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Salivary Gland Infections - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
ENT Specialist, Pune
Salivary Gland Infections - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!
Remember the sensation similar to that of a warm liquid flooding your tongue when you smell a deliciously baked chocolate cake? Or a freshly baked brown bread early in the morning? That is your saliva. The salivary glands present in the inner linings of the lips, cheeks and the mouth produce saliva. Saliva protects one from tooth decay, keeps the mouth moist and helps in the digestive process. Any disease that affects the saliva gland comes under the domain of salivary gland disorders .

Causes

There are three salivary glands in humans known as the Submandibular, Parotid and the Sublingual gland. The most common disorder that affects salivary glands is that of blocked salivary glands . Sialothiasis is a disorder wherein, calcium stones are formed in the salivary glands, which obstruct these glands. Obstruction of the salivary glands leads to an infection called sialadenitis, caused by strep or staph bacteria.

Sjogren s syndrome is another condition which affects the salivary glands. In this condition, the antibodies in the body target the cells that produce saliva. This occurs mostly in women who suffer from autoimmune disorders. Viral infections are also common; flu virus and mumps are a few examples.

Symptoms

The symptoms of salivary gland disorders are problem specific; for Sialolithiasis, you will feel a painful lump below the tongue, which tends to aggravate when you eat. In case of Sialadenitis, there will be an odorous pus-filled discharge along with a lump beneath the chin. For viral infections, the symptoms will include muscle pain, swelling and fever. Symptoms of Sjogren s syndrome are dry eyes and mouth, joint pain, fatigue and tooth decay.

Treatment

Like the symptoms, the treatments for salivary gland disorders are also problem specific. For salivary gland tumors, surgery is required. If it is a malignant tumor, then radiation therapy will be prescribed which may cause dry mouth syndrome (Xerostomia). For bacterial and viral infections, anti-bacterial and anti-viral medications are required for treatment, respectively. It is also important that you take good care of your oral health for an even more effective treatment. Brushing and flossing your teeth on a regular basis will help keep salivary gland disorders at bay.
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Problems Of Salivary Gland!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
ENT Specialist, Pune
Problems Of Salivary Gland!
Salivary glands play a useful part in the human body. They secrete saliva, which performs tasks like helping with digesting food, keeping your mouth from getting dry and protecting your teeth from germs. There are numerous salivary glands in your body, spreading through the entire oral and throat region. They are present at the base of your mouth, below the tongue and on the insides of the cheeks. They are also present all along your throat.

Disorders in the salivary glands can be painful and inconvenient. These disorders are caused mainly because a number of problems affect the functioning of the glands, and they cannot produce saliva in normal levels anymore. Problems may also affect the ducts, which help drain the saliva that the glands produce.

Which are the major problems of salivary glands?

Following are those that are found most commonly -

Salivary stones - These happen when saliva is not able to pass out of the glands and goes back to be accumulated inside it. The ducts that drain out excess saliva may also be blocked. As a result, this accumulation causes the glands to swell, and cause pain in the mouth. If left untreated, they can become really uncomfortable.

Salivary gland infections - These are also common disorders of the salivary glands. They occur when the draining ducts are blocked. As a result, lump-like growths occur in the glands, and pus accumulation takes place. The pus drains into the mouth and is bad to taste. If left untreated, this condition could become progressively more painful, and pus accumulation may increase. Older people, who already have salivary stones, and young babies, are more susceptible to this condition than other age groups.

Tumour formation in the salivary glands - Both cancerous (malignant) and non-cancerous (benign) tumours may form in the salivary glands. Most tumours that form are non-cancerous, however, the risk cannot be ruled out entirely.

Salivary glands are indispensable to the proper functioning of your mouth and by extension, of your whole body. They help in both defence and utility fields of the oral region, and when diseases affect them, you should best consult your doctor to see if it is anything serious. You should then begin treatment immediately.
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Hello, I am an 18 years old female. One month ago I noticed that my salivary gland under my jaw was swollen, it was like a ball under my left jaw. I didn't do anything about it until after two weeks I started not feeling well and it felt uncomfortable when I slept at that side, my temperature also got high. So I went to the doctor and she told me that my salivary gland was infected, she prescribed an antibiotic to me and I started using it. I didn't feel like it worked and I actually got a little bit worse, I kinda lost the ability to taste food and I felt bad every day. I went to another doctor and she prescribed a stronger antibiotic and other two medications, one was for temperature and the other was something anti bacteria (because I told her that I had a surgery done in my gums two months ago). This time the medication really helped me, the swelling reduced a lot and my ability to taste food was back and everything went away. However now after two weeks from finishing using the medications, I noticed that my salivary gland swelled again and my ability to taste is also, I don't know how to describe it, it's like a bad taste in my mouth. I want to know should I be worried about this? My father said it could be cancer and I freaked out.

