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Overview

Cadmium Test

Cadmium Test

also known as: Cd, Urine

A cadmium lab test is a type of blood test which is typically done, to check for the possibility of cadmium poisoning or when there is a need to keep a check on exposure to the metal element known as cadmium. This means that overexposure to cadmium can cause a wide range of health problem because it is extremely toxic to the health. This test is not so common but is prescribed by the doctors or physician suffering from serious disorders in health. The test is generally for those workers involved in the manufacture of cadmium products or for those individuals who have significant cadmium exposure. Exposure to cadmium can also cause lung disease or kidney disease as the heavy metal can get into our bloodstream such as drinking cadmium tainted water or by other means.

It is recommended that you should wear either a no or a short-sleeved shirt. Wearing a shirt with full- sleeves that you can easily be rolled-up is also fine. There is no need to disturb your diet routine before cadmium lab test. You can normally eat and drink. Though, if the blood taken is also to be used for further different tests, the doctor will inform you before. In that case, only you need to fast for few hours. You should also know the dos and don’ts of the lab for the blood test for cadmium.

As mentioned above the Cadmium lab test is done to detect the possibility of cadmium poisoning. The blood cadmium levels are used to monitor acute toxicity and in combination with cadmium urine. The symptoms of cadmium toxicity are based upon the route of exposure. The severe health problems can result in a cough, sore throat, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, chest pain, dyspnea, headache, fever and tubular proteinuria. High concentration of cadmium ingestion may result in abdominal pain, cramps, salivation, diarrhea, and vomiting.

Handful milliliters say; one to two teaspoons of the blood sample would be obtained directly from you. Cadmium lab test can be done at numerous sites like the doctor's clinic, test center, and infirmaries. An alcohol pad is used to clean the skin.

A needle is then injected through the part of rinsed skin into to your vein; specifically in the one that can be seen from the skin. The blood is dragged out from the needle by a nozzle, saved in a vessel and sealed with your name. This sample is carried to the research laboratory for examination.

Specimen
Urine (random or 24-hour)
Volume
5 mL
Container
Plastic urine container, no preservative.
Type Gender Age-Group Value
Cadmium
Unisex
All age groups
0 to 4.9 ng/ml
Average price range of the test is between Rs.1300 to Rs.6000 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I am 25 and I have pigmentation (Melasma) problem, when I was 20 I got small patch on my nose but every year it was growing, now its all over on my face (its dark in the winters and light in summers) I want any permanent solution for this problem.

Certificate Course in Fitness Management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, I am 25 and I have pigmentation (Melasma) problem, when I was 20 I got small patch on my nose but every year it w...
Try this home remedy: •Combine turmeric powder and gram flour. •Add oil and lemon juice to this. •Now add enough milk to get a paste like consistency. •Apply this mask to your face or any other body part where you have pigmentation. •Leave for 10-15 minutes. •Now wet your fingers a little and rub them on your face in circular motion over the dried mask. Give more attention to the pigment affected areas. •Do this for about 5 minutes and then wash off with lukewarm water. •Repeat this 2-3 times a week.
2 people found this helpful

I am 19 years old and I want to know that what can be the harmful effects to stay in contact with fertilizers for a long period of time.

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I am 19 years old and I want to know that what can be the harmful effects to stay in contact with fertilizers for a l...
1. Contaminated water may contain high levels of nitrates and nitrites, causing hemoglobin disorders. 2. Heavy metals such as mercury, lead, cadmium and uranium have been found in fertilizers, which can cause disturbances in the kidneys 3. Ammonium nitrate exposure cause other health problems such as eye and skin irritation, producing a burning sensation 4. Potassium chloride interferes with nerve impulses,
1 person found this helpful

I have some brown spots on my legs it is spreading and i have consulted a dermatologist he prescribed betagel but it is not working and he told me that it is due to water change but now it is severe now. Please help me.

BHMS
Homeopath, Solan
I have some brown spots on my legs it is spreading and i have consulted a dermatologist he prescribed betagel but it ...
Hii, please take homeopathic medicine arnica 30, cadmium 30 six pills twice a day. And revert back after 7 days with feedback.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Hyperpigmentation - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Kolkata
Hyperpigmentation - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

Hyperpigmentation is a medical condition which occurs when an area of the skin becomes much darker in comparison to the rest of the skin tone. This happens due to an excess of a pigment called melanin. Hyper-pigmentation is fairly common and many people have reported this condition at some point in their lives.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

1. Lentigines or Freckled Skin: They are mainly freckles which arise on the skin.

2. Solar Lentigines: Although these are known as age spots, sun spots and liver spots they are caused primarily due to prolonged exposure to the sun.

