Dengue is a painful, debilitating mosquito borne disease that is caused by one of dengue related viruses. These viruses are closely related to virus that causes West Nile infection and yellow fever. Symptoms are:
• Sudden onset of fever
• Severe headaches
• Pain behind the eyes
• Severe muscle and joint pain
• Nausea or vomiting
• Skin rash
Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken for a common flu infection.
HOW IS DENGUE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done by a general physician who will conduct a physical examination based on the symptoms as well as lab tests that will basically examine the blood and urine samples. These tests will help in showing the extent of the spread of the virus.
HOW IS DENGUE TREATED?
Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there are no specific antibiotics to treat it. Antiviral medications are also not indicated for dengue fever. For typical dengue, the treatment is concerned with relief of the symptoms and signs. Home remedies such as rest and fluid intake (oral rehydration) are important. Pain relievers such as aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should only be taken under a doctor's supervision because of the possibility of worsening bleeding complications. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) and codeine may be given for a severe headache and for joint and muscle pain (myalgia). Ayurvedic and homeopathic medications also can ease the symptoms
DID YOU KNOW?
The best way to prevent dengue is to protect yourself from mosquito bites, especially in tropical places