HE4 with Roma Index (Epithelial Ovarian Cancer) Health Feed

Can stage iv ovarian cancer with liver metastasis of a 59 years old female be cured by homeopathy. Pls pls pls do respond doctor.

Homeopathy Doctor, Bellary
Its not possible to completely cure the case. Only the most bothering symptoms can be made better. Otherwise complete cure is not possible. If anyone claims complete cure, its just false promise.
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Ca-125 ovarian cancer marker, result-8.20, unit u/ml, biological reference range- 0.00-35.00. What does it signify plzz tell me is it sign of cancer.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. High amounts of ca-125 in the blood (generally more than 35 units per ml) could be a sign of ovarian cancer. If someone has symptoms related to ovarian cancer, such as bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, the test can be one of the first steps to check for the disease. Let's connect over a call so that we can discuss your concern in details and make a suitable treatment plan for you.
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My girlfriend is 17 years old and she said she had a bump/lump the size of a quarter. She said it has grown larger since when she first noticed it. I believe this could be cancerous because she has had a family member that has recently passed away due to untreated cancer. She also has been experiencing symptoms of ovarian cancer such as: urinating very frequently (with little water intake) irregular periods (she has been on her period for 4+ weeks) feeling full after not eating much food (sometimes, also sometimes skips meals) random upset stomachs (frequent) pelvic pain (frequent) swelling/bloating in her abdomen intercourse has been painful (last time was about 6 months ago) other things she experiences that have raised my concern: pain in the breasts (just the left one) unable to get pregnant (even when not using any form of birth control) feeling lightheaded (fell in the shower recently due to it) pain in her legs (this happened once recently for a couple days but it hasn’t happened since) feeling overheated (to the point where she needs to splash her face with cold water and sit down) (this happens daily) please give me as much information, I am not an expert I just need to know what we should do next, she has an appointment scheduled but it's not for a long time (october 6th) because of covid-19. What should we do? What treatment would she need. Need help asap. It seems like symptoms keep getting worse and more out of control and we're scared that she will not be able to wait until her appointment that is in october.

MBBS, MD - Radiotherapy
Hi lybrate-user. Your girlfriend should undergo some tests to ascertain the diagnosis like ct scan of abdomen, thyroid function tests, sex hormonal profile.
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One of my relative ,43 years old, has tumour in ovary. It is 5 cm in size. Can you give me percentage that the tumour is benign or malignant (plz give me percentage or probability)

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
I am sorry to hear about your concern, but I will be happy to assist you. Ovarian cancer is rare in women younger than 40. The percentage of ovarian cancer-related deaths in the same age group was less than 1 percent. Let's connect over a call so that we can discuss your concern in details and make a suitable treatment plan for you.
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Ovarian Cancer - Know Factors That Can Put You In Danger!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Ovarian Cancer - Know Factors That Can Put You In Danger!
Are you concerned about being at the risk of having ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is a form of cancer that occurs in your ovaries. It leads to abnormal cells, which are capable of spreading to other parts of your body. The major symptoms of ovarian cancer that are experienced at later stages of the condition include pelvic pain, bloating, swelling and loss of appetite. There are several risk factors which increase your chance of developing ovarian cancer. The most important factors are as follows:

Your chances of developing ovarian cancer increase with your age.
The condition is uncommon in women below the age of 40 and most cases of ovarian cancer are likely to occur in women after menopause.
Most cases of ovarian cancer are found in women who are above the age of 63.
There is an association between obesity and the development of ovarian cancer. It has been observed that obese women are at a higher risk of getting ovarian cancer.
Reproductive history
Women who have been pregnant and completed their term before the age of 23 are at low risk of having ovarian cancer. The risk increases with each full-term pregnancy and women who have a full-term pregnancy after 35 are more likely to develop ovarian cancer.
Birth control
Women using birth control pills or oral contraceptives are at a lower risk of getting ovarian cancer.
The risk gets lowered only after using the pills for a period of 3 to 6 months. The longer you use the pills, the less risk you are at.
Fertility drugs
According to studies, the use of a certain fertility drug for a period of more than one year increases your chances of developing ovarian tumours and hence, ovarian cancer.
The risk is maximum in women who did not get pregnant while using the drug. These drugs increase the risk of ovarian tumours, which are called low malignant potential.
Infertile women are usually at a higher risk of being affected by ovarian cancer, even if they do not use fertility drugs.
These are male hormones. A certain drug that is used for increasing your androgen levels is associated with higher chances of developing ovarian cancer. However, this is not yet confirmed and more research is currently being undertaken to find out how much androgens are responsible for causing ovarian cancer.
It is recommended for you to consult a doctor and undertake several tests and examinations. This will help in the proper diagnosis of your condition and regular screenings will help you to keep safe and know about any disruption in your ovaries that indicate ovarian cancer development.
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Ovarian Cancer - How To Identify It?

