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Overview

Complete Blood Count Test

Complete Blood Count Test

A complete blood count, or CBC, is an easy and very common test that screens for certain disorders that can affect your health. A CBC determines if there are any increases or decreases in your blood cell counts. Normal values vary depending on your age and your gender. Your lab report will tell you the normal value range for your age and gender. A complete blood count test measures several components and features of your blood, including:

Red blood cells, which carry oxygen White blood cells, which fight infection Hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells Hematocrit, the proportion of red blood cells to the fluid component, or plasma, in your blood Platelets, which help with blood clotting Abnormal increases or decreases in cell counts as revealed in a complete blood count may indicate that you have an underlying medical condition that calls for further evaluation.

It is recommended that you should either wear a sleeve-less or a short-sleeved shirt to make it easier for you and the technician who will be drawing the blood. Wearing a shirt with full- sleeves that can easily be rolled-up is also fine. There is no need to disturb your diet routine before a CBC test. You can eat and drink normally, provided the CBC test is the only test you are going to undergo.

You might get a CBC as part of your yearly check-up. Your doctor might also order it to: Check for anemia or leukemia See if you have another health issue or to explain symptoms like weakness, fever, bruising, or feeling tired Keep an eye on a blood condition you already have See how medications or treatments like chemotherapy are affecting your blood

A band is wrapped around the arm, 3-4 inches above the collection site (superficial vein that lies within the elbow pit) A 70% alcohol pad is used to clean the skin A needle is then kept in line with and injected into a vein that can be seen from the skin The blood is dragged out from the needle by a nozzle, saved in a vessel and sealed with your name The sample is then taken to a lab for examination

Specimen
Whole blood
Volume
Fill tube to capacity.
Container
Lavender-top (EDTA) tube.
Type Gender Age-Group Value
WBC Total Count
Unisex
All age groups
4000 to 11000
Neutrophils
Unisex
All age groups
40-70%
Lymphocytes
Unisex
All age groups
20-40%
Monocytes
Unisex
All age groups
2-10%
Basophils
Unisex
All age groups
1-2%
Eosinophils
Unisex
All age groups
1-8%
RBC Count
Male
All age groups
4.32-5.72 million/mcL
RBC Count
Female
All age groups
3.9-5.03 million/mcL
HCT
Male
All age groups
40.7-50.3%
HCT
Female
All age groups
36.1 to 44.3%
Hb
Male
All age groups
13.8-17.2 gm/dl
Hb
Female
All age groups
12.5-15.1g/dl
MCV
Unisex
All age groups
80-95fl

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Popular Questions & Answers

I am 23 year old .i have constipation problem and 1 month before on a day I felt too much difficulty to passing out stool I put lots off effort lots off pressure to passing out stool. And after 2-3 days I saw blood after passing out stool the blood came for 2 or 3 days not on regular basic but since that time I feel sting and little cut around the opening of my anus .i am very worried about this please tell me now what should I do.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda,
I am 23 year old .i have constipation problem and 1 month before on a day I felt too much difficulty to passing out s...
You are having acute fissure in ano which is a cut in anus hold hot spicy foods take a bland diet lots of luke water for drinking hot water fomentation for seat bath twice apply anovate onit twice hingwashtak churna 1/4 tsf with first bite twice a day tripla churna 2 tsf with warm water at night.
1 person found this helpful

I'm just 21 ,my hairs are loosing and the rate of loosing also greater ,so what can I do to cure that problem? Suggest me for daily care for my hairs.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
I'm just 21 ,my hairs are loosing and the rate of loosing also greater ,so what can I do to cure that problem? Sugges...
You may be suffering from androgenic alopecia which is also called as pattern baldness. The hairs start reducing in density at the crown (top) and also the hairline starts refeeding from the front. This is usually progressive throughout life unless treated. This may also be accompanied by severe dandruff. The FDA approved treatment for this condition is a lotion and tablets. There is no other alternative. No oil or cream will magically work because the hairs are getting miniaturised and eventually disappearing due to the hormonal effects on the hair roots. Along with this, you can also consider platelet rich plasma therapy for faster results. Please contact me with photos using online consult option for proper examination and treatment. Do not start treatment without consulting. I can give guidance and then you can continue treatment on your own.
2 people found this helpful

I am 21 years old. I waa using minoxidil 10% ,all my hair have become dry and are falling off. I suffering from hair fall. I had left it in between for 1 month can continue using it now.