3. MelasmaThis condition mostly seen in pregnant women and is caused due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Melasma typically manifests as pigmented and patchy areas of discoloration on the face except the eye area.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

  1. Hyper pigmentation can be hereditary i.e. passed on to children from parents
  2. Prolonged exposure to sun.
  3. Picking and poking at the skin can also cause hyper pigmentation.
  4. Medications such as hormone treatments, antibiotics and anti-seizure drugs may result in it as an unwanted side effect.
  5. Skin injuries due to bad forms of acne vulgaris and inflammation.

How Homeopathy Works on Hyperpigmentation?

Homoeopathy considers blemishes or pigmentation as a local expression of a systemic / internal disturbance. Homeopathy believes that skin disorders are a reflection of an internal imbalance and to be treated from within. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, genetic predisposition and so on. While choosing homeopathic remedies the cause of pigmentation is evaluated, for example, mental stress, hormonal imbalances, sun exposure, nutritional deficiency, poor immune system and so on.

Homeopathic treatment, which gets to the root of the problem will reinforce the immune system and gradually restore the pigmented spots to the normal skin color. Homeopathic medicines restore the hormonal imbalance and control the excessive production of melanin. Homeopathy will not inhibit the natural process of the skin's melanin production. It will act on melanocytes to produce less melanin naturally thus strengthening the skin cells to stay healthy and remove excessive melanin in the skin. This improves the quality (texture) of skin, blemishes disappear and further discoloration of skin stops.

For fast recovery and to maintain the skin texture and glow homeopaths also use external creams which are purely prepared by homeopathic Mother tincture and low potency’s and are very safe and without any side effects.

Homeopathy medicines cure pigmentation from the root cause and assuring the patient of not facing the similar problem in future. Some of the common homeopathic medicines for treating pigmentation are:

  1. Medicines like Lycopodium Clavatum can be consumed if you experience grayish-yellow discolored face with blue circles around the eyes. It can also cure brown spots on the nose and face.
  2. Sepia offincinalis can treat chloasma (Yellow spots on the face and a yellow mark across the upper region of the nose and cheeks). This medicine also treats ailments during pregnancy and is best suited for patients who have dark hair.
  3. Thuja occidentalis should be consumed to treat dry skin with uneven brown spots. People who have waxy faces with dark under eyes should consume this medicine.
  4. Argenticum nitricum can also be consumed if your face looks pale, old and bluish. It is best suited for people who have tense, hard and brown skin with irregular brown blotches.
  5. Cadmium sulphuratum can treat yellow stains on the cheeks and nose. This usually worsens due to prolonged exposure to the wind and sun.
  6. Copaiva offincinalis reduces brown lenticular spots. These spots give a mottled appearance and can itch at times.
  7. Caulophyllum thalictroides can be consumed by women who experience discoloration of the skin due to uterine and menstrual disorders.
  8. Plumbum melallicum usually treat liver spots, hyper pigmentation and reduces the oil content of the face.

These remedies treat discoloration of the face along with liver spots, brown spots and excess oil formation of the face which is accompanied by hyperpigmentation.

However, the correct choice and the resulting relief is a matter of experience and right judgment on the part of the homeopathy doctor. The treatment is decided after thorough case taking of the patient. Thus homeopathic remedies of pigmentation are tailor-made and should be taken after consulting a specialized homeopath.

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopathic and ask a free question.

3699 people found this helpful

Best Homeopathic Remedies For Hyperpigmentation!

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
Best Homeopathic Remedies For Hyperpigmentation!

Hyperpigmentation is a medical condition which occurs when an area of the skin becomes much darker in comparison to the rest of the skin tone. This happens due to an excess of a pigment called melanin. Hyper-pigmentation is fairly common and many people have reported this condition at some point in their lives.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

1. Lentigines or Freckled Skin: They are mainly freckles which arise on the skin.

2. Solar Lentigines: Although these are known as age spots, sun spots and liver spots they are caused primarily due to prolonged exposure to the sun.

3. MelasmaThis condition mostly seen in pregnant women and is caused due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Melasma typically manifests as pigmented and patchy areas of discoloration on the face except the eye area.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

  1. Hyper pigmentation can be hereditary i.e. passed on to children from parents
  2. Prolonged exposure to sun.
  3. Picking and poking at the skin can also cause hyper pigmentation.
  4. Medications such as hormone treatments, antibiotics and anti-seizure drugs may result in it as an unwanted side effect.
  5. Skin injuries due to bad forms of acne vulgaris and inflammation.

How Homeopathy Works on Hyperpigmentation?

