Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Essential Pregnancy Package (65 Tests) Health Feed

Anemia Mukt Bharat!

Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jammu
Anemia Mukt Bharat!
This year's pledge on dietetics day is anemia mukt bharat. Spread this msg to all

Anemia happens when your body doesn't have enough red blood cells. The condition is mainly caused by blood loss, the destruction of red blood cells, or your body's inability to create enough red blood cells.

There are many types of anemia. The most common type is iron deficiency anemia. Red blood cells contain a protein called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is full of iron. Without sufficient iron, your body can't make the hemoglobin it needs to create enough red blood cells to deliver oxygen-rich blood throughout your body.

A lack of folate and vitamin b-12 may also impact your body's ability to made red blood cells. If your body can't process b-12 properly, you may develop pernicious anemia. A diet that is rich in iron and b vitamins like the plan below is important if you are anemic. Be sure to talk to your doctor about supplements as well.

Anemia treatment plans often include dietary changes. The best diet plan for anemia includes foods rich in iron and other vitamins essential to hemoglobin and red blood cell production. It should also include foods that help your body absorb iron better.

There are two types of iron in foods: heme iron and nonheme iron. Heme iron is found in meat, poultry, and seafood. Nonheme iron is found in plant foods and foods fortified with iron. Your body can absorb both types, of iron.

Although anemia treatment plans are individualized, most require 150 to 200 milligrams of iron daily. It's hard to get these levels through diet alone. You may also need to take prescription iron or an over-the-counter iron supplement until your levels are replenished.

Add these foods to your diet to get more iron and help fight iron deficiency anemia:

1. Leafy greens

Leafy greens, especially dark ones, are among the best sources of nonheme iron. They include:

Collard greens
Dandelion greens
Swiss chard
Some leafy greens such as Swiss chard and collard greens also contain folate. A diet low in folate may cause folate-deficiency anemia. Citrus fruits, beans, and whole grains are good sources of folate.

When eating dark, leafy greens for iron, there's a catch. Some greens that are high in iron, such as spinach and kale, are also high in oxalates. Oxalates are compounds that prevent the absorption of nonheme iron. So, while it's beneficial to eat your greens as part of an overall anemia diet, don't depend on them solely to treat the condition.

Vitamin c helps your stomach absorb iron. Eating leafy greens with foods that contain vitamin c such as oranges, red peppers, and strawberries may increase iron absorption. Some greens are good sources of both iron and vitamin c.

2. Meat and poultry

All meat and poultry contain heme iron. Red meat, lamb, and venison are the best sources. Poultry and chicken have lower amounts. Eating meat or poultry with nonheme iron foods, such as leafy greens, can increase iron absorption.

3. Liver

Many people shy away from organ meats, but they're a great source of iron. Liver is arguably the most popular organ meat. It's rich in iron and folate.

4. Seafood

Some seafood provides heme iron. Shellfish such as oysters, clams, and shrimp are good sources. Most fish contain iron. Fish high in iron include:

Sardines, canned in oil
Canned or fresh tuna
Fresh salmon

Although both fresh and canned salmon are good sources of iron, canned salmon is high in calcium. Calcium binds with iron and reduces its absorption. Foods high in calcium shouldn't be eaten at the same time as iron-rich foods. Other examples of calcium-rich foods include:

Raw milk
5. Fortified foods
Many foods are fortified with iron. Add these foods to your diet if you're a vegetarian or struggle to eat other sources of iron:

Fortified, ready-to-eat cereals
Foods made from fortified refined flour such as white bread
Fortified pasta
Foods made from fortified cornmeal
Fortified white rice

6. Beans
Beans are good sources of iron for vegetarians and meat eaters alike. They're also inexpensive and versatile. Some iron-rich options are:

Kidney beans
Black-eyed peas
Pinto beans
Black beans
Lima beans

7. Nuts and seeds
Many types of nuts and seeds are good sources of iron. They taste great on their own or sprinkled on salads or yogurt. When choosing nuts and seeds, choose raw varieties whenever possible. Some nuts and seeds that contain iron are:

Pumpkin seeds
Hemp seeds
Pine nuts
Sunflower seeds
Find raw pumpkin seeds, raw cashews, and raw pine nuts online.

