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Breathing Problem - What Are The Common Causes?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Pune
Breathing Problem - What Are The Common Causes?
Breathing is life, without breathig, there is no life. Who knows this better than an asthmatic or someone with breathing problems like wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath 24/7? If you have breathing problems, read on about possible causes and treatments for them


There can be a number of causes of breathing problems. They can happen due to colds, acute sinusitis or inflammation of sinuses. This usually subsides in a week or two with the inflammation going down and the sinuses draining out.
But if you are still experiencing breathing problems, you could be in more dangerous territory.
Breathing difficulties can happen in a case of asthma, allergies, and infections of the lungs, bronchitis and even heart problems especially if you feel a shortness of breath during exertion. These can all be long-term problems that need proper management.
Chronic issues that cause breathing problems, especially asthma and allergies have a number of symptoms likeg is life, without breathig, there is no life. Who kno

Nasal and chest congestion
Runny nose
Itchy or watery eyes
Laboured and/or shallow breathing.
A number of virus and allergens like pollen reach the lungs via the nasal passage. Any inflammation in the nasal passage due to an allergy is a major cause for concern because the number one trigger for asthma is allergies. If left undiagnosed and untreated, these can make life hell for you.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, also causes breathing problems. Breathing issues can also stem from other serious diseases like lung cancer, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. Most of these can be diagnosed by a specialist.

How are breathing problems treated?

Breathing problems caused due to asthma and allergies are usually treated by avoiding allergy triggers like air pollutants, pollen, dog hair, dust, mites or dander.
Wearing masks, avoiding peak traffic, staying indoors during low air quality days, all make a significant difference to allergy and asthma sufferers.
Medications are another way to treat breathing problems due to asthma and allergies. Allergy drugs such as antihistamines and decongestants can make it easy to breathe for some.
Inhaled steroids are also given to people with chronic allergies and sinusitis for reducing inflammation in the airways. Allergy shots to reduce sensitivity to allergens are another option.
Asthma is treated with inhaled or oral drugs that help open nasal airways and reduce inflammation. These cut down on breathing difficulties because the airways are cleared of excess mucus and inflammation.
If you have more serious issues like cancers, heart disease and lung diseases, the medication will vary according to your diagnosis. Your specialist will diagnose the problem first and set you on a proper course of medication.
The last piece of advice before we go, don t ignore breathing difficulties especially if they persist beyond 2-3 weeks, get yourself a doctor s appointment.

Hey! My mother is suffering from spine TB from 3 months she is taking forecox for two months but now Dr. Change medicine now its macox ZH .plz suggest me.

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
In most TB cases ,patient need rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol sfter 2 months of intensive phase.
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Hi, I have In right side of my head small subcentimeter classified granuloma is detected is its dangerous.

Homeopath, Hooghly
Any tumor in brain is not a good thing but don't worry much it's curable by medicine,,by proper homoeopathic treatment it is curable
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How's symptoms for TB disease. And how Pat's of TB disease? If have TB then he/she feeling pain down chest.

Homeopath, Hooghly
Cough with blood,,cough for more than 6 months,,,fever ,,malaise,,weight loss,,yes in tb there may be chest pain also
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Tuberculosis - Understanding The Precautionary Measures & Aftercare!

MBBS, DNB - Medicine, Fellowship In Infectious Disease, FNB - Infectious Diseases
General Physician, Surat
Tuberculosis - Understanding The Precautionary Measures & Aftercare!
Tuberculosis or TB is an airborne disease that mainly affects the lungs and has the potential to be fatal. People with an impaired immune system such as newborn babies, pregnant women or women who have just delivered a baby, diabetics, cancer patients and HIV positive people are at the highest risk of suffering from this disease. However, this disease can be prevented and treated.

Here are a few ways to protect yourself from this bacterial infection.

