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Rheumatoid Factor (RA test) Health Feed

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Know Risk factors Associated With It!

Dr. Isha Jindal 89% (50 ratings)
MBBS,MD(medicine), Post graduate diploma in rheumatology
General Physician, Panchkula
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Know Risk factors Associated With It!

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a dreaded disease, but not a fatal one. Sounds contradictory? Not really.People suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis can experience severe pain and deformity. However, it is not likely to cause death.

It is a progressive disease that starts with pain and may end up deforming the affected joints. One may have to put up with pain and deformity for the rest of life. If not treated, the disease can also spread to other organs such as eyes, skin, lungs, kidneys, heart etc.

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis

A unique aspect of Rheumatoid Arthritis is that it is not precipitated by the wear and tear of joints, like Osteoarthritis. It is an autoimmune disorder that is precipitated when the immune system of the body attacks the joints and stokes inflammation in the joint linings. The lining thickens due to inflammation and destroys the cartilage and the bones in the underlying joint. As the health of the cartilages and bones deteriorate, the tendons connecting the bones to the muscles become weak. This makes the joint lose its shape and alignment and thereby precipitates deformity in the joints.

However, doctors are not yet sure of the reasons for the autoimmune disorder.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

If someone is suffering from this disease, then he / she might experience the following in the affected joints:

● Swollen, tender and warm

● Stiff and painful. The stiffness and pain may become worse in the morning.

One may also suffer from fever, fatigue or weight loss.

Risk factors

Although the causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis are unknown, there are certain risk factors.

● Gender

More women suffer from this disease than men.

● Age

It can occur at any age, but it is more common among adults between the ages of 40 and 60 years.

● Heredity

If one or more members in the family has or had suffered from Rheumatoid Arthritis, he/she is at an increased risk.

Smoking

Smoking not only increases the susceptibility to Rheumatoid Arthritis, but also the severity of the disease. Over and above, if a person is genetically predisposed to this disease, smoking multiplies the risk.

● Certain Exposure

Exposure to certain stuff like silica, asbestos etc increases the risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Obesity

It has been observed that people who are obese are more likely to suffer from Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Doctor can treat the condition only after he has diagnosed the condition. People suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis rarely show any distinctive symptoms, at least in the early stages. Many of the symptoms mimic symptoms of other diseases. There is no confirmatory blood or any other test. The doctor has to depend on physical examination and some concomitant tests to confirm the diagnosis. This is why the disease is often diagnosed at an advanced stage. However, as soon as the disease is diagnosed, the doctor may prescribe strong anti-rheumatic drugs. This can bring down the symptoms and pain to some extent.

3468 people found this helpful

How to differentiate between rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis? Wht is RA factor?

Dr. Nalin Kumar 86% (46 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, Post Grad Dip. Developmental Therapy
Physiotherapist, Ranchi
How to differentiate between rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis? Wht is RA factor?
Hi Miss lybrate-user, For the Rheumatoid Arthritis you may have pain in multiple joints, with involvement of the small joints of hands and fingers. The pain usually agrevates in the morning. Osteoarthritis, is a disease of large joints, which occur due to wear and tear and high load. Whereas the Rheumatic arthritis is related to your immune system. Rheumatic Arthritis (RA) Factor is present in our blood. An examination of this rules out wether you have an Rheumatic Arthritis or not. BEST WISHES. NALIN.
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Osteoporosis - Factors That Can Lead To It!

Dr. Bharat Singh 88% (43 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Medicine, DM - Clinical Immunology
Rheumatologist, Jaipur
Osteoporosis - Factors That Can Lead To It!

Osteoporosis in very simple terms is a condition that causes spongy bones. The bones develop pores and become fragile with an increased susceptibility to fractures. In average, all our bones get weak after the age of 35 years which means that the bone mass decreases. Women after menopause are especially susceptible to this condition and also osteoporotic fractures. What are the other risk factors for osteoporosis? Knowing this is important for your bone health as it will help to prevent fractures. But before we discuss the causes of osteoporosis, it’ is important to point out that osteoporosis has no symptoms and it can only be diagnosed when you have a fracture for no reason at all, or you get a bone density test to diagnose osteoporosis.

