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CT Scan - Colonoscopy Health Feed

Colon Cancer - How Can Ayurveda Treat It?

MS - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurvedic Doctor, Mumbai
Colon Cancer - How Can Ayurveda Treat It?
According to the American Cancer Society and Colon Cancer Alliance, colon cancer, which is also referred to as colorectal cancer is regarded as the third most commonly diagnosed type of cancer, as well as the second most important reason of cancer deaths in the U.S. affecting both men and women. But thankfully, colon cancer can be prevented by changing the food habits. It is also important to get regular screenings through colonoscopy, which will help you to determine the early or precancerous stage that can be treated with the removal of cancerous cells.

Colorectal cancer is deemed to be cancer, related to the food habits and it can be prevented by correcting the same. Here are the top ways through which you can help your condition naturally:

Reduce the amount of red meat consumption: Health studies reveal that people who eat red meat on a regular basis are more prone to developing colon cancer. This is because the chemicals required to digest this food damage the DNA material which in turn is the main reason behind the cause of cancer.

Increase the amount of garlic intake: By consuming more garlic, you can reduce the risk of developing different types of cancer, particularly those of the gastrointestinal tract. Garlic is rich in anti-bacterial properties that can block the pathway of cancer causing elements and boost the repair as well as reduce the proliferation of cells. It is also high in selenium and sodiumcontent which are beneficial for the overall health.

Consume all types of plant antioxidants: The bright-coloured fruits and vegetables, as well as herbs and spices, can greatly contribute to adding a wide array of antioxidants in your regular diet. Foods that are rich in antioxidants include carrots, pomegranates, cranberries, kale, broccoli, tomatoes, apples, cabbage, turmeric, sage, rosemary, saffron, purple and red grapes.

Cook foods in sesame oil: The many health benefits of sesame seeds are due to its nutritional content, including vitamins, minerals, natural oils, and organic compounds which consist of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, manganese, copper, zinc, fiber, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, protein, and tryptophan.

Increase the consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids: It has been reported by several types of research that a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the occurrence of colon cancer and therefore you must eat a lot of salmon, cod, mackerel and sardines for decreasing the pro-inflammatory levels in your body.

Go For Ayurvedic Panchakarma Therapy: Panchakarma is the ultimate mind-body healing experience for detoxifying the body, strengthening the immune system and restoring balance and well-being. It is one the most effective healing modality in Ayurvedic Medicine. It promotes Detoxification and Rejuvenation. It is recommended on a seasonal basis, as well as when an individual feels out of balance or is experiencing illness. According to Ayurveda, good health depends upon our capability to fully metabolize all aspects of life, assimilating that which nourishes and eliminating the rest. When we can t completely digest our food, experiences, and emotions, toxins accumulate in our bodily tissues, creating imbalance and ultimately disease. Panchakarma is an elegant cleansing process that releases stored toxins and restores the body s innate healing ability.

Sir madam yesterday I have done colonoscopy procedure. Aur cea b kiya 2.68 aya caecum single polypoidal mass occluding whole of the circumference. Overlying mucosa is erythematous and edematous. Surrounding mucosa is norma. Impression: polypoidal cecal mass-? Nature biopsy done. It means cancer.

MBBS, MS - Oncology, MCh-Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MCh (Gyneco-oncological oncology), FRCS - Thoracic Surgery
Oncologist, Mangalore
Sir madam
yesterday I have done colonoscopy procedure. Aur cea b kiya 2.68 aya caecum
single polypoidal mass occludin...
Biopsy suggestive of cancer, but we need to know what type of cancer it is. As treatment depends on type of cancer in caecum. Need to do cect abdomen and thorax/pet ct depending on feasibility and affordability for staging purpose (pet ct is not mandatory but helpful). Do not worry. Two thing are favoring good prognosis, first its polypoidal mass and cea is less than 4 ; both are good prognostic factors. If cect/pet ct shows no metastasis (not spreading to other parts), less likely as per details, its curable cancer. Consult any qualified oncologist for multidisciplinary tumour board discussion and proper planing of treatment. All the best, take care.
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My father is affected with rectal carcinoma. As of now he is taking imrt radiation 25 cycles with capecitabine chemo pills .doctor said 6 weeks after surgery .but there is no change with radiation and chemo pills the tumor is grown in the rectal wall reached 7 cm from anal verge. Doctor preferred robotic surgery .is robotic surgery good .is it curable one?