MBBS, M.D Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Gynecological Endoscopic Surgery
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Ovarian Cancer - How To Identify It?
Ovarian Cancer, as the name suggests, is cancer that affects the ovaries. It leads to the abnormal growth of cells, which eventually spreads over to other parts of a woman s body, such as the stomach, uterus and vagina. The risk of ovarian cancer is greater in women who have experienced the process of ovulation many times in their lifetime. It also includes those women who attain menopause at a much later stage in their lives or those who start ovulation at an early age. The different types of tumors, which develop in ovarian cells are more often than not, benign or non-cancerous and do not spread beyond the ovaries.

Therefore, they can be easily treated by either removing a part or the whole of the ovary. But malign tumors have the ability to spread to other parts of the body and can prove to be fatal.

What are the causes of ovarian cancer

1. Family History: If someone in your close relation like mother, sister or daughter has developed ovarian cancer, then the risk of becoming susceptible to the disease also increases. If any of your close relatives have developed the disease earlier at a young age, then it s quite likely that it was due to some inherited faulty gene. BCRA1 and BCRA2 are known to be the faulty genes that are connected to ovarian cancer.

2. Age: You become more susceptible to developing ovarian cancer at a postmenopausal stage.

3. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Women who go for hormone replacement therapy put themselves at a greater risk of developing the disease. Nevertheless, if you stop undergoing the sessions of HRT, your risk of suffering from this fatal condition eventually decreases.

4. Obesity/overweight: This is also one of the important factors behind the increased risks of developing ovarian cancer. So, the more obese you are, greater is the risk involved.

What are the symptoms associated with ovarian cancer?

1. Symptoms at an initial stage include pelvic or abdominal pain, postmenopausal vaginal bleeding or irregular menstruation.

2. Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly

3. Other typical symptoms are diarrhea, constipation, nausea or changes in bowel movements.

4. Feeling of mass pressure at your lower back or pelvis

Treatment available for it

Treatment for ovarian cancer generally consists of a combination of surgery and chemotherapy:

1. Surgery: Treatment usually entails removal of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes, including the surrounding lymph nodes as well as the fatty abdominal tissue, which often gets affected with ovarian cancer. This surgery may help you to retain the ability to conceive.

2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a procedure that follows surgery and is performed to destroy the remaining cancer cells, if any. Chemotherapy drugs are either inserted into your vein or directly into the abdominal cavity and if need be, into both.
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Ovarian Cancer - How To Handle It?

MBBS, MD(General Medicine), Fellowship Hemato - Oncology (Hemat-Oncology), DM(Medical Oncology), DNB(Medical Oncology)
Oncologist, Howrah
Ovarian Cancer - How To Handle It?
Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman's body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential.

Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer-


1. No symptoms at first
Usually, in its early stages, ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.

2. Abnormal bloating
Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.

3. Feeling full quickly
This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.

4. Weight loss
This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.

5. Discomfort in the pelvis area
This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.

6. Constipation
Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.

7. Frequent urination
This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.


As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.


1. Surgery
Surgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.

2. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.
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Ovarian Cancer - Can Age Affect It?

DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Ovarian Cancer - Can Age Affect It?
The cancer of the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. In women, there are two ovaries present on each side of the uterus. These ovaries are as big as an almond in size and produce egg also known as ova. They also secrete the hormones progesterone and estrogen.

Ovarian cancer goes undetected until it spreads to the abdomen and pelvis. When detected at this stage then it might be fatal and the treatment gets difficult. An early-stage ovarian cancer where the cancer is restricted in the ovaries is much easier to treat with high success rates.

Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer

1. Age - With increasing age the risk of ovarian cancer is higher and is more common in women who are 60 and above. It is less common in women below 40 years of age and develops often after menopause.
Obesity Women who have a body mass index of 30 are at a risk of developing ovarian cancer.

2. History of Reproduction - It is believed that women who conceive before 26 and carry the full term have a lower risk of ovarian cancer. However, the risk is higher in those women who get pregnant after 35 or who do not have a full term pregnancy. Also, breastfeeding the baby lowers the risk.

3. Gene Mutation - Inherited gene mutation causes some percentage of ovarian cancer. These genes are called breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1 and BRCA2). These were initially found in cases with breast cancer but also pose great risk for ovarian cancer. Also, gene mutation leading to Lynch syndrome plays an important role in increasing the risk of ovarian cancer.

4. Family History - If a woman's mother, sister or daughter is suffering from ovarian cancer then she is at a higher risk of developing the same. The risk also increases if someone from the father's side also has ovarian cancer.

5. Fertility Drugs - Drugs like clomiphene citrate, if used for more than a year can increase the risk of the cancer. The risk is even higher if a woman taking the drug does not get pregnant.

6. Hormone Therapy and Estrogen Therapy - Long term use and large doses of estrogen can cause an increased risk. However, if estrogen is used in combination with progesterone then the risk is less.

7. Age of menstruation and menopause - If menstruation starts before 12 and menopause occurs before 52 then there is a higher risk of getting the cancer.

8. Diet - A low fat vegetarian diet has less risk of the disease. Fresh fruit and vegetables should be included in diet along with pulses, rice, pasta, beans, cereals and breads.
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What Are The Signs Of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
What Are The Signs Of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer?
Epithelial Ovarian Cancer is a condition in which malignant tumor emerges from the tissue lining in the outer surface of the ovary. Epithelial tumors are usually benign, but this form of malignancy has been found to be the most common type of ovarian cancer. Moreover, it cannot be diagnosed until in its advanced stage. Medical research shows that factors such as multiple pregnancies, delayed childbirth and early menarche seem to raise the risk of ovarian cancer, while dietary and environmental factors also play a significant role in it.

Symptoms -
1. A majority of the patients have been observed to have extensive intra-abdominal growth.
2. They may experience discomfort or swelling of the abdominal region.
3. The feeling of being bloated, lack of appetite, unnatural weight alteration, dyspepsia, malaise, and urinary problems are frequently reported symptoms.
4. Patients also experience constipation and other gastrointestinal problems.

Treatment -
The first step towards treatment of ovarian cancer is to diagnose the condition. A thorough pelvic examination (consisting of an examination of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix) will help to pin point any abnormality of the ovary. If the doctor notes nodularity, firmness or lack of tenderness during the examination, these can be taken as symptoms of malignancy of epithelial ovarian tumors. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal region will also help to locate abnormality in the tissues on the outer surface of the ovary. The next logical step towards treatment is getting a biopsy. During this procedure, potentially malignant cells are removed and then diagnosed by a pathologist to conclude if the cells are cancerous or not. The process of removal is known as laparotomy.

Apart from a handful of stage one patients, most women with epithelial ovarian cancer receive chemotherapy. The standard treatment for this type of ovarian cancer is the surgical elimination of tumor. This includes total abdominal hysterectomy, a surgery in which the uterus and cervix are removed through an incision in the abdomen. Post-surgical treatment consists of taxane-platinum chemotherapy. Patients with minimal residual cancer undergo external radiation therapy or intraperitoneal chemotherapy (radioactive liquid is channeled into the abdomen with the help of a catheter).

A lot of research has been done in this field and a variety of clinical trials are available for a patient if he/she wishes to be a part of it. Leading methods are immunotherapy and targeted therapy are also available. Immunotherapy uses the immune system of the patient to battle cancer. Bodily substances or substances created in the lab are used to restore and boost the body s natural defense mechanisms against cancer. Targeted therapy, on the other hand, uses substances to identify cancer and attack the malignant cells without jeopardizing non-cancerous cells.
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