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I have a head injury and have 3 stitches as I fall from stairs. Now what have to do now 1st when I visit the neurologist. That is what are the reports and test I have to do before I go to visit the neurologist. Like any ct scan or mri. Thank you for your support.

I have a head injury and have 3 stitches as I fall from stairs. Now what have to do now 1st when I visit the neurolog...
There are various types of head injuries, some of the major types are as follows: hematoma, hemorrhage, concussion, edema, skull fracture, diffuse axonal injury and some others. Your head has more blood vessels than any other part of your body, so bleeding on the surface of your brain or within your brain is a serious concern in head injuries. However, not all head injuries cause bleeding. One of the first ways doctors may assess your head injury is with the glasgow coma scale (gcs). The gcs is a 15-point test that assesses your mental status. A high gcs score indicates a less severe injury. Looking for signs of trauma, including bruising and swelling also needs to be determined. Imaging tests are commonly used to diagnose head injuries. A ct scanmay help to look for fractures, evidence of bleeding and clotting, brain swelling, and any other structural damage.
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Brain Damage - Know Forms Of It!

Brain Damage - Know Forms Of It!
Regardless of whether the cause is a tumor, trauma, stroke, or other illnesses, any injury which inflicts damage on your brain cells is considered to be a brain damage.

There are two types of brain damage, both of which interfere with the standard functioning of the brain.

They are:

1. Acquired brain injury (ABI) - either resulting from a tumor or a neurological illness, for instance a stroke, this type of brain injury originates from the cellular level and is commonly linked with brain pressure.

2. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) - this result from any damage imparted to the skull usually from an external and physical force like a blow to the head or a head accident, which in turn damages the brain.
How severe the brain damage is depends largely on the type of brain injury. Mild brain injuries are temporary, causing headaches, memory lapses, nausea and confusion. On the other hand, severe brain injuries cause cognitive, physical and behavioral impairments which are often life-changing and permanent.


Acquired brain injuries may be caused by:

1. Poisoning
2. Being exposed to toxic substances
3. Choking, strangulation or drowning
4. Heart attacks
5. Infections
6. Stroke
7. Tumors
8. Neurological illnesses
9. Aneurysms
10. Illegal drug abuse

Traumatic brain injuries are usually caused by:

1. Car accidents
2. Sports injuries
3. Physical violence
4. Head blows
5. Falls and other mishaps


Whether acquired or traumatic, symptoms of brain damage can be classified under four major groups:

1. Cognitive symptoms generally include-
- Having a hard time processing information or expressing thoughts
- Difficulty in understanding others or abstract concepts
- Indecisiveness
- Memory loss
- Short attention spans

2. Physical symptoms generally include-
- Excessive physical fatigue
- Extreme mental fatigue
- Persistent and frequent migraines or headaches
- Paralysis
- Seizures
- Tremors
- Sleep disorders
- Light sensitivity
- Loss of consciousness
- Slurred speech

3. Perceptual symptoms generally include-
- Spatial disorientation
- Smell and taste disorders
- Heightened pain sensitivity
- Changes in hearing, seeing, or touch sensations
- Unable to perceive time
- Balance problems

4. Emotional or behavioral symptoms generally include-
- Decreased stress tolerance
- Heightened or flattened reactions or emotions
- Aggressiveness
- Sluggishness
- Impatience and irritability
- Self-denial
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Acoustic Neuroma - Know The Risks Involved!

Acoustic Neuroma - Know The Risks Involved!
Acoustic neuroma is the development of noncancerous and slow-growing tumors on the main, vestibular nerve that travels from the inner ear to the brain, connecting the two organs. They are also known as vestibular schwannoma, as it arises from Schwann cells covering the vestibular nerve. It rarely grows rapidly or attains a large enough size that can press against the brain and interfere with the vital functions of the brain. Since the tumor is benign, the patient can be assured that it won t spread to the other parts of the body; however, they can grow large enough to disrupt the normal function of the body.

The pressure from the acoustic neuroma on the main nerve can cause loss of hearing, a constant ringing in the ear and unsteadiness. As per a report published by the Acoustic Neuroma Association, 1 out of every 50,000 people suffers from this condition.

Risk factors for acoustic neuroma:

Acoustic neuroma does not have quite as many risk factors. The only established risk factor for acoustic neuroma is having a parent who suffers from the rare genetic disorder neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). However, having said that, neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) accounts for only 5 percent of the reported cases. In most of the cases, it has been found that the tumors appear spontaneously without any indication of a family member having this disease or any medical history of the same.

