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5 Most Common Types Of Lungs Diseases

MD - General Medicine, CCEDM, Fellowship In Neurology & Stroke, Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Internal Medicine Specialist, Navi Mumbai
5 Most Common Types Of Lungs Diseases
Lung diseases are some of the most common diseases suffered by human beings throughout the world. Smoking and infections are responsible for most lung diseases. The lungs perform one of the most important functions of the body. It is also one of the most active organs in the human body and hence lung problems can arise due to problems in any other part of the body. Some of the most common and infectious lung diseases are discussed below...

1. Asthma
Asthma is a common long term disease which is characterized by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm. The symptoms of asthma include coughing, shortness of breath and tightness of chest. These symptoms may occur frequently during a day and depending on the person, it may become worse during night or during a certain exercise.

2. Pneumonia
Pneumonia is another common lung problem which is suffered due to inflammation in the microscopic air sacs in the lungs known as alveoli. Symptoms of pneumonia include dry cough, chest pain, breathing problem and fever. Pneumonia is caused most commonly by viruses or bacteria. It is also caused by certain medications and conditions which are popularly known as autoimmune diseases. There are a number of vaccines available to prevent certain types of pneumonia. Other methods include hand washing and refraining from smoking.

3. Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a very infectious disease which is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but it has been known to affect other parts of the body as well. Symptoms of tuberculosis include cough containing sputum with blood, night sweats, fever and weight loss. Air is an active medium for spreading tuberculosis. This happens when people who already have tuberculosis sneeze, cough or speak. Infection occurs more in those who have HIV/AIDS or those who smoke. Prevention of tuberculosis includes staying away and keeping those who are at high risk, early detection and treatment and vaccination.

4. Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma is a type of cancer which affects the lungs. It affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath, swollen abdomen, cough, chest pain, weight loss and general lethargy. Mesothelioma is caused mainly due to exposure to asbestos. Those people who mine asbestos, produce products from asbestos, work with asbestos products are at high risk. Mesothelioma also results from genetical problems and due to infection caused by the simian virus 40.

5. Pulmonary Embolism
This is a disease caused due to blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance which has travelled from another part of the body by the bloodstream. Symptoms of this disease include chest pain, breath shortness and coughing up of blood. There may also be signs of blood clot in the legs.

4 Common Lung Diseases Which Affect Women

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
4 Common Lung Diseases Which Affect Women
Lung diseases have become very common for people living in the urban areas all over the world. Diseases in the lungs are the most common medical conditions which affect millions of people globally; however, the numbers of women who have been affected by numerous lung diseases are more in comparison to men. There are a number of lung diseases which differ from each other in terms of severity and their treatment. Some of the most common lung diseases which affect women mostly are given below.

1. Asthma
Asthma is the condition in which the lungs and bronchial tubes get inflamed and become extremely sensitive as well. In this condition, the airways become easily irritated mostly because of smoking cigarettes or being in a polluted area. Your lungs and bronchial tubes may also get sensitive to allergens like dust mites and pollen. Difficulties in breathing, regularly coughing and wheezing are some of the problems which are caused by Asthma. This condition affects women more than men because of the presence of high level of testosterone protect them from the disease, if the research is to be believed.

2. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is that deadly disease which affects women more than men. The leading cause of cancer deaths in women, this disease is largely linked to smoking cigarettes. However, it is often observed that women who have quit the habit are more likely to get affected by the disease. It is believed that estrogen plays a major role in the development of lung cancer in women as treatment with progesterone and estrogen after hitting menopause can increase your chances of getting affected by lung cancer.

3. Pulmonary Emboli
Blood clots which start forming in one part of the body, which is usually the legs, and slowly travel to various other parts of the body which end up getting stuck in the lungs are called pulmonary emboli. These small blood clots which get stuck in the lungs cause problems in breathing and affect more women than men, in general. The pulmonary embolus is also responsible for reducing the oxygen flow in the blood-streams. Women who take contraceptive pills or go through hormone treatments are often at the risk of developing this problem.

4. Pulmonary Hypertension
Another lung disease which affects women more than men is pulmonary hypertension. The blood pressure in this lung disease becomes dangerously high. The right side of the heart starts to work harder due to the increased pressure built. This results in the oxygen-rich blood to be pumped back to the lungs. Childhood infections and other lung problems are often observed as the reason for women to develop this issue.
3 people found this helpful

How long a TB patient can transmit disease after medicine starts? Some says 15 days ,some 2 months. I mean how long one should avoid TB patient after medication.

Pulmonologist, Patna
Transmission of disease depend upon many factor but considering sputum positive PTB, till the time sputum is negative which in most cases by one month is the time when chances of transmission is more.
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Hi, What is the window period for hiv cmia test? Is it conclusive on 87th day or I have to retest again?

Homeopath, Hyderabad
Hi, What is the window period for hiv cmia test? Is it conclusive on 87th day or I have to retest again?
The window period is the time from infection until a test can detect any change. The average window period with HIV-1 antibody tests is 25 days for subtype B. Antigen testing cuts the window period to approximately 16 days and nucleic acid testing (NAT) further reduces this period to 12 days.
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Hello Doc. I had unprotected sex with a female on october 5th this year it's been over 60 days and I have no symptoms. 5 weeks after possible infection I took an rapid hiv test (15 minutes) and it was negative. As I said, I have no symptoms at all. Should I be worried? And still take the 3 month test?

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
Hello Doc.
I had unprotected sex with a female on october 5th this year
it's been over 60 days and I have no symptoms...
You have to do right kind of test at right time there is one concept of Window period that means if some infective micro organism enter into our body and you test on next day your report comes negative even even micro organism present in your body. Test will come positive after overturn number of day, weeks or months onky every disease and every test have different window period hiv 1 pro viral dna QUALITATIVE test has window period of 17 days that means you have to do this test only after 17 days to get accurate result HIV DUO has 3 month window period RAPID HIV ELISA AND OTHER CARD TEST HAS 6 month window period same way HBsAg, HCV and VDRL has window period of 3 month so you have to do it after 3 month of exposure.
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Hello doctor I had unprotected anal sex (as bottom) with my friend, he is hiv negative and I also negative, so what is the risk factor to infected to hiv. Please tell me about cure.

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
Hello doctor I had unprotected anal sex (as bottom) with my friend, he is hiv negative and I also negative, so what i...
You can say you both are negative if you both went for hiv 1 pro viral dna qualitative test before more than 17 days after that test none of you had sex with any other one.
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I am 14 years old I was coughing for more than 3 weeks and this happens with me in every winters sometimes I feel very week and sometimes when I cough continuously my face produces heat and I feel it is fever Is it TB.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
To diagnose tb you will need to take some laboratory test and X ray chest. You can consult me at Lybrate for homoeopathic treatment. The chances are of seasonal allergies and not the.
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Hello Doctor, Cd4 count can be predict from Total lymphocyte count and hiv can transmit through saliva .If I swallow semen cause hiv? Please suggest me.

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
Hello Doctor, Cd4 count can be predict from Total lymphocyte count and hiv can transmit through saliva .If I swallow ...
cd4 can not predict from total lymphocytes count practically hiv do not transmit through saliva if you swallow semen then there is risk of hiv but it s very low from one incidence
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