Homoeopathy considers blemishes or pigmentation as a local expression of a systemic / internal disturbance. Homeopathy believes that skin disorders are a reflection of an internal imbalance and to be treated from within. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, genetic predisposition and so on. While choosing homeopathic remedies the cause of pigmentation is evaluated, for example, mental stress, hormonal imbalances, sun exposure, nutritional deficiency, poor immune system and so on.

Homeopathic treatment, which gets to the root of the problem will reinforce the immune system and gradually restore the pigmented spots to the normal skin color. Homeopathic medicines restore the hormonal imbalance and control the excessive production of melanin. Homeopathy will not inhibit the natural process of the skin's melanin production. It will act on melanocytes to produce less melanin naturally thus strengthening the skin cells to stay healthy and remove excessive melanin in the skin. This improves the quality (texture) of skin, blemishes disappear and further discoloration of skin stops.

For fast recovery and to maintain the skin texture and glow homeopaths also use external creams which are purely prepared by homeopathic Mother tincture and low potency’s and are very safe and without any side effects.

Homeopathy medicines cure pigmentation from the root cause and assuring the patient of not facing the similar problem in future. Some of the common homeopathic medicines for treating pigmentation are:

  1. Medicines like Lycopodium Clavatum can be consumed if you experience grayish-yellow discolored face with blue circles around the eyes. It can also cure brown spots on the nose and face.
  2. Sepia offincinalis can treat chloasma (Yellow spots on the face and a yellow mark across the upper region of the nose and cheeks). This medicine also treats ailments during pregnancy and is best suited for patients who have dark hair.
  3. Thuja occidentalis should be consumed to treat dry skin with uneven brown spots. People who have waxy faces with dark under eyes should consume this medicine.
  4. Argenticum nitricum can also be consumed if your face looks pale, old and bluish. It is best suited for people who have tense, hard and brown skin with irregular brown blotches.
  5. Cadmium sulphuratum can treat yellow stains on the cheeks and nose. This usually worsens due to prolonged exposure to the wind and sun.
  6. Copaiva offincinalis reduces brown lenticular spots. These spots give a mottled appearance and can itch at times.
  7. Caulophyllum thalictroides can be consumed by women who experience discoloration of the skin due to uterine and menstrual disorders.
  8. Plumbum melallicum usually treat liver spots, hyper pigmentation and reduces the oil content of the face.

These remedies treat discoloration of the face along with liver spots, brown spots and excess oil formation of the face which is accompanied by hyperpigmentation.

However, the correct choice and the resulting relief is a matter of experience and right judgment on the part of the homeopathy doctor. The treatment is decided after thorough case taking of the patient. Thus homeopathic remedies of pigmentation are tailor-made and should be taken after consulting a specialized homeopath. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3692 people found this helpful

How Detoxification Therapy is beneficial for Slimming?

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
How Detoxification Therapy is beneficial for Slimming?

There are two fundamental things that the body needs keeping in mind the end goal to recuperate itself. One is supplements. The other is detoxification. Quickly expressed detoxification is the expulsion of dangerous materials that have aggregated in the body. These materials are called toxic, because they meddle with the action of the phones.

Toxins originated from two sources. Above all else, people are by their extremely digestion systems makers of toxins. These toxins are side effects of typical human digestion. The other wellspring of toxins is the earth. They can come as pesticides, simulated chemicals in our sustenance’s, chemicals that we put on our bodies or breathe in. They likewise incorporate many medications. The most exceedingly bad of the greater part of the natural toxins are the overwhelming metals.

Overwhelming metals allude to certain harmful minerals that connect so solidly to cells that they cannot evacuated without much of a stretch. In light of this, they will collect after some time. When that we are 60 years of age a large portion of us have effectively aggregated a generous measure of overwhelming metals. When the levels get sufficiently high (and that changes between various individuals) they begin to meddle with recuperating and cause infection. The primary substantial metals are lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium, and uranium.

All toxins can be a noteworthy hindrance for mending. That's' the awful news. In any case, here is the uplifting news, that it; can be removed. The body is set up to evacuate these toxins through the activities of the liver, kidneys, lungs, skin, and lymphatic framework.

Detoxification alludes to invigorating the liver, kidneys, lungs, skin, and lymphatic framework to evacuate the toxins.

1 person found this helpful

Thyroid Disorder - 6 Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Faridabad
Thyroid Disorder - 6 Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

The thyroid is a small butterfly shaped gland that regulate a number of metabolic processes in the body. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are two common thyroid disorders that affect how we create and use our energy. Though these conditions have no cure as such, they can be managed effectively with a few simple home remedies.

