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Gastrointestinal Surgery - Know Forms Of It!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB ((Surgical Gastroenterology), Diploma In Laparoscopy
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Mumbai
Gastrointestinal Surgery - Know Forms Of It!
In recent years there has been a rise in gastrointestinal disease due to lifestyle changes. Conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver, cancer of colon, liver and pancreas have been affecting the young and the elderly equally.

The advancement of medical science has given rise to a series of laparoscopic surgeries relating to gastrointestinal diseases. These surgeries are minimally invasive compared to open surgeries. Let s have a look at the various forms of gastrointestinal surgeries.

Conditions Cured through Gastrointestinal Surgeries:

Gastrointestinal surgery can be used to prevent and treat the following health disorders.

Peptic ulcer disease
Barrett s Esophagus
Hiatal hernia
Radiation bowel injury
Gastrointestinal tumours
Inflammatory bowel disease
GERD
Achalasia
Malignant disease of the pancreas
Malignant disease of the biliary tract
Infectious disease of the colon and rectum

Types of Gastrointestinal Surgeries:

Some examples of gastrointestinal surgeries include

Colon Cancer Surgery It may involve local excision which is done in the early stage of colon cancer. Here the doctor inserts a cutting tool into the colon to remove the cancerous growth. Colectomy is the next stage that is performed only when the cancer has spread to the nearby tissues.

Oesophagal Cancer Surgery It includes esophagectomy or removing the oesophagus partially leaving the patient with the ability to swallow.

Gall Bladder Cancer Surgery - It involves four stages of treatment namely Cholecystectomy, Surgical Biliary Bypass, Endoscopic Stent Placement and Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage. Each procedure is performed at different stages depending on the severity of the condition.

Liver Disease Surgery Liver disease surgery involves Partial Hepatectomy, Liver Transplant and Ablation used at different stages of cancer.

Pancreatic Cancer Surgery The four stages of pancreatic cancer surgery includes Whipple procedure, Total Pancreatectomy, Distal Pancreatectomy and Gastric Bypass.

Apart from these open surgeries, the laparoscopic procedures include

Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy
Laparoscopic Appendectomy
Laparoscopic Nephrectomy
Laparoscopic Splenectomy

Benefits of a Gastrointestinal Surgery:

Minimally invasive due to which scarring is less
Shorter recovery period
Reduced chances of infection
Reduced chances of reoccurrence of the disease

Most of these benefits apply specifically to the gastrointestinal surgeries performed using the laparoscopic technique.

With the rampant increase in gastrointestinal diseases among the masses the wide ranges of gastrointestinal surgeries have made treatment and prevention easier and more accessible.
1578 people found this helpful

Ulcerative Colitis - How To Avert It?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB ((Surgical Gastroenterology), Diploma In Laparoscopy
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Mumbai
Ulcerative Colitis - How To Avert It?
Ulcerative Colitis is one of the severe and chronic forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that can throw life in jeopardy. The condition that mainly affects the rectum and the large intestine can cause severe inflammation, ulceration, and abscess formation. The ulceration or the inflammation of the colon and the rectum left unattended for too long can give rise to deleterious consequences including damage and perforation of the colon, osteoporosis. Various studies also suggest that ulcerative colitis can increase the risk of a person suffering from colon cancer.

Like most of the IBD, there is no definite cure for ulcerative colitis. The illness is a chronic condition and can flare up or recur at any point in time. Though medications may help to control the damage and the complications triggered by ulcerative colitis, surgery may be essential in case of

Severe damage to the colon.
The nonsurgical treatments could do little to improve the conditions.
There is an increased risk of colon cancer.
Ulcerative colitis has resulted in Toxic megacolon (a life-threatening condition where the large intestinal muscles have dilated with some swelling).
There are extreme discomfort and bleeding.
Surgeries to deal with Ulcerative Colitis

