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Lipid Profile (9) Health Feed

Cholesterol And Lipid Profile - All You Should Know!

Cholesterol And Lipid Profile - All You Should Know!

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a building block of animals. We have only one type of cholesterol, just as we have one type of water. Animals can walk, swim or fly because their cells have cholesterol. Plants have cellulose instead of cholesterol. It makes them immobile. Everything of every animal, including hair, nails, bone, blood, eggs, meat, skin, wing, milk, etc. always contains cholesterol; and everything obtained from plants is always ‘zero cholesterol’.

Most of our cholesterol is manufactured by our cells. We can get some from food. Our livers can easily excrete excess in bile. Food cholesterol does not raise the blood levels just as buying shirts does not lead to wearing two together.

Triglycerides

Cholesterol does not dissolve in water, so it is called a lipid or fat. Triglyceride is another important lipid. Oil, ghee and meat-fat are mostly triglycerides. Body uses them as fuel. Triglycerides from food enter blood directly as chylomicrons. Other foods go first to liver, and are converted to triglycerides for circulation.

Lipoproteins

Since lipids are insoluble in blood, they are transported with proteins as ‘lipo-proteins’. We have LDL, HDL, and chylomicrons. All lipoproteins contain a mixture of various proteins, fats, and other insoluble substances.

LDL and HDL are made in the liver. Fresh LDL and HDL keep entering the blood, and old lipoproteins are continuously removed. Lipoproteins trap all insoluble dirt, including broken cells and bacterial toxins, and keep our blood vessels clean and healthy. LDL and HDL work together, like mop and bucket. The liver has Kuppfer cells for safely disposing of the toxins they collect and bring.

Our blood has more toxins during illnesses, and more lipoproteins get consumed; blood levels, therefore, drop in every illness. High levels, therefore, predict good health and longer lifespan, but there are exceptions to this rule. Sometimes, there is accumulation of old toxin-filled lipoproteins in blood. Egs: In familial hypercholesterolemia clearance of old LDL by liver is slow. Similarly, alcohol slows removal of HDL; torcetrapib prevents HDL-LDL cooperation. In such situations, high levels of LDL or HDL increase blockages.

Statin medicines help by clearing old LDL from blood, but most lipid medicines just change the blood report without improving health.

Cholesterol and Blockages

Food cholesterol has virtually nothing to do with blockages. Blockages occur because of modern lifestyle. Unlike pre-modern hunter-gatherers who fed on forest foods, we eat a high glucose agricultural diet. Thankfully, our liver does not allow too much glucose into the blood, otherwise, our blood glucose would shoot up to over one thousand after every meal! The liver converts sugars into triglycerides and circulates them as VLDL.

Modern diets keep the liver busy manufacturing triglycerides from glucose; this predisposes us to diabetes and fatty liver. Fasting triglycerides should be less than 150. Higher values suggest that the diet contains too much glucose or alcohol.

Glucose damages artery endothelium, and also changes our LDL to small dense LDL. The cholesterol inside blockages comes from harmful, small dense LDL.

Lipid Profile

Lipid Profiles ‘tests’ are quite popular, but not very helpful. Lipid Profiles have poor predictive value.

The lipids we measure are mostly from liver, not food. Cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL are measured. All the other numbers are usually arithmetic. E.g.: VLDL is triglycerides divided by 5. Additional measurements like apo A, B, Lp(a) etc. do not help much.

Cholesterol levels below 300 are normal. Levels persistently above 300 (or LDL levels above 220) suggest familial hypercholesterolemia. Much lower levels of cholesterol and LDL are presently advocated. The dangerous cholesterol levels have been changed from 350 to 270, 250, 220, 200, 170, 150 etc.; and safe level of LDL is being continuously reduced. These recommendations are motivated. In 1945, a heart disease scare was started in the USA. Large research programs were rolled out to ‘find the cause’ of the ‘number 1 killer’, and they promoted the cholesterol theory the whole world now believes.

High Triglycerides and low HDL is called atherogenic dyslipidemia (blockage causing lipid abnormality). Focus on these for protecting health. They usually stay perfect with a diet low in sugar, starch and alcohol.

Summary

Cholesterol is present in animal bodies for the same reason that wood is present in plants. LDL and HDL are two types of blood cleaning lipoproteins; they are not two types of cholesterol. Both these are good and essential for health. High triglycerides and low HDL are the commonest abnormalities in people prone to heart attacks. These improve with low glucose/fructose diet or exercise. Cholesterol found in blockages is not food cholesterol, it is small dense LDL. Blockages are caused by glucose-rich diets.

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HI, Please can people with high lipid profile take levolin forte to help reduce the high lipid profile.

