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Diabetes - Know Various Modifications To Prevent It!

Dr. Neeta Shah 88% (76 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Diabetology
Diabetologist, Mumbai  •  21 years experience
 Diabetes - Know Various Modifications To Prevent It!

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood sugar levels in the body. It basically means that the body is either insensitive to insulin or the insulin production levels in the body has gone down. The various symptoms of diabetes are blurred vision, weight loss, hunger, etc.

Some other symptoms of diabetes are

1. Excessive urine output

2. Wounds that take time to heal

3. Yeast infections

4. You may experience fatigue on a regular basis

5. Frequent mood swings

Diabetes is also known as a lifestyle disease. From the food you eat to the amount of activity, they are all connected to diabetes prevention. The various modifications that you may carry out to prevent diabetes are:

1. Exercise

You should exercise on a regular basis as it increases your overall wellbeing. It helps you to lose weight and allows you to maintain optimal blood sugar levels. It can also improve your body's sensitivity to insulin to prevent blood sugar problems. Exercise helps in increasing endorphin levels in the body which are responsible for keeping you happy & satiated, thereby avoiding depression and over-eating.

2. Eat more whole grains

Unlike simple carbohydrates, whole grains are complex carbohydrates that raise your blood sugar steadily instead of spiking it suddenly. Avoid refined grains as most of the important nutrients are stripped from refined grains. A Well-balanced diet with adequate amounts of PUFA/MUFA help in increasing the insulin sensitivity, reducing cholesterol and heart problems, etc.

3. Eat a lot of fiber

If you have type 2 diabetes, you should be including high-fiber foods in your diet is a healthy way to control high blood sugar. Fiber does not raise blood glucose levels. Because it is not broken down by the body, the fiber in an apple or a slice of whole grain bread has no effect on blood glucose levels because it isn't digested. The grams of fiber can actually be subtracted from the total grams of carb you are eating if you are using carbohydrate counting for meal planning. Fiber helps you in feeling satiated, thus prevents you from overeating. It also improves your blood sugar levels and decreases your chances of getting affected by heart disease.

4. Lose weight

You should aim to maintain a healthy weight level as it also decreases the risk of diabetes. It also helps in improving your cardiovascular health. Follow a regimen, which is based on a balanced diet and moderate amount of exercise. Losing weight is the best way to keep diabetes away. Weight is something that we can keep under control. The waist size of men and women should not be more than 150 cm and 90 cm respectively. Always maintain your ideal body weight as per your BMI (Body Mass Index). Globally, obesity is one of the leading causes of diabetes.

5. Avoid sugary drinks

With ten teaspoons of sugar in every 12-ounce can or bottle, sweet drinks can send your blood sugar soaring and boost your risk for weight gain, high blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease. One sugary drink a day adds 150 empty calories and 40 to 50 grams of blood-sugar-raising carbohydrates to your diet, and can lead to a weight gain of 15 pounds per year. Switching to healthier drinks can save hundreds of calories and a lot of carbohydrates.

6. Avoid Stress

When you are stressed, your blood sugar levels rise. Stress hormones like epinephrine and cortisol kick in since one of their major functions is to raise blood sugar to help boost energy when it's needed most. You can't fight danger when your blood sugar is low, so it rises to help meet the challenge. Both physical and emotional stress can prompt an increase in these hormones, resulting in an increase in blood sugars and diabetes. Ensuring a stress-free life is very important if you want to stay away from diabetes. Avoid stress by going out for garden-walks, indulging in social causes/activities, yoga, meditation, etc.

1139 people found this helpful

Oral Health - Ayurvedic Tips For Maintaining It!

Dr. Shambulingaiah S. Hiremath 85% (42 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MS - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Bangalore  •  33 years experience
Oral Health - Ayurvedic Tips For Maintaining It!

Dental health might come across as a rather innocuous problem, but there is no reason for us to take it lightly. Dental health often functions as the index to an overall good health and it is extremely crucial for one and all to maintain the utmost hygiene level. Your teeth are arguably one of the most susceptible parts of your body wherein the slightest neglect can result in substantial damage.

Dental ailment pans across a variety of diseases which unless immediately arrested, can potentially inflict a lot of harm.  We all know about that dreaded toothache and it is not an experience that one would like reliving. Although dentists with their whole host of extractions, fillings and excisions often help in soothing those toothaches, for a more natural mode of healing and remedying dental disorders, one may turn to Ayurveda.  Ayurveda regards healthy lifestyle practices like balanced and wise dietary choices and diligent brushing as the most fundamental requisite for maintaining your oral health.  