In the case of Ulcerative Colitis, the nature of the surgery depends on the extent to which the colon or the rectum or both have been affected and damaged.
In the case of extensive damage with a high risk of colon cancer, the surgeon may perform Proctocolectomy or colectomy
Colectomy may involve
Removal of all of the colon- Total Colectomy
Removal of the diseased part of the colon- Partial Colectomy.
Following the excision, the surgeon may carry out necessary rearrangements to reconnect the remaining portion of the colon to the abdomen through an opening known as stroma (the procedure is known as colostomy).
In the case of Total Colectomy, the small intestine will be connected to the abdomen by a process known as Ileostomy.
Proctocolectomy involves the removal of both the rectum and colon to avoid further aggravation.
Following the proctocolectomy, the surgeon may carry out Ileoanal Anastomosis (Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis). In this procedure, a pouch is created using a small part of the small intestine. This pouch is then connected to the anus to help in the elimination of the wastes.
General precautionary measures to control Ulcerative Colitis

Making healthy lifestyle and dietary modifications can go a long way to control ulcerative colitis and the associated symptoms.

Spicy foods can worsen the incidence of ulcerative colitis. Enrich your diet with lots of fruits, vegetables (squash, avocados, fish (especially salmon and tuna), meat, dairy products, olive oil, walnuts, flaxseed oil, almonds.
Make sure the diet is a low-fiber diet.
Avoid alcoholic and caffeinated drinks and beverages, foods high in sulfur content, refined sugar.
Research suggests stress and lack of physical activities can aggravate the ulcerative colitis. Mediation and daily exercise can produce fruitful results.
Make sure your sleep is not compromised (6-8 hours daily).
1489 people found this helpful

Chronic Inflammatory Disorder - How To Diagnose It?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Bhopal
Chronic Inflammatory Disorder - How To Diagnose It?
Crohn s disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of GI or digestive tract. Crohn s disease is most commonly affects the mucosal lining due to ulcerations of small and large intestines, but it can affect the entire digestive system. Crohn s disease is usually related to another chronic inflammatory condition namely ulcerative colitis, which involves mainly colon. Crohn s disease and ulcerative colitis are together referred to as inflammatory bowel disease. The symptoms include vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, fever, weight loss, anal fistulae, and perirectal abscesses. But, the symptoms are mostly dependent on the location, extent and severity of the inflammation.

Subtypes of Crohn s disease are:

Crohn s colitis Inflammation of the colon. The common symptoms are abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. However, anal fistulae and perirectal abscesses can also occur.
Crohn s enteritis Inflammation of small intestines. Mainly jejunum (second part) or ileum (third part). The common symptoms are abdominal pain and diarrhea. In this obstruction of small intestines can also occur.
Crohn s terminal ileitis Inflammation of the part of the small intestine which is closest to the colon, i.e. ileum (third or terminal part of small intestine). Similar to colitis and enteritis, the common symptoms are abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Crohn s entero-colitis and ileocolitis Inflammation involving both small intestine and colon. The symptoms include abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. Obstruction of the small intestine can also occur.
Causes of Crohn s Disease
The cause of the disease is still not known. However, the researchers report that it is due to the abnormal response of the immune system. The uncontrolled inflammation which is associated with Crohn s disease may be caused by food or bacterial intestines or due to the lining of the bowel.

Diagnosis
There are various diagnostic procedures and laboratory tests by which Crohn s disease can be distinguished from other GI tract disease such as ulcerative colitis. A gastroenterologist can perform a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to get bowel tissue for analysis or upper endoscopy can be done to study esophagus, stomach,and duodenum (first part of the small intestine). To study in detail of small intestine, capsule endoscopy can be done, which is done by using a small, pill-sized camera which is swallowed. Other tests that can be suggested by your doctor are:

Blood tests can be done. High white blood cell indicates inflammation and low red blood cells indicates a sign of anemia due to blood loss.
Stool examination can be done to rule out any infection that can occur due to diarrhea.
Special x-rays, namely CT scan or MRI can be performed of both upper and lower GI tract in order to confirm the location of the inflammation.
Treatment
Although there is no cure for Crohn s disease, however, one can lead normal lives. Crohn s disease is normally treated with medications. These include:

Anti-inflammatory drugs, namely, salicylates. Side effects of these drugs are gastrointestinal upset, nausea, rash, headache, or diarrhea.
Corticosteroids, again type of anti-inflammatory drugs, but this is more powerful. The side effects are seen if these drugs are consumed for long periods of time, mainly, thinning of bone, muscle loss, skin problems, and increased risk of infections.
Antibiotics can be given such as ciprofloxacin, metronidazole and others. The side effects include nausea, tingling or numbness of feet and hands.
Antidiarrheal drugs
Risks
Along with Crohn s disease, you are likely to develop other health problems such as colon cancer, lymphoma, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, or psoriatic arthritis.
Thus, with this information, you can with the help of your doctor can work out your plan to avoid problems and possible complications.

1068 people found this helpful

Bowel Resection Surgery - Know Types Of It!

MS- General Surgery
General Surgeon, Jodhpur
Bowel Resection Surgery - Know Types Of It!
The bowel is a very important part of your body within the digestive system as it plays a vital role in the absorption of nutrients and minerals within your body as well as excreting toxic matter. The bowel contains the small bowel or small intestine as well as the large bowel or the large intestine. However, parts of the bowel may be infected or damaged in such a manner that they may need to be removed in order to save further worsening. Thus, the removal of sections of the bowels is known as bowel resection surgery.

How is bowel resection surgery performed?
In this procedure, sections of either the large intestine or the small intestine are removed which have either become diseased, infected or have malignant growths within them. The doctors and surgeons first identify the sections that need to be removed and then perform the surgery wherein a section of the tissue is excised and then two ends of the bowel are stitched together to form a new section of continuous small intestine or large intestine.

Types of bowel resection
There are two types of bowel resection, namely small bowel resection performed on the small intestine and large bowel resection performed on the large intestine. The indications for both of them are mentioned below:

Small Bowel resection: Some of the cases wherein small bowel resection may be required are as follows:

Cancerous or benign polyps or growth
Precancerous growths and polyps
Damage to the small intestine due to injuries
Congenital defects in the small intestine
Blockages in the intestine
Growth of ulcers, bleeding, and infection within the small intestine
Infections within the intestines
Other disorders of the small intestine
Large bowel resection: Large bowel resection is also carried out due to many of the same reasons as mentioned above. However, some of the specific reasons for large bowel resection are mentioned below:

Colon cancer
Diverticulitis, disorder that specifically affects the large intestine
Bowel inflammation or ulcerative colitis
Abnormal twisting of the bowel also known as volvulus
Intestines which slide into another section of the intestine; also known as intussusception
Risks of the bowel resection
Like any other surgery, bowel resection also carries its own risks just as any other form of surgery. Some of the common risks of bowel resection are

Adverse reaction to anesthesia
Infections
Heart attacks or strokes during the operation
Infections
Excessive bleeding among others
Specific risks for large and small bowel resections are mentioned as follows:

Small bowel resection: Certain common risks include accumulation of pus in the abdomen, internal bleeding within the intestine after surgery, diarrhea, infection of the incision area and the stitched area breaking open among others
Large bowel resection: In this case, tissues protruding through the cut causing an incisional hernia is the most common element of risk. Nearby organs may be damaged as well; scar tissue, problems with the passage of material within the colon among others are some of the other complications.
However, these issues occur rarely and resections are performed very successfully and quite regularly by surgeons.
1591 people found this helpful

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - How To Tackle It?

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Medical), MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Inflammatory Bowel Disease - How To Tackle It?
Inflammatory Bowel Disease needs to be controlled in the initial stage only so that severe symptoms can be prevented. There are a few easy treatments that need to be followed for getting instant relief and quickest recovery.

What are the commonest signs of Inflammatory Bowel disease?

Fatigue and fever: Low-grade fever can be experienced, which might invite fatigue, tiredness and weakness. Your energy levels will become too low, and thus you will lose your concentration to work.
Diarrhea: This is regarded as the commonest signs of all, and it can be quite severe in a few cases.
Stool with blood: If you find blood with stool, then it is a serious case, and this sign confirms clearly that you have got IBD.
Cramping and abdominal pain: Ulceration and inflammation within the digestive tract might invite both cramping and abdominal pain. Vomiting and nausea are the other two symptoms that are associated with the same.
Weight loss: digestive system can get disturbed as a result of which you might lose weight on a frequent note. On the other hand, your appetite will get disturbed, and you will suffer from malnutrition.
What are the best ways to treat Inflammatory Bowel disease?

Lifestyle change: Proper diet should be maintained, and you should include foods with low fats, high fiber and others. Non-spicy and non-dairy foods are quite suitable in this case. Smoking, alcohol drinking and other bad habits should be curtailed from diet. Eat healthy and drink water in abundance.
Surgery: Only for dealing with severe conditions, especially ulcerative colitis and crohn's disease, surgery is chosen as the best option but this decision is normally taken by the doctor.
Medications: Specialized medications are being used like anti-diarrhoeal medications, pain relievers, and iron supplements, Vitamin-d and calcium supplements, vitamin-12 supplements and many more.
Home remedies: There are few commonest homemade therapies that can treat IBD, and they are meditations, probiotics, acupuncture, turmeric, aloe Vera, fish oil and others. These remedies are the safest of all, and thus no side-effects will be faced.
Doctor's assistance: Without doctor's help, you will not be able to get the quickest recovery from IBD. Therefore, you got to visit the clinic regularly in order to get the perfect treatment. There are a few therapists who can help you to get rid of unwanted emotional difficulties. Support group can also be joined for receiving moral support.
1524 people found this helpful

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Have Homeopathy To Get Relief From It!

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Vadodara
Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Have Homeopathy To Get Relief From It!
When the digestive tract is affected by a group of disorders, it is commonly described as IBD or inflammatory bowel disease. It is classified into two main types:

Ulcerative colitis
Crohn s disease.
Symptoms-

Common symptoms associated with both these diseases include a change in

Bowel habits
Diarrhea
Pain in the abdomen
Fatigue
Reduced appetite
Extreme weight loss.
Left untreated, these conditions can be life-threatening. When it comes to either of these inflammatory bowel diseases, the goal of treatment is to reduce the inflammation and pain and reduce the risk of complications.

Role Of Homepopathy In Treating IBD-

Homeopathy can be very effective in dealing with inflammatory bowel disease. This form of treatment not only reduces the intensity of the symptoms being experienced but addresses the root cause of the issue and keeps it from recurring frequently. Homeopathic medications have negligible side effects and can be safely prescribed to children and adults of all ages. This medication can be taken alongside other forms of therapy as well. However, self-medication is not advised. This is because homeopathy is a form of constitutional medication where the ideal remedy is based on the symptoms shown as well as the patient s overall physical and mental health. Thus, a remedy that is effective for one person may not be equally effective for another.

While some homeopathic remedies are prescribed for patients suffering from diarrhea that worsens in the morning, patients who complain of diarrhea that is aggravated at night may be prescribed a different medication. Medication is also dependent on the foods that trigger bowel irritation. For example, different homeopathic remedies are needed for patients who complain of diarrhea worsening by eating fruits and milk and those who get diarrhea after eating meat. The patient s lifestyle can also influence the remedy. For example, some patients may prefer cold water while others prefer to drink warm water. The same medication cannot be prescribed to both of these patients.

When following a homeopathic mode of treatment, it is important to follow the prescription and be patient. Since homeopathy addresses the root cause of the issue, its effects may be slow to notice. However, it provides a long-term solution. Do not change the medication or its dosage on your own. Ideally, when taking homeopathic medication, a gap of at least half an hour must be maintained before eating or drinking anything. If two or more medicines must be taken at the same time, maintain a gap of about 5 minutes between each of them.
8587 people found this helpful

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Know Complications Of It!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Ghaziabad
Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Know Complications Of It!
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of conditions wherein the intestines become inflamed. IBD is a collective term used for diseases like Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis (UC) and indeterminate colitis. So it won t be wrong to say that IBD is an umbrella term used to denote various diseases.

These are the painful diseases which, involving an abnormal response by the immune system, damages the lining of the digestive system, hence causing fatigue and/or weight loss, inflammation and ulceration, severe abdominal pain, diarrhoea and bloody stools.

Ulcerative colitis: This causes a long-lasting inflammation and sores in the innermost lining of large intestine and rectum.
Crohn's disease: This causes inflammation of the lining of digestive tract, which penetrates deep into affected tissues.
The symptoms of IBD mainly depend upon how severe the inflammation is and also its location. Symptoms can be mild or severe. In this condition, there are periods of active illness and remission.

Diarrhea
Fever and fatigue
Abdominal pain and cramping
Blood in your stool
Loss of appetite
Weight loss
Though the exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease remains unknown, it is said that diet and stress lead to this condition. However, doctors say that there are many factors which aggravate IBD which are:

Immune System Malfunction: One of the predominant cause for this conditions is when immune system attempts to fight an invading virus or bacterium, and there is an abnormal immune response which causes the immune system to attack the cells in the digestive tract.
Heredity: It is also considered to be a cause of IBD. It is said that IBD occurs mostly in people who have a family history of this disease. However, not only people who suffer from this disease have any family history.
Risk factors you should know about:

Smoking: Smoking is one of the main factors for developing this condition. It aggravates the symptoms of this disease hence compounding the problem.
Race: IBD can occur in all races. However, there are certain ethnic groups such as Caucasians and Ashkenazi Jews that have a higher risk.
Age: IBD usually starts before the age of 35. Although it can happen at any age.
Genetics: If you have a parent, child etc with IBD, there are chances that you are at higher risk to get this condition.
Complications due to IBD

Obstruction in bowels
Weight loss
Ulcers that penetrate the bowel wall
Colon cancer
There are some rare cases where a serious bout of IBD can make a person go into shock which can be life-threatening.
1870 people found this helpful

Ulcerative Colitis - How To Avert It?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB- Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Sri Ganganagar
Ulcerative Colitis - How To Avert It?
Ulcerative Colitis is one of the severe and chronic forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that can throw life in jeopardy. The condition that mainly affects the rectum and the large intestine can cause severe inflammation, ulceration, and abscess formation. The ulceration or the inflammation of the colon and the rectum left unattended for too long can give rise to deleterious consequences including damage and perforation of the colon, osteoporosis. Various studies also suggest that ulcerative colitis can increase the risk of a person suffering from colon cancer.

Like most of the IBD, there is no definite cure for ulcerative colitis. The illness is a chronic condition and can flare up or recur at any point in time. Though medications may help to control the damage and the complications triggered by ulcerative colitis, surgery may be essential in case of

Severe damage to the colon.
The nonsurgical treatments could do little to improve the conditions.
There is an increased risk of colon cancer.
Ulcerative colitis has resulted in Toxic megacolon (a life-threatening condition where the large intestinal muscles have dilated with some swelling).
There are extreme discomfort and bleeding.
Surgeries to deal with Ulcerative Colitis

In the case of Ulcerative Colitis, the nature of the surgery depends on the extent to which the colon or the rectum or both have been affected and damaged.
In the case of extensive damage with a high risk of colon cancer, the surgeon may perform Proctocolectomy or colectomy
Colectomy may involve
Removal of all of the colon- Total Colectomy
Removal of the diseased part of the colon- Partial Colectomy.
Following the excision, the surgeon may carry out necessary rearrangements to reconnect the remaining portion of the colon to the abdomen through an opening known as stroma (the procedure is known as colostomy).
In the case of Total Colectomy, the small intestine will be connected to the abdomen by a process known as Ileostomy.
Proctocolectomy involves the removal of both the rectum and colon to avoid further aggravation.
Following the proctocolectomy, the surgeon may carry out Ileoanal Anastomosis (Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis). In this procedure, a pouch is created using a small part of the small intestine. This pouch is then connected to the anus to help in the elimination of the wastes.
General precautionary measures to control Ulcerative Colitis
Making healthy lifestyle and dietary modifications can go a long way to control ulcerative colitis and the associated symptoms.

Spicy foods can worsen the incidence of ulcerative colitis. Enrich your diet with lots of fruits, vegetables (squash, avocados, fish (especially salmon and tuna), meat, dairy products, olive oil, walnuts, flaxseed oil, almonds.
Make sure the diet is a low-fiber diet.
Avoid alcoholic and caffeinated drinks and beverages, foods high in sulfur content, refined sugar.
Research suggests stress and lack of physical activities can aggravate the ulcerative colitis. Mediation and daily exercise can produce fruitful results.
Make sure your sleep is not compromised (6-8 hours daily).
3157 people found this helpful

Crohn's Disease - Know More About Its Causes, Types And Symptoms!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Transplant Hepatology, Fellowship in Liver Intensive Care
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Crohn's Disease - Know More About Its Causes, Types And Symptoms!
One of the more severe illnesses included in the larger group of diseases known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease is typically a long-lasting, chronic condition. The intestine or bowel, most commonly the colon and the lower part of the small intestine, are either marked by sores or get inflamed and ulcerated. It is a common occurrence in adolescents and young adults.

Types-
Crohn's disease is subdivided into five types, each having its own set of symptoms:

1. Ileocolitis - The most common type, it affects the colon and the ileum and results in considerable weight loss as well as diarrhea and cramps.
2. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease - People who suffer from this type of disease have their stomach and duodenum affected and many experience symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite and weight loss.
3. Crohn's colitis - This involves only the stomach, and can cause joint pains, rectal bleeding, skin lesions and diarrheas,
4. Ileitis - This type affects the ileum and the symptoms are identical to those of ileocolitis.
5. Jejunoileitis - In this type, the jejunum gets affected and general symptoms include the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, intensive back pain as well as areas of inflammation.


Causes-
Despite the uncertainty as to the nature of the specific causes of Crohn's disease, there have been a few possible causes which have been identified. These include:
1. Immune system problems
2. Genetic disorders
3. Environmental factors, such as:-
a) Certain edibles
b) Viruses or harmful bacteria
c) Smoke


Symptoms-
The primary symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following:
1. Diarrhea: This can occur for about 10 to 20 times a day in more severe cases.
2. In rare cases, there may be blood in your stool.
3. In more intense cases, you may even develop a fever.
4. Cramping and intermittent belly pain.
5. Anemia, due to a reduction in iron levels caused by bloody stools.
6. Weight loss.
7. The erratic appearance of small tears in the anus called anal fissures.
3109 people found this helpful

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Are You At Risk?

MBBS, FAGE, CCEBDM -Advanced Certification in Prevention and Management of Diabetes & Cardiovascular Disease
General Physician, Noida
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Are You At Risk?
IBS is a common intestinal disorder causing pain in the stomach, gas, diarrhea and constipation. The condition affects millions of people around the world, mostly women. It may not fully be cured, but the condition can be kept under control diet and lifestyle changes and in severe cases with medication and treatment. The most common affected age groups are between 6 to 18 and 41 to 60.

Causes: There are several triggers to IBS although doctors are yet to determine a specific cause. Because IBS happens more in women than men, some people believe that hormones are responsible for it. Other studies suggest that IBS is triggered when

The colon becomes hypersensitive reacting to an external stimulation
The bowel muscles spasm causing diarrhea or constipation
The muscles in the bowel don't squeeze normally, causing diarrhea or constipation
There is an imbalance in chemicals like serotonin and gastrin which are responsible for the communication between the brain and the digestive system
Certain bacteria in the bowel can cause this condition
So far, there are no extensive studies to back any of these theories.

Signs and symptoms: People with IBS have symptoms that can include diarrhea and /or constipation, sometimes alternating with each other, stomach cramps, gas and bloating and a belly that sticks out. Stress may, in some cases, aggravate the problem.

Diagnosis: Unfortunately there are no specific tests to identify IBS as the causes itself can vary in a big spectrum. Using your symptoms as a guide, the doctor may run tests to check for food allergies, lactose intolerance, reactions to any medications you may be taking like blood pressure drugs, infection in the stomach, enzyme deficiencies where the pancreas isn't releasing enough enzymes to digest the food properly and inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitisor Crohn's disease. You may have to undergo a colonoscopy or endoscopy, blood tests, stool tests and allergy tests for your doctor to devise a treatment that can best treat your specific symptoms.



Treatment: Because the symptoms and causes are so varied, there is no one specific treatment of IBS. You will need to identify and understand your specific triggers to isolate it and then make changes accordingly in conjunction with lifestyle change and medication.

Lifestyle changes: Look at IBS as a trigger to make you move into a healthier lifestyle and improved diet. Here are some basic changes that your doctor may prescribe

Avoid coffee tea and sugary sodas
Drink 8 glasses of water per day and time your water intake as per your food
Limit fatty foods, milk and cheese
Add wholesome fiber to your food.
Relax and get some me time
Add a good quantity of regular exercise
There is nothing here that you already didn't know can lead to a healthier life. It's just that you'll have to take it seriously now that the doctor has prescribed it for you.
3314 people found this helpful