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
Hello, I am an 18 years old female. One month ago I noticed that my salivary gland under my jaw was swollen, it was l...
Chances of cancer r very less but it could b a sialolith get a xray done for that n send on line than can Adv u better
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Salivary Gland Tumor - Top Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda, D.Y.A
Ayurveda, Pune
Salivary Gland Tumor - Top Ayurvedic Remedies For It!
Salivary gland produce saliva, which keeps the mouth hydrated. It softens and moistens the food that you chew while eating. Saliva also has a slight digestive function. Most of the times, tumors that form on the glands are noncancerous. But sometimes, they might be cancerous. There are three main salivary: parotid glands, submandibular glands and sublingual glands.

Salivary gland cancer falls under the category of mouth cancers. The symptoms of salivary gland cancer include:

A lump or mass in the neck, face or mouth.
Pain in one area of the face, mouth or neck
There is a noticeable difference in the shape or size of the right and the left sides of the face.
Feeling numb and weakness on either side of the face.
The risks of salivary gland cancer are as follows:

Exposure to industrial radioactive chemicals
Diets high in animal fat but very low in vegetables and fruits
Consumption of alcohol and smoking, or chewing tobacco
Genetics or hereditary factors
The two most Ayurvedic treatment for salivary gland tumours are Arogyavardhini Vati and Punarnavadi Guggulu:

Arogyavardhini Vati: Arogyavardhini Vati is the best Ayurvedic remedy for digestive conditions. Salivary gland tumors do end up affecting digestion. This remedy is beneficial for such. Arogyavardhini must be taken cautiously since it has potent metal (mercury, sulphur, iron, mica and copper) ingredients. It balances the vata, kapha and pitta doshas in the body. Do not take this medicine if you're pregnant or lactating.
Punarnavadi Guggulu: Punarnavadi Guggulu is available in tablet form. It balances the vata and kapha dosha in the body. This medicines must be consumed carefully. The Ayurvedic practitioner must measure your doses strictly. Pregnant, lactating women and children must not consume this remedy.
Besides the two remedies, hot packs bring much relief, if you have pain in your face. Practicing Yoga and Pranayama daily can help the body flush out the ama (toxins) from the body.
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Salivary Gland Disorder - Know Signs Of It!

ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Salivary Gland Disorder - Know Signs Of It!
Remember the sensation similar to that of a warm liquid flooding your tongue when you smell a deliciously baked chocolate cake? Or a freshly baked brown bread early in the morning? That is your saliva. The salivary glands present in the inner linings of the lips, cheeks and the mouth produce saliva. Saliva protects one from tooth decay, keeps the mouth moist and helps in the digestive process. Any disease that affects the saliva gland comes under the domain of salivary gland disorders .

Causes

There are three salivary glands in humans known as the Submandibular, Parotid and the Sublingual gland. The most common disorder that affects salivary glands is that of blocked salivary glands . Sialothiasis is a disorder wherein, calcium stones are formed in the salivary glands, which obstruct these glands. Obstruction of the salivary glands leads to an infection called sialadenitis, caused by strep or staph bacteria.

Sjogren s syndrome is another condition which affects the salivary glands. In this condition, the antibodies in the body target the cells that produce saliva. This occurs mostly in women who suffer from autoimmune disorders. Viral infections are also common; flu virus and mumps are a few examples.

Symptoms

The symptoms of salivary gland disorders are problem specific; for Sialolithiasis, you will feel a painful lump below the tongue, which tends to aggravate when you eat. In case of Sialadenitis, there will be an odorous pus-filled discharge along with a lump beneath the chin. For viral infections, the symptoms will include muscle pain, swelling and fever. Symptoms of Sjogren s syndrome are dry eyes and mouth, joint pain, fatigue and tooth decay.

Treatment

Like the symptoms, the treatments for salivary gland disorders are also problem specific. For salivary gland tumors, surgery is required. If it is a malignant tumor, then radiation therapy will be prescribed which may cause dry mouth syndrome (Xerostomia). For bacterial and viral infections, anti-bacterial and anti-viral medications are required for treatment, respectively. It is also important that you take good care of your oral health for an even more effective treatment. Brushing and flossing your teeth on a regular basis will help keep salivary gland disorders at bay.

Salivary Gland Disorder - Know Treatment Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Salivary Gland Disorder - Know Treatment Of It!
Remember the sensation similar to that of a warm liquid flooding your tongue when you smell a deliciously baked chocolate cake? Or a freshly baked brown bread early in the morning? That is your saliva. The salivary glands present in the inner linings of the lips, cheeks and the mouth produce saliva. Saliva protects one from tooth decay, keeps the mouth moist and helps in the digestive process. Any disease that affects the saliva gland comes under the domain of salivary gland disorders .