MD(EH)/AM/Accupressure
Homeopath, Chandigarh
I am 21 years old. I waa using minoxidil 10% ,all my hair have become dry and are falling off. I suffering from hair ...
Dear Lybrate user Hair loss is a problem that many people suffer from. There can be several factors behind hair loss such as environmental effects, aging, too much stress, excessive smoking, nutritional deficiencies, hormonal imbalance, genetic factors, scalp infections, use of wrong or chemically enriched hair products, certain medicines and medical conditions like thyroid disorder, autoimmune diseases, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), iron-deficiency anemia, and chronic illnesses. If you r interested to take homeo and naturopathy treatment call back for details peivatekt.

Last 3 to 4 I have observed white liquid jelly like discharge Is coming out with stool, besides it I am feeling some uncomfortness it feels like I need to go again and again for fresh. Please tell what to do for it. Why is this white jelly coming with stool?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), FWT (W.B)
Homeopath, 24 Parganas
Last 3 to 4 I have observed white liquid jelly like discharge Is coming out with stool, besides it I am feeling some ...
It may be mucous with your stool you can be test your stool. Merc-sol 200 2drop to be taken twice daily morning &evening, atista radix Q 10 drops to be taken twice daily after meal with half cup water.

Popular Health Tips

Ways To Prevent Hair Loss With Homeopathic Treatment!

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Ways To Prevent Hair Loss With Homeopathic Treatment!

Growth of hair may occur either on its own or after a particular treatment, inducing hair growth. There are various treatments as well as solutions for preventing and treating hair fall. Loss of hair occurs due to various reasons, including fungal infection on the scalp, genetic reasons, head injury and extreme fever. Homeopathic treatment is one of the finest branches of medical treatments that have been proved to be highly effective in curing hair fall and in promoting growth of hair.

• Homeopathy is a stream of medications that has been there for a long time and prepared with herbal and mineral sources.
• Many practitioners recommend homeopathic treatment for a long-term solution of hair loss.

Some of the most effective homeopathic medications for hair loss include:

Silicea
• It is extracted from sandstones and human tissues.
• This medicine is very useful for strengthening the roots of hair and eliminating the dryness by offering total nourishment to the scalp and hair.
• Silicea is a growth enhancer and is one of the 12 tissue cell salts found in human beings.

Kalium carbonicum
• Kalium Carbonicum is a homeopathic medication that has been extracted from compounds that Egyptians used for preparation of glass.

• It is prescribed by homeopath practitioners all over the world to stop thinning and brittleness of hair, thereby promoting good hair growth.
• This medicine is good for individuals, who are orthodox in their belief.

Lycopodium
• Homeopathic experts recommend lycopodium for the prevention of premature balding.
• It is particularly suitable for pregnant women and those who have recently given birth, as hair fall is a common symptom at this stage.
• It is generally prepared by distilling the spores of some evergreen plants like club moss, which is popularly referred to as staghorn moss.

Natrum muriaticum
• The preparation of Natrum muriaticum is executed from sodium chloride, which is commonly known as table salt.
• This medication has been proven to be very effective, where hair loss is caused from dryness of scalp, dandruff problems, skin diseases and menstrual disorders.
• It can also treat hair loss caused from hormonal imbalances and is a great solution for people who react emotionally to loss of hair.

Though the homeopathic treatment regime is filled with hoards of medicines, it is crucial to consult an expert to know which treatment would work for you and refrain from administering medicines on your own. This will help you to reap the benefits of homeopathic treatments and have desired growth of hair.

2 people found this helpful

Ugly Divorce - Tips To Help You Get Over It!

Ma Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Pune
Ugly Divorce - Tips To Help You Get Over It!

Getting through an ugly divorce is quite a difficult thing, no matter what the reason might be. Your world can turn upside down after a divorce and you have to make a fresh new start in life.