Some of the factors that can lead to osteoporosis are:

  • Genetics
  • Lack of exercise
  • Low calcium and low vitamin D levels
  • A personal history of fracture as an adult
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Low body weight
  • Family history of osteoporosis which means having a mother with an osteoporotic hip fracture doubles your risk of a hip fracture as well
  • Chemotherapy for treating cancer also increases the risk for osteoporosis as it causes early menopause.
  • In men low testosterone levels known as hypogonadism can cause this condition.
  • The absence of menstrual periods known as amenorrhea in younger women also predisposes them to osteoporosis as it causes low estrogen levels. Amenorrhea can occur in women who undergo extremely vigorous physical training or those that practice extreme dieting. As their body fat goes down they experience amenorrhoea.
  • Chronic inflammation, due to chronic inflammatory arthritis and also liver disease can cause osteoporosis.
  • Any condition that interferes with walking such as stroke can cause spongy bones.
  • Hyperthyroidism, a condition that causes an increase in production of the thyroid hormone can cause spongy bones too.

Some other factors that can lead to it

  • Hyperparathyroidism a disease where there is an increased parathyroid hormone production by the parathyroid gland. This hormone maintains blood calcium levels by absorbing calcium from the bones. This can cause osteoporosis.
  • Low vitamin D causes low absorption of calcium from diet and hence you are at a risk of developing osteoporosis. Conditions such as celiac sprue or biliary cirrhosis which hamper the absorption of vitamin D can also cause osteoporosis.
  • Medications such as heparin, a blood thinner, anti-seizure medicines such as Dilantin and phenobarbital, and long-term use of oral corticosteroids- can all up osteoporosis risks.

The diagnosis of osteoporosis is simple and it is advisable that older people especially women get periodic X- rays and bone density tests to rule out this bone condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4173 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis - Know The Factors That Cause It!

Dr. Vishnu Sharma 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB - Rheumatology
Rheumatologist, Ahmedabad
Osteoporosis - Know The Factors That Cause It!

Osteoporosis in very simple terms is a condition that causes spongy bones. The bones develop pores and become fragile with an increased susceptibility to fractures. In average, all our bones get weak after the age of 35 years which means that the bone mass decreases. Women after menopause are especially susceptible to this condition and also osteoporotic fractures. 

What are the other risk factors for osteoporosis? Knowing this is important for your bone health as it will help to prevent fractures. But before we discuss the causes of osteoporosis, it’ is important to point out that osteoporosis has no symptoms and it can only be diagnosed when you have a fracture for no reason at all, or you get a bone density test to diagnose osteoporosis.

Some of the factors that can lead to osteoporosis are:

  • Genetics
  • Lack of exercise
  • Low calcium and low vitamin D levels
  • A personal history of fracture as an adult
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Low body weight
  • Family history of osteoporosis which means having a mother with an osteoporotic hip fracture doubles your risk of a hip fracture as well
  • Chemotherapy for treating cancer also increases the risk for osteoporosis as it causes early menopause.
  • In men low testosterone levels known as hypogonadism can cause this condition.
  • The absence of menstrual periods known as amenorrhea in younger women also predisposes them to osteoporosis as it causes low estrogen levels. Amenorrhea can occur in women who undergo extremely vigorous physical training or those that practice extreme dieting. As their body fat goes down they experience amenorrhoea.
  • Chronic inflammation, due to chronic inflammatory arthritis and also liver disease can cause osteoporosis.
  • Any condition that interferes with walking such as stroke can cause spongy bones.
  • Hyperthyroidism, a condition that causes an increase in production of the thyroid hormone can cause spongy bones too.

Some other factors that can lead to it

  • Hyperparathyroidism a disease where there is an increased parathyroidhormone production by the parathyroid gland. This hormone maintains blood calcium levels by absorbing calcium from the bones. This can cause osteoporosis.
  • Low vitamin D causes low absorption of calcium from diet and hence you are at a risk of developing osteoporosis. Conditions such as celiac sprue or biliary cirrhosis which hamper the absorption of vitamin D can also cause osteoporosis.
  • Medications such as heparin, a blood thinner, anti-seizure medicines such as Dilantin and phenobarbital, and long-term use of oral corticosteroids- can all up osteoporosis risks.

The diagnosis of osteoporosis is simple and it is advisable that older people especially women get periodic X- rays and bone density tests to rule out this bone condition.

3694 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - Risks Factors Of It!

Dr. Sankar Nath Jha 90% (38 ratings)
Diploma In Endocrinology, M.Sc - Endocrinology, Diploma In Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hooghly
Hypothyroidism - Risks Factors Of It!

Do you have an extremely low reading of thyroxine or T4, it means that you are suffering from an under active thyroid disease called hypothyroidism. With this condition, your thyroid glands fail to make sufficient thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland releases hormones, which travel all over your bloodstream and affect all parts of the body. Thyroid controls how the cells of the body use energy from food via the metabolism process, which in turn affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat and burning of calories. Lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s functions, reduces your energy and the metabolism is disrupted.

