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CT Scan - Brain and Facial Bone Health Feed

Brain Damage - Causes & Symptoms Of It!

MBBS, DNB - General Surgery, DNB- Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
Brain Damage - Causes & Symptoms Of It!
Regardless of whether the cause is a tumor, trauma, stroke or any other illness, any injury which inflicts damage on your brain cells is considered to be a brain damage.

There are two types of brain damage, both of which interfere with the standard functioning of the brain.
They are:

Acquired brain injury (ABI): Either resulting from a tumor or a neurological illness, for instance a stroke, this type of brain injury originates from the cellular level and is commonly linked with brain pressure.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI): It results from any damage imparted to the skull usually from an external and physical force like a blow to the head or a head accident, which in turn damages the brain.
How severe the brain damage is depends largely on the type of brain injury. Mild brain injuries are temporary, causing headaches, memory lapses, nausea and confusion. On the other hand, severe brain injuries cause cognitive, physical and behavioral impairments which are often life-changing and permanent.

Causes:
Acquired brain injuries may be caused by:

Poisoning
Being exposed to toxic substances
Choking, strangulation or drowning
Heart attacks
Infections
Stroke
Tumors
Neurological illnesses
Aneurysms
Illegal drug abuse
Traumatic brain injuries are usually caused by:



Car accidents
Sports injuries
Physical violence
Head blows
Falls and other mishaps
Symptoms:
Whether acquired or traumatic, symptoms of brain damage can be classified under four major groups:

1. Cognitive symptoms generally include

Having a hard time processing information or expressing thoughts
Difficulty in understanding others or abstract concepts
Indecisiveness
Memory loss
Short attention spans
2. Physical symptoms generally include

Excessive physical fatigue
Extreme mental fatigue
Persistent and frequent migraines or headaches
Paralysis
Seizures
Tremors
Sleep disorders
Light sensitivity
Loss of consciousness
Slurred speech
3. Perceptual symptoms generally include

Spatial disorientation
Smell and taste disorders
Heightened pain sensitivity
Changes in hearing, seeing, or touch sensations
Unable to perceive time
Balance problems
4. Emotional or behavioral symptoms generally include

Decreased stress tolerance
Heightened or flattened reactions or emotions
Aggressiveness
Sluggishness
Impatience and irritability
Self-denial

I have injury in Middle Leg Finger, in which hair line fracture occurred due to slippage on rocks for the last 42 days. Doctor has bind 2 fingers with temporary tape, which I change on daily basis. Pain is same as before and swelling does not goes away. Please suggest, what should I do?

Diploma in yoga science, MPT in sports, diploma in geriatric care
Physiotherapist, Rohtak
I have injury in Middle Leg Finger, in which hair line fracture occurred due to slippage on rocks for the last 42 day...
Hello Sir, Since hairline fracture take minimum of 3 weeks to heal, so you are on process of healing right now. Do icing twice a day and try relaxing your toes. Avoid prolonged standing and wear comfortable shoes. Stop moving it unnecessarily and do mild massage over the area of injury with your finger tips.
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I am 27 years old my left hand broken on my child hood when I grown-up that left hand not grow up as similar to right hand.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of medical challanges need doctor to listen to detailed medical history in form of questions and answers, examination of patient and sometimes reports so meet concerned doctor.- Orthopaedic surgeon.
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Hi, its been a month that I have undergone knee surgery (proximal tibia) right leg with plate inserted in fracture area. Now Stitches have been removed and still im unable to lift my leg. Is it normal or will it take some time to do so. Also physio therapy is yet to be started by doctor by coming days. Please let me know is this condition is normal that I'm unable to lift leg at present or any other problems.

MCh Ortho, ATLS (AIIMS), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Hi, its been a month that I have undergone knee surgery (proximal tibia) right leg with plate inserted in fracture ar...
Difficulty in lifting leg after knee injury occurs because of weakness of quadriceps (thigh) muscles. This usually gets better once physiotherapy is started.
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Is it safe to go for kyphoplasty surgery, if yes then what is the success rate in India and is it the right approach for spinal Compression fracture, also suggest the best doctors and hospital for that. This question is for my father he is 60 years old, 4 month ago he got fallen from some height and got severe injuries in spine and in ankle, at that time doctors suggest for bed rest and rely on natural healing process now they told me for that surgery?

Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Is it safe to go for kyphoplasty surgery, if yes then what is the success rate in India and is it the right approach ...
Ankle pain. Our suggestion would be to do hot water fermentation along with Cold (ice) therapy. You shall also keep a pillow under the knee while sleeping, next is you can keep ice in the painful area for about 5--10 minutes.
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Hi Doc My Son had ependioma (Brain Tumour) with brain stem .NeuroSurgeon said that he is not operateable because of big in size. Please suggest.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Hi Doc My Son had ependioma (Brain Tumour) with brain stem .NeuroSurgeon said that he is not operateable because of b...
Avoiding or reducing contact with radiation (especially to the head) and avoiding toxic chemicals associated with the oil and rubber industry, embalming chemicals, and other environmental toxins may help prevent brain cancers. Avoiding HIV infection is also suggested.
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Hi, I have got injured a month before and I consulted a doctor he told me that its your femur bone which is fractured so please tell me could it heel itself with out a surgery and I am 66 years old and I do not want to undergo a surgery.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
The bones always heal by themselves. The surgery is done to align the two broken ends so that they are joined right. For faster healing take homoeopathic treatment..
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My friend had suffered an injury on his head which caused to loss of his some blood ,what are the things ,fruits or eatables I can carry with me when I am going to meet him and handover it to him for his better and fast recovery?

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad
My friend had suffered an injury on his head which caused to loss of his some blood ,what are the things ,fruits or e...
Red meat, such as beef. Organ meat, such as kidney and liver. Dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale. Dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins. Beans. Legumes. Egg yolks.
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How Cracks Are Different From Fractures?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Arthroscopy & Sports Injury
Orthopedist, Bangalore
How Cracks Are Different From Fractures?
A fracture separates a single solid object into two or more pieces due to pressure. In medical terms, a fracture refers to a broken bone due to some kind of external trauma. A crack in the bone, on the other hand, it does not cause a clean break in the bone, there is only a separation or discontinuity in the bone material.

A crack in the bone caused due to repeated stress is often called as 'hairline fracture'. Here are the basic differences between a crack and a fracture in the bone and how to treat them:

A crack or hairline fracture is rarely caused by a single injury. It is usually the result of bone fatigue, which may be caused due to repeated, concentrated stress over a long period of time and thus, it is also called as 'stress fracture'. Other bone fractures are almost always the result of sudden and severe force on the bones.
The skeletal system constantly remodels itself. The cells, known as 'osteoblasts' absorb calcium and secrete bone connective tissue. If a particular site is exposed to recurrent bouts of force (which are individually not impactful enough to cause a crack), over time the osteoblasts in that region malfunction and the crack appears. Muscular exhaustion can also cause cracks in the bone. Fractures are caused due to sudden external single force trauma to the bone. Nutritional problems like deficiencies of Calcium, Phosphorus, vitamin D and excessive smoking decrease the bone mineral density and increase the chance of both cracks and fractures.
Symptoms of a crack are swelling, tenderness and sharp pain in the injured region and the symptoms worsen over time. A fracture has similar symptoms and might also exhibit an external physical distortion and makes it impossible to move that part of the body that where the bone is broken.
An MRI is often suggested for detecting the crack or crack-prone areas because an X-ray can only detect the crack after it widens somewhat or the bone starts paining because the rays cannot pass through the tiny gap in bone material. A fracture is easily detectable by an X-ray because the rays pass right through the break.
Complete rest for six to eight weeks is the most effective way of healing a crack. Using a walking boot in case of cracks in the leg bones in also helpful. Healing fractures require extensive medical intervention. Surgical techniques like bone grafting and the insertion of metal plates are used to reposition the broken bone.

I am 37 years just met with an accident my right hand fracture already one month but it pain a lot.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Take symphytum 30. It is Homoeopathic treatment for fast healing of fracture and pain. If pain persist or increase you should consult your orthopedic.
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