Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

CT Scan - Middle Ear Health Feed

Submit FeedbackFeedback

Ear Wax - How To Avoid It?

Ear Wax - How To Avoid It?
Hearing is an essential process in everyone's life. Be it your social life or professional activities, hearing influences every aspect of your life. You can thus, never ignore the health of your ears to enjoy a healthy life. But there are several hindrances to obstruct effective hearing. One of the problems is the accumulation of a natural substance called cerumen produced by the glands present in the ear canal. The accumulated cerumen is medically referred to as Earwax. Overproduction of cerumen is mainly triggered by the deficiency of Omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and magnesium.

The basic function of the wax is to protect the ear canal from invasion by foreign particles like bacteria and dust particles. This is necessary for the smooth functioning of the ear and its protection from invaders. However, it becomes an irritating problem when earwax is produced in excess. The problem aggravates when the ear canal is blocked due to the accumulation of earwax. In such cases, we use certain objects such as bobby pins, Q-tips or cotton swabs to clean the accumulated earwax from the ear canal. What we do not realise is that pricking the wax using these objects can sometimes cause significant damage to the ear. These objects push the wax deep inside the canal, leading to blockage.

The most common symptoms of excessive earwax are as follows:

Earache
Developing a fullness feeling in the ears
Loss of hearing on a temporary basis
Noises inside the ear
Itching
Here are the preventive measures to remove ear wax blockage:

In order to prevent blockage of ear wax, try keeping it moist by frequently running water into your ear while taking a bath. This will prevent the ear wax from getting dried up so that it doesn t get blocked in the ear canal. Make sure, you drain the water from the ear after running it for some time.
Don t use any pointed objects inside the ears as it can cause ear infection while pushing the wax deeper.
Avoid inserting cotton swabs or earbuds into the ear canal. You can use them to remove exposed ear wax at the ear opening, but don t push them deep inside the ear canal. It can push the excess ear wax inside the ear canal, thereby resulting into an impact.
Don t use candle ear wax remover. Ear candles are another method to remove ear wax, but it can be really dangerous as you need to hold the lighted candle very close to your ear. It can even burn your ear.
Don t use cold water or a strong jet to drain out the excess ear wax. Strong jet can lead to the damage of the eardrum while cold water may result into dizziness.
Avoid using any other method to remove ear wax at home, such as suction.
Don t use any type of acidic liquid in order to soften the ear wax.
Omega 3 fatty acids are good for mitigating the problem of ear wax. So, include walnuts, avocados, salmon, albacore and ground flax seed in your diet.
Consult a doctor if the problem persists even after using home remedies.

Why my ear drum rapture again and again, how to cure and what are the steps to avoid future issues related rapture of ear drum.

Why my ear drum rapture again and again, how to cure and what are the steps to avoid future issues related rapture of...
You have a recurrent perforation of eardrums and need surgery namely tympanoplasty to close the perforation.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

How Can You Manage Ear Infections In Children?

How Can You Manage Ear Infections In Children?
Ear aches are a common complaint for many children. An ear infection can be explained as an inflammation of the middle ear. Unlike other aches, this one cannot be soothed by scratching or applying pressure and hence makes children cranky. Ear infections are usually triggered by bacteria or viruses. This causes inflammation that narrows the tube in the ear and allows fluid to build up. This fluid buildup is responsible for the pain.

However, not all ear infections need to be treated with medication. When it comes to treating ear aches in children, picking a natural remedy is a much better option ,since it has no side effects and can address the root cause of the infection. Here are a few natural remedies for earaches:



Compress: Hot and cold compresses are very effective ways of treating pain and can be used for earaches as well. Place an ice pack or a warm, moist compress over the ear to soothe the ache. Heat relaxes the muscles and stimulates blood flow while ice controls inflammation and swelling. Hot and cold compresses should not be applied for over 20 minutes at a time.
Water: Some actions can help open up the eustachian tube to the middle ear. Swallowing is one such action. To encourage your child to swallow, offer him lots of fluids.
Elevate the head: Elevating a child's head can help improve sinus drainage. When it comes to children, instead of using a pillow below their head, place the pillow below the mattress to create a gradual slope.
4771 people found this helpful

Tympanoplasty - Know The Types & Procedure Of It!