Causes of hypothyroidism

The primary cause of this condition is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of your thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which extra antibodies are produced which destroy the thyroid gland. Viral infections may also lead to thyroiditis.

Other causes of the condition are as follows:

  1. Radiation therapy to the neck region for the treatment of several cancers like lymphoma may damage the cells present in the thyroid gland. Hence, the gland cannot secrete hormones properly.
  2. Radioactive iodine treatment is undertaken by people having an overactive thyroid gland. Radiation destroys the thyroid gland cells and leads to hypothyroidism.
  3. Certain medicines used to treat heart problems, cancer and psychiatric diseases may affect the thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism.
  4. Surgeries undertaken for removing the thyroid also lead to hypothyroidism.
  5. Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to produce hormones. A low amount of iodine in your diet and body may lead to hypothyroidism.

Risks factors of hypothyroidism

Usually women, especially older women are more likely to get hypothyroidism than men. The factors which determine if you are at a risk of acquiring the condition are as follows:

  1. Race
  2. Age
  3. Premature graying of hair
  4. Autoimmune disorders like type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, celiac disease, Addison’s disease and many more.
  5. Bipolar disorder
  6. Turner’s syndrome
  7. Down’s syndrome

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  1. Changes in menstrual cycle
  2. Constipation
  3. Hair loss and dry hair
  4. Fatigue and tiredness
  5. A slow heart rate
  6. Depression
  7. An increased sensitivity towards cold
  8. Swelling of the thyroid gland or goiter
  9. Gaining weight unusually or great difficulty in losing weight
  10. Carpal tunnel syndrome

If you observe the symptoms of hypothyroidism, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe several blood tests, such as the thyroid stimulating hormone test and the T4 or thyroxine test. Based on the results, a treatment method is adopted.

3453 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - Factors That Can Trigger It!

Dr. Abhyudaya Verma 96% (147 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DNB - Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism
Endocrinologist, Indore
Hypothyroidism - Factors That Can Trigger It!

Do you have an extremely low reading of thyroxine or T4, it means that you are suffering from an under active thyroid disease called hypothyroidism. With this condition, your thyroid glands fail to make sufficient thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland releases hormones, which travel all over your bloodstream and affect all parts of the body. Thyroid controls how the cells of the body use energy from food via the metabolism process, which in turn affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat and burning of calories. Lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s functions, reduces your energy and the metabolism is disrupted.

Causes of hypothyroidism
The primary cause of this condition is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of your thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which extra antibodies are produced which destroy the thyroid gland. Viral infections may also lead to thyroiditis.

Other causes of the condition are as follows:

  1. Radiation therapy to the neck region for the treatment of several cancers like lymphoma may damage the cells present in the thyroid gland. Hence, the gland cannot secrete hormones properly.
  2. Radioactive iodine treatment is undertaken by people having an overactive thyroid gland. Radiation destroys the thyroid gland cells and leads to hypothyroidism.
  3. Certain medicines used to treat heart problems, cancer and psychiatric diseases may affect the thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism.
  4. Surgeries undertaken for removing the thyroid also lead to hypothyroidism.
  5. Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to produce hormones. A low amount of iodine in your diet and body may lead to hypothyroidism.

Risks factors of hypothyroidism

Usually women, especially older women are more likely to get hypothyroidism than men. The factors which determine if you are at a risk of acquiring the condition are as follows:

 

  1. Race
  2. Age
  3. Premature graying of hair
  4. Autoimmune disorders like type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, celiac disease, Addison’s disease and many more.
  5. Bipolar disorder
  6. Turner’s syndrome
  7. Down’s syndrome

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  1. Changes in menstrual cycle
  2. Constipation
  3. Hair loss and dry hair
  4. Fatigue and tiredness
  5. A slow heart rate
  6. Depression
  7. An increased sensitivity towards cold
  8. Swelling of the thyroid gland or goiter
  9. Gaining weight unusually or great difficulty in losing weight
  10. Carpal tunnel syndrome

If you observe the symptoms of hypothyroidism, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe several blood tests, such as the thyroid stimulating hormone test and the T4 or thyroxine test. Based on the results, a treatment method is adopted.

3466 people found this helpful

Pre-eclampsia - Know Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

Dr. Dimpy Irani 89% (13 ratings)
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Pre-eclampsia - Know Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

Preeclampsia is a serious condition that can develop in pregnant women, especially after 20 weeks. Also called toxemia, it is characterized by high blood pressure, even in women who’ve never had high BP.

Eclampsia is a rare but severe complication of preeclampsia which causes seizures and convulsions in pregnant women. It can even cause the death of the woman and/or her baby. This serious condition is prevalent in about 1 in every 200 women with preeclampsia.

