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Does Fast Food Cause Obesity?

B.Sc - Dietitics/Nutrition, M.Sc-(HOME SC.) FOOD AND NUTRITION
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Indore
Does Fast Food Cause Obesity?
In present times there has been an increase in some obese people especially in places which are developed like USA and UK. Obesity has now become a severe issue in most of the nations that are dangerous to life.

About 90% of the people in the USA are suffering obesity. The effects of obesity are very harmful it leads to health conditions lasting for a long time, causes premature death and disease and illness like diabetes, gall bladder disease, stroke, fatty liver, joint diseases, arthritis and at worst cases can even lead to cancer threatening the life count.

Several studies have shown that the intake of too much of calorie and the lack of any physical activity can cause obesity. Fast food has become a major cause of it as well.

Food Choices of Various People Depend On Several Factors Including:

Behavioural
Cultural
Environmental
Socioeconomic influences
Food choices often hamper the intake of energy this communicates with the metabolic and genetic factors to draw the body weight and the body composition of a human being.

Energy Imbalance in The Human Body

Obesity is an outcome of the imbalance of energy taken in through drinking and through eating, which is then spent on the various physical activities of the day and the metabolism rate of the human body.
Studies have indicated and highlighted by the hard fact the amount of food consumed away out of the home that is the amount of fast food intake has risen alarmingly in the last four decades.
Fast food like pizzas, burgers, roll, chips, French fries etc. contains a high amount of calories, fats, sugar, and sodium. Fast food leads to a reduction of the best quality food in the diet and causes unhealthy choices among adolescents and children increasing their chances of getting obese.
Too much of intake of pizzas and burgers leads to the increase in the consumption of cheese, which can be harmful to the human to the human body and increases the intake of saturated fat and sodium.
Fast Food Effecting Life to Great Extent

Fast foods often affect the youth and children more than adults the reason being that most of the foods outside are targeted towards the children and the youth, and there is a retained pattern of eating fast foods.
Children, those have a sustained imbalance of energy intake of near about 2% tend to suffer obesity over the time. Such lifestyles can affect the life very badly, leading to chronic diseases and major other health problems.
In order to prevent oneself from getting obese, one should eat home cooked food, develop good eating habits, eat on time, eat small frequent meals, eat seasonal and local fruits and vegetables to get maximum nutritional benefits, eat freshly cooked food, , reduce the intake of outside food, bakery items and process foods and beverages available commercially.
At the same time should input certain amount of physical activity and variety of exercises (at least 150+ min per week for maintenance and 300+min for weight loss) in the daily routine to remain fit, young, healthy (disease free) and free from lifestyle disorders, such as obesity, diabetes, cholesterol, uric acid issues, thyroid, cancers etc.
2 people found this helpful

I am obese. every time I try to do something about it but ends up with binge Eating. Then I got sad about it. please suggest what should I do.

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
I am obese. every time I try to do something about it but ends up with binge Eating. Then I got sad about it. please ...
You need to take high fiber low fat diet followed by detox diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals .Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.
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Hi, I am 22 years old mother and I am very obese. and I have 2 many disease. Sciatica, back pain, piles,etc.

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Hi,  I am 22 years old mother and I am very obese. and I have 2 many disease. Sciatica, back pain, piles,etc.
You need to take high fiber low fat diet followed by detox diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals of 2-3 hrs. Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.
1 person found this helpful
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Bariatric Surgery - Know Its Different Types!

MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Noida
Bariatric Surgery - Know Its Different Types!
Obesity can shorten your lifespan by decades and also limit and reduce the quality of your life. Obesity cannot always be controlled by dieting and exercise and thus more complicated means such as bariatric surgery has to be employed.