Causes

There are three salivary glands in humans known as the Submandibular, Parotid and the Sublingual gland. The most common disorder that affects salivary glands is that of blocked salivary glands . Sialothiasis is a disorder wherein, calcium stones are formed in the salivary glands, which obstruct these glands. Obstruction of the salivary glands leads to an infection called sialadenitis, caused by strep or staph bacteria.

Sjogren s syndrome is another condition which affects the salivary glands. In this condition, the antibodies in the body target the cells that produce saliva. This occurs mostly in women who suffer from autoimmune disorders. Viral infections are also common; flu virus and mumps are a few examples.

Symptoms

The symptoms of salivary gland disorders are problem specific; for Sialolithiasis, you will feel a painful lump below the tongue, which tends to aggravate when you eat. In case of Sialadenitis, there will be an odorous pus-filled discharge along with a lump beneath the chin. For viral infections, the symptoms will include muscle pain, swelling and fever. Symptoms of Sjogren s syndrome are dry eyes and mouth, joint pain, fatigue and tooth decay.

Treatment

Like the symptoms, the treatments for salivary gland disorders are also problem specific. For salivary gland tumors, surgery is required. If it is a malignant tumor, then radiation therapy will be prescribed which may cause dry mouth syndrome (Xerostomia). For bacterial and viral infections, anti-bacterial and anti-viral medications are required for treatment, respectively. It is also important that you take good care of your oral health for an even more effective treatment. Brushing and flossing your teeth on a regular basis will help keep salivary gland disorders at bay.
4683 people found this helpful

ENT slight swelling on left parotid since 25 days. No pain. Nothing.Just slight swelling. At tip of parotid too. Though it's very less but m worried as it is not going completely. M taking home remedies like salt gargle. High water intake and heat .pls advise. Nd what is small node in parenchyma as written in Sonography. CT Scan also said nothing significant n so is Sonography. Please advise as me I am worried.

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida
ENT slight swelling on left parotid since 25 days. No pain. Nothing.Just slight swelling. At tip of parotid too. Thou...
I need to see those reports. Did you have fever or some other symptoms with swelling when it started? For this homeopathic treatment is very effective. For that proper case history and images of the affected part needed For more details you can consult me.
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I have a hypoechoic solid lesion in my right parotid gland. My doctor says to have it surgically remove it and send it for examination to determine if it's benign or malignant. Is it best to do that, or to have a fnap test to determine malignancy first before surgery?

MBBS, M.S. General Surgery, M.R.C.S. England, M.Ch. Surgical Oncology, DNB Surgical Oncology, FEBS Surgical Oncology, DNB General Surgery, MNAMS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FEBS Breast Surgery, FACS, Fellowship IFHNOS & MSKCC USA, Fellowship in breast and oncplastic Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
I have a hypoechoic solid lesion in my right parotid gland. My doctor says to have it surgically remove it and send i...
For a Parotid lesion, I usually get an FNAC and an ultrasound done. If its a large swelling, I ask for an MRI, to know the characteristics of the lesion i.e. Benign or cancerous. Sometimes it is difficult to rule out cancer even after FNAC and MRI. Hence surgery is recommended for most cases. Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common tumor of the parotid, which is benign, but malignant transformation to carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is seen in some cases, hence surgery is recommended in all cases. Warthins tumor is also a benign tumor, where we can observe if very small and Patient is reluctant for surgery. If you have a Parotid lesion, the surgery is usually superficial parotidectomy, preserving the facial nerve. If it is cancer and involving the nerve, then it is sacrificed and a nerve graft is inserted where feasible. If nerve graft is not feasible then facial reanimating surgery can be done at a later date. My advise would be to get an FNAC, if needed an MRI and followed by surgery. Also better to see an expert as if inadequate surgery it leads to recurrence and if not used to doing regularly, facial nerve damage may occur.
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I have a hypoechoic solid lesion in right parotid gland. How to know if it is benign or malignant? What are the tests and procedures involved? Thanks Doc.

MD (Radiation Oncology), DNB (Radiotherapy)
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
I have a hypoechoic solid lesion in right parotid gland. How to know if it is benign or malignant?
What are the tests...
Hypoechoic lesion in parotid needs to be evaluated with careful history and clinical examination of lesion. If suspicious then an fnac resolves the issue. The surgery needs to be planned after fnac result.
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I had stones in saliva glands and removed by sial endoscopy. allopathy suggested surgery and removal of saliva gland is the only solution. But I have been managing from more than 5 years without surgery as one ENT specialist suggested to rethink of surgery if the problem persists any time and I am adopting it. Will infection in saliva gland leads to cancer if untreated with surgery? What is the homoeopathic remedy for it?

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly. Homeopathy or any pathy will not cure it for life time. Can continue with this condition, there will not be cancer if not treated. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL https://www.Lybrate.com/gandhinagar/doctor/dr-bhagyesh-patel-general-surgeon Regards take care.
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