The knees are the largest joints in the human body. They are also known to be vulnerable to injury and other conditions that can be a problem. The knee is important and necessary for walking. Therefore, it is important to take good care and watch for the knee as well. Knee pain can occur due to trauma, misalignment, degeneration and other conditions. The most common condition is known as arthritis, and a few others include knee effusion, meniscal tear, patellar subluxation, patellar tendonitis, gout, and so on. Most minor knee conditions can be treated at home with rest and ice, but more severe injuries will need the guidance of an orthopedist who is a doctor specialized in the area of joints and bones. Knee conditions can be diagnosed by physical examinations first, and then if the situation seems more complicated, the orthopedist will administer further tests and scans such as valgus stress test, knee X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging scan, arthrocentesis of the knee and arthroscopy to find out the underlying condition. One of the primary causes of knee problems is physical fitness. For example, undertaking heavy exercises that will stress the knees out while unfit and overweight can develop knee pain. Obesity or overweight can cause more stress to the knees. There are pain medications and injections that are available to relieve pain. Other than that, physical therapy or physiotherapy is advised as a solution to knee pain. For more complex conditions, knee surgery is recommended. Of course, proper diet and daily lifestyle is also important to keep in check for knee care.
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