Types of bariatric surgery
Most bariatric surgeries either limit your ability to consume food and thus make you feel fuller quickly or limit the absorption of nutrients from the food you eat. Certain surgeries use a combination of the two in varying degrees. Mentioned below are the most commonly employed forms of bariatric surgery

Gastric Balloon This is a form of surgery wherein a specially made balloon is inserted into the stomach. In certain cases even two balloons are inserted into the stomach to reduce the room left for food. This causes you to have less food resulting in weight loss over a period of time.
Gastric Sleeve This is a form of surgery wherein a major portion of the stomach is removed through the procedure. Also known as Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, the surgeon creates a pouch within the stomach which essentially becomes a connecting tube between the esophagus and the large intestine. The reduced stomach size causes fewer hunger related enzymes and hormones to be secreted, causing less hunger and also reducing your food intake capability. This results in weight loss over a period of time.
Gastric Bypass Gastric bypass uses the combination of two techniques, lesser absorption of minerals as well as reduced intake capacity. In this method, a part of the stomach is rearranged akin to the gastric sleeve. However the leftover portion of the stomach is not removed as it can continue to secrete stomach acids. Because of the reduced size of the stomach, you would eat less and if you happen to over eat, it would cause dumping syndrome (quick and repeated bowel evacuation) which would deter you from eating more.
Lap band surgery This is one form of surgery where the stomach is not reduced or cut but rather limited by a band that is put around it. This band constricts the stomach and causes the upper part to become smaller. Hence you would feel fuller from eating less, thus resulting in weight loss.
V-bloc therapy This is a very modern approach to bariatric procedures which works in a very similar way to a pacemaker. A device is placed just under your skin and two leads or wires are connected to the vagal nerve. This nerve is responsible for sending the hunger signals to the brain from the stomach. This device acts as a block to the nerve signals and thus ensures you eat less.
Duodenal switch This surgery is also known as a Biliopancreatic Diversion wherein the surgeons cut out the part of the stomach similar to a gastric sleeve surgery but also make adjustments to the pancreatic chain and the small intestine to reduce the absorption of minerals.
2752 people found this helpful

How to overcome obesity and extreme relations I have this problem last six 6 years.

BSc, Pg Diploma In Food Science & Nutrition, Sensory Evaluation of Food, Certified Diabetes Educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
How to overcome obesity and extreme relations I have this problem last six 6 years.
Once you fix obesity, relations will be automatically fixed but that you have to start today & give yourself time. Take help of professional nutritionist. If you want us to help contact us.
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Quick Tips For Parents To Overcome Childhood Obesity

DNB
Pediatrician, Varanasi
Quick Tips For Parents To Overcome Childhood Obesity
Childhood obesity is a serious condition plaguing many adolescents and children these days. Obesity brings along with it a plethora of health scares such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes, all of which at a point of time were confined only to adults. Obesity in children also results in depression and self-esteem issues. Too much of calorie consumption accompanied by a sedentary lifestyle and other hormonal or genetic factors contribute to obesity in children.

Overcoming Childhood Obesity-

Healthy Eating: Consider opting for vegetables and fruits over high-calorie and fatty foods such as crackers, cookies or other processed foods. Cut out on the intake of sweetened beverages that makes your child too full to grab other healthy foods. Encourage sitting together for a family meal and initiating interaction rather than turning on the TV or other electronic gadgets. Allow your child to decide his/her proportion of food and never over feed. This habit should be inculcated in the child since the formative years.

Engaging in Physical Activity: Make sure and talk your child into not spending more than two hours sitting glued to the TV set or the computer on a daily basis. Rather, egg him/her on to go out in the open and enjoy the day underneath the sun. Try and start building in your child the habits of exercising and staying active right from the beginning. This will go a long way in deciding your child s health and overall fitness in the future. Remember! Morning shows the day. And it s up to you to structure out your child s morning .

Quick Tips For Parents-

Encourage:

Play time or physical activities in ways that your child enjoys, such as going for a walk or hike, playing at the park, playing sports, dancing or going for a bike ride (and join them!)

