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Cardiovascular Risk Profile Health Feed

What Are The Health Risks Associated With Obesity?

F.A.S.M.B.S, F.A.C.S, MBBS
Oncologist,
What Are The Health Risks Associated With Obesity?
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess fat gets accumulated in the body, so much so that it has an adverse effect on one s health. Anyone with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher is considered to be obese. People who are obese or overweight are at a much greater risk of developing serious conditions such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoarthritis. However, not everyone who is obese has these problems. A family history of health conditions and the accumulation of weight across the different parts of the body are factors that may also increase one s risk of developing serious conditions.
The following are the health risks associated with obesity:
1. High Blood Pressure-
Being overweight or obese can contribute to high blood pressure in several ways. When there is an increase in body weight, it puts more pressure on the circulatory system to move the blood around the body. Obesity is also attributed to higher cholesterol levels, especially when there is weight accumulation in an area. For example, if the weight gain is in the abdominal area it can lead to thickening and stiffening of arteries in this area. This is a result of plaque deposition in the walls of the blood vessels which further increases blood pressure.
2. Diabetes-
Being obese puts one at a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is usually common in adults but is now occurring in children too given the increase in obesity rates. Being obese can cause the resistance of insulin, a hormone that is essential for the regulation of blood sugar levels. When the body becomes insulin resistant, it leads to lesser or no absorption of sugar in the blood resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. Obesity can also decrease insulin sensitivity, causing a condition called prediabetes which almost eventually develops into type 2 diabetes.
3. Heart Disease-
The chances of developing heart disease are 10 times higher in people who are obese compared to those who are not. Conditions like atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries) and coronary artery disease are more prevalent in obese people due to fatty deposits and plaque buildup in the arteries. This leads to narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow to the heart and can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Sometimes, the narrowed arteries can also form blood clots that result in a stroke.
4. Joint Problems-
Even a slight change in body weight can affect one s bone and joint health. Being overweight can contribute to joint problems largely in two major ways. Firstly, the excess weight can put additional stress on the weight-bearing joints (such as knees) causing more wear and tear. Secondly, the inflammatory factors associated with obesity can also trigger problems in the joints and contribute to conditions like osteoarthritis. Even losing a little weight can help by improving mobility and bone health of the joints.
5. Sleep Apnea-
Sleep apnea is a common but serious sleep disorder that is characterized by repetitive interruption of sleep for about 10 seconds or more. This causes the reduction of oxygen in the blood and may also wake the patient up from time to time. The most common cause for the development of sleep apnea is obesity. Being overweight leads to the development of soft tissue present in the mouth and throat. When the patient is sleeping, the muscles of the throat and tongue are more relaxed and the soft tissue may block the airways, causing an episode. The chances of sleep apnea are higher in people who have an accumulation of fat in areas of the neck and trunk.
6. Psychological Effects-
Apart from giving rise to chronic conditions, being obese can play havoc on one s mental health too. In a culture where being thin and slim is objectified as the perfect or ideal body type, people who are obese often face issues of inferiority. Psychological issues arising from being overweight can include low self-esteem, anxiety, depression. Being obese is also a trigger for eating disorders such as binge eating, bulimia, and anorexia.

Source: Medanta.Org

2 people found this helpful

Hi. Doctor mujhe weight loss karna hai par mai protein x diabetes care leiti hun kyuki sugar free hota hai. Kya protein x pine se weight gain ho sakta hai kya.

MSC in Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Hi. Doctor mujhe weight loss karna hai par mai protein x diabetes care leiti hun kyuki sugar free hota hai. Kya prote...
Any surplus calories will make you gain weight, your dietary intake must be aptly calculated to make you lose weight.
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My mother is a type 2 diabetic and taking geminor m (glimepiride 1 mg metformin 500 mg) od. Since last 1 week her fasting bs is around 138-140 and pp 240-200 pp. Should we increase the dose.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
My mother is a type 2 diabetic and taking geminor m (glimepiride 1 mg metformin 500 mg) od. Since last 1 week her fas...
Hello, thanks for the query. I have seen the dteails given. Based on the given information it is difficult to say whether dosage to be increased or not. I need to know all the following information: hba1c%, diet pattern, extent of daily exercise, weight and height. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful
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Diabetes - Doctor Recommended Tips To Prevent It!

