Campylobacter-Species-Antigen test is used to detect Campylobacter antigen by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) or by traditional culture. In the latter method, the diagnosis of Campylobacter is done by collecting stool specimens from the affected person. Campylobacter enteritis is a food and waterborne zoonotic illness and one of the most common causes of infectious diarrhea. While identification of the etiological agent does not typically affect treatment outcomes, laboratory diagnosis is essential for epidemiological studies and outbreak tracking through strain identification and typing.
Generally, no preparation is needed. But make sure that you go to the hospital wearing a short- sleeved shirt for the test. This is required to ease off the process of blood test.
As mentioned above, Campylobacter-Species-Antigen test is used to diagnose the presence of Campylobacter antigen in the body. The verification studies of enzyme immunoassay (EIA) compared to traditional culture revealed a positive predictive value (PPV) of 91%, whereas PPV fell to 42% during routine diagnostic testing. It is recommended that all positive EIA results be confirmed via culture.
Campylobacter-Species-Antigen test is usually done in a laboratory. This test can be done in two ways: By enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Immunoassays are based on the principles that specific antigens will stimulate unique immune responses and that the proteins produced by the immune response, called antibodies, can be used to signal the presence of a target compound in a sample. By traditional culture. In this method, the diagnosis of Campylobacter is done by collecting stool specimens from the affected person.