Healthy home-packed lunches

Drinking more water and eating whole vegetables

Eating when you are truly hungry, not when you re bored, mad, stressed, etc.

Eating together as a family

Decreased meal sizes

Focus on health rather than taste

Discourage:

Too much screen time

Eating while watching TV or other screens

Eating out

Negative food cues and triggers by removing them

Skipping meals if you are hungry

Eating if you are not hungry

Eating by the clock (you should eat when you re truly hungry)

Too much sugary drinks (sodas and fruit drinks)
1421 people found this helpful

Diet Tips To Follow Before And After A Bariatric Surgery!

Masters In Food & Human Nutrition, Bsc - Homescience
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Diet Tips To Follow Before And After A Bariatric Surgery!
Bariatric surgery is performed on an individual who is morbidly obese and needs to lose weight immediately. It does not remove the fat from the body, but reduces the individual s urge to consume food. Since food plays a very important role in the entire procedure, patients looking to undergo bariatric surgery need to follow specific diets before and after the surgery.

A good diet is very important after you have had obesity surgery. The amounts and types of foods that you are able to eat will change, and you need to make sure that your new diet contains enough protein, vitamins and minerals to keep your body healthy. Having a poor diet after obesity surgery can have serious consequences. Short term effects may include dehydration, nausea and vomiting, or dumping syndrome.

Diet Before Bariatric Surgery
Even though the exact diet may differ from one person to the next, the general factors of the diet at this stage include-

Protein rich and low carbohydrate foods are recommended. This reduces fat in the body and promotes the regenerative power of the cells.
Diet aimed at losing weight. This reduces the fat surrounding the liver, making the surgery easier. Furthermore, patients become acclimatized to the new way of eating that they would have to follow post the surgery.
As the date of the surgery approaches, patients may need to be on a liquid only diet, as it is easier to digest. Your diet may be supplemented with vitamins, proteins, so that your body receives the necessary nutrients even when on a liquid only diet.
Diet following the surgery
After the bariatric surgery has been performed, your diet will be divided into four stages. The stages include-

Stage 1- Liquid diet
For a few days after the surgery, you will not be given any solid food. Additionally, you will only drink clear liquids during this time, so that your stomach starts to recover from the procedure. As time passes, liquid diet is graduated; clear liquid diet for 2 days, then full liquid from day 3 and then 5th day onwards protein supplements are also included. This diet continues for 10-15 days depending on the type of surgery and individual.

Stage 2- Pureed diet
After a few days, you will graduate to consuming pureed foods. These foods are liquid, but may have a thicker consistency than the items consumed during stage 1. Many foods, such as vegetables and fruits can be pureed and consumed during this stage. Pureed diet also includes pulses without husk and cerals like dalia/ oats/ khichdi in pureed form, for 15 days.

Stage 3- Soft foods
Around 2 months after the surgery, you will move on to the next stage, where you are allowed to eat most soft food items, such as soft-boiled eggs, minced or ground meat, white fish and fruits like apple, papaya.

Stage 4- Normal diet
After around 2 and half months, solid food will be re-introduced in your diet. Food will need to be consumed in smaller portions, so that your stomach can easily digest it. However, certain items, such as breads and all fried foods must still be avoided.

Around 4 months after the surgery, patients can start eating normally, but the portion sizes must be controlled.

If your diet lacks nutrients or is poorly balanced in the long term, you may risk the following health conditions:

Anaemia caused by iron, folate or vitamin B12 deficiency
Osteoporosis and osteomalacia caused by calcium and/or vitamin D deficiencies
Wernicke encephalopathy a rare but serious neurological condition resulting from thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency
Certain cancers become more likely with some deficiencies
Deterioration of vision caused by vitamin A deficiency
Poor immune function caused by various deficiencies
Protein deficiency symptoms include fatigue, muscle wastage, and alopecia (short term, transient hair loss is normal) 6
3 General guidance for eating and drinking post-op