Some of the advisable methods for upholding oral hygiene can be enlisted as follows. 

  1. Dant dhavani or brushing: As an alternative to the new age bristle brushes, Ayurveda recommends the herbal chewing sticks for the purpose of brushing.  As per Ayurveda, the effect is better in those sticks which have a bitter or an astringent taste. For this purpose, Neem, Licorice, Cutch, Arjuna, Milkweed or Fever Nut are best suited. 
  2. Gargling with rock salt and mustard oil: For the upkeep of oral hygiene, it is a healthy practice to massage the gums with mustard oil and rock salt. One can gargle it off with warm water after leaving it for a span of five minutes. Persistent following of this method can bring considerable improvement to your oral hygiene. It is also a good way to mitigate the impacts of asthma and migraine.
  3. Jivha lekhana or tongue scraping: Pure metal is endowed with a lot of health boosting properties. Thus, instead of stainless steel tongue cleaners, Ayurveda advocates the use of scrapers made of gold, silver or copper. This helps in battling bad odor and enhances your sense of taste. 
633 people found this helpful

5 Ways To Treat Heel Pain!

Dr. Vikram Sonawane 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology
Pain Management Specialist, Nashik  •  13 years experience
5 Ways To Treat Heel Pain!

The toes and heels are the most load bearing components within your feet which take most of the weight when walking, running, exercising or even standing up. The heels are an especially vulnerable part of the body which can become painful either due to injuries or excessive stress put on it. Pain in your heels can also be a sign of other problems in your body.

Causes for heel pain-

1. Sprains or straining the leg: Exercising is one of the most common culprits behind heel damage. Wearing the wrong shoes over prolonged periods, which can cause your balance to be shifted and will lead you to put strain on your heels and cause pain. Falling or spraining during exercising or training can also cause heel pain.

2. Fractures: Stress or hairline fractures can occur even without impacts or trauma and also cause pain. It will slowly build up over time. In such cases, you should immediately consult a doctor and take remedial action.

3. Achilles tendon: A common cause for heel pain, the Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel. If this is torn or damaged, it can cause pain in your heel.

4. Arthritis: The deposition of uric acid crystals in parts of your body may result in arthritis; this is a fairly common cause for heel pain as well.

Treatments available-

1. Change in shoes: Shoes play a major role in the development of heel pain. You will either need to change the shoes or adjust the heels to ensure that they are at an equal and comfortable height and keep your posture natural and balanced.

2. Foot supports: There are specialized heel supports and wedges, which you can wear with the footwear. These supports help redistribute weight from the problem areas and uniformly distribute it among the other parts of the foot. Heel cups are also another form of supports you could try.

3. Pain relief medications: Sometimes aspirin or ibuprofen may be required to numb and dull the pain, if getting through the day becomes difficult or you are in the middle of work.

4. Resting: Sometimes resting is the only medication you can take to relieve the pain as it can only subside once the underlying conditions are corrected.

5. Ice packs: Cold compress and cold therapy would definitely help in numbing the area and providing temporary pain relief.

Platelet rich plasma therapy and prolotherapy injections can help in treatment of plantar fascitis.

530 people found this helpful

Pedophilia - How It Can Be Cured?

MD, BHMS
Sexologist, Mumbai  •  24 years experience
Pedophilia - How It Can Be Cured?
Pedophilia and child molestation are the same thing. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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134 people took this quiz

Hi, My mother is diabetic and her vitamin b12 level is 1572 what does this indicate? Does this indicate cancer? As her liver and kidney reports are normal and her neutrophilic range is 7.9.