Almonds are also a good source of iron. They're great as part of a healthy eating plan, but since they're also high in calcium, they may not increase your iron levels that much.

Remember these guidelines:

Don't eat iron-rich foods with foods or beverages that block iron absorption. These include coffee or tea, eggs, foods high in oxalates, and foods high in calcium.
Eat iron-rich foods with vitamin c-rich foods, such as oranges, tomatoes, or strawberries, to improve absorption.
Eat iron-rich foods with foods that contain beta carotene, such as apricots, red peppers, and beets, to improve absorption.
Eat a variety of heme and nonheme iron foods throughout the day to up your iron intake.
Eat heme and nonheme iron foods together whenever possible to increase iron absorption.
Add foods rich in folate and vitamin b-12 to support red blood cell production.

Nutritional Anemia - What Is The Right Way To Treat It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DM - Clinical Hematology
Hematologist, Patna
Nutritional Anemia - What Is The Right Way To Treat It?
Anemia is a condition where the red blood cell count is reduced due to deficiencies within the system. This is usually caused by a lack of iron, folate and other related nutrients in the diet. Anemia is a major public health concern in India as over 50 percent of women are known to be anemic. This pushes up the mortality rate of young mothers and even children.

Some symptoms of Iron deficiency anemia
Anemia has a wide range of symptoms which varies from person to person. However there are some generic symptoms which can be noticed in most people. Some of these are
1. Pale appearance of skin - Many people exhibit this symptom where their skin appears to be pale as there is a reduced amount of oxy - hemoglobin in the skin.
2. Physical weakness, light headedness and fatigue - This is a general symptom, which many tend to suffer from and complain about. Fatigue and weakness may come in very quickly even with the slightest effort.
3. Hair loss - Many women may complain about hair loss due to Iron deficiency anemia.
Some other symptoms are -
a. Breathlessness
b. Constipation
c. Missed or irregular periods
d. Numbness or burning sensations
e. Depression
f. Tinnitus among others

Causes of Iron deficiency anemia
The primary cause of Iron deficiency anemia is the lack of iron in the diet which causes the hemoglobin in the blood to be reduced. Some of the patients may still have Iron deficiencyanemia as they have developed gastrointestinal disorders which prevents the absorption of nutrients like iron within the body.
How to treat Iron deficiency anemia

Diet related anemia can be easily cured or controlled with changing diets. Inclusion of certain foods within the diet can easily reverse the Iron deficiencies. Some of the food items that help with deficiencies are:
1. Fortified cereals
2. Green dark leafy vegetables
3. Poultry items
4. Eggs
5. Meat
You may also require certain iron supplements if you have certain underlying conditions which is causing issues with iron absorption.

How to prevent Iron deficiency anemia

It is important, especially for women to go for regular checkups to your doctor and also a hemoglobin check up. Your doctor or dietician can tell you to include certain foods in your diet that include folate, iron and vitamin B 12 so that the level of hemoglobin in your blood can be maintained at healthy levels.
2 people found this helpful

Hi Mera down syndrome 21 high risk aaya hai, Maine amniocentesis test 16 week m Kara liya hai ,Mera questions ye hai ki ager report sahi aati hai toh doble marker report m high syndrome risk Kyu aaya.

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), DNB (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Hi Mera down syndrome 21 high risk aaya hai, Maine amniocentesis test 16 week m Kara liya hai ,Mera questions ye hai ...
Amniocentesis is for more accurate diagnosis in patients who show high risk on double marker test.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

What Is Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS)?

MBBS, DNB - Obs & Gynae, Diploma In Reproductive Medicine (Germany), Fellowship In Laparoscopy, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine & ART, Hysteroscopy advanced traraining training
IVF Specialist, Delhi
What Is Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS)?
Preimplantation genetic screening is a method used to check the number of chromosomes in an embryo. Up to 50 % of embryos produced may have an incorrect number of chromosomes described as aneuploidy. This is a common cause of miscarriage and implantation failure. Pgs can also be used to test for genetic conditions that are caused by an abnormal number of chromosomes. These include Down's syndrome and Turner syndrome.

The patient undergoes a specialised IVF process using ICSI to create a number of embryos. After three to five days, one or more cells are taken from each embryo. These cells can then be tested to determine the number of chromosomes present. The embryos are frozen to allow time for the genetic testing to take. When the results are confirmed, the embryologist selects one embryo with the correct number of chromosomes to transfer back to the patient.