MBBS, Diploma In Diabetology, Certificate Course In USG
General Physician, Jalandhar
Diabetes - Doctor Recommended Tips To Prevent It!
With sedentary lifestyle, refined and processed food habits, obesity and diabetes is the new age epidemic. India, in fact, is being termed as the diabetes capital of the world given the huge rise in the number of cases over the last couple of decades.
There are well established risk factors for diabetes and if these can be managed, then the chance of delaying onset, controlling progress and containing complications are highly possible. Read on to know how simple things can be effective in preventing and managing diabetes.


Weight control: Obesity is the most important risk factor for developing diabetes. A person with normal BMI is 20 to 40 times less likely to develop diabetes than an overweight person. Losing about 10% of the excess weight can help prevent diabetes by more than 50%. Check with your doctor what should be the ideal recommended weight for you and draw up a routine (diet, exercise, etc.) that will help you achieve and stay around that weight range.
Exercise: All methods of exercise help in moving the muscles, which is drastically reduced given our sedentary lifestyle. Moving the muscle (as much and as often as possible) ensures they absorb more glucose and reduce the stress on insulin production. Something as simple as brisk walking for 30 minutes is good enough to reduce the chances of developing diabetes by 50%.
Don t be a couch potato: If watching television is your favourite pastime, it is time to change it. This puts people at risk of developing obesity, heart disease and diabetes. Also, watching television is usually associated with overeating, further adding to the risk of diabetes.
Fibrous foods: Eating fibrous fruits and vegetables as compared to refined and fried foods helps prevent diabetes.
Whole grains vs processed foods: When you have to choose between a pizza and a bowl of brown rice, go for the latter.
Good fats vs bad fats: Polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds and help control diabetes. Trans fats present in margarine and baked foods are best avoided.
Non-vegetarian foods: If you have a choice, pick fish and poultry versus red meat (processed or otherwise). The fish is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and helps control inflammation.
Leave the whites: Get off white rice, white refined sugar and white flours. Include brown rice, brown or demerara sugar and wheat flour instead.
Smoking: Quit smoking and you will note how beneficial it is in preventing diabetes.
Alcohol: Moderate amount helps in effective functioning of the insulin.
If you have a family history or have risk factors, follow the above to prevent diabetes.

Diabetic Neuropathy

MD - General Medicine, CCEDM, Fellowship In Neurology & Stroke, Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Internal Medicine Specialist, Navi Mumbai
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Before you are affected by diabetes, a condition known as pre-diabetes is experienced, which indicates that a person might develop diabetes soon. In case you have pre-diabetes, your blood sugar level will be higher than the usual, but not as much as during diabetes. The condition is called borderline diabetes. During pre-diabetes, the production of insulin hormone gets decreased. You are more likely to get heart diseases and a stroke because of pre-diabetes.
1304 people found this helpful

My mother is 69 years old and patient of diabetes 2 and from long time taking glycinorm m 60 od empty stomach in last sugar sample hb1c is 6.5 and fasting is 82 please give me better advice.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
My mother is 69 years old and patient of diabetes 2 and from long time taking glycinorm m 60 od empty stomach in last...
Hello, thanks for the query. From the glucose level and hba1c5 given, it is clear that there is good control of her diabetes. Same should be continued. That will help in preventing majority of long term complications associated with diabetes. Thanks.
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I am diabetic (type 2) and on medication glimy m 500 mg 2 tablets per day. My sugar levels are normal (120 fasting and 160 pp) however I feel weakness. I do regular walking for 4-5 kms at lest 4-5 times a week. Can you suggest me a diet plan and nutritional supplements?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
I am diabetic (type 2) and on medication glimy m 500 mg 2 tablets per day. My sugar levels are normal (120 fasting an...
Hi sir, Continue same medicine for long time. Take big meals 3 times a day. Take snack s and fruits in between. Do not have simple sugars.
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Hi i'm 39 and blood sugar is 103 before meal and after meal 153. Am I a diabetic patient? N what should my diet?

BHMS Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery
Homeopath, Delhi
Hi i'm 39 and blood sugar is 103 before meal and after meal 153. Am I a diabetic patient?
N what should my diet?
Check your hba1c level and by your this rating you will be diabetic very soon cut down glucose and starch from your diet. For walk or exercise daily.
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Am suffer urinary incontinence last 1 years am diabetic patient. My sugar level hba 1 c 320.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Pashchim
Am suffer urinary incontinence last 1 years am diabetic patient. My sugar level hba 1 c 320.
You need to reduce sugar to near 100 along with medication to improve kidney functions which course stop incontinence over a course of time.
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