MD - Radiothrapy
Oncologist, Ahmedabad  •  2 years experience
Hi, My mother is diabetic and her vitamin b12 level is 1572 what does this indicate? Does this indicate cancer? As he...
Hi, Lybrate user! Vitamin B12 level 1520 is high than normal. It may be due to liver disease, kidney disease, diabetes or myeloproliferative disease. It may be increased in cancer. It is increased in liver cancer, blood cancer and other cancer. We should first rule out other cause.
3 people found this helpful
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I constantly feel low. I went through some traumatic situations and keep having flashbacks of them. They just don't stop. In the past two months, I have frequent horrifying dreams due to which I feel scared at night. I hate myself for how I look and being taking stupid decisions. I did cute a patch of my hand with blades because I felt angry but felt happy and satisfied when I saw the blood. I sleep a lot but have trouble sleeping at night because I keep thinking and cry sometimes. I have lost weight and look physically weak and feel tired most of the time. I want to know if I'm going through depression or depressive mood? I can't differentiate.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore  •  47 years experience
I constantly feel low. I went through some traumatic situations and keep having flashbacks of them. They just don't s...
You are going through a bad case of depression and it seems anger induced. At your age this claim is serious. If you have depression then there are some major ramifications to take into account. I believe there may be some genetic predisposition or there has been some childhood issue, related to anger, that needs urgent attention. You must go and meet with a counselor immediately and if that person advises that you meet with a doctor you must do so and cooperate to your utmost. Please visit these professionals along with your parents. In the meantime please do the following sincerely because you could resolve the problem better with good cooperation: Have a good night’s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber, nuts, avocado, exercise regularly, eat dark chocolate, do Yoga meditation exercises, spend time in nature or gardening, etc. I suggest you do the opposite of what this depression makes you feel like doing (actually, not doing): you will need to fight this condition. You must become active; stay upright during the daylight time; meet people; never sleep during the day, wake up by 6 am every day, play some active games, especially contact games, do physical exercises, talk to people and join some social clubs, attend Yoga classes etc. Watch sitcoms on TV or comedies and cheer yourself up. Go for excursions in groups, for outings, camps, conferences, and religious conventions. Get a pet dog and spend time training it, exercising it and relating to it. Expose yourself to some sunlight every day, at least, 30 minutes but not in the scorching heat. Whatever happens, please incorporate these three important adaptations in your life: always be responsible, be respectful, and be functional. If you did these three, lots of things will go well in life. Please pray and have faith in God to alleviate your sufferings. Don’t wait for others to help. Use your own motivation, which might be at its lowest, but persevere and win this battle. Above all to be really happy, you need to live in love and for love. Learn all about emotions and how to handle them and that will get you out of the depression rather easily and quickly. A counselor is there only to facilitate you, all the hard word must come from you, and your cooperation with that person is very critical for your success. Be positive every day and learn to be contented with what you have. Do some left brain exercises: it is the happy brain. Here are a few suggestions: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do calisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. Whatever happens please cooperate with the therapy and do not discontinue until the condition is completely resolved.
11 people found this helpful
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Is the laser treatment is good for removing moles from face? What are side effects of it?

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Ghaziabad  •  1 year experience
No ,it's not recommended ,there is high chances that it will reoccur. Visit expert in facial plastic surgery regards.
1 person found this helpful
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Truth Behind Three Common Beauty Myths!

MBBS, DVD, MD, London school of Medicine
Dermatologist, Mumbai  •  21 years experience
Truth Behind Three Common Beauty Myths!

The skin is the body's most expansive organ, but few people know how to take care of their skin properly. Between media hype and amateur beauty tips, it is hard to differentiate between myths and reality. For example, should you splurge on an expensive moisturizer or not? Here is the truth behind three common beauty myths.

1.You need sunscreen only when you are outdoors on a sunny day

Sunscreen should be applied everyday whether you are indoors or outdoors. It is a misconception that we are safe from the sun's UV rays when we're indoors. However UV rays are of two types. While the UVB rays that cause sunburn are blocked by walls, we are still vulnerable to the UVA rays indoors.  UVA rays are responsible for skin ageing and skin cancer.  Similarly, on cloudy days, we are safe from UVB rays but still need protection from UVA rays. Ideally your sunscreen should have a minimum SPF of 20-30. If you don't like having to layer makeup over sunscreen, pick makeup products that are enriched with SPF. 

2.You need to moisturize and tone your skin everyday
No two people have the same skin requirements. While it may work for a person with dry skin to moisturize their skin every day, this may be detrimental for someone with oily skin. If you have oily skin, look for a lotion instead of creams, but if your skin is dry, you definitely need a cream based moisturizer. Similarly, a toner is great for oily skin but can disturb the Ph balance of dry skin. Also take a look at the climate before you moisturize your skin. Moisturizing your face regularly in a humid area can lead to breakouts, while using a toner in dry weather can make the skin rough.  

3.Makeup causes acne.

Makeup aficionados can breathe a sigh of relief; wearing makeup for extended durations does not lead to acne. The way you use your makeup and the type of product you use are the villains here. Contrary to popular belief, foundation is designed not to be absorbed into skin pores but to form a layer over the skin. Using expired products is also one of the main causes of acne. The other reason makeup is thought to trigger acne is because, if you go to sleep with makeup on, you may wake up with a breakout. This is because not washing your face, clogs your skin pores with the day's grime and dirt.