Common symptoms of preeclampsia

  1. High BP
  2. High level of protein in urine of pregnant woman
  3. Swelling in the feet, legs, face, and hands
  4. Severe headaches
  5. Excessive weight gain
  6. Excess nausea and vomiting
  7. Vision problems- Blurred vision, floaters and flashing lights
  8. Problems urinating
  9. Rapid weight gain due to accumulated bodily fluid
  10. Abdominal pains
  11. Changes in body’s reflexes
  12. Decrease in urine or no urine output
  13. Dizziness
  14. Preeclampsia can also cause the placenta to suddenly rupture from the uterus, causing stillbirth

Symptoms of eclampsia

  1. Seizures
  2. Stroke
  3. Loss of consciousness
  4. Agitation
  5. Muscle pains
  6. Headaches

What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia is not completely understood, but genetics definitely play a big role. What is of relevance to the layman is that both these conditions affect the placenta that provides nutrition to the fetus. If the placenta can’t deliver requisite oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, preterm surgery is required to save the baby’s life. Preeclampsia can also cause your baby to be born very small. It is also a leading cause of premature births, and the complications that can follow, like cerebral palsy, epilepsy and developmental challenges like learning disabilities and vision problems. If preeclampsia is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can lead to eclampsia, which we already know can be fatal. Hence any symptoms of preeclampsia should be taken seriously by a pregnant woman.

Risk factors for preeclampsia

  1. First-time pregnancies
  2. Teenage pregnancies
  3. Pregnancy in women over 40
  4. A history of high BP
  5. A history of preeclampsia
  6. Having a mother or sister who has had preeclampsia
  7. Obesity
  8. Carrying twins

History of diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis and Lupus

A pregnant woman should not ignore any symptoms like sudden and new swelling in face, feet, hands and a high BP reading. Sudden weight gain over just 2-3 days is another red flag. Sometimes preeclampsia comes with no symptoms. That's why it's so important to see a doctor for regular BP check-ups and urine tests. There's no way to cure preeclampsia and the only way to protect oneself is to know preeclampsia symptoms and by taking prenatal care seriously because when preeclampsia is caught early, it's easier to manage.

3298 people found this helpful

My ra factor is high please guide me food habits to cure the same. Ayurveda treatments. Please suggest.

Dr. K Shanmuganandan 91% (269 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Rhuematology, DNB (Internal Medicine)
Internal Medicine Specialist, Chennai
My ra factor is high please guide me food habits to cure the same. Ayurveda treatments. Please suggest.
Hi, Please do anti ccp test then we can address the issue by the way do you have joint pain and swelling.
1 person found this helpful
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My rheumatoid arthritis report is normal. Ra factor less than 10. But I have swelling in joints without pain. What could be the reason. Also my x ray is normal.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David 94% (33110 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
My rheumatoid arthritis report is normal. Ra factor less than 10. But I have swelling in joints without pain. What co...
If your pain is more in the proximal joints, ie. In the upper limbs if the pain is present in the fingers/wrist and in the lower limbs it the pain is present in the toes/ ankle, then we shall definitely say it is rheumatic arthritis. Wear elbow brace and wrist brace which will make her to feel warm and that will make the joints become firm. Hot water fermentation will helpknee cap will also help to prevent the damaged cartilagesif your pain is more in the distal joints, ie. In the upper limbs if the pain is present in the fingers/wrist and in the lower limbs it the pain is present in the toes/ ankle, then we shall definitely say it is rheumatic arthritis. If your proximal joints (ie. Shoulder, hip & knee has pain) then you can pour hot (warm) water in that area to reduce the inflammation. If you have pain in the distal joints ie. Wrist, fingers, ankle, toes then you can wear either elbow brace or wrist brace which will help you to feel warm and very protective. And also immerse the distal joints in the hot water tub which will help you to reduce the pain.
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Hello Sir, I am 20 years old I got disease Rheumatoid last one year I feel more pain of all joints still I maintain the siddtha medicines currently the RA factors are reducedmy RA factor Counts is 248 please tell me if I choose the correct way or not? And it is curable or not please tell to I got knowledge to improve my health.

Dr. (Mrs.) Saroj Das 91% (5695 ratings)
D.A.M.S( A. M.), D.AC/B.E.M.S
Acupressurist, Mumbai
Hello Sir, I am 20 years old I got disease Rheumatoid last one year I feel more pain of all joints still I maintain t...
You should take Acupressure therapy and take Biochemic Mag phos 200x+ Kali mur 200x, 4 tab each thrice a day with warm water and take it 5 day than consult private online.
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