  1. Include marine phytoplankton in your dietSea vegetables such as phytoplankton are rich sources of electrolytes and nutrients such as iodine that is essential to regulate thyroid activity. Some sea vegetables you can try are sea weed, kelp, arame, hijke, kombu and nori.

  2. Eat cooked greens: Green vegetables such as kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli and cauliflower are rich sources of vitamins and minerals but if you are suffering from a thyroid problem, it is best to avoid eating them in their raw form. This is because these vegetables contain goitrogens that can disrupt the thyroid functioning if eaten in large quantities.

  3. Get some vitamin DA deficiency of vitamin D in the body can be one of the key factors triggering your thyroid problem. An easy way to deal with this is to expose your body to the early morning sun. Exercising outdoors in the early morning can help boost immunity and regulate calcium metabolism. Exercises like walking can also help stimulate the thyroid gland.

  4. Apple cider vinegar: Apple cider vinegar helps detoxify the body and aids in maintaining an acid alkaline balance. It also promotes weight loss by increasing metabolism and helps regulate hormone production. To benefit from this, mix 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in a glass of warm water with a little honey and drink on a daily basis.

  5. Detox from heavy metals: Heavy metals like mercury, arsenic, cadmium and lead can accumulate in the fat cells, bones and nervous system. If left unchecked, this can become extremely toxic. This accumulation of heavy metals can also lead to hypothyroidism. Hence, if you suffer from thyroid abnormalities, it is a good idea to detox your body. Including chia seeds, brazil nuts, onions, garlic and cilantro in your daily meals is an easy way of doing this.

  6. Cut back on sugarExcessive sugar consumption may be promoting your thyroid problem and hence it is best to avoid all forms of processed sugar when suffering from a thyroid problem. If possible also cut back on foods that are rich in natural sugars. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.

6518 people found this helpful

Lung Cancer - In A Nutshell!

Post Doctoral Research (Ph.D.) (A.M) (Oncology), Integrative Oncology For Physicians (MSKCC, N.Y, USA), Doctor of Natural Medicine (N.D/ N.M.D), PG Diploma In Clinical Counseling, PG Diploma In Oncology & Haematology (A.M), Ayurveda (I) Certification, Clinically Relevant Herb-Drug Interactions (CME) (Cine-Med Inc. USA), Advanced Strategic Management (APSM), B.E (Computer Sc. & Engg.), Certificate Course in Homeopathic Oncology, Advances in Cancer Immunotherapy, Cancer Nutrition
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Bhubaneswar
Lung Cancer - In A Nutshell!

Lung cancer is also known as pulmonary carcinoma or cancer of the lung. It occurs when DNA mutations develop in the cells/ tissues of the lungs leading up to uncontrolled growth in the tissues of the lung. By far, it is known to be the most common cancer in Asia.

1. Type: lung cancers can present as one of the following types: 

  1. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): Most common type of lung cancer and constitutes nearly 85% of all lung cancers. The sub-types of NSCLC are as follows:
    • Large cell carcinoma
    • Squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) (Epidermoid)
    • Adenocarcinoma – accounts for majority of the NSCLC.
  2. Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC): It is also known as oat meal cancer and tends to spread (metastasize) quickly. This constitutes about 15% of the lung cancers.
  3. Mesothelioma: It is a rare cancer that develops in the mesothelial cells of the pleural or peritoneal surfaces. It usually arises in the pleural membrane lining the lungs, known as pleural mesothelioma. One that arises from the peritoneum is called the peritoneal mesothelioma and the one that arises from the pericardium is known as pericardial mesothelioma. Lastly, it can also arise from the tunica vaginalis known as testicular mesothelioma. People working with or prior exposure to asbestos are mostly at risk of developing mesothelioma. The latency period between time of exposure and development of mesothelioma can be somewhere between 20 to 40 years. Maximum of the patients who develop mesothelioma are men.

2. Gender: It affects the male populace predominantly. It is more common in men than in women and in those of lower economic status. However, the incidence of lung cancer, in women too, is on the rise of late.

3. Etiology: Cigarette/ Tobacco smoking remains the most important cause of lung cancer accounting for 85 – 90% of the cases. Incidence/ risk is proportionate to the number of cigarettes smoked irrespective of the age. Also, environmental toxins including smoke from burning black tar, exhaust gases from automobiles etc. too contribute actively to various lung diseases including cancer. People working in asbestos manufacturing factories who are exposed to asbestos dust are also likely to get lung cancer. Tuberculosis too is an additive risk factor. Again, people who have received ionizing radiation especially to treat Hodgkin Lymphoma or other malignancies also run the risk of developing lung cancer. Above-mentioned causes apart, genetic factors may also play a role.

