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Overview

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is a medical condition which leads to thickening of the heart muscle. The region affected is the intraventricular septum, the muscular wall separating the lower left chamber and the lower right chamber.

The condition is diagnosed through the medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, CT scans and MRI. The genetic testing is performed on a blood sample in order to measure the Cardiac Beta Myosin Heavy Chain, Cardiac T troponin and alpha tropomyosin. The test is useful to diagnose chest failures and heart blockage scenarios.

Nothing special in terms of preparation is required while performing the Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy test but prior information on medical history is advised. Any underlying medical procedures or specific allergies must be brought to the attention of the doctor and conditional treatment is prescribed depending on a patient gender and age. All patients who undergo genetic testing must receive a pre and post genetic

Genetic testing has utility while treating cases of HCM (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) and for patients usually monitored for asymptotic mutation. The identification of such mutation clarifies it some of the family members are at risk of and the one having opposite polarity of mutations may find their echocardiograms to be fine. The family members having symptomatic mutations are advised for weekly echocardiogram surveillance. Genetic testing technique may also be used to while discerning an athlete’s heart from HCM. Prenatal diagnosis is also confirmed through genetic testing.

Genetic blood testing is done on a sample of blood, hair and skin. A method called buccal smear uses a small brush or cotton in order to collect samples from inside surface of the cheek. The sample is then tested for a change in chromosomes, DNA or proteins relying on the specific disorder.

For infants screening tests are done on a small blood sample, generally done through pricking the baby’s heel. If the test result is positive the baby might need intensive monitoring for additional testing.

Type Gender Age-Group Value
Cardiac Beta Myosin Heavy Chain
Unisex
All age groups
Genes are observed to be mutated in positive cases
Alpha Tropomyosin
Unisex
All age groups
Genes are observed to be mutated in positive cases
Cardiac T troponin
Unisex
All age groups
Genes are observed to be mutated in positive cases

Table of Content

What is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test?
Preparation for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test
Uses of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test
Procedure for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test
Normal values for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Genetic Testing Test
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Popular Questions & Answers

Are tables called dbol/Dianabol safe to use for bodybuilding and Can a person with high blood sugar it? What are the side effects?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Are tables called dbol/Dianabol safe to use for bodybuilding and Can a person with high blood sugar it? What are the ...
Hello, Thanks for the query. The anabolic steroids which are used to help build muscles are not advisable. They can cause a number of side effects and are banned in most sports as their use enhances the performance. Common side effects are: Common side effects with anabolic steroids may include: Severe acne, oily skin and hair, Hair loss, Liver disease, such as liver tumors and cysts, Kidney disease, Heart disease, such as heart attack and stroke Altered mood, irritability, increased aggression, depression or suicidal tendencies Alterations in cholesterol and other blood lipids. High blood pressure Gynecomastia (abnormal development of mammary glands in men causing breast enlargement), Shrinking of testicles, Azoospermia (absence of sperm in semen) Menstrual irregularities in women, Infertility, Excess facial or body hair, deeper voice in women, Stunted growth and height in teens Cosidering these things it is better to avoid them. In a person with diabetes, these drugs increase the blood glucose and aggravate the condition. Thanks.
2 people found this helpful

Sir I am 20 years and 3 months old boy sir I have low amount of beard on my face I like to grow more beard what should I do.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Varanasi
Sir I am 20 years and 3 months old boy sir I have low amount of beard on my face I like to grow more beard what shoul...
(Normally when the boy attains puberty, possible between ages of 13 to 16 years, the hair growth starts from above the upper lip, chin and body. This happens when the male sex hormone “ Testosterone” is secreted from the testes. When a boy attains puberty, a centre in the brain called Hypothalamus, stimulates the Pituitary gland, which secretes two important hormones. The FSH (Follicular stimulating hormone) stimulate the special cells in the Testes to produce sperms and the another hormone LH (Luetinizing Hormone) stimulates the special cells to secretes the testosterone hormone. Testosterone is responsible for sudden growth in males with good musculature and bone density. The changes would lead to deepening in voice and enlargement of penis) kindly visit an endocrinologist to correct endocrine imbalance in your body if any Good luck thanks for sharing.
4 people found this helpful

I am 21 years old. I waa using minoxidil 10% ,all my hair have become dry and are falling off. I suffering from hair fall. I had left it in between for 1 month can continue using it now.