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
Yes robotic surgery for rectal cancer is good. But patient selection is the key. If the disease has not regressed with chemoradiation, he may not be a good candidate and may need open surgery. Please discuss with your surgeon in detail. In case you need further opinion, please share reports.
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Know Options Of Treatment In Colorectal Cancer!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Know Options Of Treatment In Colorectal Cancer!
Colorectal cancer, one of the commonest and potentially fatal types of cancer, occurs when timorous growths form in the large intestine. Cancer often develops and progresses without showing symptoms, which is why most often the disease goes undetected in its initial stage. However, screening and diagnosis of colorectal cancer can help detect it while there is still time for treatment.

What are the treatment options for colorectal cancer?

There is no single treatment for cancer. Generally, a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy are used to treat patients depending on the stage and type of cancer. In more advanced stages, surgery may be recommended to eliminate the cause of cancer from its roots. Treatment aims to ease the symptoms, remove cancer, and prevent its progression.

Here is a look at the different ways to treat colorectal cancer

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses certain anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells. Either these drugs can be given orally or they can be administered intravenously into the body. Chemotherapy may be used to shrink a larger cancer prior to surgery so that it can be easily removed. Alternatively, it can also be administered after surgery in case the cancer is larger or has metastasized to the lymph nodes. Thus, chemotherapy can kill any remaining cancer cells in the body and help lower the risk of cancer relapse.

Chemotherapy may also help to ease symptoms spreading to other parts of the body that cannot be corrected with surgery. Sometimes, it can also be given in combination with radiation therapy.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is another commonly used treatment approach for colorectal, as well as other types of cancer. The therapy uses high-intensity energy sources, like protons and X-rays to destroy the cancer cells. It might be used to reduce the size of cancer right before surgery so that it can be eliminated with ease. When surgery is not an option, radiation therapy might help to reduce the symptoms of colorectal cancer. Radiation therapy can be combined with chemotherapy.

Immunotherapy

The drug treatment immunotherapy uses your immune system to combat cancer. Your immune system may not attack the cancer cells because they form proteins that keep immune system cells from identifying the cancer cells. Immunotherapy functions by hindering that process. The therapy is usually recommended for advanced colorectal cancer. The doctor will likely test your cancer cells before proceeding with the treatment to see if they are likely to respond.

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy focuses on certain abnormalities found within the cancer cells. Targeted drug therapy can kill cancer cells by blocking these abnormalities. These are often used in combination with chemotherapy, typically for people with end-stage cancer.

Surgery

If all other therapies fail to treat cancer and stop its progression, the doctor might recommend surgery. The different surgical methods used for treatment may include the following

Colectomy This involves partial or complete removal of the colon that has become cancerous, as well as its surrounding regions to lower the risk of spreading of cancer.

Endoscopy The procedure allows the surgeon to eliminate localized, smaller cancer. Endoscopy involves inserting a narrow, flexible tube attached with a camera and light directly into the body to have a detailed look at the cancerous tissues. The procedure assists the surgeon to perform minor surgery and remove the cancerous tissues/organs.

Laparoscopic surgery During this minimally invasive procedure, the surgeon makes several minute incisions in the abdomen with the help of a camera and an instrument. The camera displays the image of the colon on a monitor, allowing the surgeon to operate the larger polyps.

Palliative surgery Palliative surgery aims to relieve symptoms if the cancer is beyond treatment. The surgeon, in this case, attempts to relieve any blockage of the colon and manage symptoms like pain and bleeding.

Colorectal cancer, like most other types of cancer, can be treated if detected at an early stage. Reports claim that Stage I and Stage II cancers have a success rate of 80-95% and 55-80% respectively when diagnosed early. The doctor will take into account the overall health condition, age, as well as other characteristics of the patient when deciding on the most appropriate treatment option.

Know Food Items That Can Prevent Colorectal Cancer!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Know Food Items That Can Prevent Colorectal Cancer!
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide after lung cancer and breast cancer, particularly among the ageing population. A number of biological and lifestyle factors combined together can put you at risk of having this type of cancer. One such important risk factor is your diet.

Several studies have shown that poor diet and unhealthy food choices increase your likelihood of developing cancer of the rectum or colon whereas smart food choices can help lower the risk for the same.

Here are some foods that can help reduce your chances of getting colorectal cancer

Dairy products

There have been considerable research and studies claiming that dairy products rich in calcium and other vitamins may help lower the risk of colorectal cancer. Therefore, you should add more dairy products to your daily diet. Milk, cheese, and yoghurt are some of the popular sources of vital nutrients.

Whole grains

Whole grains, such as brown rice, whole wheat bread, and oatmeal, brown rice are loaded with essential nutrients and make for excellent sources of fibre and magnesium. Both the elements help to keep your stools moving. Along the way, these can grab onto the compounds causing cancer of the colon. Make sure you are eating at least 90 grams of whole grains every day.

Legumes and beans

Beans and other forms of legumes for example, lentils, soybeans, and peas are rich in protein, fibre, and vitamins E and B. Beans contain a certain compound called flavonoid, which can avert the growth of tumours, as well as specific antioxidants that can help safeguard you against colon cancer. Try to swap one of your regular side dishes for nutritious black beans, or have a hearty bowl of soup.

Leafy greens and fruits

Green vegetables and fruits have phytochemicals, natural substances that can block the cancer cells from growing or fight off the inflammation that may fuel cancer. There have been mixed results obtained from various researches linking veggies and fruits to averting colon cancer. However, organizations for cancer recommend them as part of a healthy diet. Include plenty of cabbage, broccoli, and citrus fruits like oranges to your every-day diet.

Fatty fish

Fatty fishes, such as salmon are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are excellent for heart health and can slow the growth of cancer cells. However, whether eating fish can completely protect you against colorectal cancer is not clear. Evidence suggests that people who consumed sufficient amounts of fish instead of processed meat and red meat had a low risk of getting colorectal cancer. However, be sure to limit or avoid consumption of King mackerel and swordfish, as they are likely to contain mercury and other pollutants that may affect your health in the long run.

Whether you are undergoing treatment for colorectal cancer or not, speak with your doctor and consult a dietician, who can help you make changes to your lifestyle or diet. Healthy eating combined with regular exercise and weight management may help people cut their odds of having colorectal cancer.

How To Prevent Colorectal Cancer?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
How To Prevent Colorectal Cancer?
Colorectal cancer is a widely prevalent and potentially fatal type of cancer across the globe. Reportedly, about one out of every 23 men and 25 women develops cancer of the rectum or colon at some point in their life.

Although the exact causes of colorectal cancer are not known, there are certain risk factors that are likely to increase one s chances of having the disease. However, there are ways to prevent the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Here is what you can do

Eat a healthy diet

A diet loaded with sufficient amounts of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables is linked with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer. Focus on eating lean meat instead of red meat and processed meat pork, beef, lamb, hot dogs, and so on, as they increase the likelihood of having cancer of the colon or rectum.

Stay active

Studies show that people, who are physically inactive, are more likely to develop colorectal cancer. Therefore, you should look to increase your daily physical activity. Doctors recommend exercising at least 3-4 days a week to minimize the risk of cancer. Aim for light to moderate amounts of aerobic exercises, such as running, walking, and cycling to stay active and improve your overall fitness.

Keep a check on your weight

Several studies have linked obesity or excess overweight with a higher risk of colorectal cancer. Therefore, it is advisable that you maintain healthy body weight to avoid any complications. Mindful eating and exercising regularly can help you achieve an ideal weight and keep a tab on it.

Quit smoking

People, who are in the habit of smoking, or have been a chain smoker for years, are at high risk of developing cancer of the rectum or colon. Studies have also shown that mortality rates for colorectal cancer are considerably high among smokers. Therefore, if you have been smoking or using tobacco for years now, you should certainly consider quitting the habit right away to avert the risk of cancer.

Limit alcohol consumption

While moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with heart health, overconsumption of it is strongly linked to an increased risk of colorectal cancer. As per The American Cancer Society, men and women should limit alcohol consumption to two drinks a day and one drink a day, respectively.

Get screened at regular intervals

Screening tests help detect cancer before the symptoms show up. These tests can detect growths called polyps on the rectum or colon, and remove them before they turn cancerous. Screening tests can also find rectal or colon cancer at an early stage when treatment is more likely to be effective and successful. It is recommended that people start undergoing screening tests at age 45 to prevent the risk of cancer. Speak with your healthcare provider or doctor about when you should begin and which tests might be right for you.

Studies show that certain habits related to weight, exercise, and diet are associated with the risk of colorectal cancer, as well as with other types of cancer. Altering some of these habits with healthy lifestyle changes can be hard, but it can help reduce the risk of cancer and several other medical conditions, thus allowing you to live a healthier, fitter, and better life.
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Colorectal Cancer How To Aware Yourself?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Colorectal Cancer   How To Aware Yourself?
The month of March is observed annually as National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month all over the world. Ever since its inception in the year 2000, it has spread out to be a rallying point for numerous survivors, patients, advocates, and caregivers from the colorectal cancer community worldwide, who come together to spread awareness about the disease by raising funds, holding education events, and talking to family and friends about colorectal cancer, it's screening, and much more.

The first step towards spreading awareness about colorectal cancer is to know all about the disease and its progression.

What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer, as the name suggests, refers to cancer of the rectum or colon. Most colorectal cancers begin as small, benign clumps of cells known as polyps that form in the inner lining of the rectum or colon. Over time, the polyps may become cancerous, resulting in colorectal cancer. Even though colorectal cancer can occur at any age, it typically affects elderly people. The risk increases as you age. Over 90% of all cases of colorectal cancer happen in people aged 50 or more.

Like all other types of cancer, colorectal cancer progresses in stages.

Risk factors

Certain factors may put you at greater risk of colorectal cancer. These include

Older age

A family history of colorectal cancer

Specific inflammatory conditions

Certain inherited diseases

Poor diet

A sedentary lifestyle

Obesity

Diabetes

Alcohol

Smoking

Signs to look out for

Colorectal cancer does not always reveal symptoms in the initial stage. A person may not even realize that he/she has colorectal cancer unless screened for. However, you should keep an eye out for the below signs and symptoms

Persistent abdominal pain, cramps and aches

Unexplained weight loss

Changes in bowel movement, including constipation and diarrhoea

Fatigue or weakness

Change in the consistency of stool

Rectal bleeding

Blood in the stool

A person encountering these symptoms should immediately consult a doctor for screening.

What you can do?

People between age 50 and 75 should get screened for colorectal cancer at regular intervals. People below age 50 and above age 75, who are at risk of having this type of cancer, should discuss with the doctor about undergoing screening.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment for colorectal cancer is available the most common methods used in treatment include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, targeted drug therapy, and surgery. Surgery for colorectal cancer includes minimally invasive laparoscopy, partial and complete colonoscopy.

Certain lifestyle changes can also help cope with the symptoms of colorectal cancer or prevent its progression.

Eating a healthy diet

Staying physically active

Maintaining an ideal body weight

Abstaining from smoking and alcohol

Furthermore, palliative or supportive care is also provided to cancer patients, which aims to improve the quality of life and cope with the mental and physical exhaustion of undergoing strenuous cancer treatment.

National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month looks forward to making general people, as well as cancer patients, aware of the warning signs of the disease, alongside its scope of treatment and prevention.

Colon Cancer - Know The Causes & Treatment Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Surgical Registrar
Surgical Oncology, Mumbai
Colon Cancer - Know The Causes & Treatment Of It!
Cancer in colon forms due to uncontrolled cell growth in the large intestine cells. Most colon cancers originate from the healthy cells in the lining of the colon that grow into tumors called adenomatous polyps. These polyps can be cancerous or benign.

A cancerous tumor is malignant and may spread to the other parts of the body by traveling through blood and lymph systems, this process is known as metastasis. Whereas a benign tumor can grow but don t necessarily spread to other parts of the body.

It takes years for these changes to develop depending upon both genetic and environmental causes.

Causes and risk factors:
In a healthy body, the cells normally grow, divide and then die. Cancer is the result of uncontrollable cell growth where the cells do not die. Aging is one of the important risk factors for colon cancer; other risk factors include a family history of colon cancer. As per Johns LE and Houlston RS, individuals with a family history of colon cancer have a high risk of developing this form of cancer as compared to those with no such history.