The development of noncancerous tumors on the ear nerves as well as other nerves in the body is scientifically supported as a characteristic indication of neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is also termed as an autosomal dominant disorder, which indicates that the mutated gene can pass from just one parent. Each of the children has a fifty-fifty chance of inheriting the disease.

However, scientists and doctors have failed to identify why specific people get these tumors. They have reached a generic conclusion about the risk factors, which may include:

Loud noises near the ear.
A parathyroid neuroma, which is a similar benign tumor of the thyroid.
A chance of exposure to low levels of radiation in the childhood.
How to diagnose the risk factors for acoustic neuroma?If you are experiencing loss of hearing or other neurological symptoms, try to keep track of them. Later on, mention them to your doctor for a proper diagnosis. A detailed history of the symptoms will help your doctor. Your doctor will perform a hearing test to check whether you have an acoustic neuroma. MRI Brain is the main diagnostic modality for acoustic neuroma. The doctor may also perform a brainstem auditory evoked response tests along with an electronystagmography to detect any changes in eye movement, caused due to the inner ear.

Brain Tumor - How To Diagnose It?

Brain Tumor - How To Diagnose It?
A brain tumor can occur at any age and it generally occurs in people in the age group of 40-60 years. The common types of brain tumor are termed as meningioma and gliomas. These supratentorial brain tumors generally occur above the covering of the cerebellum tissue. In children, brain tumors occur at the age of 1-12 years and the most common tumors are ependymomas, astrocytoma and meduloblastomas. Brain tumor is the common cause of death even in children.

Tips to Detecting a Brain Tumor

The general symptoms that are indications of a brain tumor include severe headaches, memory changes, nausea, drowsiness, sleep problems, fatigue and sudden involuntary movements of muscles of an individual. The symptoms can be either specific or generic and the general symptoms are mainly caused by the pressure of the tumor on the brain. The specific symptoms on the other hand are caused when specific parts of the brain does not function properly. Many people even experience loss of control of body functions.

The other problems that are experienced by individuals include changes in the ability to perform daily activities and loss of balance. They find difficulty in hearing, speech and at times are very aggressive. If these symptoms exist, then your doctor would recommend a physical examination and ask about your health history and that of your family.

Tests to Detect Brain Tumor
The tests that are advised by doctors to detect a brain tumor include MRI, neurologic exam, CT scan, biopsy, angiogram and spinal tap.

In the neurologic exam the vision, alertness, hearing, coordination, muscle strength and reflexes are checked by the doctor. The doctor also checks for any swelling in the eyes which can be caused by the pressing of the nerve which connects the brain and the eye.

The CT scan done for detecting brain tumor provides detailed pictures of your head and it is done through an X-ray machine which is connected to a computer. The contrast material is injected into the blood vessel of your hand and abnormal areas can be seen easily.

In this method tissues from the brain are removed and tested for tumor cells. The cells are observed by a pathologist under a microscope mainly to check for abnormal cells. The biopsy method is used to show tissue changes that can further lead to cancer. Brain tumor can be easily diagnosed with this method.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI as it is commonly referred to is of great use as it helps to diagnose brain tumors. In this procedure, a dye is injected through a vein in the arm using which the variances in the tissues of the brain can be identified.

Consult your doctor today for more information on the same.

Hello. I am a teenager. I have neurosis and hypochondria for a long time. Can only these symptoms (without any headaches, vomiting, etc.) indicate a brain tumor?

Hello. I am a teenager. I have neurosis and hypochondria for a long time. Can only these symptoms (without any headac...
Hypochondriacs are people who are worried about imaginary symptoms and physical complaints. It happens every now and again. You get persistent blinding headaches or feel a spasm close to your heart. Suddenly, you have these nagging suspicions that it could be brain tumour or heart attack. You may need proper anxiety management, you can consult over a call or video conferencing as per your convenient.
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Brain Tumor

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A Brain Tumour can be defined as an abnormal growth of the tissues in the brain, which can disrupt the proper brain functions. Generally, the cells in the human body die and are replaced by new cells, while in the case of a tumor, the old cells do not die and form an accumulation and continue to grow to form a mass as more and more cells are added to it.
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Neuroplasticity - What Should You Know?

Neuroplasticity - What Should You Know?
The neurones in the brain are constantly reorganising their connections both functionally and physically according to the environment, your thinking and behaviour. This ability is known as neuroplasticity. Through neuroplasticity the nerve cells of brain can compensate for injury to some parts of the brain and enable a person to recover from stroke, birth abnormalities. It is also beneficial in treating autism, ADD, learning disabilities and helps manage obsessive-compulsive disorders.

Here are seven things you should know about neuroplasticity.