A boy got fever and suddenly after two-three days he fell down. After contacting doctor, he informed that the boy's head inside three nerves collided or something same like this. Now that boy is using one tablet (zenoxa 300 mg) each day one. If he is not using the tablet he falls down. So, please advice me whats problem he has and how to get a well treatment and where?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jaipur  •  6 years experience
A boy got fever and suddenly after two-three days he fell down. After contacting doctor, he informed that the boy's h...
U suggest u. Consult an ayurveda panchkarma specialist doctor near by for panchkarma procedures like shirodhara and nasya. I am treating such patients with panchkarma procedures and ayurvedic medicines. This will definitely help you. U can also consult us online with your complete history. Through Lybrate for solution Medicines would be prepared according to the conditions of patients. And would be delivered to your address via courier. Take care.
6 people found this helpful
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For I am 32 years old lady my issue is mentioned body. Means fat how to lose weigh.

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad  •  12 years experience
For I am 32 years old lady my issue is mentioned body. Means fat how to lose weigh.
Start Strength Training. Strength training is a type of exercise that requires you to contract your muscles against resistance. Follow a High-Protein Diet. Squeeze in More Sleep. Add Vinegar to Your Diet. Eat More Healthy Fats. Drink Healthier Beverages. Fill up on Fiber. Cut Down on Refined Carbs.
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Consultation for my wife, day before yesterday night she applied some face cream along with oil, but yesterday she got lot of pimple in her face, it is even worse today. What it may be, is it due to cream or some other allergic reaction. What medication due you suggest.

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida  •  22 years experience
Consultation for my wife, day before yesterday night she applied some face cream along with oil, but yesterday she go...
She is allergic to cream that she started applying. Immediately stop using that cream n oil. Rashes will subside on their own. For more details you can consult me.
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Hi doc I am 26 year old guy and I am suffering from obesity specially love handle fat area so I want good advice to remove fat from that area pls help me.

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai  •  13 years experience
Hi doc I am 26 year old guy and I am suffering from obesity specially love handle fat area so I want good advice to r...
You need to take high fiber low fat diet followed by detox diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals. Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.
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Know More About Alopecia Areata!

MBBS, MD Dermatology
Dermatologist, Allahabad  •  10 years experience
Know More About Alopecia Areata!

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease (wherein the body’s immune system attacks its own healthy tissues rather than the malicious pathogens). There is no permanent solution for alopecia areata. However, there are some treatments available which would aid in preventing hair loss as well as stimulating growth of hair. The focus of therapies would be on strengthening the hair roots, scalp and fibre so that breakage is averted and your hair is restored to a healthy condition.

The therapies should incorporate:

  1. Deep cleansing
  2. Nourishment of hair shaft and scalp
  3. Smoothing benefits of keratin (a protein that forms the primary component of the hair) and anti-oxidants.
  4. Control of scalp ageing
  5. Improvement of blood circulation by stimulating hair roots
  6. Deeper hydration and thermal penetration to ensure root, scalp as well as hair shaft nourishment.

The therapies should aim to achieve the aforementioned objectives by utilizing phytonutrient extracts, nourishing oils, minerals, vitamins as well as plant peptides so that hair roots are energized, scalp is made healthy as well as hair fibres, are strengthened.

Strengthening of the roots of the hair is of primary importance to prevent alopecia areata as well as other hair fall conditions. The main techniques used to address this issue are:

  1. Therapy for Hair Roots: The most effective therapy is the one in which the dermatologist uses vitamins and plant extracts which are naturally injected into the roots of the hair through micro injections. This rejuvenates the hair follicles and prevents hair loss and thinning.
  2. Natural Hair Rejuvenation with PRP: This procedure focuses on utilising the blood plasma that is taken from your body. The blood plasma is platelet rich and is used to make the hair follicles healthier, thus ensuring healthy hair growth
  3. Hair Root Activation Laser Therapy and Low Level Laser Therapy: This treatment uses high-intensity light rays to increase blood flow and stimulate the cells in your scalp for better hair growth.
  4. Infusion of Hair with Nutrients: In this procedure, a cocktail of nutrients is prepared containing charged ions which penetrate deep inside your scalp and strengthen the cells and promote hair growth.

This condition, as mentioned above, is caused due to the immune system attacking the cells on your scalp. This condition occurs suddenly and causes balding patches but doesn’t usually lead to complete baldness or a permanent halt on hair growth. The volume of lost hair is different for different people.