Who can benefit from preimplantation genetic screening?
Pgs is offered to women over the age of 37. Using pgs, the chances of pregnancy from embryo transfer in older women are as good as those seen in younger women. However, with advanced maternal age, the chances of making an embryo with the correct number of chromosomes are lower.

Pgs may also be offered if you or your partner have a history of chromosomal abnormality-related conditions in your family. It is important to note that pgs cannot be used to detect the presence of conditions caused by single mutations in genes; for these cases, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) can be used.

Pgs is one of the investigations recommended if you have had recurrent miscarriage or previously failed IVF.

What are the benefits of PGS?
A significant benefit of PGS is the reduction of miscarriage rates. Aneuploidy is a large contributor to recurrent miscarriage, so by testing embryos before transfer, the rate of miscarriages are reduced and can be of great help to the couples struggling with recurrent miscarriages or IVF failures
1 person found this helpful

Can Anaemia Cause Hair Fall?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Akola
Can Anaemia Cause Hair Fall?
Most people lose about 50 to 100 strands of hair each day. Yet, the thinning of scalp hair is almost unnoticeable owing to the simultaneous hair growth filling up the vacant spots. But permanent hair loss occurs if the cycle of shedding and growth is disrupted or the hair follicle is damaged and substituted with a scar tissue.

Few possible causes can be-

Genetic factors- Genetic factors bring about gradual hair loss in both the sexes; resulting in bald spots and a receding hairline in men and the thinning of hair among women. Hereditary factors also determines the age at which you could start losing hair.
Medical conditions- Medical conditions such as hormonal imbalances attack the body s immune system, thus resulting in damaged hair follicles, scalp infections such as ringworm, skin disorders and hair pulling disorder, a psychological condition that causes people to pull out hair from the scalp, eyebrows or other parts of the body.
Medications- Hair loss can be caused due to intake of certain drugs, such as the ones for birth control or for treating high blood pressure, heart problems, depression, arthritis or cancer. Consumption of excessive Vitamin A can cause hair fall as well.
Stress: Physical and emotional stress can cause hair loss. Surgery, high fevers, and blood loss can cause enough stress to cause excessive shedding. Childbirth can result in hair loss for several months after delivery. As for psychological stress, the link is less well defined, but many people have reported losing hair at times of extreme mental stress or anxiety.

Other Possible Reasons: Other reasons such as radiation therapy to treat cancer, emotional or physical trauma, surgery, extremely high fever or sudden and excessive weight loss can all contribute to hair loss. Hair styling equipment and other chemical based treatments are some of the other triggers of hair loss.

Anemia: Anemia (insufficient red blood cells in the blood), Polycystic Ovarian syndrome (a condition marked by enlarged ovaries and the formation of tiny cysts on the outer edges of the ovaries), thyroid disorders or pregnancy can also result in hair loss.
1 person found this helpful

Dietary Support For Anemia!

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Dietary Support For Anemia!
Dietary Support For Anemia!

I am anaemic hb 9.o, hypertension patient what should my diet plan and treatment?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
If it is iron shortage due to vegetarian diet, include iron pills. Or post full report to understand the cause of anaemia.
3 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Am feeling very exhausted if I work only for a short period of time I checked up my haemoglobin level recently it is 9. Doctor told that I have anaemia. Is it true?

Ayurveda, Pune
Am feeling very exhausted if I work only for a short period of time I checked up my haemoglobin level recently it is ...
Yes this is anemia for that you need improve your diet which containing vitamins and minerals. And also take medicine for that so it cure earliar.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am 29 years old, My hemoglobin level is 17.1 Please advise this level is good or need to reduce. Please tell why this level is high?

Homeopath, Rourkela
I am 29 years old, My hemoglobin level is 17.1
Please advise this level is good or need to reduce.
Please tell why th...
Hello. Your haemoglobin level is normal. Actually it varies in male ,female, children. So not to be worried its normal. And haemoglobin level is high when you have low oxygen in body either due to heart, lung or bone marrow problem. And I advice you to drink plenty of water and do yoga. These are helpful if you are worried. Thank you.
2 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback