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Type 2 Diabetes - Know How To Manage It With Your Lifestyle!

MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Type 2 Diabetes - Know How To Manage It With Your Lifestyle!
Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body deals with glucose in the blood and the glucose absorbed from the food you ingest. Diabetes is generally of two basic types - Type 1 and Type 2. Apart from these two types, there are other kinds as well including gestational diabetes that some women suffer from during their pregnancy. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where the cells of the body do not make proper use of the insulin being produced by the pancreas.

Living with this kind of a condition may seem debilitating at first, but here are a few things you can do to make life easier despite Type 2 Diabetes.

- Weight: Being overweight is one the foremost side effects and sometimes, even cause of Type 2 Diabetes. To make your life easier, you can lose weight so that the complications involved are that much less. Diet and exercise are key for appropriate weight loss. Watch your diet so that you can eliminate high cholesterol as well. This can ensure that unnecessary amount of fat does not stick to your muscles and organs, which in turn will fuel better functioning of the same.

- Health Care: Being fit with Type 2 Diabetes does not merely mean staying within your normal weight range. It also means taking care of your medication and insulin doses so that you can function in a more normal way. Make your family and friends your support system as you go about life so that people can help you and recognise symptoms when something goes wrong. Be in constant touch with your health care providers and the general physician you see so that they are in the loop and you know exactly what to do in case there is an emergency.

- Exercise: Being active is a great way to keep your blood sugar level low even as you ensure that you heart is in good condition. This will further eliminate the risk of heart disease, hypertension and high cholesterol. Sweating it out also helps the insulin work in a better manner within your body.

- Balance: While you may be asked to remove sugar from your diet, there is no need to stay away from proper meals. You can have a fibre rich diet that also has plenty of fruits and vegetables so that you get your due nutrition and maintain a fit body.
Watching your lifestyle is the main thing you need to do if you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes.

How Does Managing Diabetes Help Your Kidneys?

DNB (Nephrology), MD, MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
How Does Managing Diabetes Help Your Kidneys?
Kidneys and Kidney Diseases

The kidneys are organs which aim to filter out huge amounts of blood to produce 1-2 quarts of urine. They also perform the task of filtering out the excessive waste materials from the blood stream.

However, there can be cases when infection enters your bloodstream and affects your kidneys. This can cause serious kidney diseases such as cysts, stones and cancer.

Diabetes: What is it and how does it affect your kidneys?

Diabetes is a condition which is caused when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (Type 1 Diabetes) or when your body doesn t react to the insulin in a normal way (Type 2 Diabetes). The sugar in your food cannot be broken down effectively which can result in problems in your kidneys.

The glucose content in your blood causes considerable damage to the filters in your kidneys. The damage in the kidneys can affect the kidney function and obstruct the filtering out of wastes from the blood.

Thus, diabetes could be attributed as a major cause of kidney disease.

Managing Diabetes -

Managing diabetes is crucial to avoid kidney diseases. However, diabetes doesn t have a proper cure which is why it is even more important to take care of your health in such cases.

Here are a few ways in which diabetic patients can aim to be healthy and prevent kidney diseases:

Quit Smoking - Smoking increases diabetic complications such as nerve damage and heart strokes which can in-turn affect your kidneys functions adversely. Hence, it is advisable to quit smoking to keep diabetes under control.

Healthy Meals - Opt for healthy meals which are balanced and packed with nutrients as they help in increasing the insulin function in your body. Foods such as green leafy vegetables, legumes, fruits and lean meat should be included in your meals.

Engage in Physical Exercise - A diabetic person needs to engage in physical exercise in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Obesity can increase your chances of complications and can be detrimental to your kidneys as well.
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Signs Of Diabetes - Are You Aware Of Them?

MBBS, Fellowship in Diabetes, PGDM Reproductive and Child Health , CCMH, ACMDC (Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease )
Diabetologist, Thane
Signs Of Diabetes - Are You Aware Of Them?
If your glucose level is more than the usual level, chances are that you have diabetes. The warning signals of diabetes are mild that in the preliminary stage it is challenging to detect. Diabetes can be of two types. Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of which stand crucial for an individual s knowledge to take preventive measures.

Type 1 diabetes
When your immune system damages pancreatic cells called beta cells, Type 1 diabetes occurs. They re functional in making insulin. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes typically begin promptly, within a few days to weeks. High blood sugar causes them. In the first few days, the symptoms might misguide you to believe that it is an ailment like the flu.

Common symptoms of Type 1 diabetes

Increased hunger: As the body fails to use the calories, one feels hungry all the time.
Blurry vision: This type makes the eyes water as there is sugar build up in the lens of your eye giving rise to blurry vision.
Feeling very tired: A sluggish feeling prevails as the body doesn't use the energy or glucose.
Rapid heart rate: Heart rate may be more than normal
Reduced blood pressure: Another typical sign where the blood pressure usually falls below 90/60 rate
Low body temperature: Is another key trait where the body temperature goes below the stated 97 F.
Bladder discomfort: An individual faces bladder discomfort and tends to urinate several times a day. As there is a lot of urination, the glucose is flushed out which leads to weight loss as well dehydration.
Abdominal pain: Pain usually occurs at the center of the stomach. In some cases, an individual may feel like vomiting.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes affects millions of people all over India. If you have Type 2 diabetes, your body is not able to use the insulin hormone properly. Check out for the below-listed symptoms.

Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Velvety dark patches: Type 2 diabetes can be detected by observing the velvety dark patches in the armpit abdomen sides or groin or groin area called Acanthosis Nigricans.
Increased thirst: Especially post heavy meals, dry mouth with a fatigue feeling is experienced
Increased hunger: You may feel frequently hungry
Frequent urination: Known as Polyuria, increased urination is common a symptom of Type 2 Diabetes
Skin problems: Itching of the skin usually around the groin area or vaginal area
Blurred vision: Things may appear to be little blurry
Diabetes numbness: A general symptom where there is numbness in hand and feet
Pricking pain: A burning sensation, or pricking pain in the hands and feet that starts out mild at first, but over time as the nerve damage increases, it grows severe
Impotence: Erectile dysfunction can be another symptom of type 2 diabetes
To be aware of the symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes is important as you can seek medical help at the early onset of the condition.
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Diabetes Awareness!

MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Khammam
Diabetes Awareness!
On the occasion of world diabetes day, I want to convey that the complications of diabetes can only be prevented by sharing knowledge about the disease.

Symptoms of diabetes include Increased urination, Increased thirst, Generalized weakness, Loss of weight, etc. Early identification of symptoms and proper initiation of treatment can prevent many complications.

Please keep an eye on the above symptoms, if any get a blood sugar done and report to a physician.
3 people found this helpful

Diabetes Treatment!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Jodhpur
Diabetes Treatment!
A new FDA approved a drug in the treatment of diabetes mellitus - Ertugliflozin which is a sglt-2 inhibitors drug.

Diabetes Care!

BSc-Food & Applied Nutrition, Msc in Clinical Dietetics & Food Service Management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bhubaneswar
Diabetes Care!
Being #TheWorldDiabetesDay today we would be talking about how we could reduce the risk of diabetes by embracing a healthy lifestyle.
2 people found this helpful

Bad Breath - Causes And Dental Help!

BDS, Certificate of Speciality Training In Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics, Advanced Certificate Course In Aesthetic Dentistry
Dentist, Mumbai
Bad Breath - Causes And Dental Help!
Bad breath also is known as Halitosis.
Maybe due to improper brushing, underlying gum disease, Diet, improper cleaning of the tongue. It may also be due to any underlying Health disease like diabetes, sinus infection, lung disease, Gastrointestinal problems etc.
How can you prevent bad odor?
Proper brushing, flossing, Cleaning your tongue is important as most of the time the bad breath is due to not cleaning of your tongue. Mouth rinsing after taking every meal. Keep your self-hydrated and avoid drying of your mouth.
Visit your dentist for treatment of any gum diseases.

Gut Flora - All About It!

MBBS,CCA,DCA,AASECT,FPA,AAD,F.H.R.SM.I.M.S
General Physician, Gorakhpur
Gut Flora - All About It!
While we have all been bombarded through the various sources on the internet, print and media about the beneficial effects of various healthy diets, have you ever stopped to think about how or why this might be the case. Is this because of a direct effect of the components of the diet on the various body functions. It turns out that some of this may be mediated by the effects of diet on the various residents in our gut, also known as our gut flora.
So, who are these residents in our gut?

What is gut flora?
Gut flora, also known as gastrointestinal flora, are the various microbes in our bodies (microbiome). They number more than 10 times the number of cells in the human body, up to 100 trillion cells. They also encode 100 times the number of genes (the metagenome) that a human possesses (the genome). In the human gut microbiome, while over 99% of the genes are bacterial, there are also fungi and viruses.

How does diet impact the gut flora?
The phrase you are what you eat should perhaps be now modified to your microbiome is what you eat . More than one study has shown that a western diet rich in protein and animal fat is associated with a predominance of a bacterial species named Bacteroides while those on a more agrarian diet richer in carbohydrates tend to show a predominance of a bacterial species named prevotella.

Why does flora matter?
It is postulated that the various components of the microbiome tend to be in a state of balance in a healthy individual. When this balance gets disturbed, this has been termed as dysbiosis . This dysbiosis is usually associated with many diseases of the modern age including obesity, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and cardiovascular diseases.

While studies have started showing the differences in microbiome with the various dietary components, it is still early to suggest that changing one s diet alone would be the only way to change towards less dysbiosis . This is because we still do not have an agreement on what is truly a healthy microbiome . Additionally, recent studies have also shown that the immediate environment that one resides in may impact the microbiome with changes seen soon after immigration to a western country. That said, it would make sense to adopt a healthier diet that is lower in animal fat and more grain-based sources of proteins while research evolves towards more specific answers in the years and decades to come.

I have been diagnosed T2DM for the past 11 years. She now takes one Tripride-1 in the morning after breakfast and one TENEFRON M 20/500 in the night after food. But her blood sugar remains high at 183 fasting and 276 post prandial. Our doctor has suggested the morning dosage to Tripride-2 one tablet. Is this ok? 2. Cause of T2DM May be (a) low insulin production by beta cells or damage to beta cells (b) normal insulin production, but release inhibited or (c) insulin resistance or (d) high glucagon activity. Are there any methods to diagnose the cause correctly? What is the cause of my illness? Are all the four causes treated by the same medication? Are the medicines now used by me enough to address my problems.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
I have been diagnosed T2DM for the past 11 years. She now takes one Tripride-1 in the morning after breakfast and one...
Hello, Thanks for the query. the drugs used to treat T2 diabetes which you are on, do tend to act on various causes that lead to increased blood glucose levels or diabetes. For example Glimepiride stimulates Beta cells to produce Insulin, Metformin helps slow down glucose absorption and reduces glucose load, plus helps reduce insulin resistance. Pioglitazone again helps reduce Insulin resistance. Tenelegliptin acts through Incretin system and helps insulin secretion. Therefore, there is no need for you to worry about the etiology part of diabetes. Type diabetes most often is because of lack of insulin secretion. In an obese or overweight person there is more likely hood of increased insulin resistance. Thanks.
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