A study conducted by Giovannucci and others in 1995, successfully established the relation between physical activity, obesity and colon cancer. As per the research lack of physical activities elevates the chance of getting colon cancer. Individuals who regularly smoke, are obese and use aspirin have a higher risk of developing this form of cancer. Diet is also an important factor, diets that are high in fat and low in fiber may elevate the risk.

Symptoms:
The symptoms of colon cancer are varied, depending upon the condition of the tumor. At the early stage, patients may experience no symptoms. However, as cancer grows, symptoms arise. Diarrhea or constipation are common; patients may see changes in stool consistency and narrower stool. Abdominal discomfort, bloating, fullness and cramps may also indicate colon cancer. Sudden weight loss and unexplained iron deficiency (anemia) are also associated with this form of cancer. If these symptoms last for several weeks, don t hesitate to consult your physician.

Treatment:
Colon cancer is highly treatable and depends on the type and the stage of cancer along with health and other characteristics of the patient. However, there is no single treatment; the most common options are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The surgery for colon cancer is known as colectomy and involves removing the affected part of the colon and the adjoining areas including nearby lymph nodes.

Chemotherapy involves killing the cancer cells by utilizing certain chemicals that interfere with the cell division process and damage the proteins or DNA. In the radiation therapy, high-energy gamma rays are used to target and destroy the cancer cells. Radiotherapy can be used both as a standalone treatment and also along with other treatments
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What Triggers Colon Cancer And Treatment Of It? - Know In Depth About It!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh Surgical oncology, FMAS.Laparoscopy, FAIS
Oncologist, Bangalore
What Triggers Colon Cancer And Treatment Of It? - Know In Depth About It!
Diarrhea and constipation and common digestive ailments but if these persist for over 4 weeks, it could be a sign of colon cancer. Colon cancer refers, to a type of cancer that affects the lower half of the digestive system and the large intestines. In most cases, this type of cancer begins in the form of small adenomatous polyps. However, with time, these polyps turn cancerous.

As mentioned above a change in bowel movements is one of the main signs of colon cancer. Some of the other common symptoms include:

Blood in the stool
Cramps or pain in the abdomen
Weakness
Unexplained weight loss
A feeling of not having completely emptied your bowel
The symptoms of colon cancer vary according to the stage of cancer. In its early stages, many patients may not recognize any symptoms. Symptoms also depend on the location of the cancer tumor.

Colon cancer can affect men and women but elderly people are considered at a higher risk for this disease as compared to others. For this reason screening for colon cancer is considered part of a routine health checkup for people over the age of 50. Certain genetic syndromes can also increase a person s risk of colon cancer. Additionally, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, low fiber diet, smoking and alcohol consumption can also increase the risk of colon cancer.

Colon cancer can be treated. Treatment depends largely on the stage of cancer. There are 4 stages of colon cancer.

Stage I: In this stage, cancer would have grown through the lining of the colon but is restricted to being within the rectum and colon wall.
Stage II: Here, cancer grows past the colon walls but does not yet spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage III: At this stage, cancer can be detected in the lymph nodes surrounding the colon and large intestines
Stage IV: This is an advanced stage of cancer where it would have begun to affect other organs such as the lungs and liver.
Treatment for colon cancer typically takes three forms; surgery, chemotherapy or radiation.

In the case of early-stage colon cancer, minimally invasive surgery may be suggested to remove the polyps and resection the colon walls. If it has turned invasive, a partial colectomy may be performed or an artificial route for waste matter may be created. In most cases, surgery will be followed by chemotherapy or radiation to kill the remaining cancer cells.
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Hi, I need your advice on latest development in colon cancer treatment in india. My sister has been diagnosed of colon cancer stage 2 she has been seeing blood in her stool for the last 3 months. The doctor advised her to undergo surgery so that, he can remove the affected part and then join the unaffected parts of the colon. Could you please share information on immunotherapy and its indications. Is it available in india? Is there other treatment options? Thank you.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Apac biotech pvt. Ltd. Is a leading biotechnology company in india involved in research and manufacturing of dendritic cell-based immunotherapy for the treatment of cancer. Immunotherapy is a fairly new way to fight colorectal cancer. Many of these treatments are still in clinical trials.
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