Keep your distance: TB is a communicable disease and hence can spread from one person to another. If someone around you suffers from this disease, try limiting your contact with them. In cases where this is not possible, wear protective gloves and a mask to keep yourself safe. Avoid crowded, unhygienic places and always wash your hands with a disinfectant after contact with a TB patient.
Boost your immunity: A strong immune system can fight off TB bacteria and keep you from getting infected. To build a strong immune system, eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables along with the required amount so carbohydrates, proteins and fats every day. Along with this, consult your doctor and start taking multivitamins or antioxidants on a daily basis.
Maintain proper hygiene: Keeping your surroundings clean is crucial to the prevention of tuberculosis. Ensure that not only your home is kept clean, but the surrounding area is cleaned as well. Do not allow garbage to accumulate around your house. Make it a habit of washing your hands with disinfectant soap every time you come home and before eating anything.
Vaccinate your children: When getting your children vaccinated, ensure that your child also receives the BCG or Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine that can protect him or her against TB.
Ventilate the house: The bacteria that causes tuberculosis thrives in stagnant air and enclosed spaces. Hence, open your windows and let some fresh air in. Not only does this prevent the multiplication of bacteria and viruses in your house, but it also does not allow your home to have a musty odour.
Follow the complete course of treatment: If you have been diagnosed with TB, it is essential to complete the full course of antibiotics and not stop midway even if the symptoms have disappeared. Not adhering to the prescription gives the bacteria the ability to develop resistance to the drugs. When this resistant bacteria is exhaled it can infect more people with drug-resistant tuberculosis that is harder to cure.
Aftercare for a Tuberculosis patient:

The patient should never stop TB treatment until it is completed. Incomplete treatment will only create resistant TB which requires longer treatment. The patients should ensure a healthy diet, and in case of frequent coughing, he/she should wear a mask. The patents should never fast and take high protein diet. In case of any complication, visiting a TB expert immediately is highly recommended.
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Sir, My Spouse has been diagnosed with EPTB in Govt. Hospital, Ajmer & now treatment will be delivered by courier for EP/W/I by Rajasthan Govt. I want to know about the precautions & early treatment procedures as well as private treatment (if possible)

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
There are no special treatment procedure and you have to take the tablets as suggested to you for 9 months and you have normal diet and lifestyle except avoid alcohol
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Hi, I would like to know Can we take ringworm medicine and tb medicine together? There is some health risk or not?

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Oral antifungal medications (1-5) Antifungal medications include drugs like terbinafine and griseofulvin. Those with ringworm are prescribed terbinafine. Tablets may be prescribed to be taken once a day for four weeks.
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What are the symptoms and causes for Tuberculosis? I am having red spots on my skin.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Causes: Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings. Although tuberculosis is contagious, it's not easy to catch. You're much more likely to get tuberculosis from someone you live with or work with than from a stranger. Most people with active TB who've had appropriate drug treatment for at least two weeks are no longer contagious. HIV and TB Since the 1980s, the number of cases of tuberculosis has increased dramatically because of the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Infection with HIV suppresses the immune system, making it difficult for the body to control TB bacteria. As a result, people with HIV are many times more likely to get TB and to progress from latent to active disease than are people who aren't HIV positive. Drug-resistant TB Another reason tuberculosis remains a major killer is the increase in drug-resistant strains of the bacterium. Since the first antibiotics were used to fight tuberculosis more than 60 years ago, some TB germs have developed the ability to survive, and that ability gets passed on to their descendants. Drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis emerge when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria it targets. The surviving bacteria become resistant to that particular drug and frequently other antibiotics as well. Some TB bacteria have developed resistance to the most commonly used treatments, such as isoniazid and rifampin. Some strains of TB have also developed resistance to drugs less commonly used in TB treatment, such as the antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones, and injectable medications including amikacin, kanamycin and capreomycin. These medications are often used to treat infections that are resistant to the more commonly used drugs. Symptoms: Coughing that lasts three or more weeks Coughing up blood Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing Unintentional weight loss Fatigue Fever Night sweats Chills Loss of appetite Tuberculosis can also affect other parts of your body, including your kidneys, spine or brain. When TB occurs outside your lungs, signs and symptoms vary according to the organs involved. For example, tuberculosis of the spine may give you back pain, and tuberculosis in your kidneys might cause blood in your urine.
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