4. Features: Lung cancer clinically presents in the following ways mainly.Signs & symptoms of malignant mesothelioma are as enumerated below

1. Difficult/ labored breathing (Dyspnea)

2. Chest pain

3. Palpable chest wall mass

4. Discordant chest wall expansion

5. Weight loss (Cachexia)

6. Loss of appetite (Anorexia)

7. Night sweats

Signs & symptoms of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are as enumerated below. Majority of patients are symptomatic at diagnosis

8. Chronic cough

9. Difficult/ labored breathing (Dyspnea)

10. Chest pain

11. Blood stained sputum (Hemoptysis)

12. Hoarseness

13. Weight loss (Cachexia)

14. Loss of appetite (Anorexia)

15. Weakness

16. Bone pain

17. Pleural or pericardial effusion

18. Superior vena cava syndrome

19. Brachial plexopathy

20. Neurologic pain

21. Hypercalcemia of malignancy

Signs & symptoms of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are as enumerated below

Symptoms as per the points 8 – 18 depicted above for NSCLC are applicable for SCLC as well. Additionally, patients suffering from SCLC may have:

22. Fever associated with chest infections like bronchitis/ pneumonia that refuse to go away or keep coming back

23. Horner syndrome

24. Paraneoplastic syndromes including encephalitis/ sub-acute sensory neuropathy, hyponatremia, acromegaly, cancer associated retinopathy, ectopic corticotropic syndrome etc all.

5. Screening: is generally recommended for asymptomatic/ symptomatic populations as surveillance for high risk individuals – who are either current or former smokers (quit smoking within the last 15 years), have at least a 30 pack year smoking history and those who do not have any prior history of lung cancer. The goal of screening, as usual, is to be able to detect & diagnose lung cancer at an early stage which is potentially curable. It is mostly radiologic with a low dose helical computed tomography (CT) scan being more effective in detecting early stage lung cancer than a chest radiograph can.

6. Diagnosis: Abnormal blood test results may be indicative of malignancy, but a follow up imaging/ biopsy is always the gold standard for accurate diagnosis. Following are the diagnostics employed mainly:

  1. Blood: Hb may be low, TLC, ESR and polymorphs increased. Adenocarcinomas are likely to express thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) or carcinoembyonic antigen (CEA). On the other hand, mesotheliomas are likely to express Wilms Tumor -1 (WT-1) protein and Calretinin.
  2. Imaging: Thoracoscopy, Bronchoscopy, X-Ray, CT Scan etc all. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) / CT scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan help detect metastasis, if any.
  3. Biopsy: It clinches the histologic diagnosis, and the nature of the disease.

7. Treatment: Conventional treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy as contextually appropriate. Simultaneously, an adjunctive or integrative naturopathic treatment with suitable complementary & alternative medicines (CAM) too can help improve clinical outcomes and facilitate recovery as would be feasible contextually.

8. Prognosis: preventive measures, earlier diagnosis and right early treatment is key for an effective therapeutic management & better prognosis. Like most other cancers, the chances of cure for an early stage lung cancer are more. The cure/ recovery chances are influenced by the grade, stage of cancer, recurrence and the patient’s general health & vitality etc all. The primary determinant of prognosis in NSCLC is the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed. For non-metastatic cancers, however, it is the nodal status that determines the stage and hence the prognosis.

9. Prevention: rightly said, prevention is always a better choice. Cigarette smoking is to be avoided by all means as it is the single major cause of lung cancer. Even exposure to cigarette smoke (passive or secondhand) is also an established cause of lung cancer and is known to increase the risk of lung cancer in non-smokers as well. Preventing exposure to secondhand smoke can be helpful in decreasing the incidence and mortality from primary lung cancers. Above-mentioned apart, other important risk factors such as exposure to ionizing radiation, environmental carcinogens like smoke from burning black tar, exhaust gases from automobiles, outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposure to asbestos, arsenic, beryllium, nickel, cadmium, chromium etc all too are known to increase the risk for lung cancer and mortality thereof. In fact, cigarette smoking is known to potentiate the effect and hence the lung cancer risk of many of the above-mentioned carcinogens, multi-fold, in smokers. Thus, either eliminating or reducing the exposure to the above-mentioned carcinogens can lead to a decrease in the risk of lung cancer and incidences thereof. Furthermore, randomized clinical trials indicate that high intensity smokers (only) who take supplementation of beta-carotene have an increased risk/ incidence of lung cancer. Vitamin E supplementation, on the other hand, does not affect the risk of lung cancer as indicated by the trials. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

3473 people found this helpful