Here are some tips you should follow to get through an ugly divorce:

  1. Accept the fact that it is okay to have different feelings: All feelings like sadness, anger, exhaustion, frustration and confusion are quite intense after a divorce. You should accept these reactions and they will surely decrease with time.
  2. You need to give yourself a break: Accept the fact that you are weak and time is required to be back to normal functioning. Your work performance can be affected as well. Taking a break is a must after a divorce.
  3. Do not try to go through the situation alone: You should share your feelings with your friends and family, and you will surely get help. Joining support groups can also be fruitful. Isolation makes your condition worse; so you must go out, interact and share stuff.
  4. You should take proper emotional and physical care of your body: Eat timely, work out and relax. Try to maintain your normal daily routine and do not make major life decisions during this point of life. Abstain from too much alcohol and cigarettes as they are not a solution.
  5. Avoid ugly situations: Avoid talking to your former spouse as discussions may lead to ugly situations and fights, which would enhance your misery.
  6. Take a hobby: Try to do things you love to do from your heart. Join classes, take music lessons, paint pictures and slowly try to enjoy life. Making new friends is also a good idea.
  7. Think positive: Positive thinking is a must and if you engross yourself in positive, constructive activities, you are likely to feel good. You need to be flexible and in case you have children, do your best to provide them an ideal atmosphere for adjusting to the situation.
  8. Time can heal everything: Keep one thing in mind that life will eventually return to normal. Time heals everything and one day you will not be affected anymore.
  9. Talk to your children and help them cope: You need to provide proper care to your kids for coping with the situation. Talk to your children and make them understand that they are not responsible for the divorce by any means. Try to ease their concerns, be compassionate, but maintain a direct approach. Maintain your child's routine exactly how it used to be, so that they feel less amount of sudden change. Do not involve your children in the conflict in any way.

A divorce is extremely difficult to cope with, as one has never faced or felt such a situation before. With proper support and measures, you can get over a divorce much more easily. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychologist.

2396 people found this helpful

Hairfall - Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Kota
Hairfall -  Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Seeing multiple strands of your hair leave your scalp with shampoo, on the floor while combing or on clothes later on is terrible. It gives a feeling of going bald if such a situation continues unabated, and that feeling is disturbing.

Hair fall has become a major problem for many nowadays. Often lack of proper care and knowledge about hair care products causes damage to hair and eventually hair fall. According to Ayurveda, hair fall is associated with body type that varies from person to person and also the stability of mind-body structure. Hair is considered as a byproduct of bone formation, as stated by Ayurveda. The tissues which are responsible for the development of bones are also responsible for hair growth.

Here are some ways through which Ayurveda addresses the problem of hair fall:

1. Dietary modifications: It is important to identify the lifestyle habits that cause hair fall problems. Consumption of excessive alcohol, meat, coffee, tea and smoking are some of these habits. Hair fall can also be aggravated by indulging in intake of too much greasy, spicy, oily, sour, fried and acidic foods.

Here are some ways suggested by Ayurveda to beat hair fall:

  • Hair growth can be stimulated by drinking fresh juices of pomegranate, carrot, spinach and kokam.
  • Sesame seeds promote hair growth as they are rich in magnesium and calcium.
  • Cow's Ghee is a trusted remedy to resolve all scalp problems.
  • Green vegetables and fruits are rich in fiber and hence help in preventing hair fall.
  • To make the roots of hair strong, foods rich in vitamin C, vitamin B-complex, sulphur and zinc must be consumed, which are found in whole grains, soybeans, buttermilk, nuts and milk.

2. Ayurvedic herbs and medicated oil: bhringaraja, brahmi, amla, neem, ritha and ashwagandha are some ayurvedic herbs rich in essential nutrients that help in reducing stress and promoting hair growth. Different types of oils including coconut oil, brahmi oil, amla oil or mustard oil are useful in hair fall.

3. Yoga and meditation: Inverted asanas help in stimulating the blood flow to the head. Additionally, practicing deep breathing exercises to control anxiety, stress and keep the mind balanced is also advisable. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

3177 people found this helpful

5 Super Fruits That Prevent Hair Fall!

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
5 Super Fruits That Prevent Hair Fall!