HI, Please can people with high lipid profile take levolin forte to help reduce the high lipid profile.
Reduce saturated fats. Saturated fats, found primarily in red meat and full-fat dairy products, raise your total cholesterol. ... Eliminate trans fats. ... Eat foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. ... Increase soluble fiber. ... Add whey protein.
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I am 50 years old, I would like to know how to keep in control parameters of Lipid profile.

I am 50 years old, I would like to know how to keep in control parameters of Lipid profile.
For control high cholesterol eat whole grain foods, green veg., juice, plenty of water at least 8 glass of water in a day. Avoid high cholesterol foods, oily, fatty, junk, fast foods, foods from out sided, Go for walk daily, do yoga, cycling, any good exercise, avoid stress, try to take good sleep at night. Checkup your body by blood tests and physical examination at regular time.
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In report of my blood lipid profile I have 240 try glyceride, what will I have to do now?

In report of my blood lipid profile I have 240 try glyceride, what will I have to do now?
We can plan for medication AtorlipF once a day after clinical examination and few tips on diet - say no to maida items like toast , khaari ,naan ,white bread . can drink tea but without sugar and say no to Buffalo milk and can drink cows milk , can eat brown bread , can eat sprout’s , can eat green vegetables, can eat chappati ,bajra ka rotla can eat one katori of rice twice a day with dal and to avoid farsan food items and can eat fruits and say no to coconut water
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How to get reduce the triglyceride from our lipid profile fastly and is its bad effect on our body.

How to get reduce the triglyceride from our lipid profile fastly and is its bad effect on our body.
Santosh do 30 to 45 min cardeo exercise preferable walking..take 8 to10 seeds of fenugreek early in the morning..take high fibre diet..maximum intake of green tea and water..avoid fats and fatty food ..avoid smoking...take roasted chana whenever you feel hungry..take oatsmeal is breakfast...
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Hi doctor? Is it ok to get the lipid profile and thyroid done after having food? Will there be a varied result?

Hi doctor? Is it ok to get the lipid profile and thyroid done after having food? Will there be a varied result?
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. For getting thyroid test doen there is no restriction of getting it done on empty stomach. But for lipid profile fasting of over 10 hours is necessary. Otherwise triglyceride levels get disturbed. EVen for thyroid it is said TSH should be best tested before 10 am. Thanks.
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I have done lipid profile recently and triglycerides are 240 and overall cholesterol 6.9, can you please advise to control this problem?

I have done lipid profile recently and triglycerides are 240 and overall cholesterol 6.9, can you please advise to co...
Yes. You can reduced your cholesterol and triglycerides by these med. Cap. Ecosprin gold -20 1hs. Tab. Atorvas-10 1od. Take low fat meal,
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I had my lipid profile done and LDL C is 139. My question is whether high LDL C indicates any damage done to arteries already ?

I had my lipid profile done and LDL C is 139. My question is whether high LDL C indicates any damage done to arteries...
High levels of ldl may cause the deposit of ldl on arterial wall & may lead to - * hypertension * early fatigue * shortness of breath * high risk of cardiovascular disease * increased chance of fat accumulation in liver (fatty liver)
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My mother's age is 52, on lipid profile she has got triglycerides 243, she is a diabetic. How bad it is?

My mother's age is 52, on lipid profile she has got triglycerides 243, she is a diabetic. How bad it is?
High triglycerides and cholesterol can cause atherosclerotic heart disease or narrowed coronary arteries in the heart can cause the symptoms of angina, when theheart muscle is not provided with enough oxygen to function. Decreased blood supply to the brain may be due to narrowed small arteries in the brain or because the larger carotidarteries in the neck may become blocked. This can result in a transient ischmic attack or stroke. Peripheral artery disease describes gradual narrowing of the arteries that supply the legs. During exercise , if the legs do not get enough blood supply, they can develop pain , called claudication . Other arteries in the body may also be affected by plaque buildup causing them to narrow, including the mesenteric arteries to the intestine and the renal arteries to the kidney. Change life style .do meditation,yoga, Go walk daily, do any one physically activity daily i.e.play any game., Avoid fast foods,oily foods,junk foods,alcohol,smoking,fatty foods, non-veg.,avoid stress,take plenty of water in day time. And 1 glass of water before bed at night. use flax oil, omega-3 fatty meal or cap., take .green veg., whole grain. Garlic,. Cod liver oil. Take anti cholesterol medicines . Cap. Ecosprin gold-10 at night daily.
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My fasting sugar is 114 so I am diabetic or not. And my Chester old is 245. So please advice me to maintain lipid profile and sugar.

My fasting sugar is 114 so I am diabetic or not. And my Chester old is 245. So please advice me to maintain lipid pro...
Hi Sir/Mam, Thanks for your query. You are not Diabetic at this stage. But be careful. Your Cholesterol level is on higher side & you are in pre diabetic stage. You can change your lifestyle to come over the problem.
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