MD(EH)/AM/Accupressure
Homeopath, Chandigarh
I am 21 years old. I waa using minoxidil 10% ,all my hair have become dry and are falling off. I suffering from hair ...
Dear Lybrate user Hair loss is a problem that many people suffer from. There can be several factors behind hair loss such as environmental effects, aging, too much stress, excessive smoking, nutritional deficiencies, hormonal imbalance, genetic factors, scalp infections, use of wrong or chemically enriched hair products, certain medicines and medical conditions like thyroid disorder, autoimmune diseases, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), iron-deficiency anemia, and chronic illnesses. If you r interested to take homeo and naturopathy treatment call back for details peivatekt.

I have small 3 white patches in my feet since last 2 years. I think after use of rubber type chappal. Patches is still in same size. Not increasing.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Faridabad
I have small 3 white patches in my feet since last 2 years. I think after use of rubber type chappal. Patches is stil...
Vitiligo is a genetic disorder triggered by indigestion and stressful conditions. There is always a confusion in patients mind regarding choosing right treatment approach for vitiligo. Every patient has 3 choices: 1.Allopathy - gives quick results but is not very safe for long term use. 2.Homeopathy- is safe but very slow and in most of cases it can not stop the spread of disease i.e old patches show some recovery but new white patches continue to come even while using the medication. Ayurvedic herbal medicines are used to purify blood and stop the spread of disease and external application are capable of quick repigmentation. We have integrated external Allopathic applications with internal Ayurvedic medication to give fast and long lasting results. For detailed queries like: 1. Causes of vitiligo 2. Is it genetic or can it spread to next generation 3. Causes of spread of disease after it remains stable for some years 4. Should we use homeopathy, allopathy or ayurveda. You can send pictures of the affected area. After reviewing the case individually, will guide you about the best possible treatment and time frame.
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Popular Health Tips

4 Causes Of Arthritis And Its Ayurvedic Treatment!

B.A.M.S
Ayurvedic Doctor, Mandsaur
4 Causes Of Arthritis And Its Ayurvedic Treatment!

Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two different bones meet. A joint in the body functions to move the body parts connected by its bones. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints.

Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia. When four or more joints are involved, the arthritis is referred to as polyarthritis. When two or three joints are involved, it is referred to as oligoarthritis. When only a single joint is involved, it is referred to as monoarthritis.

Cause of arthritis

It is difficult to narrow down a single cause for it, but a combination of reasons may trigger this disease.

  1. Injury: A hurtful injury can cause your joint to get inflamed and may also damage the tissue around it leading to arthritis.
  2. Heredity factors: In many cases, the genetic make-up of an individual can also cause this.
  3. Diet and nutrition: Sometimes, consuming the wrong diet can cause your joint to either fall weak or affect the tissue around it. For example, sugar-rich foods are not good for your joints
  4. Less cartilage: Cartilage is a firm but flexible connective tissue in your joints. It protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and shock created when you move and put stress on them. A reduction in the normal amount of this cartilage tissue cause some forms of arthritis.

Symptoms of arthritis

Most common signs on the onset of this disease are stiffness, redness of the skin around a joint, pain due to inflammation, it might also affect your immune system causing a loss appetite if the disease is because of your immune system.

How can Ayurveda help?

Ayurveda can work wonders for this disease since a right combination of nourishing herbs and stable yoga postures improve your joint health for a longer time. Since the treatment is totally organic, the calcium absorption of your body is increased naturally without any side effects. Even Ayurvedic oils work well for joint pain and give you quick relief. If you have been to able to find the right treatment then Ayurveda is for you. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.

3456 people found this helpful

Know The Ayurvedic Approach To Reversing Diabetes!!

Graduate of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (GAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Panipat
Know The Ayurvedic Approach To Reversing Diabetes!!

Glucose is the primary ingredient within the body which is turned into an energy source. This is what we use when we move, walk or make the slightest movements. To metabolize glucose into energy, your body needs insulin, which is a hormone produced within the pancreas. However, if the body doesn't react to the insulin or the pancreas is unable to produce enough, glucose cannot be converted into energy and thus results in type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