Take time to eat your meals (this means 20 30 minutes).
Rushing your meals may cause food to stick in your chest and may cause you to vomit.
You may also need to avoid foods that commonly cause blockages leading to pain and possibly vomiting. These include dry chewy meats, soft white bread, stringy or very fibrous vegetables, sweetcorn, nuts, dried fruit, pips and seeds.
Why do people vomit after eating?
The main reasons why people vomit are:

Eating too quickly
Not chewing food well enough
Eating too much
Drinking with, or too close to meals
Eating foods that are difficult to digest You should not need to vomit.
If you find this is happening often, first try changing your eating behaviour and food choices. Frequent, long term vomiting can mean you are getting insufficient nutrients and cause damage to your oesophagus (food pipe) and teeth.
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I am suffering from cough from last 15 day and I am also suffering from obesity so what can I do to came out from both the problem how can in reduce my weight?

Ph.D(Clinical Nutrition), M.Sc(Foods&Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I am suffering from cough from last 15 day
and I am also suffering from obesity so what can I do to came out from bot...
Foryour query on weight loss- To start with avoid simple sugars as far as possible like sugar, jaggery, honey, sweets, candies, chocolates, cold drinks etc. 'Eat Out' less, avoid junk and have good quantity of fresh foods which are not processed like fruits, vegetables, soups, salads, nuts, low fat milk, curd etc. Gradually, focus on higher protein intake, lower fat and restrict carbohydrates to high fibre foods only. Combine these dietary changes with 30 mins to one hour play/walk / exercise. Its difficult to draft a diet chart here which is tailored to meet your requirements. If you need us to help you with proper customised Diet plans for weight loss, you can opt for our online program or contact us through Lybrate' private consult' For cough- Consult a physician first if you need medication. Have hot fluids, hydrate your self enough and have herbs like tulsi, mulaithi etc if they suit you.
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6 Amazing Benefits Of Bariatric Surgery!

Bariatrician, Bangalore
6 Amazing Benefits Of Bariatric Surgery!
Bariatric surgery is advised only in cases of morbid obesity, which has various severe health effects. Undergoing bariatric or weight loss surgery requires effort not just prior to surgery, but also after surgery to ensure its success. This includes significant diet and lifestyle changes, which often involves moving from one end of the spectrum to another end. However, for a person who is willing to do this, the long-term benefits are multiple.

Read on to know how bariatric surgery can turn your life around.

Weight loss: Bariatric surgery is advised only for people who are obese. One of the first benefits they would see is weight loss. The tendency to eat less is one of the important ways to reduce eating. Nutrition planning should be meticulously done to achieve two things avoid weight gain and promote weight loss.
Emotional gains: For a person who is used to seeing an obese image in the mirror, it is a great morale booster to see that image changing to a slender version. This is a big boost to continue the effort towards diet and exercise, which will only improve the confidence and esteem levels.
Overall health: Morbid obesity is not an isolated condition. It brings with it a host of medical issues including sleep apnoea, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, etc. With obesity under control, these conditions also begin to improve and the person s overall quality of life begins to improve. This in turn provides a big boost for the person to continue working at weight loss.
Reduced healthcare expenses: Obese people often need to eat various medications to manage overall health. There could also be emotional health management issues. With this controlled, the patient spends less on overall health and feels good again.
Social connect: Morbid obesity isboth a physical and an emotional blockage for a person to engage socially. Once it is controlled, the person is more confident in meeting people and participating in social activities. This further leads to increased overall happiness.
Active life: With reduced weight, the person s level of activity improves. What seemed difficult earlier is suddenly doable. A person who could not walk some steps is able to, and this is a big booster.
People who undergo bariatric surgery require quite a bit of effort to change their overall lifestyle. However, the benefits are for them to see for themselves, and that is the biggest motivator to continue working towards their goal. Support is definitely required both medically and socially to ensure that it works. The benefits are there for all to reap.