Change depends on the attentiveness of the brain: Neuroplasticity changes can only happen if the brain is alert and active. When the brain is active it releases neurochemicals that are necessary for the neurone connections to change. If a person is distracted to inattentive, these changes cannot happen.
The more the effort; the bigger the change: Neuroplasticity changes depend on how motivated the person is to change or learn new tasks. For this reason, when it comes to using neuroplasticity for physiotherapy, it is essential to first deal with any depression or anxiety issues the patient might be having before attempting to rehabilitate them.
It helps strengthen neural connections: Repetition of actions is one of the key elements of neuroplasticity in physiotherapy. Through this, the strength of neurone connections is strengthened to include sensory information, movement and cognitive patterns.
It improves cell to cell connections: This is crucial to a patient s rehabilitation as it increases reliability and makes a person more independent. In turn, this makes behaviour patterns more reliable.
It helps predict actions: A task can usually be broken down into a series of smaller tasks. For example, feeding oneself can be broken down into steps that begin with lifting a spoon and filling it with food to finally putting the spoon into your mouth. Hence, along with completing an action, the brain must also know what to do next. Neuroplasticity helps improve this associative flow and allows the brain to predict the next step.
Changes can be temporary or permanent: Initial changes due to neuroplasticity are temporary ad only if the brain determines the experience to be desired is this change made permanent. This is why when treating mobility issues, patients are not always able to repeat tasks in the same way.
Memory guides the learning: When making new neural connections through neuroplasticity, the brain is taught to discard unsuccessful attempts and only remember the experience of the successful attempts. From here, adjustments are made to improve the connection.

Smith Doubtful For Remainder Of Ashes 2019 With Concussion - All About It!

Smith Doubtful For Remainder Of Ashes 2019 With Concussion - All About It!
Former Australian Captain and batsman Steve Smith was forced to retire hurt from the Second Ashes Test at Lord s on the fourth day after being hit on the neck by a bouncer from the English fast bowler Jofra Archer.

The Aussie Cricketer was closely monitored overnight by a medical team but reportedly woke up with a feeling of grogginess and headache. Smith has been diagnosed with a concussion and his involvement in the third test will be decided after assessing him over the next few days.

What is a Concussion?

A concussion refers to a brain injury caused by a severe blow to the head or violent shaking of the body and head, resulting in temporary loss of normal brain function. It is commonly believed that concussions involve loss of consciousness but that is not true. In most cases, a person with a concussion never loses consciousness. However, those who suffer a concussion may act confused and are unable to remember what happened immediately before or after the injury. Such a condition can affect reflexes, judgement, memory and balance, speech, and muscle coordination.

What could possibly cause a concussion?

The most common causes of concussion are sports injuries and traumatic accidents. The sudden jerk or movement causes the brain to twist or bounce around inside the skull, eventually leading to damaging and stretching of brain cells and chemical changes in the brain. A bump or push to the body may also result in a concussion if the impact is powerful enough to force the head to jerk forward, backward, or to the side.

Most cases of concussions occur on the field while playing a game of cricket, football, or basketball. These are also common while riding a bike.

A concussion is usually mild and harmless. However, its effects can be serious and may last for days or weeks.

What are the symptoms?

In most cases, there are no external signs of head trauma. However, a person suffering a concussion may experience symptoms such as the following

Acute/persistent headaches


Dizziness or problems with balancing

Blurry/double vision

Sensitivity to noise and light

Drowsiness or fatigue

Trouble concentrating and/or comprehending


Nervousness, sadness, or irritability

Feeling of being just not right

Sleep disturbances

If headache worsens, it could be an indication of internal bleeding in the skull.

Other potentially dangerous signs include


Unusual behaviour

Not recognizing places or people

The above symptoms usually are noticeable within a few minutes of the injury or blow to the head. One should consult a doctor immediately for medical attention.

Precautions -

There is no specific treatment for concussions. However, there are ways you may be able to prevent such an incident from occurring.

To avoid or reduce the risks of a concussion, you should abide by the following precautionary measures

While driving, always wear a seat belt

While riding, be sure to put on your helmet the helmet should be secure and not easily moveable when you shake your head.

Put up handrails on the staircase to prevent falls

Install safety gates on the stairs to protect children and infants

Put grab bars in the washroom cover the floors and the tub with non-slip mats

Remove trip hazards and improve lighting

Install safety guards by the windows to keep your kids from falling out

The symptoms of a concussion can be managed using pain medication. You will be advised to rest and restrain from participating in activities to allow the brain to recover.

Most people recover completely following a concussion. The period of recovery, however, depends on the severity of the injury and the effectiveness of the treatment plan. Identify the symptoms and seek medical assistance at the earliest.