  1. Sudden or gradual weight loss despite increased hunger - Many people complain that they feel hungry and eat more, but despite this, tend to lose weight. This occurs as the body cannot metabolize glucose and uses energy reserves from fat or muscles leading to weight loss.
  2. Frequent infections and slow healing - If you are afflicted with Type 2 diabetes, then it might affect your immune system and you may be prone to infections. Also, any cuts or bruises on your body will take much longer to heal than normal.
  3. Irritability and fatigue - Another common symptom of type 2 diabetes along with the other symptoms mentioned here is quick irritability and fatigue. This is because most of the body is deprived of sugar and thus lacks the energy needed to function normally. 
  4. Constant thirst and increased urination - If you feel constantly thirsty despite drinking ample water and urinating frequently, this may be a tell tale sign of type 2 diabetes.
  5. Skin darkening in folds and creases of the body - Also known as acanthosis nigricans; this is a darkening of the skin where it also becomes velvety to the touch. It usually develops in the folds on skin in areas such as the neck and armpits and is a direct result of insulin resistance.

Causes of Type 2 diabetes

Some of the most common causes of Type 2 diabetes could be:

  1. Being overweight
  2. Lack of physical activity
  3. Genetic predisposition or family history 
  4. If you are more than 45 years of age
  5. Hormonal problems such as Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Reverse Diabetes

There three major factors that can help you prevent and reverse pre- and type II diabetes: proper diet and appropriate nutritional and herbal supplementation, exercise, and weight management.

  1. Diet: Proper diet is critical for both preventing and treating pre-and type II diabetes. One of the most important dietary precautions you can take is to eliminate all refined sugars and sugar products from your diet. Also reduce or eliminate your intake of alcohol and caffeine; avoid fast, processed "junk" foods and soda, altogether; and eat protein snacks between meals.
  2. Eating According to the Glycemic Index: Another important dietary tip is eat meals that contains an abundance of low-glycemic (low-sugar) foods. By doing so you can significantly improve your body's ability to maintain low insulin and blood sugar levels. Low-glycemic foods include raw, organic leafy green vegetables, fruits that contain pits, sweet potatoes, yams, organic whole-grain breads and cereals, most legumes and nuts, skim and buttermilk, poultry, white fish, shellfish, and lean cuts of beef and veal.
  3. Nutritional and Herbal Supplements: In addition to a healthy diet, many people at risk for or who already have pre- or type II diabetes will also benefit from various nutritional and herbal supplements.
  4. Exercise: Regular exercise should be part of every diabetic's daily routine. Exercise in combination with a weight loss program has been proven to reduce the odds of developing diabetes by 58 percent among people who are at risk for the disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult with the doctor for diabetes ayurvedic treatment.
4519 people found this helpful

How To Deal With Phobia Of Genetic Sexual Attraction?

MD, sexologist, Fellowship
Sexologist, Srinagar
How To Deal With Phobia Of Genetic Sexual Attraction?

In the realm of sexual relations, Incest is one of the longing social taboos. In order to curb this social taboo, many governments have introduced law banning incest. Basically, this is a sexual relationship between those who are blood-related, which is also called as Consanguineous relationship. This is also called as Genetic Sexual Attraction (GSA) which can be between siblings, half siblings, donor children, adoptees, biological mother and father, nephew and so on. This is a social evil, and experts have some remedies so that you can deal with genetic sexual attraction.

Causes:

According to an article published in Spanish Magazine AFIN in July 2013, separation of siblings for quite a long time is one of the known causes for genetic sexual attraction. At the same time, the magazine points out that there are instances that even those who are not separated have this mania of genetic sexual attraction. Some of the other interesting aspects of GSA can be explained as follows:

  1. It is said that children who grow in close proximity since their childhood develop reverse sexual attitude or imprinting with their siblings, parents and with other consanguineous relationships. This reverse sexual attitude actually suppresses sexual desire with consanguineous relationship. This theory is also called as Westermarck Effect. This can be the pointer to the question How to deal with Genetic Sexual Attraction because consanguineous relationship separated for years may not have the Westermarck Effect.

  2. It is pointed out that when siblings who are separated for long duration of time are sexually mature when they meet each other. In other words, they were not members of the nuclear family, and this long absence can attract each other for a closer relationship. In addition to this, the siblings are biologically and mentally so grown up that they have made their own hard imprint of their character, taste and so on. It is a combination of these factors that makes them an exception to the Westermarck effect.

Symptoms of GSA:

Extreme awareness about the other person, hard desire to stay or talk, distractible behavior, unnecessary talking, holding hands or touching or making use of every opportunity to have some kind of physical contact, daydreaming are some of the known symptoms of GSA.