Tympanoplasty - Know The Types & Procedure Of It!
Tympanoplasty is a surgical operation for reconstruction or repairing of a perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the middle ear bones (ossicles). The purpose is to also improve or restore hearing at the same time. It can be performed under general or local anesthesia. Eardrum might get perforated from chronic infection or from trauma to eardrum.

Types of Tympanoplasty:

These are the following types of Tympanoplasty:

Type I Tympanoplasty (Myringoplasty): It involves the restoration of perforated eardrums by grafting with materials like Gelfilm, AlloDerm, Gelfoam, fat, and cigarette paper.

Type II Tympanoplasty: It is used for tympanic perforations with malleus erosion and involves grafting onto the incus or remains of malleus.

Type III Tympanoplasty: It involves placing a graft onto stapes on destruction of two ossicles and providing protection for the assembly.

Type IV Tympanoplasty: Used for ossicular destruction, it involves placing a graft around or onto a stapes footplate.

Type V Tympanoplasty: It is used when a footplate of stapes is fixed.

Diagnosis:

A complete physical test is performed along with an audiogram and a history of hearing loss, keeping into consideration of facial weakness or vertigo. Otoscopy assesses the mobility of the tympanic membrane and malleus. A fistula test is recommended in case of dizziness or marginal perforation of the eardrum.

Procedure:

The surgeon must consider the location and size of the perforation when Tympanoplasty is considered.

In Type I Tympanoplasty when perforation is small, an incision is made into an ear canal to elevate away and lift the remaining eardrum forward from the bony ear canal, using an operating microscope to see into the ear. If perforation is large or if it is far forward, away from the surgeon s view, an incision might be performed behind the ear to elevate the outer ear forward, which helps in providing access to perforation.

When the perforation is exposed, the remnant is forwardly rotated and the bones are inspected. Scar tissue, if present, is removed with laser or micro hooks.

Tissues are taken from the back of the ear, the tragus, or from a vein, then dried and thinned.

The graft is supported by placing an absorbable gelatin sponge under the eardrum, then inserted underneath the eardrum remnant, and folded back onto the perforation to provide closure. The sheet is also then placed against the graft which helps to prevent it from sliding out.

If it is open from the back, the ears are stitched together with sutures being buried under the skin. A sterile patch is placed outside the ear canal.

Results:

Ninety percent of the time, Tympanoplasty is successful. This surgery relieves pain and removes infection symptoms entirely. Hearing loss is extremely minor or not at all there after it.

Post-Operative Care:

It is common to have a discharge from an external ear for a few days after surgery. But if this problem continues, the doctor should be consulted.

Don t touch or remove packing in the ear canal.

Keep the ears dry until it heals completely.

Don t lift heavy weights until it heals completely.

Avoid flying for a few weeks post-surgery to protect tympanums against fluctuating air pressure.

Avoid coughing, straining, blowing nose, and sneezing to avoid dislodging of graft.

Take Away:

Tympanoplasty is performed to repair the eardrum and middle ear. It also improves hearing. Most of the time, the procedure is successful, relieving pain and eliminating infections completely. However, consulting a doctor is always advisable.
2599 people found this helpful

Ear Drum Perforations - How To Handle Them?

Ear Drum Perforations - How To Handle Them?
Eardrum perforation is a condition that is more common in young children, though it can affect people across all age groups. A rupture or a hole in the thin membrane separating the ear canal from the middle ear results in eardrum perforation.

Here is a brief account that will help you further understand the symptoms so as to seek treatment at the right time before the condition causes any complication.

Signs and symptoms:
A person with a perforated eardrum may have symptoms that include,

Sharp pain that subsides quickly
Ear fluid release
Ringing sound in the ear (tinnitus)
Partial or complete hearing loss
Occasionally, fever
Causes of Eardrum Perforation:
The causes of eardrum hole may stem from an infection, injury or chronic disorders related to Eustachian tube. A perforated eardrum from trauma may occur when there is a skull fracture or after a sudden explosion or if the ear is struck directly. In patients with chronic problems with Eustachian tube, the eardrum can become weak and open up. Eardrum perforations may also be caused due to rapid pressure changes such as during air travel.

Treating Eardrum Perforations:
A perforated eardrum caused by infections or pressure changes usually cures in weeks without treatment, however, when the condition does not improve for a significant period of time, medical intervention is required.
Before attempting to correct any eardrum perforation, a hearing test is required to be performed. Then the treatment process would be initiated to close the perforation. This is done due to the advantages it provides including preventing water from entering the middle ear while taking a bath or swimming or showering and also improved hearing. It also prevents the development of cholesteatoma which may cause chronic infection as well as the destruction of the internal ear structures.

When the perforation is too small, a patient may be advised to observe the problem and check whether it is healing on its own. The hearing is generally improved with the closure of the eardrum. An ENT specialist may determine whether a paper patch will be able to provide an adequate closure of the hole in the eardrum and in case it doesn't help, surgery may be required to help the condition.

There are many treatment options, but most of them involve placement of the new patch across the perforation for allowing it to heal. This process is medically termed as tympanoplasty, and the surgery is quite useful in repairing the perforation which helps in bringing back the lost sense of hearing.

Eardrum perforation is a serious health condition that needs to be treated without further delay. It is essential to consult with an ENT specialist to get it treated before any complications arise.
3693 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Everything You Should Know About It!

Eardrum Rupture - Everything You Should Know About It!
Tympanic Membrane, commonly known as eardrum, divides external parts of the ear (consisting of Pinna or Auricle and External Auditory Cavity) and the middle ear (Tympanic cavity). The function of the Tympanic Membrane is to transmit the sound of air via ossicles of the middle ear to the oval window in the cochlea. It converts and amplifies vibration in air to the vibration in fluid.

An eardrum rupture is a small hole or tear in the thin tissue which divides the external ear canal and middle ear. A person with a ruptured eardrum may feel a clap of thunder or earache. This may also lead to hearing loss. An eardrum rupture is also known as a perforated eardrum or punctured eardrum.

Causes of Rupture Eardrum:

There are many causes of ruptured eardrums, and some of the most common causes are listed below:

Ear Infection:

Infections are one of the most common causes of ruptured eardrums. During an ear infection, the fluid accumulates in the ear, which builds pressure causing a tear of Tympanic Membrane.

Change in Pressure:

Activities that cause pressure changes in the ear may lead to a rupture in the eardrum. It is called Barotrauma. This mainly happens when the pressure of the external ear is drastically different from the inner ear.

Activities which may cause Barotrauma are:

Flying in an airplane

Scuba diving

Shock waves

Driving at high altitudes

Forceful and direct impact to the ear

Ear Injury:

Ear injuries may also perforate the eardrums. Any ear injury or head injury on the side of the ear may break the Tympanic Membrane and lead to ruptured eardrums. Injuries that may harm eardrums are:

Getting hit in the ear

Injuries in which a person falls on his/her ears

Ear injuries during sports

Car accidents

Acoustic Trauma:

Damage to the ear due to noise or loud sounds can also rupture the eardrum. However, the evidence of this is yet to be found.

Other causes include skull fractures, foreign objects, and severe head trauma.

Symptoms of Rupture Eardrum:

Earache

Pus or blood released from the ear

Tinnitus

Vertigo

Nausea

Hearing loss

Vomiting or dizziness

Diagnosis for Eardrum Rupture:

Diagnosis entails:

Fluid Sample Test: If an eardrum rupture is caused by infection, doctors perform fluid tests. In this type of test, doctors take a sample of fluid that leaks from the ear and send it to the laboratory.

Otoscope Exam: In this type of examination, doctors use specialised instruments with light to see the ear canal.

Audiology Exam: In this type of examination, doctors test the hearing range and capacity of the person.

Tympanometry: In this type of test, doctors insert a tympanometer into the eardrum to check the ear responses on pressure change.

Treatment of Rupture Eardrum:

There are many treatment options available for rupture eardrum. Doctors advise these treatments depending upon the severity and condition to provide relief from pain, eliminate infection, and prevent hearing loss in future. Some of the treatments are listed below:

Antibiotics:

If the condition is not critical, doctors usually prescribe medicines to the patient. These medicines help to clear up the infection and protect a person from developing a perforated eardrum. Doctors may also prescribe some ear drops along with medication.

Patching:

In this type of treatment, doctors place a medicated patch on the eardrum. This patch encourages tears to heal and grow back together.

Surgery:

Ruptured eardrum can be easily cured with these two methods of treatment. However, in rare cases, doctors recommend surgery to patch the tear. This type of surgery is known as Tympanoplasty. In this method, the surgeon takes a part of tissue and grafts it over the tear of the eardrum.

Conclusion:

Above are some of the common methods of treating ruptured eardrums. However, it is always advisable to consult a doctor before reaching any conclusion. Also, taking some preventive measures like keeping ears dry, clean, infection free, etc. can help a person protect his/her ears from being punctured or ruptured. Do not insert anything inside the ear canal in an attempt to clean ear wax.
4049 people found this helpful

कान बहने का उपचार - Kan Bahne Ka Upchar!

कान बहने का उपचार - Kan Bahne Ka Upchar!
कान का बहना अक्सर कई लोगों को परेशान करता है. इसका मतलब होता है कान से एक प्रकार के तरल पदार्थ का रिसाव होना. इसे चिकित्सीय भाषा में ओटोरिया कहा जाता है. अधिकांश मामलों में इसकी वजह आपके कान में मौजूद वैक्स होती है. आपको बता दें कि वैक्स का काम यह सुनिश्चित करना है कि धूल, बैक्टीरिया या अन्य पदार्थ आपके कान में न जा पाएं. हालांकि, कुछ अन्य स्थितियों, जैसे कि कान के परदे के फटने से आपके कान से रक्त या अन्य तरल पदार्थों का रिसाव भी हो सकता है. इससे यह पता लगता है की आपके कान में इंजरी है या इन्फेक्शन है और आपको शीघ्र ही मेडिकल हेल्प लेने की जरुरत पड़ सकती है. कान से लीकेज सामान्य, खूनी और सफेद हो सकता है, जैसे मवाद. रिसाव के कारणों पर निर्भर करते हुए, लोगों को कान में दर्द, बुखार, खुजली, वर्टिगो, कान बजना और सुनाई देना बंद होना हो सकता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम कान के बहने से संबंधित विभिन्न पहलुओं पर एक नजर डालें.

कान बहने का उपचार-
कान के बहने का उपचार कारण पर निर्भर होता है. जिन लोगों के कान के परदे में बड़े छेद होते हैं, उन्हें कान से पानी को दूर रखने की सलाह दी जाती है. पानी को कान से बाहर रखने के लिए, रुई पर पेट्रोलियम जेली लगाएं और कान में रख लें. डॉक्टर भी आपके लिए सिलिकॉन के डाट बना सकते हैं और कान में लगा सकते हैं. ऐसे डाट को सही आकार और आकृति का बनाया जाता है ताकि वह कान में फंसे नहीं और आसानी से हटाया न जा सके.

कान बहने का घरेलू उपचार-
* माजूफल को कूटकर सिरके में उबाल कर फ़िल्टर कर लें, इसे कान में डालने से कान बहना बंद हो जाता है.
* तिल का तेल 1 भाग और हुलहुल का रस 4 भाग मिलाकर आग पर तब तक पकाएं, जब तक कि तेल आधा ना रह जाए. फिर इसे छानकर कान में डाल लें. इस उपाय से कान का बहना बंद हो जाता है.
* किसी बर्तन में 60 ग्राम सरसों का तेल गर्म करें, इसमें 4 ग्राम वैक्स डाल दें. जब वैक्स पिघल जाय, तब आग से उतार लें, फिर इसमें 8 ग्राम पिसी हुई फिटकरी डाल दें. अगर किसी भी अन्य दवा से कान का बहना बंद न हुआ तो इस उपाय को आजमाएं.
* 1 ग्राम हरताल बर्कीय को पिसकर 50 ग्राम सरसों के तेल में इतना पकाएं कि धुआँ निकलने लगे, फिर इसे छानकर कान में डालने से कान का बहना 2-3 दिन में रुक जाएगा.
* मेथीदाना को दूध में भिगाकर पीस लें, इसके बाद इसे हल्का गरम करके कान में डालने से कान का बहना रुक जाता है.
* सूरजमुखी के पत्तों का रस तेल में मिलाकर कान में डालने से कान का बहना रुक जाता है.
* नीम के तेल में रुई भिगोकर कान में रखने से कान का बहना बंद हो सकता है.
* चुने के पानी में उतना ही दूध मिलाकर पिचकारी देने से कान का बहना रुक जाता है.

कान बहने के प्रकार-
1. पस या धुंधला द्रव: - यह सबसे सामान्य कान से रिसाव के प्रकार में से एक है. इसका मुख्य कारण कान का संक्रमण होता है. 10% बैक्टीरियल कान के संक्रमण में कान का पर्दा फट जाता है.
2. कान की ट्यूब से द्रव का रिसाव: - कान के संक्रमण से अक्सर ग्रस्त रहने वाले बच्चों को कान में वेंटिलेशन ट्यूब डाली जा सकती है. ये ट्यूब मध्य कान को तरल पदार्थ निकालकर शुष्क रहने में मदद करता है. कभी-कभी, यह ट्यूब बंद हो जाती है. सामान्य तरल पदार्थ मध्य कान में बनते रहते हैं, जब तक कान की ट्यूब फिर से खुल नहीं जाती. इससे एक दिन के लिए कान से कुछ स्पष्ट द्रव का रिसाव हो सकता है.
3. वैक्स: - वैक्स हल्के भूरे, गहरे भूरे या नारंगी भूरे रंग का होता है. यदि यह गीला हो जाता है, तो यह एक रिसाव की तरह दिखता है.
4. ब्लड: - यह लीकेज कान की इंजरी के बाद होता है. आमतौर पर, यह कान की लाइनिंग पर एक छोटी सी स्क्रैच होती है.
5. पानी: - कभी-कभी नहाने का पानी भी कान में जा सकते हैं. कभी-कभी होने वाला पानी का लीकेज इन कारणों से होता है.
6. स्विमर्स ईयर्स लीकेज: - स्विमर्स ईयर्स के शुरूआती लक्षण में कान में खुजली होती है. बाद के लक्षणों में सफेद और पानी वाला लीकेज होता है. यह मुख्य रूप से तैराकों को और गर्मी के मौसम में होता है.
7. कान में किसी वस्तु का जाना: - छोटे बच्चे अपने कान में छोटी वस्तुएं डाल सकते हैं. इससे छोटे इन्फेक्शन हो सकते हैं और पस के रंग का लीकेज हो सकता है. यदि वस्तु नुकीली थी, तो रिसाव में खून भी आ सकता है.

कैसे बचें कान के बहने से-
कान में इन्फेक्शन से बचाव के लिए, बीमार लोगों से दूर रहने की कोशिश करें. ब्रैस्टफीडिंग से बच्चों को कान के इन्फेक्शन से सुरक्षा मिलती है, क्योंकि उन्हें दूध में अपनी मां की एंटीबॉडी प्राप्त होती हैं. बाहरी वस्तुओं को अपने कानों से दूर रखें, ताकि आपका कान का पर्दा न फटे. यदि आप जानते हैं कि आप अत्यधिक शोर-शराबे वाले जगह में जाने वाले हैं, तो कान को कवर करने के लिए कुछ इस्तेमाल करें. "स्विमर् ईयर" से बचने के लिए, पानी से बाहर आने के बाद अपने कानों को अच्छे से सुखा लें. इसके अलावा, अपने सिर को एक तरफ झुकाकर पानी को निकालने की कोशिश करें. तैराकी करने के बाद, स्विमर्स ईयर्स को बढ़ने से रोकने के लिए आप केमिस्ट से मिलने वाली दवाओं का उपयोग भी कर सकते हैं.

Ear Troubles - How Does Homeopathy Help?

