delivery. If the pregnant woman is over 40 or has had multiple miscarriages in the past or is carrying multiple fetuses then she is at a higher risk of developing this condition.
All these factors make a pregnancy high-risk but managing high-risk pregnancy is in the hands of the woman. So, if she falls into this category, she must:

Exercise regularly: Regular exercise keeps tension, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and other similar conditions in check.
Eat healthily: Eating nutrient-rich diet minimizes the risk of malnutrition-related complications arising after delivery.
Avoid stress: Stress is directly linked to high blood pressure, diabetes, and other health problems. Hence, it should be avoided. Mediation and breathing exercises help relax the mind and body.
Say no to drinking and smoking: Alcohol and cigarette can cause birth defects in the baby and hence, a pregnant woman should abstain from both.
Keep in touch with the gynecologist: Being diagnosed with high-risk pregnancy means that the woman should be extra careful of her health and keep in touch with her doctor so that any adverse condition can be managed before it gets out of hand.
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I am currently 6 months pregnant and overweight. Pls suggest how to I control my weight and at the same time ensure a healthy pregnancy.

I am currently 6 months pregnant and overweight. Pls suggest how to I control my weight and at the same time ensure a...
Hello Lybrate-user, For now concentration on diet with high protein and with supplements. And avoid doing much till the pregnancy is done.
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy - Know How To Control It!

Weight Gain During Pregnancy - Know How To Control It!
Being able to conceive and the prospect of bringing a new life into the world is something that is highly satisfying and full of joy. Mothers-to-be generally start to take extra care of their diet and make sure they eat right when they are pregnant so that the fetus does not have to suffer. Though it is important to eat healthy during pregnancy, a lot of women and/or their loved ones tend to get carried away and end up gaining more weight than they should.

Today, where our modern lifestyle exposes us to minimal physical activity, the risk of becoming obese during pregnancy is high and some may mistake it for a healthy body. Not only does being obese has adverse effects on the pregnancy, but it may also lead to the birth of an unhealthy baby, which may leave a long-term negative impact on the body and health of the mother for her to struggle with, for a lifetime.

Some disadvantages of obesity in pregnant women:
In order to be able to understand the importance of controlling weight gain in pregnancy, it may be essential to know what could go wrong if the weight is not controlled or kept under check. Here s what could go wrong:

The increasing weight may be one of the biggest reasons for developing long-term health problems, such as diabetes and cholesterol that find easy access to the body during the time of pregnancy.
The chance of a normal delivery in obese women is highly minimal, as observed by experts around the world.
In the case of disorders such as preeclampsia, it may become necessary to deliver the baby sooner than the regular time period and it may also put the organs of the mother at great risk.
Sleepless or tired nights may be common in the case of women who suffer from obesity during pregnancy and this is something that may affect the journey and process of pregnancy as a whole.
Tackling obesity and keeping it at bay
One of the most important things to do in order to keep obesity at bay in the event of a pregnancy is to make sure that you are eating healthy. If you overtly indulge in fatty foods and junk items, you may be putting your body at the risk of gaining quick kilos. However, if you eat a balanced diet and make sure that you consult your gynecologist for dietary advice, you may be able to keep excessive weight at bay. Light exercises, such as swimming, walking or yoga can also help but you must make sure to take expert help and suggestions before performing any physical activity that may put yourself or your baby at risk. With the right help, you may be able to go through a healthy pregnancy and achieve health and happiness for your baby.

Placental Abruption - Know Reasons Behind It!

Placental Abruption - Know Reasons Behind It!
Are you in the last trimester of pregnancy and experiencing symptoms such as abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, uterine tenderness and back pain? This might be an indication of a condition called placental abruption. This is a serious, but rare pregnancy complication in women. The placenta is the structure, which develops in the uterus for nourishing the growing baby. When the placenta peels away from the inner uterine wall before delivery, placental abruption occurs. The condition can deprive the growing baby of oxygen.

Risk factors
There are several factors, which increase the risk of placental abruption. They are as follows:

High blood pressure: High blood pressure, be it chronic or because of pregnancy, increases the risk of placental abruption.
Abdominal trauma: Certain trauma caused to the abdomen such as a fall or a blow to the abdomen increases your risk of having the condition.
Substance abuse: Women who smoke and use drugs such as cocaine during pregnancy are more likely to have placental abruption.
Premature rupture of the membranes: The growing baby is supported and surrounded by a fluid-filled membrane or the amniotic sac. When the sac leaks or breaks before labor, there are high chances of placental abruption.
Blood clotting disorders: Any health condition which impairs blood clotting may increase the chance of placental abruption.
Multiple pregnancy: For women who are carrying more than one baby, the delivery of the first baby may lead to changes in the uterus. This may cause placental abruption before the next baby is delivered.
Maternal age: Placental abruption is more common or likely to occur among women who are above the age of 40.
Treatment
It is not possible to reattach a placenta, which gets separated from the wall of the uterus. The treatment options for placental abruption depend on several circumstances. They are as follows:

The baby is not close to full term: If the abruption is mild, your baby has a normal heart rate, and it is too early for him to be born, you might need to be hospitalized for monitoring. If the bleeding ends and the baby is in a stable condition, you might be able to go home and rest. In some cases, medicines are given to the baby for making his lungs mature.
The baby is close to full term: If your baby is near full term, and the placental abruption is less, a closely monitored vaginal delivery is undertaken. In case of a progressive abruption, an immediate delivery might be required via C section.
It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of placental abruption. This will help you in protecting your baby from any harm.
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