Remedy Available:

One of the ideal remedies for those suffering from GSA is to seek help of appropriate medical fraternity in the earliest possible time. This is one of the most ideal approaches to deal with genetic sexual attraction. It is also suggested that you should ensure that the siblings meet at regular intervals. This can help the siblings to have Westermarck Effect. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Sexologist.

5395 people found this helpful

Male & Female Baldness - How Can It Be Treated?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
Male & Female Baldness - How Can It Be Treated?

One of the major problems with hair, especially as you age is the thinning of hair, which exposes the scalp, although it is regularly seen in younger people as well. The surprising thing is that baldness, which is primarily associated with men, can affect women as well.

Male pattern baldness
Male pattern baldness tends to occur in the form of receding hairline that can be accompanied by loss of hair on the top of the head as well as the back. Some of the reasons for male patterns baldness are:

  • Genetic factors such as baldness among the male members within the family
  • Androgen hormonal issues
  • Surgery or major illness which may trigger hormonal changes

Male pattern baldness doesn't only affect men and is known to affect women as well. It is just a type of pattern, which is prevalent more among men although women with high levels of androgen are also known to suffer from it.

Female pattern baldness
The female pattern of baldness is quite different from male pattern baldness. Female pattern baldness primarily spreads from the parting of the hair and then follows a widening pattern. It is not as severe as male pattern baldness where patches may start growing or bald spots may develop. However, the area around the crown may start showing the scalp due to severe thinning. Some of the causes for this could be age, especially in women after 40, hormonal imbalances within the body and some of the similar issues with male pattern baldness as mentioned above.

Treatment
The treatment for male and female pattern baldness tends to be similar in many cases, although certain specific treatments may be administered in other cases. Some of the common treatments include:

1. Minoxidil solution of varying strengths
2. Hair replacement or transplant in certain cases
3. Spray or inked Cosmetics to cover up hair loss
4. Oral medications to kick start hair growth
5. Hair pieces and other appendages to hide bald spots etc.

With female pattern baldness, depending on the underlying factor, hormonal treatments may be required to resolve the problems. Once the underlying problem is resolved, topical and oral medicines can then help in hair re-growth. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

5056 people found this helpful

Ways To Prevent Hair Loss With Homeopathic Treatment!

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Faridabad
Ways To Prevent Hair Loss With Homeopathic Treatment!

Growth of hair may occur either on its own or after a particular treatment, inducing hair growth. There are various treatments as well as solutions for preventing and treating hair fall. Loss of hair occurs due to various reasons, including fungal infection on the scalp, genetic reasons, head injury and extreme fever. Homeopathic treatment is one of the finest branches of medical treatments that have been proved to be highly effective in curing hair fall and in promoting growth of hair.

• Homeopathy is a stream of medications that has been there for a long time and prepared with herbal and mineral sources.
• Many practitioners recommend homeopathic treatment for a long-term solution of hair loss.

Some of the most effective homeopathic medications for hair loss include:

Silicea
• It is extracted from sandstones and human tissues.
• This medicine is very useful for strengthening the roots of hair and eliminating the dryness by offering total nourishment to the scalp and hair.
• Silicea is a growth enhancer and is one of the 12 tissue cell salts found in human beings.

Kalium carbonicum
• Kalium Carbonicum is a homeopathic medication that has been extracted from compounds that Egyptians used for preparation of glass.

• It is prescribed by homeopath practitioners all over the world to stop thinning and brittleness of hair, thereby promoting good hair growth.
• This medicine is good for individuals, who are orthodox in their belief.

Lycopodium
• Homeopathic experts recommend lycopodium for the prevention of premature balding.
• It is particularly suitable for pregnant women and those who have recently given birth, as hair fall is a common symptom at this stage.
• It is generally prepared by distilling the spores of some evergreen plants like club moss, which is popularly referred to as staghorn moss.

Natrum muriaticum
• The preparation of Natrum muriaticum is executed from sodium chloride, which is commonly known as table salt.
• This medication has been proven to be very effective, where hair loss is caused from dryness of scalp, dandruff problems, skin diseases and menstrual disorders.
• It can also treat hair loss caused from hormonal imbalances and is a great solution for people who react emotionally to loss of hair.

Though the homeopathic treatment regime is filled with hoards of medicines, it is crucial to consult an expert to know which treatment would work for you and refrain from administering medicines on your own. This will help you to reap the benefits of homeopathic treatments and have desired growth of hair.

2 people found this helpful