Ear Troubles - How Does Homeopathy Help?
Earaches can make life miserable. At times, the pain gets so intense that it throws life in jeopardy. This is where homeopathic medicines come as a huge relief. Earaches of different origins can be effectively treated with homeopathic medicines.

* Chamomilla: Chamomilla is the best homeopathic relief for people suffering from excruciating earache. The pain usually aggravates at night. The maddening pain leaves the person mentally very agitated. The medicine is equally helpful for children who get agitated and irritated due to the unbearable pain.

* Pulsatilla: At times, the earache is accompanied by a thick (mostly greenish) discharge from the ear. As a result, the ear feels quite heavy. A person might also experience difficulty in hearing. The darting pain is at its worst self at night. Such earaches and associated symptoms are best treated with the homeopathic medicine, Pulsatilla.

* Sometimes, even a little exposure to cold air can result in earaches. Worse still, there is pus like discharge from the ear and fever. The ear is very sensitive to touch. Hepar Sulph is an ideal homeopathic remedy under such circumstances. Psorinum is mainly used when the pus like discharge has a very unpleasant odour.

* At times, dental problems and throat infections can result in severe earache. Homeopathy has a solution for all. Plantago is an excellent homeopathic medicine to treat earaches resulting from toothache. Merc Sol is effective against earaches originating from dental problems. In such cases, there may be blood or yellow discharge from the ear. The pain gets unbearable at night.

Lachesis and Phytollaca are known to provide great relief from earaches resulting from throat infections. Lachesis is helpful when the throat pain slowly shoots up to the left ear. Swallowing of food makes the situation worse. Phytollaca, on the other hand, is the best medicine when the shooting ear pain is right sided. Belladonna helps to deal with severe and throbbing ear pain.

* Infection of the Otitis Media (middle ear) is a common factor, resulting in earaches. There may be fever and pus like discharge. The hearing is also greatly impaired. At night, the pain reaches the superlative degree. Go for Hepar Sulph if the pain intensifies upon slightest exposure to cold air. Use Belladona in case the ear infection is at a very nascent stage. Pulsatilla is equally effective to treat such earaches.

* Many a times, the ear pain can be of nerve origin. It is more of a facial pain, with the ear being affected. Verbascum Thapsus (Mullen Oil) can be of great help and can also be effectively used as an ear drop to provide some relief.
4396 people found this helpful

Ear Infections In Monsoon - Know Its Treatment!

Ear Infections In Monsoon - Know Its Treatment!
Ear infections are a common ailment that people suffer from during the monsoon season. These can infect any part of the ear including the external ear, middle ear and inner ear.

Symptoms of ear infections:

Whether it is the outer, middle or inner ear, some of the common symptoms affecting users are:

You may feel acute pain in the infected ear.

There may be some discharge from the ears.

Some people also suffer from decreased hearing Acute infection can also cause dizziness.

Along with the ear pain some people may suffer from severe headaches.

In case of children, they may cry and refuse to feed as well as constantly tug their ears.

Fever can also be a sign of ear infection.

It is important to keep things in mind for preventing ear infections:

Keep your ears clean: It is important not to put anything in the ears to clean them- this may cause injuries and infections It is important to clean your outer ears with a clean cloth to avoid a fungal infection while using a hairspray, swimming or if you are out in the rain.

Clean earphones once a week to avoid infections of ear canal

Avoid putting cotton in your ears: Avoid putting cotton swabs in your ears as it can lead to trapping of bacteria within.

Don't ignore a warning sign: If you suffer from any of the symptoms of ear infection it is wise to get tested by an ENT specialist.

Treatment-

An ear infection may need treatments and procedures or in some cases even surgery. The common treatments for ear infections include:

Cleaning of the Wax: If there is a wax buildup in your ears, which leads to an infection, a professional cleaning may be required by a doctor under a head light with specialized micro instruments.
Ear Drops: Using ear drops can also dissolve the ear wax and clean out the ear infection.
It usually takes a week to clear out an ear infection, but if still doesn't get better it is advisable to consult a medical practitioner. Sometimes ear infections may also require surgeries like Myringotomy, Tympanoplasty or Mastoidectomy, which can be an OPD procedure or might need a day's stay in the hospital.
2666 people found this helpful