5 super fruits that prevent hair fall 

1. Strawberries: The benefits of this beautiful fruit are many so many that beauty and health enthusiasts can write an ode to the strawberry. This fruit comes loaded with silica a component that’s known to prevent baldness and aid hair growth.

2. Apples

Apple is filled with soluble fibre, phenolic compound in apple skin, antioxidants and vitamins, this fruit sings to your body and serenades your hair. So much so that if eaten regularly, it will prevent hair fall and benefit your overall health in many ways. When buying apples, be wary of the amount of wax on them.

3. Grapes

 Grape seed oil is full of antioxidants, vitamins, natural sugars and a lot more, grapes clean out your system and prevent hair fall. One of the most delicious fruits that are high in water content, these little ovals of joy will do your crowning glory a world of good.

4. Bananas

 This potassium-loaded fruit comes packed with vitamin b, magnesium, fibre, pectin and a host of other goodies that do nothing but enhance your overall health. And as if that’s not enough, this sunshine fruits ensures that your strands of hair maintain their thickness by preventing hair fall.

5. Oranges

Vitamin c – this fruits practically sings this vitamin. Besides the fabulous c, it’s loaded with antioxidants, flavonoids, beta-carotene, magnesium, fibre and a host of essential vitamins and minerals.

11 people found this helpful

Hair Loss - How Homeopathy Helps Treat It!

Diploma in Emergency Medicine, MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Hair Loss - How Homeopathy Helps Treat It!

Hair loss can happen to anyone. Men suffer from genetic baldness and women lose hair due to hormonal shifts and life events that affect hormones like pregnancy and menopause. Once gone, hair is very difficult to call back. We may try out home remedies, apply expensive oils and creams and use special hair rejuvenating shampoos. But do they really work? No, or very little.

So, for if you are one amongst the sea of humanity looking for the perfect way to grow back hair, this article is for you…

We shall be telling you sure-shot homeopathic cures for alopecia, medical term for hair loss, right here. Homeopathy is an alternative healing system that cures ailments by minute doses of natural substances that in larger amounts would produce symptoms of that ailment. Apart from different causes of hair loss, there is also something called patterns of hair loss that a homeopath considers before he starts the treatment.

Almost all of us have heard of male pattern baldness which occurs due to genetics and causes hair loss in patterns on the head. Apart from this Alopecia areata is a form in which hair loss occurs due to an autoimmune disorder. The body attacks hair cells here.

Hair loss is seen in spots and patches and usually occurs in people below 20. Complete baldness where the entire scalp loses hair uniformly is another pattern. And then there is the Telogen Effluvium pattern where hair enters the telogen or the maturity stage prematurely.

Female pattern baldness also exists where there is thinning of hair on the top of the scalp. Homeopathy can treat all these patterns of hair fall effectively.

Treatment-

Before the homeopathic treatment can begin, the homeopath studies the case history of the patient. The cause of hair loss has to be determined and the site of alopecia identified. Homeopathy also pays a lot of attention to constitutional symptoms like eating habits, lifestyle, mental make-up level or thirst of the patient. These are important for the treatment to succeed.

After the case has been properly evaluated, the treatment can begin.

Homeopathic medicines for hair loss due to -

  1. Fungal Infections and Eczema: Psorinum and Mezereum are both very helpful in treating eczematous skin lesions which cause profuse hair loss. Mercurius Solubilis is also excellent for treating eruptions on the scalp.

  2. Dandruff: Thuja occidentalis and Kali sulphuricum.

  3. After Childbirth and Menopause: Natrum muriaticum and Pulsatilla pratensis. Sepia officinalis is excellent for menopausal women.

  4. Anaemia: Borax, Cinchona officinalis and Calcarea phosphorica are all good.

  5. Alopecia Areata: Flouricum acidum, Phosphorous, Calcarea carbonica and Vinca minor are best.

  6. Alopecia Totalis: Silicea, Baryta carbonica, Sulphur, Lycopodium clavatum are all good.

These homeopathic medicines treat baldness due to different causes. But we suggest that you don’t use them off the shelf but consult a homeopathic doctor who will take in mind your constitutional symptoms to prescribe a medicine that’s just right for you.

4606 people found this helpful